Fardh Ain Angels Arkaanul Iiman[Slideshare]

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Lesson #4 - Believe in Angels; cosmology & genesis,

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  • 05/23/09 04:35
  • Fardh Ain Angels Arkaanul Iiman[Slideshare]

    1. 1. FARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “Beginners’ Manual on Islam” Presentation by: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (PERGAS)
    2. 2. ‫ح د ّ ف طر سم ٰو ت‬ ‫ٱلۡ َمۡ ُ ِ َا ِ ِ ٱل ّ َـ َٲ ِ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫َٱلَۡرۡ ِ َا ِ ِ‬ ‫و أ ض ج عل‬ ‫ٰٰٰٰۡ ََـ ِ ِ ِ ِ َ ِ ُ ُ ً ُوِْى ۡ‬ ‫كة رسل أ ل‬ ‫ٱل مل‬ ‫َجۡ ِ َ ٍ۬ ّثۡ َىٰ َ َُـٰ َ َ ُ َـٰ َۚ َ ِي ُ‬ ‫أ نحة م ن وثل ث ورب ع يز د‬ ‫ِى ٱلۡ َلۡ ِ َا َ َا ٰٰٰۚ ِ ّ ٱ َ‬ ‫خ ق م يش ء ُ إن ّ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ََى ُ ّ َىۡ ٍ۬ َ ِي ٌ۬‬ ‫عل ٰ كل ش ء قد ر‬ ‫9002‪AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail‬‬
    3. 3. “All praise is due to Allah, Originator of the heavens and the earth, Who made the angels Messengers with wings― two, or three, or four (Pairs): (Unceasingly) He adds to His creation as He pleases: for Allah has the power to will anything.” (Surah Fatir: 35: 1) AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    4. 4. HUM ANS HAVE BEEN BESTOWED WITH POWER FOR ABSTRACTION & IMAGINATION This is a fact. Thus it is so that we can deduce presence or existence of things by extrapolation beyond the mere physical evidence into realms of concepts or ideas. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    5. 5. HUM ANS HAVE BEEN BESTOWED WITH POWER FOR ABSTRACTION & IMAGINATION Thus, man can accept the fact that of the presence of other creations in this universe beyond whatever his senses can perceive, the unseen – or “‫ الْغَيْب‬al-ghayb “ e.g. Life-force, soul, etc. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    6. 6. HUM ANS HAVE BEEN BESTOWED WITH POWER FOR ABSTRACTION & IMAGINATION In this realm of mental conception, if or when the imagination is not grounded upon true & certain knowledge, man may veer into believing in myths, superstitions, fantasy, un-real imaginings, etc. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    7. 7. HUM ANS HAVE BEEN BESTOWED WITH POWER FOR ABSTRACTION & IMAGINATION This is further compounded by man’s fitrah (innate) inner fear of the unknown, which together with wrong application of his power of imagination, may cause him to believe wrongly about creation. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    8. 8. Barrier MANKIND REALM OF THE PHYSICAL ANIMALS WORLD (AL- SHAHAADAH) PLANTS AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    9. 9. ANGELS REALM OF THE UNSEEN (AL- GHAYB) JINN Barrier (spirits) REALM OF THE PHYSICAL MANKIND WORLD (AL- SHAHAADAH) ANIMALS PLANTS AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    10. 10. ‫‪MAN CREATED IN THE BEST OF‬‬ ‫‪MOULD‬‬ ‫َ َدۡ ََقۡ َا ٱلِۡن َـٰ َ ِى ٰٰٰۡ َ ِ َقۡ ِي ٍ۬ ُ ّ‬ ‫َح سن ت و م ثم‬ ‫أ‬ ‫إسن ف‬ ‫لق خل ن‬ ‫َ َدۡ َـٰ ُ َسۡ َ َ َـٰ ِِي َ ِ ّ ٱّ ِي َ َا َ ُواْ‬ ‫رد ن ه أ فل س فل ن إل لذ ن ء من‬ ‫َ َ ُِوا ٱل ّـِٰ َـٰ ِ ََ ُمۡ َجۡ ٌ َيۡ ُ‬ ‫وعمل ْ ص لح ت فله أ ر غ ر‬ ‫َمۡ ُو ٍ۬‬ ‫م ن ن‬ ‫9002‪AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail‬‬
    11. 11. MAN CREATED IN THE BEST OF MOULD “We have indeed created man in the best of moulds, then do We abase him (to be) the lowest of the low― Except such as believe and do righteous deeds: for they shall have a reward unfailing. (Qur’an: at-Tin: 95: 4-6) AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    12. 12. MAN CREATED IN THE BEST OF MOULD WITHIN MAN, HE SHARES MANY POWERS AS IN OTHER SPECIES ‘AQLIYYAH Ang e lic WAHM/KHAYALI Satanic FITRAH SALIMA Adam ic Anim alis tic BAHIMIYAH Ve g e tative NABATIYYAH
    13. 13. MANKIND IN THE CENTRE AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    14. 14. MANKIND IN THE CENTRE Debased to be the lowest of the low. ANIMALS PLANTS AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    15. 15. Elevated to the ANGELS highest, even higher than JINN (spirits) Angels MANKIND IN THE CENTRE Debased to be the lowest of the low. ANIMALS PLANTS AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    16. 16. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    17. 17. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) Created out of “Nur” (Light), a spiritual being, whose nature is different from that of the physical creations. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    18. 18. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) In their natural state, they cannot be seen by man, except by Allah’s permission; or when they appear in the form of a man by Allah’s permission. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    19. 19. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) They do not have genders nor desires or needs like eating, drinking, sleep, marriage etc. – but are created only to carry out the commands of Allah. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    20. 20. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) They do have intellection, knowledge and are bestowed with many powers and abilities, but are loyal servants of Allah, such that they will not disobey Him. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    21. 21. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) Though they may have amazing powers, they are not to be regarded as partners or associates to Allah, but are part of this grand design of Creation planned by Allah, to function in a certain way in accordance with His command or Way (Sunnahtullah). AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    22. 22. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) Although many happenings in nature can be explained by physical laws, these are only part of the Law willed by Allah – applicable in the physical world (‘alam shahaadah) AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    23. 23. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) They are instances in nature, occurrences which cannot be fathomed by physics which baffles scientists. They may theorize or guess, but these could not actually be substantiated by physics or empirical science. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    24. 24. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) Where scientist ascribe the ultimate causer simply to Nature (natural law), but why do nature behave as though it has a ‘will’ – what moves them in accordance with that certain ‘will or law’ of nature? AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    25. 25. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) Muslims rely upon Revelation to explain these phenomena, and does not absurdly regard these as the work of random or purposeless coincidence of nature, freak accident etc. There obviously is a Will and Law functioning, beyond physics. Islam attributes these with the functions of the angels in the spiritual unseen realm (‘alam ghuyuub). AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    26. 26. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) There are numerously countless number of Angels. Muslims are to know 10 angels and their functions for it has significance to our experience and existence, and it relates or is directly linked to the Message (Risaalah) of Islam. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    27. 27. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) JIBRA-IL (Gabrie l ) a . s . Leader in the angelic world, mission primarily to bring Revelations to the Prophets. His other titles: • RUH-HUL QUDDUS (the Holy spirit) • RUH-HUL AMIIN (the Trusted spirit) This also refutes the Christian notion of Trinity and clarify that they have mistaken the angel Jibra-il a.s. to be a Divine being. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    28. 28. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) M IKA-IL (M ic hae l ) a . s . One of the four most important angels of Allah, who acts as supervisor in the angelic world; generally known as the guardian spirit of land, sea and air; the angel of Providence – to carry out what Allah has ordained to all His creation. This is to dispel mankind’s mistaken believe in any power or forces independent or rival to Allah – as paganistic worship of spirit in AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    29. 29. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) ISRAA-FIL (Se raphim ) a . s . Another one of the four most important angels of Allah, whose duty would be to blow the SWOOR (trumpet/siren) to precede the end of the world and again during the Resurrection. He is also in-charge of guarding the LAWH-UL MAH-FU DZ (protected board of Decree) in the angelic world. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    30. 30. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) IZRAA’ IL a . s . Another one of the four most important angels of Allah, who is also known as M ALAA-IKAT- UL-M AUT (the Angel of Death) who comes to every person at the hour of death to take away his soul as determined or decreed by Allah s.w.t., neither hastening nor delaying it. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    31. 31. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) RIDWAAN a . s . The guardian Angel of Paradise, who will welcome Believers destined for entrance to this “Abode of Peace (Dar-as-Salaam)”, “the Garden of Paradise (Jan-nat-ul-Firdaus), “the Garden of Bliss” (Jan-nat-un-Na-eem) – or many other names it is referred to by Allah s.wt. in Al-Qur’an. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    32. 32. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) M AALIK a . s . The guardian Angel overall in-charge of Hell; with other stern and fierce angels e.g. angel Zabaniyah, who will mete out the punishment upon those who deserve them for being unjust to themselves. Those sinners who while in this world, despaired and refused to seek the Mercy and Forgiveness of Allah. Islam refutes the Western-Christian notion of the devil being in-charge of hell, whereas devil will be there especially to be punished . AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    33. 33. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) ROQEEB a . s . The guardian Angel assigned to every person whose task is to record every good deeds (even intention towards doing good, is counted), in the individual Book of Record which each person are assigned with. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    34. 34. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) ‘ AATID a . s . Together with Roqeeb, ‘Aatid a.s. is the guardian Angel assigned to every person whose task is to record every sinful deeds (which a person did and does not repent nor seek forgiveness from), in the individual Book of Record which each person are assigned with. Both Roqeeb and ‘Aatid a.s. are also referred to in Al- Qur’an as “the Noble Writers” (Kiraa-man Kaa-tibeen) AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    35. 35. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ANGELS ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) M UNGKAR a . s . NAAKIR a . s . Together, both these Angels will come upon a person in his grave in Barzakh (the intermediary realm) just after death, to interrogate or trial man with the preliminaries. In this realm, the person will await for the Final Day of Judgement, either amongst the successful ones in state of comfort and enjoy a foretaste of Paradise, or suffer torments in the grave. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    36. 36. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT JINN ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) JINN (s pirits ) are not ANGELS, AND THEY ARE TOTALLY A DIFFERENT CREATION . They were created from “smokeless fire”, thus have a different nature. There are many types of Jinn, yet we are told by Allah s.w.t. That they do not have any power over mankind except people who chose to obey or submit to them. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    37. 37. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT JINN ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) • Although unseen by man, they too are created beings, commanded and are being tested by Allah s.w.t. They possess free-will, they marry and reproduce, have families and communities, have needs like human. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    38. 38. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT JINN ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) • JINN are descended from Iblis (Diabolis), the arch-enemy of Adam a.s. who vowed to lead mankind astray from the Straight Path. There are Jinn who are believers, but many are determine in carrying out to fulfil the evil vow of Iblis to tempt every descendent of Adam a.s. They, the evil ones are called “Shaythan” (Satan or Devil). AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    39. 39. ‫‪KNOWLEDGE ABOUT JINN ARE BASED ON‬‬ ‫)‪TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH‬‬ ‫فَإِذَا قَرَأۡت ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ فَٱسۡتَعِذۡ بِٱلِّ مِ ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ٱل ّيۡ َـٰ ِ ٱل ّ ِي ِ ِ ّ ُ ۥ َيۡ َ َ ُ ۥ ُلۡ َـٰ ٌ‬ ‫ش ط ن رج م إنه ل س له س ط ن‬ ‫ََى ٱّ ِي َ َا َ ُواْ َ ََىٰ َ ّ ِمۡ َ َ َڪُّو َ ِ ّ َا‬ ‫لذ ن ء من وعل ربه يتو ل ن إنم‬ ‫عل‬ ‫ُلۡ َـُٰ ُ ۥ ََى ٱّ ِي َ َ َ َّوۡ َ ُ ۥ َٱّ ِي َ ُم ِ ِۦ‬ ‫لذ ن يتول نه و لذ ن ه به‬ ‫س ط نه عل‬ ‫ُشۡ ِ ُو َ‬ ‫م رك ن‬ ‫9002‪AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail‬‬
    40. 40. KNOWLEDGE ABOUT JINN ARE BASED ON TRUE & RELIABLE REPORTS (TAUQIFIYYAH) “When thou dost read the Qur'an, seek Allah’s protection from Satan the Rejected one. No authority has he over those who believe and put their trust in their Lord. His authority is over those only who take him as patron and who join partners with Allah.” (Qur’an: an-Nahl: 16: 98-100) AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    41. 41. SOME DU’A TAUGHT BY IMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDAD IN “‫ “ اْل َسْلك اْلقريب لك ّ سالك ُ ِيْب‬based on As-SUNNAH. ‫من‬ ‫ل‬ ‫م‬ ْ‫َ ّ َ ُوْ ُ ِ َ ِنْ َ َ َا ِ ال ّ َا ِيْ ِ ََ ُوْ ُ ِ َ َ ّ َن‬ ‫رب أع ذبك م همز ت شي ط ن وأع ذبك رب أ‬ ‫َحْ ُ ُوْن‬ ‫ي ضر‬ ROB-BI - A-’UU-DZU-BIKA MIN HA-MA-ZAA TISH-SHA- YAA-TWII-NI, WA - A- ’UU-DZU BIKA ROB-BI - AN-YAH- DWU-RUUN “O my Lord (Allah)! I seek refuge in You from the (evil) whispering of satan, and I seek refuge in You from their ever being present with me.” AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    42. 42. ‫‪SOME DU’A TAUGHT BY IMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDAD‬‬ ‫.‪ “ based on As-SUNNAH‬اْل َسْلك اْلقريب لك ّ سالك ُ ِيْب“ ‪IN‬‬ ‫من‬ ‫ل‬ ‫م‬ ‫الَ ُ َ ِ ّ َ ََطْ َ ََيْ َ َ ُ ّا َ ِيْ ًا ِ ُ ُوْ ِ َا‬ ‫لهم إنك سل ت عل ن عدو بص ر بعي بن‬ ‫ُ ِّ ًا ََى َوْ َا ِ َا َ َا َا ُ َ َ َ ِيُْ ُ ِنْ َيْ ُ َ ن َا ُمْ‬ ‫مطلع عل ع ر تن ير ن هو وقب له م ح ث ل َر ه‬ ‫لهم فأي ه من كم أي ته م ر متك‬ ‫الَ ُ ّ َ َ ّسْ ُ ِ ّا َ َا َ ّسْ َ ُ ِنْ َحْ َ ِ َ‬ ‫وقن ه من كم قن ته م ع وك‬ ‫َ َ ّطْ ُ ِ َا َ َا َ ّطْ َ ُ ِنْ َفْ ِ َ‬ ‫وب ع ب نن وب نه كم ب نه وب ن جنتك‬ ‫َ َا ِدْ َيْ َ َا َ َيْ َ ُ َ َا َيْ َ ُ َ َيْ َ َ ّ ِ َ‬ ‫إنك عل كل ش ء قد ر‬ ‫ِ ّ َ ََى ُ ّ َيْ ٍ َ ِي ُ‬ ‫9002‪AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail‬‬
    43. 43. SOME DU’A TAUGHT BY IMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDAD IN “‫ “ اْل َسْلك اْلقريب لك ّ سالك ُ ِيْب‬based on As-SUNNAH. ‫من‬ ‫ل‬ ‫م‬ Allaa-hum-ma -in-naka sal-latw-twa ‘alay-naa ‘a-duw-wan ba- swee-ron bi-’u-yuu-bi-naa, Mutw-twali-’an ‘alaa ‘au-ro-tinaa, ya-raa-naa huwa wa-qo-bii- luhu min hai-thu laa-na-raa-hum, Allaa-hum-ma fa-ai-yis-hu min-naa kamaa ai-yas-tahu min roH-matik, Wa qon- nitw-hu min-naa- kamaa qon-natw-tahu min ‘af-wik, Wa- ba-’id bai-nanaa wa bai-nahu kamaa ba-’ad-ta bai-nahu wa bai-na jan-natik, In-naka ‘a-laa kul-li shai-’inq-qo-deer. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
    44. 44. SOME DU’A TAUGHT BY IMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDAD IN “‫ “ اْل َسْلك اْلقريب لك ّ سالك ُ ِيْب‬based on As-SUNNAH. ‫من‬ ‫ل‬ ‫م‬ O Allah! You have place upon us an enemy who can see our privacy and our shortcomings, whereas he and his kind spy upon us from places which we are unable to see them. O Allah! Disappoint their hopes towards us, just as You have made them disappointed in hoping to get Your Blessings. Make them despair (in attaining their plans) towards us, just as You made them despair from seeking Your Forgiveness. Keep them away (distance) from us, just as You made them to be far-away (distance) from Your Paradise. Verily, You (O Allah) is Most Powerful over everything. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009

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