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MARC 21: prologue (BALID Training programme on Marc 21)
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MARC 21: prologue (BALID Training programme on Marc 21)


This is a basic MARC introduction slide

This is a basic MARC introduction slide

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  • 1. MARC 21: prologue Md. Zahid Hossain Shoeb Deputy Librarian Independent University, Bangladesh Friday, 05 July, 2013 Training programme on MARC 21 Bangladesh Association of Librarians, Information Scientists and Documentalists
  • 2. Presentation contents • Bibliographic record and access point • MARC record basics • MARC record history and progression • MARC 21 component, format and elements • MARC 21 record example • MARC 21 in Bangladesh
  • 3. Part 1 The Bibliographic Record
  • 4. The Bibliographic Record The description of an item of recorded information, which includes all the data necessary to uniquely identify it, together with access points.
  • 5. The Bib Record and the Library Catalog • Find • Identify • Select • Acquire
  • 6. Description and Access: Summary Access Points (Used to identify and collocate an item) • Title proper • Place of publication • Year • Names • Personal • Corporate • Conference • Geographic • Uniform titles • Topical terms Bibliographic Description (Used to uniquely identify an item) 1. Title and statement of responsibility 2. Edition 3. Publication and manufacturing 4. Physical description 5. Series 6. Notes of useful information 7. Standard numbers
  • 7. Part 2 The Bibliographic Record and MARC
  • 8. Who’s MARC, anyway? • Actor, author or artist? No—none of them!
  • 9. Catalog card similar to OPAC display OPAC View (Koha)
  • 10. Catalog card similar to OPAC display OPAC Staff View (Koha)
  • 11. Catalog card similar to OPAC display ISBD View (Koha)
  • 12. OPAC display derived from MARC record MARC View (Koha)
  • 13. MARC record view - more MARC View (Evergreen)
  • 14. MARC record view - more MARC View (Voyager)
  • 15. MARC record view - more MARC View (bookwhere)
  • 16. What is MARC record? • What is a MARC record? – A MARC record is a MA chine-Readable Cataloging record. – "Machine-readable" means that one particular type of machine, a computer, can read and interpret the data in the cataloging record (bibliographic record) – “an assemblage of formats, publications, procedures, people, standards, syste ms, equipment, etc., that has evolved over the years stimulating the development of library automation and information networks…nationally and internationally.” - Henriette Avram (1919-2006) – A way ro share bibliographic data among libraries. It is used for encoding metadata and transmitting it from one system to another – All MARC standards conform to ISO 2709:1996 Information and documentation -- Format for Information Exchange
  • 17. Who uses MARC? • Public, Academic, Research, Corporate Libraries (and many more) • Book vendors • Library of Congress (Free) • Bibliographic Utilities (Not Free)
  • 18. Brief History of MARC 21 • 1966-1968: Dr. Henriette Avram leads the MARC development project for the Library of Congress. The British National Biography also develops a MARC format. • 1970s-1980s: Some countries independently develop their own MARC formats, while other countries base their MARC formats on those of the US and UK. • 1977: UNIMARC is developed as an exchange format, and some countries later adapt it to operate as their national formats. • 1990s: MARC-to-SGML DTDs developed, later followed by XML DTDs and MCL schemas. • 2000: US and Canadian MARC formats officially merge as MARC 21 • Present: Libraries across the world have adopted the MARC 21 format
  • 19. Progression to MARC 21 US- MARC UK- MARC US- MARC- based UK- MARC- based Other MARC formats UNI- MARC US- MARC- based UK- MARC Other MARC formats UNI- MARC- based MARC 21
  • 20. MARC 21: components • A leader • A directory • An assortment of content field – Control fields – Code and number fields – Variable data fields
  • 21. Variable data fields • 1XX Main entry fields • 2XX Title and edition fields • 3XX Physical description fields • 4XX Series fields • 5XX Notes fields • 6XX Subject fields • 7XX Added entry and linking fields • 8XX Series added entry and holding data fields • 9XX Local data fields
  • 22. MARC 21: formats Name Description Authority records provide information about individual names, subjects, and uniform titles. An authority record establishes an authorized form of each heading, with references as appropriate from other forms of the heading. Bibliographic records describe the intellectual and physical characteristics of bibliographic resources (books, sound recordings, video recordings, and so forth). Classification records MARC records containing classification data. For example, the Library of Congress Classification has been encoded using the MARC 21 Classification format. Community Information records MARC records describing a service providing agency. For example, the local homeless shelter or tax assistance provider. Holdings records provide copy-specific information on a library resource (call number, shelf location, volumes held, and so forth).
  • 23. MARC 21: elements 245 14 $a The great cat massacre and other episodes in French cultural history / $c Robert Darnton. 250 $a 2nd Vintage Books ed. 260 $a New York : $b Vintage Books, $c 1990. 300 $a xiii, 298 p. : $b ill. ; $c 21 cm. 504 $a Includes bibliographical references and index. TAG INDICATOR DELIMITER SUBFIELD CODE FIELD
  • 24. Example of MARC 21 record =LDR 00000nama2200000a4500 =005 20111115115722.0 =008 111126s2008iiab0010eng =020 $a9780073046235 =040 $aBD-DhIUB$cBD-DhIUB =082 00$a332.1068$222 =100 1$aRose, Peter S. =245 10$aBank management & financial services /$cPeter S. Rose, Sylvia C. Hudgins. =246 3$aBank management and financial services =250 $a7th ed. =260 $aNew York :$bMacmillan,$cc2008. =300 $axxv, 722 p. :$bill. ;$c25 cm. =504 $aIncludes bibliographical references and index. =650 0$aFinancial institutions$zUnited States. =650 0$aBank management$zUnited States. =700 1$aHudgins, Sylvia Conway,$d1956-
  • 25. MARC 21 in Bangladesh ActionAid Bangladesh Ananda Mohan College Ayesha Abed Library, BRAC University Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Central Library Bangladesh Agricultural University Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information and Statistic Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies Bangladesh National Museum Bangladesh University of Health Sciences Bir Shreshtha Noor Mohammad Public College Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed Chittagong University of Engineering and Technology (CUET) Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Daffodil International University Dhaka College East West University Eastern University Green University of Bangladesh Library Independent University, Bangladesh, Library Jatiya Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam University Khulna University of Engineering & Technology Manarat International University Martin Luther College Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University Ministry of Education Bangladesh Secretariate Ministry of Foreign Affairs Library National Academy for Educational Management (NAEM), Ministry of Education. Noakhali Science and Technology University Northern University Bangladesh Premier University Rajshahi University Library Seminar Library-Dept. of Information Science and Library Management, University of Dhaka Shahjalal University of Science and Technology Library Southeast University
  • 26. Web resources 1. Understanding MARC bibliographic 1. http://www.loc.gov/marc/umb/ Clear and concise overview of (nearly) everything MARC. 2. Online Dictionary for Information Science 1. http://lu.com/odlis/index.cfm A useful LIS dictionary with many examples and external links. 3. OCLC Bibliographic formats and standards 1. http://www.oclc.org/bibformats/en/ Essential reference for all catalogers. 4. Library of Congress. MARC standards 1. http://www.loc.gov/marc/ Much more than just MARC. Essential reference.
  • 27. THANK YOU