Istiqomah4a[Slideshare]Amnded

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Istiqomah4a[Slideshare]Amnded

  1. 1. “ Towards becoming Muslims - and its challenges.” Friday night lecture series by: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail @ Masjid al- Istiqomah (Serangoon, Singapore) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail #4 – part2 –Knowing our History
  2. 2. “ Towards becoming Muslims - and its challenges.” <ul><li>Discovering our roots, history and tradition so as to avoid having a truncated view of Islam; and response to other confusion that Muslims may generally have, regarding Islam. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  3. 3. “ Towards becoming Muslims - and its challenges.” <ul><li>Discovering our roots, history and tradition so as to avoid having a truncated view of Islam; and response to other confusion that Muslims may generally have, regarding Islam. </li></ul>Topic of discussion ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  4. 4. The Basic Message of Islam: TAWHIID - Attestation to the Oneness of God. LAA-ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAH “ There is no other god except Allah” (Who is God?) - Purity of Faith in God: Say: He is Allah, the Absolute One; Allah is He, the Absolute and Eternal (Who is the most besought of all); He begets not, nor was He begotten; And there is none comparable to Him. ( Qur’an : al-Ikhlas: 112 ) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  5. 5. Remember ……………. <ul><li>“ Ad-Deen al-Islam” : is only one – continuously revealed and it culminated perfectly, with the Last Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. : </li></ul><ul><li>“ And thereafter, We have inspired thee (O Muhammad), with the message) ”Follow the creed of Ibrahim, who turned away from all that is false, and was not of those who ascribe divinity to others besides Allah.” </li></ul><ul><li>( Qur’an: an- Nahlu :16 :123 ) </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  6. 6. ADAM (other nations) NOAH ( Nuh ) (Shem) (Ham) (Yaphet) “ for We assuredly sent amongst every nation, (other nations) a Messenger” (Q: Nahl : 16:36) ABRAHAM ( Ibrahim ) (1st Born) (2nd Born) ISHMAEL ( Isma’i l) ISAAC ( Ishaq ) JACOB ( Ya’akub ) JOSEPH ( Yusuf ) MOSES ( Musa ) (the Quraysh tribe in Mecca, direct DAVID ( Dawud ) descendants of SOLOMON ( Sulaiman ) Ishmael) (many others amongst Israelite) JOHN THE BAPTIST ( Yahya ) JESUS CHRIST (‘ Isa al-Masih ) MUHAMMAD (The chosen Seal of Prophethood) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  7. 7. OUR BASIC STAND <ul><li>“ Say : We believe in Allah, and in that which has been sent down to us and that which has been sent down upon Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which was given to Moses and Jesus and the prophets of their lord; we make no division between any of them, and to Him (Allah) we surrender (as Muslims).” </li></ul><ul><li>( Qur’an : al-Baqarah : 2 : 135 ) </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  8. 8. Remember ……………. <ul><li>“ Ad-Deen al-Islam” : is only one – continuously revealed and it culminated perfectly, with the Last Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. : </li></ul><ul><li>“ For, if one goes in search of a religion other than “al-Islam” (self-surrender to Allah), it will never be accepted from him, and in the life to come he shall be among the lost.” </li></ul><ul><li>( Qur’an: Aali- ‘Imran : 3:85 ) </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  9. 9. KNOWING OUR HISTORY <ul><li>Most of us are familiar with Seerah of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. and the general history of Islam (many books easily available). </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  10. 10. KNOWING OUR HISTORY <ul><li>Most of us are familiar with Seerah of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. and the general history of Islam (many books easily available). </li></ul><ul><li>It is our regional history that many of us may not even know of. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  11. 11. IN MEMORY OF THOSE WHO GUIDED US TO ISLAM وَمَنۡ أَحۡسَنُ قَوۡلاً۬ مِّمَّن دَعَآ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ وَعَمِلَ صَـٰلِحً۬ا وَقَالَ إِنَّنِى مِنَ ٱلۡمُسۡلِمِينَ ( Qur’an: Fushilat: 41: 33 ) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  12. 12. IN MEMORY OF THOSE WHO GUIDED US TO ISLAM “ And who could be better of speech than he who calls [fellow men] to Allah, and does what is just and right, and says, ‘Verily, I am of those who have surrendered themselves to Allah (as Muslims).” .” ( Qur’an: Fushilat: 41: 33 ) ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  13. 13. STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA <ul><li>Contacts and trading between the Middle-east and China already started since the time of our Prophet Muhammad [pbuh]. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  14. 14. STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA <ul><li>Contacts and trading between the Middle-east and China already started since the time of our Prophet Muhammad [pbuh]. </li></ul><ul><li>Facts of history : that Islam came to China since the first & second century Hijriyyah – the well-known saying “Seek knowledge even if you have to go to China.” </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  15. 15. STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA <ul><li>Arab and Persian sea navigators already were familiar with the sea route upto China – long before our Prophet’s time. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  16. 16. STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA <ul><li>Arab and Persian sea navigators already were familiar with the sea route upto China – long before our Prophet’s time. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Nusantara’ i.e. The Malay Archipelago in S.E. Asia being important stop-over for change of Monsoon wind for sailors. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  17. 17. <ul><li>During the 2 nd Caliph Uthman r.a., Mulsims begun strengthening their naval capability to control the Mediterranean sea. </li></ul>STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  18. 18. <ul><li>During the 2 nd Caliph Uthman r.a., Mulsims begun strengthening their naval capability to control the Mediterranean sea. </li></ul><ul><li>Trading routes to the East already controlled by Muslims – both overland as well as the sea – referred to as the Silk route or Spice route by the West. </li></ul>STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  19. 19. <ul><li>Many Islamic envoys sent to Emperors of China to convey message of Islam. This continued during the Ummayad dan Abbassid caliphate. China open doors to Muslims. </li></ul>STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  20. 20. <ul><li>Many Islamic envoys sent to Emperors of China to convey message of Islam. This continued during the Ummayad dan Abbassid caliphate. China open doors to Muslims. </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim communities established in towns and cities especially on the coastal areas of China. </li></ul>STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  21. 21. <ul><li>Since early period, several areas in the Nusantara became important stop-over place where at the same time Da’wah to the people were carried out. </li></ul>STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  22. 22. <ul><li>Since early period, several areas in the Nusantara became important stop-over place where at the same time Da’wah to the people were carried out. </li></ul><ul><li>The tumultuous political situation, especially after the fall of Baghdad, increased migration of Muslim propagators to this area, some via India. </li></ul>STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  23. 23. ISLAM IN ACHEH (NORTH SUMATRA) <ul><li>Recorded by Marco Polo (1254-1327CE) – ( 651 – 727H ) </li></ul><ul><li>- There were already 6 Islamic kingdoms established in “Pulau Andalas” (Sumatra), namely: </li></ul><ul><li>Perlak, Samudra, Lamuri, Pasai, Fansur dan Barus. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  24. 24. ISLAM IN ACHEH (NORTH SUMATRA) <ul><li>Catatan Ibnu Bathuthah (1304-1377M) – ( 703- 778H ) </li></ul><ul><li>- Pasai was ruled by Sultan al-Malikus-Salih (died in 1297CE or 696H) and was succeeded by his son Sultan al-Malikuz-Zahir </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  25. 25. ISLAM IN ACHEH (NORTH SUMATRA) <ul><li>Catatan Ibnu Bathuthah (1304-1377M) – ( 703- 778H ) </li></ul><ul><li>- Pasai was ruled by Sultan al-Malikus-Salih (died in 1297CE or 696H) and was succeeded by his son Sultan al-Malikuz-Zahir </li></ul><ul><li>- The people follows the Islamic jurisprudence school (madzhab) of Imam As-Syafi’i. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  26. 26. ISLAM IN ACHEH (NORTH SUMATRA) Malay Annals “Sejarah Melayu” records confirms - - Islam was brought to Pasai by a (muballigh) missionary called Pakir Muhammad via Gujerat (South India). The king of Pasai who first embrace Islam was “ Merah Silu ” who then adopted the Muslim name “ al-Malikus-Salih ” (meaning ‘the righteous king”). ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  27. 27. ISLAM IN ACHEH (NORTH SUMATRA) <ul><li>As recorded in “Izhhar al-Haq” and “Tadzkirah Thabaqat Jam’u Sultan as-Salatin” - 173H (789M) </li></ul><ul><li>Islam first came to the Nusantara at Perlak in 173H (789CE) via a naval ship headed by a “ Nakhoda Khalifah ”. Muslim as propagators of Islam developed such a good relationship with the locals, that in 225H (839CE) a second generation of this settler who inter-marrried with local princess was proclaimed by them as king and established an Islamic kingdom. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  28. 28. ISLAM IN ACHEH (NORTH SUMATRA) <ul><li>As recorded in “Izhhar al-Haq” and “Tadzkirah Thabaqat Jam’u Sultan as-Salatin” - 173H (789M) </li></ul><ul><li>He was a “ Sayid Abdul Aziz ”, prince borne from the marriage of a “Sayid Ali” (a Quraysh descent from Hijaz) with local princess, daughter of Meurah Perlak Makhdum Tansyuri by the name of “ Syahir Nuwi ”. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  29. 29. ISLAM IN CHAMPA (NORTHERN NUSANTARA) <ul><li>Islam has aleady spread in Champa. Some referred to this region to be nortern part of the ancient Srivijaya/Majapahit kingdom where Arab/Persian traders to China had established contact. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  30. 30. ISLAM IN CHAMPA (NORTHERN NUSANTARA) <ul><li>Islam has aleady spread in Champa. Some referred to this region to be nortern part of the ancient Srivijaya/Majapahit kingdom where Arab/Persian traders to China had established contact. </li></ul><ul><li>The coming of a Muslim scholar/propagator via Gujerat, a “ Maulana Ibrahim As-Samarkandi ”. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  31. 31. ISLAM IN CHAMPA (NORTHERN NUSANTARA) <ul><li>Maulana Ibrahim As-Samarkandi </li></ul><ul><li>He was successful in spreading Islam there and even the King of Champa, impressed by is noble akhlaq, married one of his princess to him. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  32. 32. ISLAM IN CHAMPA (NORTHERN NUSANTARA) <ul><li>Maulana Ibrahim As-Samarkandi </li></ul><ul><li>He was successful in spreading Islam there and even the King of Champa, impressed by is noble akhlaq, married one of his princess to him. </li></ul><ul><li>His children were educated to become Islamic scholars and propagators to succeed him in his mission. They were instrumental to the spreading of Islam to Java, Borneao and many other islands in the Malay Archipelago (Nusantara). </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  33. 33. ISLAM IN MINDANAO AND SULU OF THE PHILIPPINES <ul><li>According to the “Tarsila”, Karimul Makhdum was the first to bring Islam to the Sulu and north Borneo. He was a Sayid Zainal ‘Alam Barakat ibn Jamaluddin al-Husseini , also known as Tuan Syarif Aulia. He was none other than the father to Maulana Malik Ibrahim (Sunan Gerisek) whom he sent to Java at Gerisek to spread teaching of Islam. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  34. 34. ISLAM IN MELAKA (ON MALAY PENINSULA) <ul><li>1409M – Admiral Muhammad Cheng Ho (ZhengHe) visited Melaka. There were already Muslim traders / settlers from Arabia, India dan Persia – there. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  35. 35. ISLAM IN MELAKA (ON MALAY PENINSULA) <ul><li>1409M – Admiral Muhammad Cheng Ho (ZhengHe) visited Melaka. There were already Muslim traders / settlers from Arabia, India dan Persia – there. </li></ul><ul><li>When the Sultan of Melaka embraced Islam, Melaka became a centre for the teaching and spread of Islam in the region, until it fell to the Portugese invasion. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  36. 36. ISLAM IN JAVA <ul><li>Although Maulana Malik Ibrahim (Sunan Gerisek) begun his da’wah on Java island, his influence were constraint only to the coastal area of Gerisek. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  37. 37. ISLAM IN JAVA <ul><li>Although Maulana Malik Ibrahim (Sunan Gerisek) begun his da’wah on Java island, his influence were constraint only to the coastal area of Gerisek. </li></ul><ul><li>Peaceful and diplomatic attempts to convert the Majapahit king was made with the visit of an entourage from the kingdom of Chermin (Brunei) but was unsuccessful. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  38. 38. ISLAM IN JAVA <ul><li>It was after the arrival of Raden Rahmat (Sunan Ampel) son of Maulana Ibrahim As-Samarqand from Champa, that Islamic da’wah received favourable impetus since he was the neice to the then Queen of Majapahit. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  39. 39. ISLAM IN JAVA <ul><li>From Java, at Gerisek and later Ampel, was established the famous Council of Guardian (Majlis Wali) – beginning of the legendary Nine Saints of Java (Wali Songo). </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  40. 40. ISLAM IN JAVA <ul><li>From Java, at Gerisek and later Ampel, was established the famous Council of Guardian (Majlis Wali) – beginning of the legendary Nine Saints of Java (Wali Songo). </li></ul><ul><li>There were in fact more than nine, but famous amongst them were: Sunan Gerisek, Sunan Ampel, Sunan Bonang, Sunan Giri, Sunan Kalijaga, Sunan Kudus, Sunan Muria, Sunan Drajat, Sunan Gunung Jati. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  41. 41. ISLAM IN JAVA <ul><li>When Majapahit kingdom fell due to civil war, an Islamic Sultanate was established at Demak maintaining legitimate lineage of the previous Majapahit king through his heir, Raden Fatah , himself a student and active ‘muballigh’ tutored by the scholars/wali at Ampel and Bintoro. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  42. 42. OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF SPREAD OF ISLAM IN THE NUSANTARA <ul><li>Example of the peaceful and civilizational nature of Islamic Da’wah which proved successful. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  43. 43. OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF SPREAD OF ISLAM IN THE NUSANTARA <ul><li>Example of the peaceful and civilizational nature of Islamic Da’wah which proved successful. </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Islamic education and Da’wah, tolerance and inclusiveness, the key. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  44. 44. OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF SPREAD OF ISLAM IN THE NUSANTARA <ul><li>Example of the peaceful and civilizational nature of Islamic Da’wah which proved successful. </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Islamic education and Da’wah, tolerance and inclusiveness, the key. </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment and dedication of every Muslims, crucial. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail
  45. 45. OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF SPREAD OF ISLAM IN THE NUSANTARA <ul><li>Example of the peaceful and civilizational nature of Islamic Da’wah which proved successful. </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Islamic education and Da’wah, tolerance and inclusiveness, the key. </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment and dedication of every Muslims, crucial. </li></ul><ul><li>Their work is not finished yet and we are their heirs. It is not coincidental that today this region is where the greatest number of Muslims reside. </li></ul>©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

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