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  • 1. “ Towards becoming Muslims - and its challenges.” Friday night lecture series by: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail @ Masjid al- Istiqomah (Serangoon, Singapore) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail #4 – part3
  • 2. “ Towards becoming Muslims - and its challenges.”
    • Discovering our roots, history and tradition so as to avoid having a truncated view of Islam; and response to other confusion that Muslims may generally have, regarding Islam.
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 3. “ Towards becoming Muslims - and its challenges.”
    • Discovering our roots, history and tradition so as to avoid having a truncated view of Islam; and response to other confusion that Muslims may generally have, regarding Islam.
    Topic of discussion ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 4. قُلۡ هُوَ ٱللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ٱللَّهُ ٱلصَّمَدُ لَمۡ يَلِدۡ وَلَمۡ يُولَدۡ وَلَمۡ يَكُن لَّهُ ۥ ڪُفُوًا أَحَدُۢ The Basic Message of Islam: TAWHIID - Attestation to the Oneness of God. LAA-ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAH “ There is no other god except Allah” ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 5. The Basic Message of Islam: TAWHIID - Attestation to the Oneness of God. LAA-ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAH “ There is no other god except Allah” (Who is God?) - Purity of Faith in God: Say: He is Allah, the Absolute One; Allah is He, the Absolute and Eternal (Who is the most besought of all); He begets not, nor was He begotten; And there is none comparable to Him. ( Qur’an : al-Ikhlas: 112 ) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 6. Remember …………….
    • “ Ad-Deen al-Islam” : is only one – continuously revealed and it culminated perfectly, with the Last Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. :
    • وَمَن يَبۡتَغِ غَيۡرَ ٱلۡإِسۡلَـٰمِ دِينً۬ا
    • فَلَن يُقۡبَلَ مِنۡهُ
    • وَهُوَ فِى ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ مِنَ ٱلۡخَـٰسِرِينَ
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 7. Remember …………….
    • “ Ad-Deen al-Islam” : is only one – continuously revealed and it culminated perfectly, with the Last Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. :
    • “ For, if one goes in search of a religion other than “al-Islam” (self-surrender to Allah), it will never be accepted from him, and in the life to come he shall be among the lost.”
    • ( Qur’an: Aali- ‘Imran : 3:85 )
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 8. KNOWING OUR HISTORY
    • Most of us are familiar with Seerah of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. and the general history of Islam (many books easily available).
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 9. KNOWING OUR HISTORY
    • Most of us are familiar with Seerah of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. and the general history of Islam (many books easily available).
    • It is our regional history that many of us may not even know of.
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 10. IN MEMORY OF THOSE WHO GUIDED US TO ISLAM وَمَنۡ أَحۡسَنُ قَوۡلاً۬ مِّمَّن دَعَآ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ وَعَمِلَ صَـٰلِحً۬ا وَقَالَ إِنَّنِى مِنَ ٱلۡمُسۡلِمِينَ ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 11. IN MEMORY OF THOSE WHO GUIDED US TO ISLAM “ And who could be better of speech than he who calls (fellow men) to Allah, and does what is just and right, and says, ‘Verily, I am of those who have surrendered themselves to Allah (as Muslims).” .” ( Qur’an: Fushilat: 41: 33 ) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 12. OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF SPREAD OF ISLAM IN THE NUSANTARA
    • Example of the peaceful and civilizational nature of Islamic Da’wah which proved successful.
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 13. OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF SPREAD OF ISLAM IN THE NUSANTARA
    • Example of the peaceful and civilizational nature of Islamic Da’wah which proved successful.
    • Continuous Islamic education and Da’wah, tolerance and inclusiveness, the key.
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 14. OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF SPREAD OF ISLAM IN THE NUSANTARA
    • Example of the peaceful and civilizational nature of Islamic Da’wah which proved successful.
    • Continuous Islamic education and Da’wah, tolerance and inclusiveness, the key.
    • Commitment and dedication of every Muslims, crucial.
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 15. OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF SPREAD OF ISLAM IN THE NUSANTARA
    • Example of the peaceful and civilizational nature of Islamic Da’wah which proved successful.
    • Continuous Islamic education and Da’wah, tolerance and inclusiveness, the key.
    • Commitment and dedication of every Muslims, crucial.
    • Their work is not finished yet and we are their heirs. It is not coincidental that today this region is where the greatest number of Muslims reside.
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 16. The beginning …..
    • Islam, revealed by Allah through various Prophets and culminated with the last of God’s messenger, Prophet Muhammad [peace be upon all of them]. Although the Arabs initially were against it, yet when oppression was removed, the Truth of Islam became manifested and people accepted Islam willingly.
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 17. How was Islam spread ….. (it’s simple Truth) لَآ إِكۡرَاهَ فِى ٱلدِّينِ‌ۖ قَد تَّبَيَّنَ ٱلرُّشۡدُ مِنَ ٱلۡغَىِّ‌ۚ “ There shall be no coercion (force) in matters of Faith. Truth (the right way) is distinct from Error.” ( Q : al- Baqarah :2:256 ) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 18. How was Islam spread ….. (it’s simple Truth) وَلَا تَكۡسِبُ ڪُلُّ نَفۡسٍ إِلَّا عَلَيۡہَا‌ۚ وَلَا تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ۬ وِزۡرَ أُخۡرَىٰ‌ۚ “ And whatever (wrong) any human being commits rests upon himself alone; no bearer of burdens shall be made to bear another’s burden.” ( Q : al- An’am : 6 : 164 ) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 19. How was Islam spread ….. (Dedication of the early Muslims) وَكَذَٲلِكَ جَعَلۡنَـٰكُمۡ أُمَّةً۬ وَسَطً۬ا لِّتَڪُونُواْ شُہَدَآءَ عَلَى ٱلنَّاسِ وَيَكُونَ ٱلرَّسُولُ عَلَيۡكُمۡ شَهِيدً۬ا “ Thus have We made you (Muslims) as a community following a balance way, so that with your lives you can be witnesses unto all nations, and the Messenger a witness over yourselves ” (Q : al-Baqarah: 2: 143 ) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 20. How was Islam spread ….. (Dedication of the early Muslims) وَلۡتَكُن مِّنكُمۡ أُمَّةٌ۬ يَدۡعُونَ إِلَى ٱلۡخَيۡرِ وَيَأۡمُرُونَ بِٱلۡمَعۡرُوفِ وَيَنۡهَوۡنَ عَنِ ٱلۡمُنكَرِ‌ۚ وَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡمُفۡلِحُونَ “ Let there arise out of you (Muslims) a group of people, inviting towards all that is good, commanding what is right and forbidding evil and wrong, they are the ones to attain felicity” ( Q : al-’Imran : 3 : 104 ) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 21. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia …..
    • its simplicity and clear teachings;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 22. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia …..
    • its simplicity and clear teachings;
    • through peaceful trade by dedicated Muslim traders and scholars from Arabia, Persia and India;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 23. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia …..
    • its simplicity and clear teachings;
    • through peaceful trade by dedicated Muslim traders and scholars from Arabia, Persia and India;
    • early conversion of Pasai, north Sumatra, Patani and Kedah;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 24. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia …..
    • the arrival of a Muslim viceroy from China (Admiral Muhammad Cheng Ho) to Malacca;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 25. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia …..
    • the arrival of a Muslim viceroy from China (Admiral Muhammad Cheng Ho) to Malacca;
    • acceptance of Islam by Malacca ruler;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 26. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia …..
    • the arrival of a Muslim viceroy from China (Admiral Muhammad Cheng Ho) to Malacca;
    • acceptance of Islam by Malacca ruler;
    • rise of Muslim Sultanate in Java;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 27. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia …..
    • the arrival of a Muslim viceroy from China (Admiral Muhammad Cheng Ho) to Malacca;
    • acceptance of Islam by Malacca ruler;
    • rise of Muslim Sultanate in Java;
    • marriage alliances between rulers ;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 28. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia …..
    • tolerance and genuine brotherhood shown by the Muslims;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 29. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia …..
    • tolerance and genuine brotherhood shown by the Muslims;
    • establishment of networks of learning centres;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 30. Factors for the spread of Islam in S.E.Asia …..
    • tolerance and genuine brotherhood shown by the Muslims;
    • establishment of networks of learning centres;
    • the work of dedicated Islamic teachers, scholars and philanthropists. Whole community geared for Da’wah to all natives and migrants.
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 31. Islam in Singapore …..
    • Singapore was already part of the Muslim (Riau-Johor) empire;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 32. Islam in Singapore …..
    • Singapore was already part of the Muslim (Riau-Johor) empire;
    • Muslim community and the role of the mosque is inseparable;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 33. Islam in Singapore …..
    • Singapore was already part of the Muslim (Riau-Johor) empire;
    • Muslim community and the role of the mosque is inseparable;
    • when British set up trading centre at Singapore river, a mosque (the first mosque) was built at Omar Road (area used to be called “Kampung Melaka”) ;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 34. Islam in Singapore …..
    • British sided (Tengku Long )Hussain and installed him as Sultan in the feud with his half-brother Abdul Rahman - as to who shall succeed the Riau-Johor Sultanate;
    • with the signing of the Anglo-Dutch treaty (1824), Johor and Singapore was politically cut-off from the Riau Sultanate dominion;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 35. Islam in Singapore …..
    • British then had Sultan Hussain, with agreement of the Temenggong, to cede Singapore to the British;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 36. Islam in Singapore …..
    • British then had Sultan Hussain, with agreement of the Temenggong, to cede Singapore to the British;
    • the British designated for Sultan Hussain Kg. Glam ; and built him a palace including a grant to build a mosque there (Sultan mosque - originally a small one).
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 37. Islam in Singapore …..
    • A cosmopolitan Muslim community in Kg. Glam grew - comprised of the Malays of various dialect groups (Riau, Javanese, Bugis, Banjar etc.), with the Arabs, Indians, and Chinese etc.. Generally forming something like a Muslim enclave.
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 38. Islam in Singapore …..
    • With combined resources from the Muslim community, a new Sultan mosque was re-built (the present Sultan mosque);
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 39. Islam in Singapore …..
    • With combined resources from the Muslim community, a new Sultan mosque was re-built (the present Sultan mosque);
    • Muslim philanthropists established many learning centres and Islamic schools such as Alsagoff and Aljunied (which are still functioning);
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 40. Islam in Singapore …..
    • the same pattern was replicated all over Singapore in kampungs or villages;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 41. Islam in Singapore …..
    • the same pattern was replicated all over Singapore in kampungs or villages;
    • the Temenggong and his men later were moved to Telok Blangah area; on which site still stands a mosque and royal tomb & cemetery.
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 42. Islam in Singapore …..
    • with the British approval, the descendant of this Temenggong was installed as the Sultan of Johor and its realm South of Muar except Singapore (although they still own land and a mosque in Telok Blangah Singapore till today);
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 43. Islam in Singapore …..
    • Freedom to apply Muslims’ own personal religious laws recognized since British time - leading to the present AMLA (Administration of Muslim Law Act) in our statutes:
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  • 44. Islam in Singapore …..
    • Freedom to apply Muslims’ own personal religious laws recognized since British time - leading to the present AMLA (Administration of Muslim Law Act) in our statutes:
    • Islamic religious council established;
    • ROMM & Syari’ah court for Muslims;
    ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail