Be Muslim Students[Slideshare]

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Be Muslim Students[Slideshare]

  1. 1. النصيحة THE SINCERE ADVICE : “BE A MUSLIM STUDENT” BY: ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL For “NUSMS - National University of Singapore Muslim Society” – workshop. Prince George Park, Function Room 4, National University of Singapore. 20 August 2009 / 29 Sha’ban 1430 AH AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  2. 2. University Preparatory Workshop for Muslims Synopsis   The first year of University is a crucial year that determines how the individual will do in the next few years of his/her undergraduate life. Having the right footing from the start can make a difference in the subsequent years in University. This two-day workshop aims to share with freshmen starting out in their first year, invaluable advice, experiences and tips from successful and holistic individuals who have been through it all, from fellow undergrads, Dean's listers, PhD students and Profs. ADVERTISEMENT IN ISLAMIC EVENT AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009
  3. 3. TO BEGIN AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  4. 4. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم الحمد لله رب العالمين وصلاة والسلام على اشرف الأنبيأ والمرسلين وعلى آله وصحبه اجمعين In The Name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful. The Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds. And Salutation and the Peace be upon the Leader of all the Prophets and Messengers, and upon his family and all his companions. AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  5. 5. "Glory to Thee (Allah): of knowledge we have none, save that Thou hast taught us: in truth it is Thou who art perfect in knowledge and wisdom." AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  6. 6. يَا فَتَاحُ يَاعَلِيْمُ إِفْتَحْ لَنَا فَتْحًا قَرِبًا “ O (Allah! Who is the) Opener, O (Allah! Who is the) All-Knowing, open for us the opening that brings us closer (to You).” AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  7. 7. BACKGROUND <ul><li>As Muslims, giving sincere advice is an obligation between us, especially for those who may know a little – even though unsolicited, because Allah s.w.t. expects us to be enjoining one another towards truth and towards patient constancy. </li></ul><ul><li>Moreover, knowledge comes with responsibility, and in times of neglect and confusion, duty and trust ( amanah ) beckons whenever it is needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, this session is not meant to be a lecture, merely my sharing of perspective as an advice, hopefully it can be of some benefit to those who regard themselves as Muslim students. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  8. 8. BACKGROUND <ul><li>I am not a graduate from any university nor colleges. Neither am I from any full-time Madrasah nor from Islamic university. </li></ul><ul><li>I am merely a perpetual student of Islam (home-grown) who is struggling to fulfil his duty as a Muslim – in following the way of our predecessors – to learn and to serve Allah s.w.t., and in upholding the Deen of al-Islam through khidmah (service) to the ummah . </li></ul><ul><li>I admit though, that I am passionate about Islam, Islamic Da’wah and the education of the entire ummah (human race) – as Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. is to me, the model educator of humanity par excellence. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  9. 9. BACKGROUND <ul><li>These are the only qualification that I can offer. </li></ul><ul><li>I was first asked to speak on the topic: “ A Complete Student ” which I have to decline, as this would be too presumptuous for me, because I myself is still struggling to learn. </li></ul><ul><li>What I can do perhaps, is to share the little that I know as a perpetual Muslim student, especially from the experience which Allah s.w.t. has favoured me thus far, in my journey as a seeker ( talib ) and a traveller ( salik ) upon the path ( tariq ) of knowledge and wisdom ( ‘ ilm wa Hikmah ). </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  10. 10. ADVICE AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  11. 11. THE ADVICE <ul><li>Firstly, we as Muslims must invite each other towards “ TAQWA ” – as ALLAH S.W.T. commands: </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 “ O you who have attained to faith! Be conscious of Allah with a true consciousness, and do not allow death to overtake you unless you are (in state of submission to Allah) in Islam. ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 102) TASAWWUR ISLAM
  12. 12. THE ADVICE <ul><li>As Muslims, let us remind each other that we are people who have taken our “ shahadahtain ” – a very serious and solemn pledge to become witnesses, to project or manifest the Message of the Oneness of God (Allah), Who Alone is Divine, and the Finality of the Prophethood of Muhammad s.a.w. after who there is no more prophet. Remember: </li></ul><ul><li>“ For, if one goes in search of a religion other than “al-Islam” (self-surrender to Allah), it will never be accepted from him, and in the life to come he shall be among the lost.” </li></ul><ul><li>( Qur’an: Aali- ‘Imran : 3:85 ) </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  13. 13. THE ADVICE <ul><li>As Muslims, we are expected to live a life of sincere submission, adhering to the teaching of our Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. which would manifest justice, truth, compassion and other qualities that will be like a guiding light to others. The word “ shahadah ” means “manifest, to be as witness, testify”, Thus : </li></ul><ul><li>“ And thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way (ummatan wasotan) [i.e. justly balanced], so that [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truth before all mankind (shuhadaa-a ‘alan-naas) </li></ul><ul><li>( Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143 )” </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  14. 14. “ MUSLIM” AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  15. 15. WHAT IS THE IMPLICATION FOR BEING A “MUSLIM”? <ul><li>Although we may assume many roles and project various identity relative to that roles, yet we must never forget that our most essential identity – nay, to strive to make it as our eternal reality, must be that of being a “ Muslim ”. </li></ul><ul><li>The challenge would be to overcome the tendencies amongst us to easily forget, or to be distracted, perhaps being deceived leading to neglecting this most important fact as to who we are – as MUSLIMS . </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Hamdulillaah ! Here you have NUSMS which I believe was established towards reminding that you all are here as Muslim undergraduates. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  16. 16. WHAT IS THE IMPLICATION FOR BEING A “MUSLIM”? <ul><li>As students and citizens we have common shared characteristics with other fellow students, yet we must not deny that being Muslims, surely there are perspectives which we uniquely hold which differ from that of other non-Muslims. </li></ul><ul><li>Being uniquely different in a multi-religious society is only logical and we should not be afraid to being who we are, even though conspicuously different or even being seen as ‘ strange ’. </li></ul><ul><li>As I have reflected before, our being a minority group anywhere, only enhances our role as ‘ witnesses ’ to the other communities, perchance they too may be guided. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  17. 17. WHAT IS A “STUDENT” FROM AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE? <ul><li>Most of us take it for granted when we consider ourselves as “ students ”- but have we seriously pondered, what is a “ student ”? Especially from the Islamic perspective because as Muslims, our worldview obviously would be different from non-Muslims. </li></ul><ul><li>If you don’t know the difference, it would mean that your fundamentals ( Fardhu ’ain ) could be deficient, thus unable to effectively form an Islamic worldview ( TASAWWUR ISLAM ). </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  18. 18. WHAT IS A “STUDENT” FROM AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE? <ul><li>In the absence of an Islamic worldview, you may have already adopted the secularist’s or other perspectives – which may even be contrary, if not, different from that of Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>It is indeed sad, nay frightening even, when some Muslim ‘intellectuals’ are really, wittingly or unwittingly, advocates of ‘secularism’ rather than that of Islam. Their being labelled ‘ Muslim ’ then would deceive many into thinking that what they academically or intellectually expound in discourses are Islamic. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  19. 19. WHAT IS A “STUDENT” FROM AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE? <ul><li>In your case as ‘undergraduates’ ( students ), surely by adding the pre-fix “ Muslim ” to it, there must be something significant or extra to the mere meaning of ‘undergraduates’, wouldn’t it? </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  20. 20. “ STUDENT” AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  21. 21. LET ME SHARE : ANALYSIS OF TERMS RELEVANT TO MUSLIM <ul><li>طاليب علم “ Taalib-’ilm ” – (student) but literally it means “ one who seek after knowledge; one who pursue , or want, desire…knowledge” </li></ul><ul><li>So the implication would be: </li></ul><ul><li>One who knows what he is looking for. </li></ul><ul><li>Expect to encounter obstacle and hindrance, but committed to overcoming them. </li></ul><ul><li>Conscious and determine to seek; it is active will, not passive, entailing going after it which include knowing or recognizing the means ( wasilah ); thus ready or willingness to strive and make sacrifices; </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  22. 22. LET ME SHARE : ANALYSIS OF TERMS RELEVANT TO MUSLIM <ul><li>موريد “ Mureed ” – (another term for student) but literally it means “ one who is desirous of ...” </li></ul><ul><li>This term is usually used for a student, when he has a teacher ( sheikh ), who is committed to supervise or direct him in his development (usually spiritual). </li></ul><ul><li>So the implication would be: </li></ul><ul><li>There is a direct commitment, of a teacher-student relationship - tutelage. Not simply about knowledge but the acceptance of the teacher’s role as the spiritual educator. </li></ul><ul><li>The teachers role, although implied here, is significant. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  23. 23. LET ME SHARE : ANALYSIS OF TERMS RELEVANT TO MUSLIM <ul><li>تلميذ “ Til-miidz ” – (another term for student, pupil) but it also means “ apprentice; probationer; trainee; disciple...” </li></ul><ul><li>This term is also usually used as when for a student who undergoes direct training under supervision of a teacher (especially for skills, competency and such). </li></ul><ul><li>So the implication would be: </li></ul><ul><li>The focus here is, the place of the student as trainee, in probation, whose development is still being supervised. </li></ul><ul><li>Again, implied is the acceptance of the teacher’s role as the supervisor-educator is to be highlighted. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  24. 24. LET ME SHARE : ANALYSIS OF TERMS RELEVANT TO MUSLIM <ul><li>سالك “ Saalik ” – (traveller) literally “ one who is on the path; one who enters into a cours e; ” </li></ul><ul><li>So the implication would be: </li></ul><ul><li>There is a path to traverse, as in a journey with maps, compasses and the preparedness to be able to read and interpret signs and symbols, know-how in taking bearings and orientation, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of ultimate destination and various intermediate stopovers. Long and short-term goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, advice from those who has already journeyed – especially ( ‘ aleem-’aamil ) - is indeed very valuable. </li></ul><ul><li>The length of time and necessity for having provision for the journey is implied. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  25. 25. LET ME SHARE : ANALYSIS OF TERMS RELEVANT TO MUSLIM <ul><li>Imam ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib a.s. said: </li></ul><ul><li>الا لاتنال العلم الا بستة سأنبيك عن مجموعها ببيان ؛ </li></ul><ul><li>ذكاوحرص واصطبار وبلغة وإرشاد استاذ وطول زمان </li></ul><ul><li>“ The pursuit of knowledge is not carried out without six things; which I shall inform you of, through words that are clear; </li></ul><ul><li> [1] ingenious acumen, </li></ul><ul><li> [2] fervent desire, </li></ul><ul><li> [3] patient perseverance, </li></ul><ul><li> [4] sufficient sustenance, </li></ul><ul><li> [5] guidance of a teacher, and </li></ul><ul><li> [6] length of time.” </li></ul><ul><li>( Imam ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib a.s. – quoted by Imam Zarnuji in Ta’lim muta’allim tariq al-ta’allum ) </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  26. 26. “ EDUCATION” AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  27. 27. WHAT IS “EDUCATION” FROM THE ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE? <ul><li>Thus, perspective of Education in Islam can be defined: </li></ul><ul><li>“ ... Recognition and acknowledgement, progressively instilled into man, of the proper places of things in the order of creation, such that it leads to the recognition and acknowledgement of the proper place of God in the order of being and existence.” </li></ul><ul><li>------------------------------------------------------------------------------ </li></ul><ul><li>Quoted from: “The Educational Philosophy and Practice of Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas” by Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud (ISTAC publication). </li></ul><ul><li>--------------------------------------------------------------------------- </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  28. 28. WHAT IS THE AIM OF EDUCATION FROM THE ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE? Syed M. Naquib Al-Attas asserts is: “... to produce a good man. What is meant by good in our concept of ‘ good man ’? The fundamental element inherent in the concept of education in Islam is the inculcation of ‘ adab ’ ( ta’dib ), for it is ‘ adab ’ in the all-inclusive sense I mean, as encompassing the spiritual and material life of a man that instils the quality of goodness that is sought after. Education is what the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. meant by Adab : أَدَّبَنِيْ رَبِّي فَأَحْسَنَ تَأْدِبِيْ AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  29. 29. WHAT IS THE AIM OF EDUCATION FROM THE ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE? Syed M. Naquib Al-Attas asserts is : “... to produce a good man. What is meant by good in our concept of ‘ good man ’? The fundamental element inherent in the concept of education in Islam is the inculcation of ‘ adab ’ ( ta’dib ), for it is ‘ adab ’ in the all-inclusive sense I mean, as encompassing the spiritual and material life of a man that instils the quality of goodness that is sought after. Education is what the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. meant by Adab : “ My Lord educated me, and made my education most excellent.” AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  30. 30. QUOTE – (MY REFLECTIONS): What I’ve learnt from the ways of my Islamic teachers: “Sometimes a way to motivate action in students is to tolerate their childish fantasy in regard to their high sense of self-esteem; but do not overlook to remind them of Adab ” “ Adab ” – sense of proportion and knowledge of their rightful place in the order of things, the absence of which indicates injustice ( zulm ). ” “ BIADAB” – Malay mean “uncouth, ill-mannered, uncultured, gross, etc.” which aptly typify a person who lacks the kind of education which Islam aims for – not mere paper-chase, but the moulding of a good person. AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  31. 31. أَدِّبُوْا أَوْلاَدَكُمْ عَلَى ثَلاثِ خِصَالٍ ، حُبِّ نَبِيِّكُمْ ، وَحُبِّ آلِ بَيْتِهِ ، وَتِلاَوُةِالْقُرْآنِ “ Educate (nurture) your children upon three things: To Love your Prophet (s.a.w.), And to love the Family members of his Household, and learn to recite Al-Qur’an.” (Hadith of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. narrated by Thabrani) AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 GENERALLY IT ENCOMPASSES: TASAWWUR ISLAM
  32. 32. LEARNING PATH OF A MUSLIM Note the link between the Fardhu ‘Ain ( Deeniyat ) aspects IIMAN-’AMAL-IHSAN , with the relevant Worldly sciences and empirical knowledge ( Dunyawi ). “ TAUHIIDIC PARADIGM” AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 THEN , FROM HADITH JIBRIL A.S. IT STIPULATES: TASAWWUR ISLAM
  33. 33. ‘ ILM TAUHIID - ‘AQIDAH (Creed or Theology)   Purpose / Objective Development of Certainty (Belief) Awareness of Reality / Truth Develop discernment between Truth & Falsehood, What is involved ? ‘ Aql - (proper use of Reason / Intellect) Fitrah - Instincts & innate feeling (perception) Tauqifiy – Revelations & reliable traditions    What is the Effect ? To develop firm conviction, strong principle, Commitment to concept of Unity & Justice of Allah (Tauhiid); knowing the true purpose, role and Destiny of Man. IIMAN Tauhiidic paradigm AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009
  34. 34. ‘ ILM TAUHIID - ‘AQIDAH (Creed or Theology)   Purpose / Objective Development of Certainty (Belief) Awareness of Reality / Truth Develop discernment between Truth & Falsehood, What is involved ? ‘ Aql - (proper use of Reason / Intellect) Fitrah - Instincts & innate feeling (perception) Tauqifiy – Revelations & reliable traditions    What is the Effect ? To develop firm conviction, strong principle, Commitment to concept of Unity & Justice of Allah (Tauhiid); knowing the true purpose, role and Destiny of Man. IIMAN RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY KNOWLEDGE: Languages, Logic & philosophy, Epistemology, Biology, Botany, Chemistry, Physical sciences, Astronomy, Geology, History, Anthropology, Marine & Space, Etc. Tauhiidic paradigm AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009
  35. 35. ‘ ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)   Purpose / Objective Development of Correct Practices; Submission & Obedience to Will of Allah (Islam) What is involved ? Knowing the law, rules as Guidance to every aspect of life Capability to implementing them in life    What is the Effect ? To develop a community of people, Inviting to what is good Enjoining what is right, and forbidding evil, Advocating the fulfilment of AMANAH (Trust) As Allah’s Khalifah (vicegerent), Establishing the Brotherhood of Man in The servitude of One God. ‘ AMAL (ISLAM) Tauhiidic paradigm AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009
  36. 36. ‘ ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)   Purpose / Objective Development of Correct Practices; Submission & Obedience to Will of Allah (Islam) What is involved ? Knowing the law, rules as Guidance to every aspect of life Capability to implementing them in life    What is the Effect ? To develop a community of people, Inviting to what is good Enjoining what is right, and forbidding evil, Advocating the fulfilment of AMANAH (Trust) As Allah’s Khalifah (vicegerent), Establishing the Brotherhood of Man in The servitude of One God. ‘ AMAL (ISLAM) Tauhiidic paradigm BROAD EXTENT OF TOPICS COVERED IN FIQH ‘ ibadah (personal devotion / worship) Muamalah (social transaction) Munakahah (Marriage & family) Irth / fara’id (Distribution of wealth) Jinayah (crimes & punishment) Qoda’iyah (judiciary) jihad /Da’wah (struggle in war & peace) imarah (Leadership/governmen t) AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009
  37. 37. ‘ ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah)   Purpose / Objective Development of Correct Practices; Submission & Obedience to Will of Allah (Islam) What is involved ? Knowing the law, rules as Guidance to every aspect of life Capability to implementing them in life    What is the Effect ? To develop a community of people, Inviting to what is good Enjoining what is right, and forbidding evil, Advocating the fulfilment of AMANAH (Trust) As Allah’s Khalifah (vicegerent), Establishing the Brotherhood of Man in The servitude of One God. ‘ AMAL (ISLAM) Tauhiidic paradigm BROAD EXTENT OF TOPICS COVERED IN FIQH ‘ ibadah (personal devotion / worship) Muamalah (social transaction) Munakahah (Marriage & family) Irth / fara’id (Distribution of wealth) Jinayah (crimes & punishment) Qoda’iyah (judiciary) jihad (struggle in war & peace) imarah (Leadership/government ) RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY KNOWLEDGE: All applied sciences, technology and skills, knowledge of economics, politics, social & administrative sciences etc. that can assist in the fulfilment of establishing justice, order, peace, harmony, prosperity, physical with moral progress, and the well-being of Man & society, etc. AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009
  38. 38. ‘ ILM AKHLAQ / TASAWWUF / IRFAN (Science of human Disposition/ Sufism)   Purpose / Objective Development of Righteous Personality Purification/perfection of the Self What is involved ? Reforming or purification of the Self (Nafs) Best behaviour in relationship with Allah, within oneself, and with others. Knowledge of Self and of Allah (Gnosis)    What is the Effect ? Development of Most noble personality traits Founded on Love of Allah, of all His prophets [ Nabiyyin ] especially the Seal of Prophethood Muhammad s.a.w., his Household [ itrah or Ahlul-bayti wa Aali -Rasul ] and loyal Companions [As haab] , In fellowship with the Truthful [ siddiqqin ], the Witnesses & martyrs [ shuhada ] and the Righteous servants of Allah [ Solihin ]; Striving to purify the Self ( Nafs ) and adorning it with the Exalted Moral traits of Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. (The Perfected Man – “ Insan Kaamil”) IHSAN Tauhiidic paradigm AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009
  39. 39. ‘ ILM AKHLAQ / TASAWWUF / IRFAN (Science of human Disposition/ Sufism)   Purpose / Objective Development of Righteous Personality Purification/perfection of the Self What is involved ? Reforming or purification of the Self (Nafs) Best behaviour in relationship with Allah, within oneself, and with others. Knowledge of Self and of Allah (Gnosis)    What is the Effect ? Development of Most noble personality traits Founded on Love of Allah, of all His prophets [ Nabiyyin ] especially the Seal of Prophethood Muhammad s.a.w., his Household [ itrah or Ahlul-bayti wa Aali -Rasul ] and loyal Companions [As haab] , In fellowship with the Truthful [ siddiqqin ], the Witnesses & martyrs [ shuhada ] and the Righteous servants of Allah [ Solihin ]; Striving to purify the Self ( Nafs ) and adorning it with the Exalted Moral traits of Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. (The Perfected Man – “ Insan Kaamil”) IHSAN RELEVANT COMPLEMENTARY KNOWLEDGE: This aspect of development requires practical behaviour, the aspect of being and becoming. Its area of development is the inner Self, the ‘human psyche’ or the state of the Soul reflected in his Disposition ( Akhlaq ). Therefore, the close equivalent may perhaps be ‘human’ psychology, behavioural sciences, manners & discipline, etc. AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 Tauhiidic paradigm
  40. 40. A GENERAL OBSERVATION: <ul><li>Although Muslims start learning their Fardhu ‘Ain lessons on Islam when young, this usually are as ‘primers’ – simplified essences learnt by children, which is intended to be continuously inculcated with further elucidation as they grow-up. </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately, when they start formal school, Islamic lessons either stopped or its lessons stagnated at that level, without any increase in level of appreciation and understanding. </li></ul><ul><li>Then, even when they continue, the learning of Islam became merely as subjects to learn (as in IRK), whereas they should be subjecting themselves to Islam, nurtured in the Tauhidic paradigm of : IIMAN-’AMAL-IHSAN – in tandem to their educational development, throughout. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  41. 41. A GENERAL OBSERVATION: <ul><li>Even though, some may continue to learn many things on Islam, perhaps also from books and internet, if this acquisition is disparate or truncated from the ‘organic’ nurturing of the Tauhidic paradigm , it would still not be a truly Islamic education. </li></ul><ul><li>The irony that the “ University” from the word ( kulliyat – ‘ universal ’) which actually was inspired or copied from the “ Jami’ah ” the centre where early Muslims learnt many sciences; unfortunately is now actually producing specialists and should rather be called “ Specialise-ty ” : because it is producing scholars with “ Juz-’iy” ( particular ) rather than having “ kulliy ” ( universal ) knowledge – nurtured and fused in the Tauhidic paradigm . </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  42. 42. SO, HOW HAS OUR EDUCATION BEEN? <ul><li>Reflect: </li></ul><ul><li>WHO ARE TRULY THE ERUDITE AND THE MEN OF UNDERSTANDING (i.e. TRULY EDUCATED)? </li></ul><ul><li>DOES MERELY ATTAINING A DEGREE MAKE THE PERSON TO BE REGARDED AS SUCH? </li></ul><ul><li>ACCORDING TO ALLAH, AND NOT ACCORDING TO PEOPLE.... </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM TASAWWUR ISLAM
  43. 43. “ Behold! in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of Night and Day,― there are indeed Signs for men of understanding.―” (Qur'an: Aali ‘ Imran: 3: 190) AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 ALLAH (AZZAA-WA-JALLA) SAYS: TASAWWUR ISLAM
  44. 44. “ Men who remembers (celebrate the praises of) Allah standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and contemplate the (wonders of) creation in the heavens and the earth...” (Qur'an: Aali ‘ Imran: 3: 191) AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 ALLAH (AZZAA-WA-JALLA) SAYS: TASAWWUR ISLAM
  45. 45. “ ... (with the thought): &quot;Our Lord! not for naught hast Thou created (all) this! Glory to Thee! Give us salvation from the penalty of the Fire. ” (Qur'an: Aali ‘ Imran: 3: 191) AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 ALLAH (AZZAA-WA-JALLA) SAYS: TASAWWUR ISLAM
  46. 46. &quot;The erudite among His bondmen fear Allah alone. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Forgiving.“ (Qur'an: Fatir: 53: 28) AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 ALLAH (AZZAA-WA-JALLA) SAYS: TASAWWUR ISLAM
  47. 47. NEED FOR A RE-ORIENTATION ON HOW WE LEARN AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 “ have we learnt how to learn?” TASAWWUR ISLAM
  48. 48. WHAT QUALIFIES ONE’S LEARNING TO BE AN ‘ IBADAH ? <ul><li>Although Islam places highest premium to seeking knowledge over even formal devotion ( ‘ibadah khususiyah ), yet the way of seeking knowledge here, has to comply with certain basic conditions: </li></ul><ul><li>[1] INTENTION – ( Niyyat ) </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Does not involve things that are Haram (forbidden) or involving ma’siat (disobedience to Allah). </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  49. 49. WHAT QUALIFIES ONE’S LEARNING TO BE AN ‘ IBADAH ? <ul><li>Islamic student even has to observe Adab in learning (re: Ihya’-ulum-ad-deen ): </li></ul><ul><li>Purify his soul (nafs) from impure traits and blameworthy characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>Remove impediments (affairs of the world) to devote with undivided attention to the study. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  50. 50. WHAT QUALIFIES ONE’S LEARNING TO BE AN ‘ IBADAH ? <ul><li>Islamic student even has to observe Adab in learning (re: Ihya’-ulum-ad-deen ): </li></ul><ul><li>Never scorn knowledge nor exalt himself/herself over the teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>Observe priority in learning and submit to the advise of the teacher in the matters of his learning. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  51. 51. WHAT QUALIFIES ONE’S LEARNING TO BE AN ‘ IBADAH ? <ul><li>Islamic student even has to observe Adab in learning (re: Ihya’-ulum-ad-deen ): </li></ul><ul><li>Must be patient and not be hasty in learning as one may need to master praiseworthy knowledge as a priority. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  52. 52. WHAT QUALIFIES ONE’S LEARNING TO BE AN ‘ IBADAH ? <ul><li>Islamic student even has to observe Adab in learning (re: Ihya’-ulum-ad-deen ): </li></ul><ul><li>Do not attempt to address every branch of knowledge but must observe order and begin with the most important. </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to ascertain the noble nature of this or other science. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  53. 53. WHAT QUALIFIES ONE’S LEARNING TO BE AN ‘ IBADAH ? <ul><li>Islamic student even has to observe Adab in learning (re: Ihya’-ulum-ad-deen ): </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose of learning is for the adornment of inner self with virtues – seeking nearness to Allah (“ Taqarrub-illAllah ”) and attainment of piety (“ Taqwa ”). </li></ul><ul><li>- Refer also to Imam Burhanuddin Zarnuji’s book for students : </li></ul><ul><li>“ Risalah: Ta-’lim muta-’allim tariqa-tut-ta’lim” </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  54. 54. DILEMMA ? AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009
  55. 55. THE POSSIBLE DILEMMA OF A MUSLIM STUDENT <ul><li>From what has been presented, perhaps there may be realization that one’s education (from the Islamic perspective) needs to also be looked into, now. </li></ul><ul><li>We, as Muslims should like our education to be wholistic and one that qualify as an ‘ ibadah . </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, already with a heavy workload, some may regard my introducing this element to be daunting and seem burdensome (especially when one realizes perhaps, the missing gaps in our knowledge of Islam itself). </li></ul><ul><li>More so, the excuse of lack of time and when one do not know how to go about surmounting this dilemma. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  56. 56. A SUGGESTION AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  57. 57. A SUGGESTION : WHAT CAN BE DONE ? <ul><li>Al-Hamdulillah ! May this workshop itself be a timely beginning to what I had hope for Muslims realize - that inculcation of Fardhu ‘Ain knowledge is throughout a Muslim’s life, and at every stage and level of his/her development. </li></ul><ul><li>A manageable program and curriculum perhaps could be planned throughout your undergraduate years (stage), supplementing your educational development vis-a-vis academic on campus. </li></ul><ul><li>Hopefully you refer to those (teacher) who truly know, for advice & guidance ( irshaadah ). </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  58. 58. A SUGGESTION : WHAT CAN BE DONE ? <ul><li>Perhaps fortnightly or monthly discourse on Tasawwur Islam , formation of halaqah & usroh , selected book review discussions, etc. could spice your activity on campus. </li></ul><ul><li>But, these should not merely replicate or duplicate classes on Islam already available in our community – but uniquely it must only be concerned with what constitutes Fardhu ‘Ain for the Muslim undergraduates. </li></ul><ul><li>My recommendation: Muslim undergraduates to enter and familiarise themselves upon the discourse on “Islamization of Contemporary Knowledge”. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  59. 59. A SUGGESTION : WHAT CAN BE DONE ? <ul><li>REMEMBER: </li></ul><ul><li>“ There is a vast difference between ‘ilm (knowledge) and ma’lumat (information).” </li></ul><ul><li>IMAM SHAFI’E r.a. says: </li></ul><ul><li>الْعِلْمٌ مَا نَفَعَ لَيْسَ مَا حَفَظَ </li></ul><ul><li>“ The knowledge is what benefits, </li></ul><ul><li>not what is preserved (in books or memory)” </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  60. 60. A SUGGESTION : WHAT CAN BE DONE ? <ul><li>REMEMBER: </li></ul><ul><li>And when learning about your religion, Ad-deen-al-Islam – be reminded by: </li></ul><ul><li>IMAM MUHAMMAD IBN SIRRIN r.a. who says: </li></ul><ul><li>إِنَّ هَذَالْعِلْم دِيْن ِ فَانْظُرُوا عَمَّنْ تَأْ خُذُوْنَ دِينُكُم </li></ul><ul><li>“ Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEEN (Religion), so look thoroughly into the person from whom you acquire (the knowledge of) your Religion.” </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 TASAWWUR ISLAM
  61. 61. رَبَّنَا أنْفَعْنَا بِمَا عَلَّمْتَنَا رَبِّ عَلِّمْنَا الَّذِي يَنْفَعُنَا “ O our Lord! Make us to benefit from what You have taught us . O Lord! Teach us whatever that is beneficial for us.” AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 OUR DU’A TASAWWUR ISLAM
  62. 62. رَبِّ فَقِّهْنَا وَفَقِّهْ أَهْلَنَا وَقَ رَابَاتٍ لَنَا فِي دِيْنِنَا مَعَ أَهْلِ الْقُطْرِ أُنْثَ وَذَكَرَ “ O Lord! Grant upon us profound understanding, (as also grant upon) our family members profound understanding. And also to those in the Faith who are close to us, amongst fellow citizens, the female and the male.” AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 OUR DU’A TASAWWUR ISLAM
  63. 63. رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغۡ قُلُوبَنَا بَعۡدَ إِذۡ هَدَيۡتَنَا وَهَبۡ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحۡمَةً‌ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلۡوَهَّابُ “ Our Lord ! Let not our hearts swerve from the truth after You have guided us; and bestow upon us the gift of Thy Grace (Mercy): verily, You are the (true) giver of Gifts (bestowals).” AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 OUR DU’A TASAWWUR ISLAM
  64. 64.   رَبَّنَآ ءَاتِنَا فِى ٱلدُّنۡيَا حَسَنَةً۬ وَفِى ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً۬ وَقِنَا عَذَابَ ٱلنَّارِ “ Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the fire!” AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 OUR DU’A TASAWWUR ISLAM
  65. 65. وَصَلّى اللَّهُ عَلَى سَيْدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلَى آلِهِ وصَحْبِهِ وَسَلّم “ And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our Leader Muhammad, and upon His household and Companions .” AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009 OUR DU’A TASAWWUR ISLAM
  66. 66. وَاللّهُ أَعْلَم وَأخِرُ دَعْوَنَا والْحَمْدُ لِلَه رَبِ الْعَالَمِين Q & A DISCUSSION AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009
  67. 67. <ul><li>http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot .com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ </li></ul>السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُم وَرَحْمَةُاللّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُه All welcome to visit my web-blog: AllRightsReserved©Zhulkeflee2009

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