Fardh Ain6 Prophets

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Fardh Ain6 Prophets

  1. 1. By: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. Singapore. (PERGAS) ARKAANUL-IIMAN : “BELIEVE IN ALLAH’S MESSENGERS” FARDHU’AIN : CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “ Beginners’ Manual on Islam ”
  2. 2. <ul><li>وَلَقَدۡ بَعَثۡنَا فِى ڪُلِّ أُمَّةٍ۬ رَّسُولاً أَنِ ٱعۡبُدُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱجۡتَنِبُواْ ٱلطَّـٰغُوتَ‌ۖ فَمِنۡهُم مَّنۡ هَدَى ٱللَّهُ وَمِنۡهُم مَّنۡ حَقَّتۡ عَلَيۡهِ ٱلضَّلَـٰلَةُ‌ۚ فَسِيرُواْ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ فَٱنظُرُواْ كَيۡفَ كَانَ عَـٰقِبَةُ ٱلۡمُكَذِّبِينَ  </li></ul><ul><li>  “ And verily We have raised in every nation a messenger, (proclaiming): Serve Allah and shun false gods. Then some of them (there were) whom Allah guided, and some of them (there were) upon whom error had just hold. Do but travel in the land and see the nature of the consequence for the deniers!” </li></ul><ul><li>(Qur’an: An-Nahl: 16:36) </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  3. 3. <ul><li>وَمَا ڪَانَ ٱللَّهُ لِيُضِلَّ قَوۡمَۢا بَعۡدَ إِذۡ هَدَٮٰهُمۡ حَتَّىٰ يُبَيِّنَ لَهُم مَّا يَتَّقُونَ‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ عَلِيمٌ </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  “ And Allah will not mislead a people after He hath guided them, in order that He may make clear to them what to fear (and avoid)― for Allah hath knowledge of all things .” </li></ul><ul><li>(Qur’an: Taubah: 9:115) </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  4. 4. <ul><li>  مَّنِ ٱهۡتَدَىٰ فَإِنَّمَا يَہۡتَدِى لِنَفۡسِهِۦ‌ۖ وَمَن ضَلَّ فَإِنَّمَا يَضِلُّ عَلَيۡہَا‌ۚ وَلَا تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ۬ وِزۡرَ أُخۡرَىٰ‌ۗ وَمَا كُنَّا مُعَذِّبِينَ حَتَّىٰ نَبۡعَثَ رَسُولاً۬  وَإِذَآ أَرَدۡنَآ أَن نُّہۡلِكَ قَرۡيَةً أَمَرۡنَا مُتۡرَفِيہَا فَفَسَقُواْ فِيہَا فَحَقَّ عَلَيۡہَا ٱلۡقَوۡلُ فَدَمَّرۡنَـٰهَا تَدۡمِيرً۬ا  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  5. 5. <ul><li>“  Who receives guidance, receives it for his own benefit: who goes astray doth so to his own loss: no bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another: nor would We visit with Our Wrath until We had sent an messenger (to give warning). </li></ul><ul><li>  When We decide to destroy a population, We (first) send a definite order to those among them who are given the good things of this life and yet transgress; so that the word is proved true against them: then We destroy them utterly.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Qur’an: al-Isra: 17:15-16) </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  6. 6. MAN NEEDS TO BE GUIDED <ul><li>Everyone of us has certain basic questions within ourselves: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Why have we been created?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ What is the purpose of my being here in this world?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Why do people die?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Does it end here?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Where will we go to after death?” ... Etc. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  7. 7. MAN NEEDS TO BE GUIDED <ul><li>Some may ignore these questions, yet they are still in us and we will have to seek the Truth regarding this matter – sooner or later. </li></ul><ul><li>Man’s limited knowledge of Reality, would not be able to fathomed this mystery. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  8. 8. MAN NEEDS TO BE GUIDED <ul><li>Only Allah s.w.t. the Creator of every creation knows the truth and Reality of our existence, the reason for our being created and our destiny. </li></ul><ul><li>Ever since Adam a.s ., mankind has been promised by Allah, guidance from Him. This is through His sending of Prophets and Messengers from Him. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  9. 9. PHENOMENON OF PROPHETHOOD <ul><li>We do acknowledge a category of people who discover “Laws” in nature and regard them as reliable and their findings learnt, applied and continue to be taught. </li></ul><ul><li>These are the people gifted with insights and inspired with knowledge of the physical world. We called them “Scientists”. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  10. 10. PHENOMENON OF PROPHETHOOD <ul><li>Yet there is another category of people, who came in different place and time, yet all claimed to receive Divine communication, asserted similar universal message of God, of man’s moral obligation, of the life in Hereafter etc. </li></ul><ul><li>They delivered a message which transcend knowledge of this physical world, inviting mankind towards Faith in the One God. These are the “Prophets.” </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  11. 11. DISTINCTION BETWEEN ‘NABIY’ AND ‘RASUL’ <ul><li>The word “ Nabi ” means “prophet” refers to a male person who receives divine inspiration, to assist them in guiding the people based upon code of life which had already been conveyed by earlier Messengers ( Rasul ). </li></ul><ul><li>Word “ Rasul ” means a “Messenger”, it refers to a “ Nabi ” who were tasked to convey a new message, code of life to the people, complementing and superseding what had came before. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  12. 12. DISTINCTION BETWEEN ‘NABIY’ AND ‘RASUL’ <ul><li>So not every “ Nabi ” is a “ Rasul ”; whereas all “ Rasul ” must also be a “ Nabi ”. </li></ul><ul><li>According to a tradition, Allah has sent 124,000 Prophets ( Anbiya’ ). </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009 وَلَقَدۡ بَعَثۡنَا فِى ڪُلِّ أُمَّةٍ۬ رَّسُولاً “ And verily We have raised in every nation a messenger,” (Qur’an: an-Nahl: 16: 36)
  13. 13. <ul><li>NAMES IN THE QUR’AN </li></ul><ul><li>ADAM </li></ul><ul><li>IDRIS </li></ul><ul><li>NUH </li></ul><ul><li>HUD </li></ul><ul><li>SALIH </li></ul><ul><li>Adam </li></ul><ul><li>Enoch </li></ul><ul><li>Noah </li></ul><ul><li>Heber </li></ul><ul><li>Methuselah </li></ul>WHO WERE THE MESSENGERS/PROPHETS <ul><li>PROBABLE BIBLICAL EQUIVALENT </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  14. 14. <ul><li>NAMES IN THE QUR’AN </li></ul><ul><li>IBRAHIM </li></ul><ul><li>ISMA’IL </li></ul><ul><li>ISHAQ </li></ul><ul><li>LUT </li></ul><ul><li>YA’KUB </li></ul><ul><li>Abraham </li></ul><ul><li>Ishmael </li></ul><ul><li>Isaac </li></ul><ul><li>Lot </li></ul><ul><li>Jacob </li></ul>WHO WERE THE MESSENGERS/PROPHETS <ul><li>PROBABLE BIBLICAL EQUIVALENT </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  15. 15. <ul><li>NAMES IN THE QUR’AN </li></ul><ul><li>YUSUF </li></ul><ul><li>SHUAIB </li></ul><ul><li>AYUB </li></ul><ul><li>MUSA </li></ul><ul><li>HARUN </li></ul><ul><li>Joseph </li></ul><ul><li>Jethro </li></ul><ul><li>Job </li></ul><ul><li>Moses </li></ul><ul><li>Aaron </li></ul>WHO WERE THE MESSENGERS/PROPHETS <ul><li>PROBABLE BIBLICAL EQUIVALENT </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  16. 16. <ul><li>NAMES IN THE QUR’AN </li></ul><ul><li>DZULKIFLI </li></ul><ul><li>DAWUD </li></ul><ul><li>SULAIMAN </li></ul><ul><li>ILYAS </li></ul><ul><li>AL-YASA’ </li></ul><ul><li>Ezekiel </li></ul><ul><li>David </li></ul><ul><li>Solomon </li></ul><ul><li>Elias </li></ul><ul><li>Elijah </li></ul>WHO WERE THE MESSENGERS/PROPHETS <ul><li>PROBABLE BIBLICAL EQUIVALENT </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  17. 17. WHO WERE THE MESSENGERS/PROPHETS <ul><li>NAMES IN THE QUR’AN </li></ul><ul><li>YUNUS </li></ul><ul><li>ZAKARIYYA </li></ul><ul><li>YAHYA </li></ul><ul><li>‘ ISA </li></ul><ul><li>MUHAMMAD </li></ul><ul><li>PROBABLE BIBLICAL EQUIVALENT </li></ul><ul><li>Jonah </li></ul><ul><li>Zachariah </li></ul><ul><li>John the Baptist </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  18. 18. FIVE ARE REGARDED AS BEING “FOREMOST IN THEIR RESOLVE” – the “ ulil-’Azmi ” <ul><li>NUH </li></ul><ul><li>IBRAHIM </li></ul><ul><li>MUSA </li></ul><ul><li>‘ ISA </li></ul><ul><li>MUHAMMAD </li></ul><ul><li>Noah </li></ul><ul><li>Abraham </li></ul><ul><li>Moses </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>He is “the Seal of Prophethood”, “the Awaited and Chose One”, the “Leader of all the Messengers of Allah.” </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  19. 19.
  20. 20. ATTRIBUTES OF PROPHETS <ul><li>SIDDIQ صّدق </li></ul><ul><li>AMANAH أمنة </li></ul><ul><li>TABLIGH تبْليغ </li></ul><ul><li>FATONAH فطنة </li></ul><ul><li>TRUTHFUL </li></ul><ul><li>TRUSTWORTHY </li></ul><ul><li>CONVEYING </li></ul><ul><li>WISE </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  21. 21. ATTRIBUTES OF PROPHETS <ul><li>MA’SUM I – INFALLIBLE </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning “preserved, protected from sinning against Allah”, although they all have human frailties and weaknesses. </li></ul><ul><li>We reject all falsehood and slander against every prophets of Allah, upholding their honour and dignity. Especially those found in the Bible. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  22. 22. ATTRIBUTES OF PROPHETS <ul><li>MA’SUM – INFALLIBLE </li></ul><ul><li>This because Allah s.w.t. said: </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009 وَمَا كَانَ لِنَبِىٍّ أَن يَغُلَّ‌ۚ  “ No prophet could (ever) be false to his trust.” (Qur’an: Aali’Imran: 3: 161)
  23. 23. ATTRIBUTES OF PROPHETS <ul><li>MA’SUM – INFALLIBLE </li></ul><ul><li>This because Allah s.w.t. said: </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009 قَالَتۡ لَهُمۡ رُسُلُهُمۡ إِن نَّحۡنُ إِلَّا بَشَرٌ۬ مِّثۡلُڪُمۡ وَلَـٰكِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَمُنُّ عَلَىٰ مَن يَشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِهِۦ‌ۖ Their messengers said to them: &quot;True, we are human like yourselves, but Allah doth grant His grace to such of His servants as He pleases.   (Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 11)
  24. 24. ATTRIBUTES OF PROPHETS <ul><li>MIRACLES </li></ul><ul><li>The term used for this in Islam is “ khawariq al-aa-dah ” – meaning “ breaking from the normal order. ” So, term “miracle” is general to include many kinds which can be demonstrated by all kinds of people. Islam even warns Muslims not to generalize as though all “ miracles ” are therefore “ mu’jizat ”. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  25. 25. VARIOUS TYPES OR CATAGORIES OF MIRACLES <ul><li>MU’JIZAT </li></ul><ul><li>Karomah </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Ma’unah </li></ul><ul><li>Istidraj </li></ul><ul><li>Nabiy & Rasul (Prophets and Messengers of Allah.) </li></ul><ul><li>Awliyya (Saints). </li></ul><ul><li>Mu’mineen (Believers) </li></ul><ul><li>Others, especially the unbelievers & those practicing sorcery. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  26. 26. ATTRIBUTES OF PROPHETS <ul><li>MU’JIZAT </li></ul><ul><li>From the word “I’jaz” meaning to “bring low” – refers to extra-ordinary capability given to prophets by Allah, as Signs or proof of their Prophet hood. Usually, it would approximate and challenge what people of the time had already regarded to be the most fantastic. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  27. 27. MAIN REASON PROPHETS AND MESSENGERS WERE SENT <ul><li>وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَا مِن قَبۡلِكَ مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا نُوحِىٓ إِلَيۡهِ أَنَّهُ ۥ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّآ أَنَا۟ فَٱعۡبُدُونِ    </li></ul><ul><li>“ Not a messenger did We send before thee without this inspiration sent by Us to him: ‘that there is no god but I; therefore worship and serve Me.’ ”   </li></ul><ul><li>(Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 25) </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  28. 28. PROPHET MUHAMMAD AS THE LAST & FINAL PROPHET <ul><li>  وَإِذۡ أَخَذَ ٱللَّهُ مِيثَـٰقَ ٱلنَّبِيِّـۧنَ لَمَآ ءَاتَيۡتُڪُم مِّن ڪِتَـٰبٍ۬ وَحِكۡمَةٍ۬ ثُمَّ جَآءَڪُمۡ رَسُولٌ۬ مُّصَدِّقٌ۬ لِّمَا مَعَكُمۡ لَتُؤۡمِنُنَّ بِهِۦ وَلَتَنصُرُنَّهُ ۥ‌ۚ قَالَ ءَأَقۡرَرۡتُمۡ وَأَخَذۡتُمۡ عَلَىٰ ذَٲلِكُمۡ إِصۡرِى‌ۖ قَالُوٓاْ أَقۡرَرۡنَا‌ۚ قَالَ فَٱشۡہَدُواْ وَأَنَا۟ مَعَكُم مِّنَ ٱلشَّـٰهِدِينَ  </li></ul><ul><li>“ Behold! Allah took the covenant of the Prophets saying: &quot;I give you a Book and Wisdom; then comes to you an Messenger, confirming what is with you; do ye believe him and render him help.&quot; Allah said: &quot;Do ye agree, and take this My Covenant as binding on you?&quot; They said: &quot;We agree.&quot; He said: &quot;Then bear witness and I am with you among the witnesses.&quot;  </li></ul><ul><li>(Qur’an: Aali’Imran: 3: 81) </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  29. 29. PROPHET MUHAMMAD AS THE LAST & FINAL PROPHET <ul><li>مَّا كَانَ مُحَمَّدٌ أَبَآ أَحَدٍ۬ مِّن رِّجَالِكُمۡ وَلَـٰكِن رَّسُولَ ٱللَّهِ وَخَاتَمَ ٱلنَّبِيِّـۧنَۗ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ عَلِيمً۬ا   </li></ul><ul><li>“  Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of Allah, and the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things.”   </li></ul><ul><li>(Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 40) </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  30. 30. PROPHET MUHAMMAD AS THE LAST & FINAL PROPHET <ul><li>  قُلۡ إِن كُنتُمۡ تُحِبُّونَ ٱللَّهَ فَٱتَّبِعُونِى يُحۡبِبۡكُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَيَغۡفِرۡ لَكُمۡ ذُنُوبَكُمۡ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬ قُلۡ أَطِيعُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱلرَّسُولَ‌ۖ فَإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ  </li></ul><ul><li>“   Say ((O Muhammad): &quot;If ye do love Allah, follow me: Allah will love you and forgive you your sins; for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.“  Say: &quot;Obey Allah and His Messenger&quot;; but if they turn back, Allah loves not those who reject Faith. </li></ul><ul><li>(Qur’an: Aali’Imran:3:31-32) </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  31. 31. PROPHET MUHAMMAD AS THE LAST & FINAL PROPHET <ul><li>  وَاللهِ لَوْكَانَ مُوسَى حَيًّا بَيْنَ أَظْهُرِكُمْ مَاحَلَّ لَهُ إَلاّ أَنْ يَتَّبِعَنِيْ </li></ul><ul><li>Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. said: “By Allah!(I swear), even if Musa is alive and present in your midst, he can have no option except that he must follow me (my teachings).” </li></ul><ul><li>(Hadith narrated by Jabir r.a .) </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  32. 32. WARNING! THERE WILL BE NO OTHER PROPHET THAT WILL BE APPOINTED AFTER PROPHET MUHAMMAD S.A.W.
  33. 33. THE BEAUTIFUL FELLOWSHIP <ul><li>وَمَن يُطِعِ ٱللَّهَ وَٱلرَّسُولَ فَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ مَعَ ٱلَّذِينَ أَنۡعَمَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيۡہِم مِّنَ ٱلنَّبِيِّـۧنَ وَٱلصِّدِّيقِينَ وَٱلشُّہَدَآءِ وَٱلصَّـٰلِحِينَ‌ۚ وَحَسُنَ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ رَفِيقً۬ا  ذَٲلِكَ ٱلۡفَضۡلُ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِٱللَّهِ عَلِيمً۬ا  </li></ul><ul><li>  “ All who obey Allah and the Messenger are in the company of those on whom is the Grace of Allah― of the Prophets (who teach) the sincere (lovers of Truth), the witnesses (who testify), and the Righteous (who do good): ah! How a beautiful fellowship! Such is the Bounty from Allah: and sufficient is it that Allah knoweth all.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Qur’an: an-Nisa: 4: 69-70) </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  34. 34. OUR DU’A <ul><li>“ O Allah, bless, grant peace and blessings to our master Muhammad, Your Prophet and Messenger, and to our master Ibrahim, Your friend and intimate friend, and to our master Musa, Your close friend to whom You spoke, and our master 'Isa, Your Ruh and Word, and to all Your angels, Messengers, Prophets ..... </li></ul>
  35. 35. OUR DU’A <ul><li>... the best of Your creation, Your pure ones, elite and awliya' from the people of Your earth and heaven. </li></ul><ul><li>May Allah bless our master Muhammad in quantity as great as His creation, His good pleasure, the weight of His Throne, and the ink of His words as he deserves ..... </li></ul>
  36. 36. OUR DU’A <ul><li>..... and whenever those who remember mention him and those who neglect his mention neglect it, and bless the people of his House and his pure family, and grant them peace. </li></ul><ul><li>ACCEPT THIS FROM US O ALLAH! AND INCLUDE US AMONGST THEM WHOM YOU ARE MOST PLEASED ! </li></ul><ul><li>A-MEEN </li></ul>

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