Brief history of spread of islam

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Brief history of spread of islam

  1. 1. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Extracted topic delivered in one of the lessons from:
  2. 2. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.
  3. 3. “ It is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and to instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom― although they had been, before, in manifest error― .“ ( Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) “ As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise.” ( Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 3 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) “ Such is the Bounty of Allah, which He bestows on whom He will: and Allah is the Lord of the highest bounty.” ( Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 4 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) “ Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says "I am of those who bow in Islam" ( Qur’an: Fussilat: 41: 33 )
  7. 7. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  8. 8. “ Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent from every expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religion ( LIYA-TAFAQQAHU -FID-DEEN ) and admonish the people when they return to them― that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).” ( Qur’an: Taubah: 9:122 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  9. 9. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  10. 10. <ul><li>Trading between the Middle-east and the Orient (China) had pre-existed before the coming of Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. </li></ul><ul><li>Historically, Islam had reached China and South-east Asia since the beginning of Hijriah (Prphet’s migration) period. </li></ul><ul><li>Arabs and Persian had long been world renown mariners and voyagers, plying the ancient trade routes – both overland and sea – long before Islam came to Arabia. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) SPREAD OF ISLAM TO THE ORIENT – THE SILK ROUTE AND SPICE TRADE
  11. 11. <ul><li>During the Caliphate of ‘Uthman ibn Affan r.a., the Muslim begun strengthening the naval armada especially in the Meditaranean sea, mainly for Da’wah. </li></ul><ul><li>Whereas the sea-route to the East had already been dominated by Arabs, Persians and Indians. Their conversion to Islam facilitated its spread to the East for they became ‘ambassadors’ for Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Emissaries and delegation had already been sent to the Emperor of China, and this continued on, in the ‘Ummayyad and Abassid period – both overland via the “ Silk Road ” or the sea-route of the “ Spice trade ”. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) SPREAD OF ISLAM TO THE ORIENT – THE SILK ROUTE AND SPICE TRADE
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  13. 13. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA
  15. 15. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  17. 17. <ul><li>Voyages from the Middle-east to China had long begun predating the period of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. , even chronicled by the Arab and Persian travellers who were already familiar with the route to China. </li></ul><ul><li>Apart from the overland SILK ROAD, the sea voyage between Arabia-Persia to China had begun since the Phoenicians period. </li></ul><ul><li>According to Chiu T’ang Shu (record) Islam’s contact with China started as early as 31H / 651CE when an emissary from Ta Shih (Arabia) visited the T’ang Emperor. </li></ul><ul><li>Since the time of Caliph ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan r.a,, many more emmisaries were sent and many Muslims settlers were accepted into China. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  18. 18. <ul><li>Muslim communities begun to be established especially in the coastal region of China, as well as along the trade route – in the NUSANTARA . </li></ul><ul><li>NUSANTARA being a stop over on the sea-route to China, one of the earliest Arab Muslim settlement known was at BARUS on northern tip of SAMUDRA (on Sumatra). Evidence indicate that Muslims were already present here, 34 years after the Hijrah of the Prophet s.a.w. </li></ul><ul><li>Later with the fall of Baghdad to the Mongols, Muslim influx (diaspora) to this region was greatly enhanced. And conversion and intermarriages with the indigenous occured, and with Islam as catalyst to assimilate all into a larger community as Muslims, a new hegemony was forged. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  19. 19. <ul><li>The approach of DA’WAH was of two-pronged : towards the influential class ( AL-MALA-A ); and to the masses ( AL-JUMHUR ). </li></ul><ul><li>These Muslims’ embodiment of wisdom; tolerance and patience; exuding examplary way of life and nobility of their character; spreading knowledge, Justice and Compassion; projecting the message of Mercy for all the world; improving lives of people ; binding people into a genuine brotherhood upon a common faith; forging a community through what I termed “ civilizational osmosis ”, etc. that was how the spread of Islam was done. Much could still be learnt by the present Muslims from their history and their approaches. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  20. 20. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA ACHEH PREVIOUSLY EXPLAINED
  22. 22. <ul><li>MARCO POLO ( 1254-1327CE) – (651 – 727H) </li></ul><ul><li>Recorded in his travel that there were 6 Islamic kingdoms in existence in PULAU ANDALAS (old name of island of Sumatra): </li></ul><ul><li>[1] PERLAK; </li></ul><ul><li>[2] SAMUDRA; </li></ul><ul><li>[3] LAMURI; </li></ul><ul><li>[4] PASAI ; </li></ul><ul><li>[5] FANSUR; and </li></ul><ul><li>[6] BARUS </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) ALL THESE IN REGION OF ACHEH
  23. 23. <ul><li>IBN BATTUTTA (1304-1377CE) – (703- 778H) </li></ul><ul><li>Recorded in his travel that: </li></ul><ul><li>PASAI was ruled by Sultan al-Malikus-Solih (died 1297CE/596H ) </li></ul><ul><li>He was succeeded by his son Sultan al-Malikuz-Zahir . </li></ul><ul><li>T he people converted and all followed in FIQH the Madzhab of </li></ul><ul><li>Imam Muhammad Idris ash-Shafi’-ie </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) ALL THESE IN REGION OF ACHEH
  24. 24. <ul><li>The “SEJARAH MELAYU” (The Malay Annals) </li></ul><ul><li>Recorded that: </li></ul><ul><li>Islam was brought to PASAI by a MUBALLIGH known as Faqir Muhammad from Gujerat (South India). </li></ul><ul><li>The first king to embrace Islam MERAH SILU who then took the Muslim name-title SULTAN MALIKUS-SOLIH . </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) ALL THESE IN REGION OF ACHEH
  25. 25. <ul><li>The book “IZHAR AL-HAQQ” and “TADZKIRAH TABAQAT JAM-’U- SULTAN AS-SALATIN” (789CE / 172H) </li></ul><ul><li>Recorded that: </li></ul><ul><li>Islam came to the NUSANTARA at PERLAK in the year 173H/789CE, via a ship headed by a NAKHODA KHALIFAH . </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim scholars and missionary peaceful propagated Islam there and managed to Islamise the country to the point that it proclaimed itself as Islamic kingdom in 225H / 893CE. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) ALL THESE IN REGION OF ACHEH
  26. 26. <ul><li>The book “IZHAR AL-HAQQ” and “TADZKIRAH TABAQAT JAM-’U- SULTAN AS-SALATIN” (789CE / 172H) </li></ul><ul><li>Recorded that: </li></ul><ul><li>It was then led by a MAULANA SAYYID ABDUL AZIZ SHAH . He was the son of SAYYID ‘ALI IBN MUHAMMAD IBN JA’FAR AS-SODIQ (a Qurayshi Ahlil-Bayt from the HIJAZ) who married, the princess MAKHDUM TANSHURI , sister of the king of Perlak (MEURAH PERLAK) MAKHDUM SHAHIR NUWI </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) ALL THESE IN REGION OF ACHEH
  27. 27. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  28. 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA PATTANI
  29. 29. <ul><li>The strategic region around PATTANI , as a safe-transit for traders grew in importance and Muslim scholars and preachers were actively engaged to spread Islam there. It belonged to one of the oldest Malay kingdom of LANGKASUKA (Hindu), later was ruled over by the SAILENDRA (Buddhist). </li></ul><ul><li>The connection with YEMEN via INDIA must be noted, as many scholars of the Prophet’s s.a.w. lineage ( SAADAH BA-’ALAWI ) , had already begun making DA’WAH , especially the descendants of SAYYID JAMALUDDEEN AL-HUSSEINIY , who settled here, intermarried with the indigenous; educate and groom future DU’AT , as MUJAHID DA’WAH especially to lead the community if not as Islamic scholars ( ‘ULAMA’ ), then through businesses by being philantrophist ( AGH-NIYA’ ). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN PATTANI (SOUTHERN THAILAND)
  30. 30. <ul><li>Their methodology of DA’WAH was in keeping with the SUNNAH of their pious predecessors ( SALAFUS-SOLEH ); through spreading Justice, Mercy, Compassion and teaching good moral by personal examples ( AKHKLAQUL-KAREEMAH ) , not just in themselves but with their family amongst the natives; addressing needs of people and uplifting their lives; building schools and orphanages; caring for the poor and the sick; etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Their success was because they had striven sincerely and with utmost dedication with all that they could offer to establish the best of community ( KHAYRA UMMAH ), exuding faith, deeds with excellence ( AD-DEEN AL-ISLAM ), so that “ the right way becomes clear from that which is in error ” . </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN PATTANI (SOUTHERN THAILAND)
  31. 31. <ul><li>In (circa) 1150CE, the DA’WAH movement of SHEIKH ‘ABDULLAH AL-YAMANI extensively spread via INDIA, ACHEH to bring Islam to the peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>It was from here, KEDAH and PATTANI , that Islam then spread to the south and east coast of the Malay peninsula viz. KELANTAN , TRENGGANU , PAHANG since 1150CE. </li></ul><ul><li>Interestingly, in PATANI itself, Islam was accepted by most of its general citizens, while its king Payatunakapa remained a Mahayana-Buddhist until much later. When the king embraced Islam, as Sultan Ismail Shah and only then PATTANI was declared as an Islamic Sultanate – “ Pattani Darrussalam ” (circa 1450CE). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN PATTANI (SOUTHERN THAILAND)
  32. 32. <ul><li>The earliest leading Islam scholar was SHEIKH SHAFI’UDDIN AL-ABBAS , the ancestor to many Islamic scholars - , especially the most important propagator, scholar and Mujahid, whose work to Islamise this region was immense - SHEIKH DAWUD BIN ‘ABDULLAH AL- FATANI . </li></ul><ul><li>Since then on PATTANI produced world renowned Islamic scholars, not only throughout the archipelago ( JOHOR , RIAU ,the NATUNAS , north BORNEO , etc.,but produced leading IMAM and scholars of the Muslims of SHAFI-’IE MADZHAB in the centre of Islam in MAKKAH . There, they made it to be the centre for the training of JAWI (those from Nusantara) students of Islam. The pilgrimage ( HAJJ ) facilitated much success in this. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN PATTANI (SOUTHERN THAILAND)
  33. 33. <ul><li>The literary contributions of the early ‘ULAMA from the NUSANTARA - with their adoption of JAWI (Arabiced) script and the use of the Riau Malay in official correspondences; in the knowledge culture being spread; where in infused into this evolving Malay language, many Arabic words and terminologies, etc. thus enriching it. </li></ul><ul><li>The effect of this language, and heightened with DA’WAH was so tremendously successful, that it forged a hegemony of sort amongst the many sub-groupings of the indigenous people, who were now favour identifying themselves more as “ Malays ”, because foremost they were all Muslims – breaking the previous barrier to their unity. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN PATTANI (SOUTHERN THAILAND)
  34. 34. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  35. 35. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA CHAMPA
  36. 36. <ul><li>Being an important transit along thhe sea-route to China for Muslim Arab , Persian and Indian traders, inevitably Islam was spread in Champa (old name for Cambodia-Laos-Vietnam). </li></ul><ul><li>MAULANA IBRAHIM AS-SAMARQANDI , who came via Gujerat for DA’WAH was so successful in spreading Islam that the king took him as son-in-law. His sons from this marriage later were nurtured to become DU’AT who helped spread Islam to Java, Borneo and the islands in the Malay Archiplago. </li></ul><ul><li>It must be noted that this region was then part of an ancient SRIVIJAYA and MAJAPAHIT wide dominion. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN CHAMPA (INDO-CHINA)
  37. 37. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  38. 38. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA SULU MINADANAO
  39. 39. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA SULU MINADANAO
  40. 40. <ul><li>According to the “ TARSILA ” (historical records of the Muslims in Southern Philippines), Islam was brought here by one respectfully called “ KARIM-UL-MAKHDUM “. </li></ul><ul><li>He was SAYYID ZAINAL ALAM BARAKAT IBN SAYYID JAMALUDDEEN AL-HUSSEINIY , who also was called TUAN SHARIF AWLIYYA (cica 1469CE). </li></ul><ul><li>He was the father of another famous DA-’IE who was sent to spread Islam in Java, MAULANA MALIK IBRAHEEM (Sunan Gerisek). </li></ul><ul><li>Another personality was AMINULLAH AL-MAKHDUM ( Sayyid al-Niqab ) recorded to have come with some Chinese Muslims to spread Islam here. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN THE SULU AND MINDANAO
  41. 41. <ul><li>Later came the entourage of RAJAH BAGUINDA from Sumatra, but the spread of Islam into the hinterland in the SULU was very much through a SAYYID ABU BAKAR , made Sultan in SULU known as SHARIF HASHIM , he was followed from JOHOR after him a MOHADUM and a scholar named ‘ALAWI BALPAKI ( Balfaqqih ). </li></ul><ul><li>In the MINDANAO , the notable personality was SHARIF MUHAMMAD KEBUNGSUWAN was accredited with reinvigorating the spread of Islam here and into the interior, in 1515CE. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN THE SULU AND MINDANAO
  42. 42. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  43. 43. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA MELAKA
  44. 44. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA MELAKA
  45. 45. <ul><li>KEDAH was one of the earliest state to accept Islam through efforts of muballigh from YEMEN via GUJERAT , ACHEH and PATTANI . </li></ul><ul><li>From there soon it spread to KELANTAN and TRENGGANU . </li></ul><ul><li>The fall of SRIVIJAYA led to a prince fleeing PALEMBANG who then founded the kingdom of SINGAPURA on what was previously called the island of TEMASIK . </li></ul><ul><li>This Malay kingdom had several rulers, as remnant of the SRIVIJAYA empire, until it’s last king had to flee due to the invasion of PATIH GADJAH MADAH of the MAJAPAHIT . He was the PARAMESWARA who then established the new empire of MELAKA on the Malay Peninsula. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) THE PENINSULA AND RISE OF MELAKA SULTANATE
  46. 46. <ul><li>When in 1409CE, Admiral Muhammad Zheng He (ChengHo) visited MELAKA there were already Muslims from Arabia, Persia and India. </li></ul><ul><li>When the king PARAMESWARA embraced Islam as Sultan Muhammad Shah, he forged alliance with PASAI and other Muslim kingdoms and gradually grew in importance not just for trade, but also as centre of Islamic learnings too. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) THE PENINSULA AND RISE OF MELAKA SULTANATE
  47. 47. <ul><li>Notwithstanding that the DA’WAH initiatives which had ealier begun in ACHEH (since 173H), then to PATTANI and continued to spread in the peninsula, the importance of Islamic scholars as advisers to the kings ensure royal patronage to Islamic propagation and proliferation of centres for Islamic learning in the archipelago. </li></ul><ul><li>As it grew in importance, MELAKA soon became one of these centres which were sometimes referred to as one of the SERAMBI MAKKAH (“the verandah of Mecca ”). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) THE PENINSULA AND RISE OF MELAKA SULTANATE
  48. 48. BRIEF HISTORY OF THE LEGENDARY ‘NINE SAINTS’ OF JAVA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  49. 49. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA DEMAK AND CIREBON ( AFTER MAJAPAHIT JAVA)
  50. 50. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) STRATEGIC LOCATION OF THE NUSANTARA A early 18th century map of Java. Note that only major trading ports on the northern coast were known to the European. From west to east: * Banten* Jayakarta* Cirebon * Tegal *  Demak  * Jepara * Tuban* Sedayu, now near Gresik * Surabaya DEMAK AND CIREBON ( AFTER MAJAPAHIT JAVA)
  51. 51. <ul><li>Although MAULANA MALIK IBRAHIM (Sunan Gerisik) began his mission in Java during the Majapahit period, but this was restricted to the coast at GERISEK . It was after RADEN RAHMAT (his cousin ) came from CHAMPA that heightened the spread of Islam there. </li></ul><ul><li>RADEN RAHMAT or AHMAD RAHMATULLAH (Sunan Ampel), father was SAYYID IBRAHIM ZEIN AL-AKBAR BIN JAMALUDDIN HUSSEIN . And his mother with the queen of Majapahit king were both sisters-princess from CHAMPA. </li></ul><ul><li>This guaranteed for him, royal patronage. It was then that a kind of coucil of ‘ULAMA – a shura of Islamic scholars was forged – geared towards DA’WAH and Islamic education, from which their prominent leaders became well-known as the WALI SONGO (“The nine saints”). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN JAVA AND OTHER ISLANDS
  52. 52. <ul><li>WALI SONGO – (circa 1492H) Some of the famous personalities were: </li></ul><ul><li>( Sunan Gerisik ) Maulana Malik Ibrahim bin Zein al-Alam Barakat bin Jamaluddin al-Akbar. </li></ul><ul><li>( Sunan Ampel ) Raden Ahmad Rahmatullah bin Ibrahim Zein bin Zein al-Alam Barakat. </li></ul><ul><li>( Sunah Giri ) Muhammad Ainul Yaqin bin Maulana Ishak bin Ibrahim Zein </li></ul><ul><li>( Sunan Bonang ) Ibrahim bin Ahmad Rahmatullah </li></ul><ul><li>( Sunan Drajat ) Hashim bin Ahmad Rahmatullah </li></ul><ul><li>( Sunan Kudus ) Ja’far Sodiq bin Ahmad Rahmatullah </li></ul><ul><li>[ Sunan Kalijaga ) Raden Shahid son of Temenggung Walitikto of TUBAN , son-in-law of Raden Ahmad Rahmatullah. </li></ul><ul><li>( Sunan Muria ) Raden ‘Umar Sa’id son of Raden Shahid Sunan Kalijaga. </li></ul><ul><li>( Sunan Gunung Jati ) Sharif Hidayatullah bin Abdullah bin ‘Ali Nurul Alam bin Jamaluddin al-Akbar. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN JAVA AND OTHER ISLANDS
  53. 53. AHMAD AL-MUHAJIR Ibrahim Zeinuddin al-Akbar (Ibrahim Asmoro – ‘As-Samarqandi’) Ahmad Rahmatullah SUNAN AMPEL Maulana Ishaq ‘ Ali Murtadho Maulana ‘Ainul Yaqeen SUNAN GIRI Ibrahim SUNAN BONANG Hashim SUNAN DRAJAT Ja’far Sodiq SUNAN QUDUS Jamaluddin Hussain al-Akbar ’ Ali Nurul ‘Alam ’ Abdullah Sharif Hidayatullah SUNAN GUNUNG JATI Zein al-’Alam Barakat ( SHARIF AWLIYA’ ) Maulana Malik Ibrahim SUNAN GERISIK Raden Shahid SUNAN KALIJAGA Raden ‘Umar Sa’id SUNAN MURIA Son-in-law All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Ahmad Jalal Shah ‘ Abdullah Khan Abdul Malik ‘ Alwi Muhammad (Shohib Mirbat) ‘ Ali (Khali’ Qasam) ‘ Alwi Muhammad ‘ Alwi ‘ Ubaydullah Grandfather to Adzamat Khan family of Hind (India) “ Behold! verily on the ( AWLIYA’ ) friends of Allah there is no fear, nor shall they grieve” ( Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 62 )
  54. 54. AHMAD AL-MUHAJIR ‘ ISA ‘ Ubaydullah ‘ Alwi Muhammad ‘ Alwi ‘ Ali (Khali’ Qasam) Muhammad (Shohib Mirbat) ‘ Ali IMAM MUHAMMAD (al-Faqih al-Muqaddam) ‘ Alwi Abdul Malik MUHAMMAD IMAM ‘ALI AL-URAIDHI IMAM JA’FAR SODIQ IMAM MUHAMMAD AL-BAQIR IMAM ‘ALI ZEIN AL-’ABIDIN IMAM ‘ALI BIN ABI TOLIB IMAM HUSSAYN FATIMAH AL-ZAHRA’ MUHAMMAD (RASULULLAH) S.A.A.W. Descent lineage to Wali Songo THE LINEAGE OF THE BA-’ALAWI OF HADHRAMAWT ( AND THE ISLAMIZATION OF THE NUSANTARA ) FOUNDER OF TARIQAH ‘ALAWIYYAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) SHEIKH ABU MADYAN His spiritual chain ( silsilah – khirqa ) linked
  55. 55. <ul><li>When civil war broke out in the kingdom, the Majapahit king gave the MAJLIS WALI (where consensus were obtained from the elders amongst the Scholars at Ampel) the authority to nominate the succession and end the strive in the land. </li></ul><ul><li>They chose RADEN FATAH (the son of the Majapahit king) and a student of Sunan Ampel, thus establishing the first Islamic Sultanate at DEMAK , also as a continuation to the Majapahit kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>It was from this period on, that Islam continued to be entrenched even to the outlying regions, with proliferation of Da’wah and the setting up of schools (pesantren), settlements, mosques, etc. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN JAVA AND OTHER ISLANDS
  56. 56. <ul><li>Notwithstanding, there were also other MUBALLIGH (preachers) to who helped in the spread of Islam, whether from Arabia, India, China, the peninsula and other islands etc. Yet there was already a kind of ‘networking’ amongst all these DU’AT and ‘ULAMA (Islamic propagators and scholars), binding them towards a common cause and aspiration of establishing Allah’s words as the highest ( LA-’ALLA -KALIMATULLAAHI -HIYA- ‘UL-YA ) in the whole region. </li></ul><ul><li>Another important contributing factor, which impacted greatly the spread of Islam and its teachings, was the factor of the Pilgrimage and travellings of our scholars ( “HAJJ-WA-SIYAR” ). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN JAVA AND OTHER ISLANDS
  57. 57. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) HOPE TO FURTHER ELUCIDATE THIS IN SEPARATE SESSION – INSH-ALLAH! Presentation by: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (Singapore)
  58. 58. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) ZABID (Yemen) TARIM (Yemen) SURAT (India) PASAI (Acheh) MELAKA (Malaya) PATTANI (Siam) DEMAK (Java) PALEMBANG (Sumatra) BANJARMASIN (Kalimantan) KELANTAN (Malaya) HARAMAIN ( Makkah & Madinah ) DAMASCUS (Syria) BAGHDAD (Iraq) ADEN (Yemen) PENYENGAT (Riau) SEIYWUN (Yemen) BAYT AL-MAQDIS (Palestine) CAIRO (Egypt) ISTANBUL(Turkey) BUKIT TINGGI (Sumatra)
  59. 59. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) HOPE TO FURTHER ELUCIDATE THIS IN SEPARATE SESSION – INSH-ALLAH! Presentation by: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (Singapore)
  60. 60. “ Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom ( BIL- H IKMAH ) and beautiful preaching ( MAU-’IZAH- H ASANAH ); and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious ( JAADIL-HUM-BIL-LATI -HIYA A H SAN ): for thy Lord knows, best who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance. “ ( Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 125 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  61. 61. O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise each other). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things). ( Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 13 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  62. 62. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  63. 63. “ Nor can Goodness and Evil be equal. Repel (Evil) with what is better: then will he between whom and thee was hatred become as it were thy friend and intimate! And no one will be granted such goodness except those who exercise patience and self-restraint none but persons of the greatest good fortune.” ( Qur’an: Fussilat: 41: 34-35 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  64. 64. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) “ Thus have We made of you an Ummah justly balanced that with your lives, ye might become witnesses over the nations and the Messenger a witness over yourselves;” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 143 )
  65. 65. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) “ We sent not a messenger except (to teach) in the language ( LISAAN ) of his (own) people, in order to make (things) clear to them. Now Allah leaves stray those whom He pleases and guides whom He pleases: and He is Exalted in power, Full of Wisdom.” ( Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 4 )
  66. 66. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) “ And those who strive in Our (Cause) ― We will certainly guide them to Our Paths: for verily Allah is with those who do right.” ( Qur’an: Ankabut: 61: 143 )
  67. 67. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  68. 68. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) “ And for those who fear Allah, He (ever) prepares a way out. And He provides for him from (sources) he never could imagine. And if anyone puts his trust in Allah, sufficient is (Allah) for him. For Allah will surely accomplish His purpose: verily, for all things has Allah appointed a due proportion.” ( Qur’an: Talaq: 65 :2-3 )
  69. 69. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  70. 70. “ Seest thou not how Allah sets forth a parable?― a goodly Word like a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the heavens― It brings forth its fruit at all times, by the leave of its Lord. So Allah sets forth parables for men, in order that they may receive admonition.” ( Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 25 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  71. 71. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) “ It is He (Allah) who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad) with Guidance and the Religion of Truth (al-Islam), to proclaim it over all religion: and enough is Allah for a Witness.” ( Qur’an: Fath 48: 28 )
  72. 72. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  73. 73. O our Lord! Make us to benefit from what You have taught us. O Lord! Teach us whatever that is beneficial for us. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  74. 74. And also to those in this our Faith (Deen) who are close to us . Amongst fellow citizens, the female and the male. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  75. 75. O Allah! Make us to be people who guide (others) and who are (always) Guided (by Your Guidance) . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  76. 76. Not of those who are astray and who lead people astray. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  77. 77. O Allah! Guide us all with Your Guidance. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  78. 78. And make us people who hasten towards what pleases You. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  79. 79. And do not let us be protected (by others) except only with Your Protection (as our Guardian). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  80. 80. And do not make us to be of those who differ from Your command and who are disobedient towards You. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  81. 81. And sufficient is Allah for us, for He is the Best Protector All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  82. 82. And there is no power nor strength except with Allah The Most High, the Most Esteem. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  83. 83. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  84. 84. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 “ Our Lord, and make us Muslims [in submission] to You and from our descendants a Muslim nation [in submission] to You. And show us our rites and accept our repentance. Indeed, You are the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 128 )
  85. 85. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  86. 86. &quot;Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving people.“ ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 286 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  87. 87. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 “ Our Lord, pour upon us patience (and constancy) and let us die as Muslims [in submission to You].” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 8 )
  88. 88. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 &quot;Our Lord, let not our hearts deviate after You have guided us and grant us from Yourself mercy. Indeed, You are the Bestower.” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 8 )
  89. 89. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 &quot;Upon Allah do we rely (and put our trust). Our Lord, make us not [objects of] trial for the wrongdoing (oppressive) people. And save us by Your mercy from the disbelieving people.&quot; ( Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 85-86 )
  90. 90. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 “ Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith and put not in our hearts [any] resentment toward those who have believed. Our Lord, indeed You are Kind and Merciful.“ ( Qur’an: Hashr: 59: 10 )
  91. 91. “ (May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations of Allah and Peace be upon him and his family, in accordance with what he deserves (in Allah’s knowledge & estimation).” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  92. 92. And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our Leader Muhammad, and upon His household and Companions . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  93. 93.  ” Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)!  And Peace on the Messengers!  And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” ( Qur’an : Saffat: 37 : 180-182 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  94. 94. “ Grant us (these our supplication), by Your Mercy, (O Allah, You are) the Most Merciful of those who show Mercy!” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011
  95. 95. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011

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