Arkaanul Islam#2 Swolah[Slideshare]
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Fardhu 'Ain - Swolah (introductory)

Fardhu 'Ain - Swolah (introductory)

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Arkaanul Islam#2 Swolah[Slideshare] Arkaanul Islam#2 Swolah[Slideshare] Presentation Transcript

  • FARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “Beginners’ Manual on Islam” ARKAANUL-ISLAM : “ESTABLISH THE OBLIGATORY SWOLAH” Presentation by: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (PERGAS) 1 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • AL-QUR’AN "Verily I am Allah: there is no god but I: so serve thou Me, (only) and establish regular prayer (Swolah) for My Remembrance.” (Qur’an: TaHa: 20:14) 2 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • REFLECTION • Are we not the servant / slave of Allah? 3 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • REFLECTION • Are we not the servant / slave of Allah? •If so, then how do we serve or worship Him? 4 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • REFLECTION • Are we not the servant / slave of Allah? •If so, then how do we serve or worship Him? • Commandment – ِ ِ َ - means “to establish, put ‫أقم‬ upright or erect, build, ” which shares the same root as the word – ‫ - إس ِ َا َة‬meaning: ‫تق م‬ “straightness; sincerity; rectitude; integrity, true; authentic, consistent,” etc. 5 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • REFLECTION • Are we not the servant / slave of Allah? •If so, then how do we serve or worship Him? • Commandment – ِ ِ َ - means “to establish, put ‫أقم‬ upright or erect, build, ” which shares the same root as the word – ‫ - إس ِ َا َة‬meaning: ‫تق م‬ “straightness; sincerity; rectitude; integrity, true; authentic, consistent,” etc. •Man – ‫ ’إ ْسان‬insaan’ is prone to forgetfulness - ‫ن‬ ‫ ’نسيان‬nis-yaan’. Here is the remedy, lest we become forgetful and heedless ! 6 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • AL-QUR’AN “ Enjoin prayer (swolah) on thy people (family), and be patient and constant therein. We ask thee not to provide sustenance: We provide it for thee. But the (fruit of) the Hereafter is for Righteousness.” (Qur’an: TaHa: 20:132) 7 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • AL-QUR’AN “But after them there followed a posterity who missed prayers (swolah) and followed after lusts: soon, then will they face Destruction― “ (Qur’an: Mariam: 19: 59) 8 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • AL-QUR’AN ‫َ ُوْ ُ ِا ِ ِنْ َاِك‬ ‫نع ذب ل م ذ ل‬ WE SEEK REFUGE IN ALLAH FROM THIS ! “But after them there followed a posterity who missed prayers (swolah) and followed after lusts: soon, then will they face Destruction― “ (Qur’an: Mariam: 19: 59) 9 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • REFLECTION • Such is the importance of Swolah that we are to enjoin it upon our family too, no matter if it may be difficult, we have to patiently strive upon this – not to be complacent nor lax. 10 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • REFLECTION • Such is the importance of Swolah that we are to enjoin it upon our family too, no matter if it may be difficult, we have to patiently strive upon this – not to be complacent nor lax. • Unlike some other religion where worship entails offerings, in Islam Allah s.w.t. is reminding us that He has no need for us, whereas we all stand in need of Him. In truth, it is Allah s.w.t. Who sustains, nourishes and provides for us. Are we not grateful? 11 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • REFLECTION • Such is the importance of Swolah that we are to enjoin it upon our family too, no matter if it may be difficult, we have to patiently strive upon this – not to be complacent nor lax. • Unlike some other religion where worship entails offerings, in Islam Allah s.w.t. is reminding us that He has no need for us, whereas we all stand in need of Him. In truth, it is Allah s.w.t. Who sustains, nourishes and provides for us. Are we not grateful? •This ‘Swolah’ in fact is the Allah’s gift of spiritual nourishment for our own soul and eternal well-being. We will reap its benefit in this world and shall fully benefit from its fruits in the Hereafter. 12 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • HADITH   ‫ال ّ َ ُ ِ َا ُال ّيْ ِ ، َ َنْ َ َا َ َا‬ ‫صلة عم د د ن فم أق مه‬ ْ‫َ َدْ َ َا َ ال ّيْ َ ، َ َنْ ه َ َ َا َ َد‬ ‫فق أق م د ن وم دمه فق‬ ‫هدم د ن‬ َ ْ‫َ َ َ ال ّي‬ “The swolah is pillar of the religion, whosoever establishes it, establishes the religion; and whosoever destroys it, destroys the religion.” (Hadith narrated by Baihaqy from ‘Umar r.a.) 13 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • AL-QUR’AN “ And be ye not like those who “ forgot Allah; and He made them forget their own selves (souls)! Such are the rebellious transgressors!” (Qur’an: Hashr: 59:19) 14 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • What is s wolah ? • Most often “swolah” is translated as “prayer” – but not accurate, because in Islam there are two kinds of prayer: 15 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • What is s wolah ? • Most often “swolah” is translated as “prayer” – but not accurate, because in Islam there are two kinds of prayer: [a] Non-specific prayer, communicating with Allah to make requests, supplication etc. termed “du’a”. Can be said in any language, at any time and on any occasion. 16 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • What is s wolah ? • Most often “swolah” is translated as “prayer” – but not accurate, because in Islam there are two kinds of prayer: [b] Specific form of devotion or prayer termed “swolah” : a prescribed form of worship as shown by the Prophet Muhammad [pbuh] comprising of: (1)Intention ; (2)Recitation; and (3) Action or postures. 17 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • HADITH   ‫َّوْا َ َا ََيْ ُ ُو ِى ُ َّى‬ ‫صل كم رأ تم ن أصل‬ “(Establish) Swolah (in the way or manner which) you see me (do the) swolah.” (Hadith narrated by Bukhary and Muslim) 18 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • AL-QUR’AN “ set up regular prayers: for such prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4:103) 19 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • What is s wolah ? • There are 5 obligatory Swolah daily: [1] Subuh or Fajr (at dawn) [2] Zuhr (mid-afternoon) [3] ‘Asr (late-afternoon) [4] Maghrib (after sunset) [5] Isha’ (night) 20 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • What is s wolah ? • Ta ’ rif (de finition )     From the point of view of Syara’ (legal)  which is descriptive:  “It consists of some recitations and actions beginning with glorification (Takbir), and is concluded with Salaam (greeting of Peace) – with which we worship Allah (formal devotion) by complying with all its fixed conditions.” 21 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • What is s wolah ? • Ta ’ rif (de finition )     Its “Haqiqat” (Reality) is defined as:   “Presenting our entire self to Allah, with reverential fear towards Him, as well as instilling in our self, sense of esteem towards His Glory and Greatness, as well as towards His Absolute and Perfect Power” 22 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • What is s wolah ? • Ta ’ rif (de finition ) “Ruh al-Swolah” i.e. the Essence or Spirit  of Swolah is defined: ”Communion (Tawajjuh) of our entire self, with hope and complete reliance towards Allah, with humility in His presence and sincerity be it in our Zikr (utterances of His remembrance), Du’a (supplications) and praises (of Him).” 23 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • Re fle c t : what is s wolah ? • It is such a special act of devotion, because: 24 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • Re fle c t : what is s wolah ? • It is such a special act of devotion, because: [a] Its commandment bestowed through a special miracle – Isra’ wal- Mi’raj. 25 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • Re fle c t : what is s wolah ? • It is such a special act of devotion, because: [a] Its commandment bestowed through a special miracle – Isra’ wal- Mi’raj. [b] It encapsulates every acts of worship performed especially by the angels. 26 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • Re fle c t : what is s wolah ? • It is such a special act of devotion, because: [a] Its commandment bestowed through a special miracle – Isra’ wal- Mi’raj. [b] It encapsulates every acts of worship performed especially by the angels. [c] It is a direct and personal communion, an invitation to have audience with the Compassionate and Merciful, Lord of all creation – without intermediary. 27 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • Re fle c t : what is s wolah ? • It is such a special act of devotion, because: [d] Amongst its miracle is that there is consensus amongst every Muslim regarding how generally it is to be performed, and the teaching of it has been continuously upheld and transmitted through an unbroken chain in every generation, since our Prophet’s time. And there is not one single moment, but there will always be Muslims engaged in Swolah on this earth. 28 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • Re fle c t : what is s wolah ? • It is such a special act of devotion, because: [d] Amongst its miracle is that there is consensus amongst every Muslim regarding how generally it is to be performed, and the teaching of it has been continuously upheld and transmitted through an unbroken chain in every generation, since our Prophet’s time. And there is not one single moment but there will always be Muslims engaged in Swolah on this earth. [e] It is in a Muslim swolah that the manner of worship to God is truly reflected as similar to that of previous Prophets before Prophet Muhammad s.a.w., as effective reminder to the People of the Book. 29 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • Re fle c t : what is s wolah ? • It is such a special act of devotion, because: [f] Although preferably swolah is to be performed in congregation in mosques, yet it can actually be performed by Muslims anywhere on earth, as long as it is free of filth. 30 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • Re fle c t : what is s wolah ? • It is such a special act of devotion, because: [f] Although preferably swolah is to be performed in congregation in mosques, yet it can actually be performed by Muslims anywhere on earth, as long as it is free of filth. [g] Through it, Allah s.w.t. guarantees His divine help leading to real success for those who patiently perservere in Allah’ way and guard it, as revealed in the Qur’an: 31 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • ‘ SWOLAH’: THE MEANS TO TRUE SUCCESS WITH GUARANTEE FROM ALLAH OF HIS DIVINE HELP 32 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • AL-QUR’AN “And establish Regular Prayer: for Prayer restrains from shameful and unjust deeds; and remembrance of Allah is the greatest (thing in life) without doubt.” (Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 45) 33 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • AL-QUR’AN “O ye who believe! Seek help with “ patient perseverance and prayer (swolah): for Allah is with those who patiently persevere.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 153) 34 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • AL-QUR’AN “The Believers must (eventually) win “ through . Those who humble themselves in their prayers; “ (Qur’an: al-Mu’minun: 23: 1-2) 35 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • AL-QUR’AN “And who (strictly) guard their prayers.” (Qur’an: al-Mu’minun: 23: 9) 36 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • HADITH “The first deeds of the servant of Allah that will be checked and accounted for on Judgement Day will be his ‘Swolah’, it will be thoroughly looked at. If it is found to be good, then he would be deemed successful; but if it is found to be wanting (deficient), then all his (other) deeds would be deemed useless and (he would become) a loser.” (Hadith reported by At- Tabrany from Anas r.a.) 37 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • HADITH   ُ ْ‫َيْ َ ال ّ ُ ِ َ َيْ َ الْ ُفْ ِ َر‬ ‫ب ن رجل وب ن ك ر ت ك‬ ‫صلة‬ ِ َ ّ ‫ال‬ “Between a person and disbelief (kufr), is discarding (performing the) swolah” (Hadith reported by Ahmad, Ibnu Majah, Abu Dawud and Muslim) 38 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • SWOLAH WILL PURIFY US 39 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • HADITH Hadith re porte d by Bukhary and M us lim Once the Prophet [pbuh] asked his companions “Do you believe that dirt can remain on a person bathing five times a day in a stream running in front of his door?” “No!” replied the companions, “No dirt can remain on his body.” The Prophet [pbuh] then remarked, “So exactly similar is the effect of Swalah offered five times a day. With the Grace of Allah, it washes away all the sins.” 40 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • FIVE ESSENTIAL PRE- REQUISITES BEFORE PERFORMANCE OF SWOLAH 41 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • [1] ONE’ S STATE OF PURITY AL-QUR’AN ”Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him, and loveth those who have a care for cleanliness (purity). “ (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 222) 42 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • [2] M ODE OF DRESSING AL-QUR’AN ”O children of Adam! wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer” (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 31) 43 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • [3] PLACE OF PERFORMANCE HADITH “(Allah has) made for me the (whole surface of the) earth pure and as a place for prostration (masjidan); thus wherever a person finds himself to be, let him perform his swolah at that place which he can find (himself to be).” (Hadith reported by Bukhary Muslim and Ahmad) 44 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • [4] TIM E FOR ITS PERFORM ANCE AL-QUR’AN “ set up regular prayers: for such prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4:103) 45 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • [5] DIRECTION TO FACE AL-QUR’AN “now shall We turn thee to a Qiblah that shall please thee. Turn then thy face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque; wherever ye are turn your faces in that direction.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 141) 46 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • OUR DU’ A "O my Lord! make me one who establishes regular Prayer, and also (raise such) among my offspring O our Lord! and accept Thou my Prayer. "O our Lord! cover (us) with Thy Forgiveness― me, my parents, and (all) Believers, on the Day that the Reckoning will be established!" (Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 40-41) 47 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  • OUR DU’ A “And may the Salutations of Allah and peace be upon our Leader Muhammad and his family and Companions. And all praises belongs to Allah, Lord Sustainer of the worlds.” 48 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009
  •  ‫ال ّل ُ  ََيْ ُم  َ َحْ َ ُا ّ  َ َ َ َا ُه‬ ‫س م عل ك ور مة ل وبرك ت‬ All w e lcome to vis it my w e b -b log : http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/  http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook- quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ 49 AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail2009