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Taylor's Lakeside University FNBE ENBE Sem one Final project. Urban (KL Sentral), suburban (Kepong), rural (Kuang)

Taylor's Lakeside University FNBE ENBE Sem one Final project. Urban (KL Sentral), suburban (Kepong), rural (Kuang)

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  • 1. ELEMENTS OF NATURAL AND BUILT ENVIRONMENT Assignment 2A : Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban ContextDate : 1 November 2012Student Names :Yap Zhong Lin (0310557)Yap Zhi Jun (0310738)Toh Chee Cheng (0311122)Valerie Joe C Arnesto (0304813)Dipti Gya (0311390)Tutor Name : Sujatavani GunasagaranTutorial Time : 8am – 11amIntake : July 2012Institute : Taylors Lakeside Campus 1
  • 2. ABSTRACT This report investigates the understanding and definition of theelements of natural and built environment in different development of thethree contexts; rural, suburban and urban. Then followed by a brief historyabout the area we choose; Kuang, Kepong and KL Sentral. The discussionthen focuses on facilities, pathways and design of the railway stations. 2
  • 3. CONTENTNO CONTENT PAGE1 ABSTRACT 22 CONTENT 33 INTRODUCTION 44 BRIEF INTRODUCTION ABOUT THE PROJECT AREAS 5 i) KL CENTRAL 6 ii) KEPONG 9 iii) KUANG 125 INTRODUCTION OF RAILWAY STATION IN PROJECT AREAS 14 i) KL CENTRAL 15 ii) KEPONG 16 iii) KUANG 176 COMPARISON 20 a) DESIGN TABLE OF COMPARISON IN DESIGN 21 FENCES 22 LIGHTINGS 23 DRAINAGE SYSTEM 24 SIGNBOARDS 25 BLIND WALKWAYS 26 b) FACILITIES TABLE OF COMPARISON IN FACILITIES 27 BENCHES 28 PARKING LOTS 29 VENDING MACHINES 30 ATM MACHINES 31 c) PATHWAYS TABLE OF COMPARISON IN PATHWAYS 32 BRIDGE 33 STAIRCASE 34 ESCALATOR 35 ELEVATOR 367 CONCLUSION 378 COLLECTION 389 REFERENCES 39 3
  • 4. INTRODUCTION The purpose of this report is to investigate the current statedevelopment of the rural, suburban and urban areas of Federal Territory ofKuala Lumpur and the state of Selangor. By observing our site visit to Kuang, Kepong and KL Central by train,this report describes about the facilities, pathways and design of the railwaystation. The report then discusses further more into comparison of thedifferent train stop areas in development of the three contexts (rural,suburban and urban). Before the current train development system we have in Kuala Lumpur,there were two stations that were already operational in the city. The firstrailway station ever built in Kuala Lumpur was inaugurated in September22, 1886 by the British called the Resident Station. Constructed of woodand nipah palm roof, linking from Kuala Lumpur to Klang. However, theResident Station was soon demolished in 1910 after the construction of thenew and rebuilt Kuala Lumpur Station. The Sultan Street Station was the second station constructed in 1892,located in Tun Tan Cheng Lock Road. It was designed based on theResident Station and was stationed along the Pudu railway line. After theopening of the Kuala Lumpur Station, the Sultan Street Station wasreplaced by a smaller terminal station and as the years passes by, thestation was left isolated and demolished in 1960. The development of the railway stations built around the FederalTerritory of Kuala Lumpur and the state of Selangor were significantlyinfluenced by the colonial and mughal architecture at an early age. Thereare now about 115 railway stations around Malaysia, offering our cityconnectivity, convenience and an international lifestyle. 4
  • 5. BRIEF INTRODUCTIONABOUT THE PROJECT AREAS 5
  • 6. KL SENTRAL 6
  • 7. http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=1138871&page=89 The blueprint of Kuala Lumpur Sentral began with the masterplan of a“City-within-a-City” concept design by the renowned Japanese architecture,Dr Kisho Kurokawa. He is responsible for this contemporary andinternational concept of space, light and greenery. It has spacious plazas,indoor courtyards, sidewalk cafés, shops, restaurants and pedestrianwalkways interspersed with landscaped green buffer zones, create a senseof a harmonious existence, blending functionality with technology andaccessibility. KL Sentral development comprises of 7 lots. Featuring a self-contained city concept comprising of corporate office towers and businesssuites, international hotels, luxurious condominium, a shopping mall and aninternational exhibition, convention and entertainment centre. It is anexclusive centre built around Malaysia’s largest transit hub, offering globalconnectivity, excellent investment opportunities, business convenience andan international lifestyle. 7
  • 8. It is the first city in Malaysia to portray the new characteristic of aglobal city, where work, live and play co-exist in a harmonic environment.This prime 72-acre freehold commercial and residential environment is builtaround a world class transportation hub. Internal and external of KL Sentral The KL Sentral Station which is named Lot H, is the center of thedevelopment, where the state-of-the-art transportation hub for KualaLumpur’s integrated rail transportation, seamlessly links all urban andsuburban residential, commercial and industrial areas. Its infrastructure supports six rail networks which was completed inDecember 2000, the KLIA Express Rail link, KLIA Transit, Rapid KL(Putra), KTM Komuter, KTM Intercity and KL Monorail Services. Lot H alsooffers job opportunities for small businesses to set up their business asretail or food and beverage. Situated on 9.3 acres the main building has agross floor area of half a million sq ft. 8
  • 9. KEPONG 9
  • 10. Buildings surrounding Kepong area. Kepong is one of the major townships in Kuala Lumpur. Situated in amore suburban environment where housing areas are more populated thancommercial buildings due to the spreading concept of a balanced lifestyle.Although there are shopping malls like Jusco, Carrefour, Tesco and BremMall, majority of businesses are usually opened at small commercial blocks.Especially during peak hours, Kepong will be congested with cars, lorriesand motorbikes. Which therefore causes air pollution and vehicle pollutionto the environment. http://www.maleisure.com/frim_kepong.html 10
  • 11. Graphically, Kepong is surrounded by 600 hectares of pristine forestland. The onsite Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (FRIM), KepongMetropolitan Park, Taman Rekreasi, and last but not least Desa Park City,which is one of the highly-regarded hybrid projects in Kepong which hasdrawn wide attention to the community. Examples photo of Kepong KTM Station There are two train stations on the commuters Rawang-Serembanroute, namely the Kepong KTM station and Kepong Sentral KTM station. Historically, Kepong is a largely ethnic town with no shortage ofeconomic activities. Its economic lens bear witness to the rubber plantation,tin and quarry trades in the colonial days. The establishment of the nearbySungai Buloh and Rawang Industrial Zones has also contributed indirectlyto Kepongs growing economic status. 11
  • 12. KUANG 12
  • 13. Photos of houses and shop lots in Kuang. Kuang is a town in the Gombak district of Selangor, Malaysia. Thearea is very rural, where houses are isolated from one another in a greensurrounding. There are only shop lots nearby the Kuang KTM Station, andthese small businesses are in a poor condition lot made from wall partitionand zinc roof. Most of the land in the area are own by Sime Darby, forplantation, property and industrial purposes.Back in the day, Kuang hasone of the largest polo field in Asia. It was an important venue for poloduring the Commonweath Games in 1998. Photos of roads and free parking lots in Kuang. The roads in Kuang are very narrow and majority of the residentsthere uses motorbikes as their primary transportation due to the size of thepathway to their house once they get off the road and into the forest.Therefore, cars are not able to get through and not recommended forresidents who are living there. 13
  • 14. INTRODUCTION OF RAILWAYSTATION IN PROJECT AREAS 14
  • 15. KL SENTRAL Lines Platforms Rawang-Seremban and Sentul-Port Klang Line (KTM Tracks: Komuter) (2001 to present) 2 island platforms (KTM Komuter) North-South Line (KTM Intercity) (2001 to present) 4 (KTM Komuter) 1 island platform (KTM Intercity) Kelana Jaya Line (RapidKL) 2 (KTM Intercity) 2 side platforms (Kelana Jaya Line) KLIA Transit and KLIA Ekspres(Express Rail Link) (2002 3 (KTM Freight) 1 island platform (KLIA Ekspres) to present) 2 (Kelana Jaya Line) 1 island platform (KLIA Transit) 2 (KLIA Ekspres) 2 (KLIA Transit) Owned by Keretapi TanahAddress Melayu, Rapid KL and Connections ERL Private LimitedBrickfields, KualaLumpur, Malaysia. Bus hub, monorail Rail networks: station, food and retail outlets, and KLIA Express Rail Link KTM maintenance depot. KLIA Transit RAPID KL (Putra) KTM Komuter KTM Intercity KL Monorail Services 15
  • 16. KEPONG KTM STATIONAddress: Coordinate : 3°12′31″N 101°37′42″EStesen Komuter Kepong Commuter Lines: Rawang – Seremban RouteStation, Platforms : 2 side platformsJalan Burung Garuda, Tracks : 4Taman Bukit Maluri, Kepong,52100, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Car park : Available Facilities : Opened since : 1892 Ticket Counter Ticket vending Machine Operating hour : 6.15am – 9.30pm Parking Owner : Keretapi Tanah Melayu Touch n Go lane Toilet Surau 16
  • 17. KUANG KTM STATIONAddress:Address: Coordinate: 3°1529"N 101°3317"E Coordinate: 3°1529"N 101°3317"EStesen KTMB Kepong,Stesen KTMB Kepong, Lines : Rawang –Seremban Route Lines : Rawang –Seremban RouteJalan Kuang Bulan 1 (Jln 32),Jalan Kuang Bulan 1 (Jln 32), Platforms :: 2 side platforms Platforms 2 side platformsTaman Kepong,Taman Kepong, Tracks : 2 Tracks : 252100Kepong, Kuala Lumpur.52100 Kepong, Kuala Lumpur. Car park : available Car park : available Facilities : Facilities : Ticket Counter Ticket Counter Operationg Hour : 6.30 am -- 9.15 pm Operationg Hour : 6.30 am 9.15 pm Ticket vending Machine Ticket vending Machine Parking Parking Owner :: Keretapi Tanah Melayu Owner Keretapi Tanah Melayu Touch n Go lane Touch n Go lane Toilet Toilet Surau Surau 17
  • 18. This is the KTM Seremban – Rawang route map which show the three places that we visit - KL Central (KA01), Kepong (KA06) and Kuang (KA09). Below are the information about relationship between these three KTM stations. 1. KL Central to Kepong - 21 minutes (RM1.30) 2. Kepong to Kuang - 16 minutes (RM1.50) From KL Central to Kepong there are more tall buildings however from Kepong to Kuang, number of buildings decreases and more trees can be seen. This showed that from urban area (KL Central) slowly change to suburban area (Kepong) and at last is the rural area (Kuang).18
  • 19. POPULATION IN RAILWAY STATION KL SENTRAL KEPONG KUANGCONCLUSION KL Sentral is the Malaysia’s largest transit hub. Thus, KL Sentral offered globalconnectivity and flawlessly linking all urban and suburban residential, commercial andindustrial areas. However, with the growing population, KL Sentral continues to cater tospecific needs of its tenants, residents as well as other stakeholders especially toenhance the parking facilities and increase provision for more. Kepong area has a population of 360,000 approximately where Chinese populationexceeds 90%. Some suburbs have a degree of executive autonomy, and most havelower population density than inner city neighborhoods. Suburbs first emerged on a largescale in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of improved rail and road transport, whichled to an increase in commuting. Population in Kuang area is 21,184 people. In Kuang, mostly found are farmlandsand wood areas. The quality of life in Kuang is actually quite low. People have to walk adistance to a shop because it’s not systematic. Houses are built randomly unlike insuburbs and urbs. Not much facilities are found in Kuang such as shopping centre, banks,and hotels. 19
  • 20. COMPARISON OF DESIGN, FACILITIES AND PATHWAYS OF KLSENTRAL, KEPONG AND KUANG 20
  • 21. COMPARISON OF DESIGN IN KL SENTRAL, KEPONG & KUANG RAILWAY STATIONS KLNO FACILITIES KEPONG KUANG SENTRAL1 FENCES   2 SAFETY   3 GREENERIES   4 LIGHTINGS   5 BLIND WALKWAYS   6 ADVERTISMENT   7 DRAINAGE SYSTEM   8 SIGNBOARDS    21
  • 22. COMPARISON OF FENCES KL SENTRAL There aren’t any fences at KL Sentral. But they replaced it with glass door. KEPONG Wrought iron fences. Theyre made of iron, these types of fences are extremely durable. KUANG Chain link fences. Commercial chain link fences provide a secure boundary around your commercial or industrial property. These fences come in a standard height of 6 feet, but they can be built as high as 20 feet tall.CONCLUSIONAs result, KL Sentral is better than Kepong and Kuang’s railway station. It has betterenvironment. The glass doors are designed it’s to prevent the cooling air from airconditioner flow out. In Kepong and Kuang stations, the sizes of the land are small. Sothey only use fences to surround the railway stations. But the security system is weak. 22
  • 23. COMPARISON OF LIGHTINGS KL SENTRAL KL Sentral provides more lights and make the place look brighter. KEPONG In Kepong, it is an open area. So there are only few lights/ lamp provided. But it is quite dim during night time. KUANG In Kuang station, the lights are really old and there are several lights that are not working anymore.CONCLUSIONIn conclusion, KL Sentral is the best because it provided sufficient lights to the publicand KL Sentral has better facilities compare to Kepong and Kuang. Kepong andKuang stations are quite old and bad condition of facilities. 23
  • 24. COMPARISON OF DRAINAGE SYSTEM KL SENTRAL Everything in KL Sentral is designed and built nicely. There’s no pipe leakage and the drainage system are covered. KEPONG In Kepong, the drainage system is sufficient. As it will not affect floods in the station. KUANG Drainage system in Kuang is not sufficient. And it’s not systematicCONCLUSIONAgain, KL Sentral is the best of all. Kepong and Kuang’s stations can be improvedmore. For instance, Kepong can design better on the outside look where as thedrainage system should be covered to protect it. In Kuang’s station, drainage systemis not sufficient so they should increase the amount. 24
  • 25. COMPARISON OF SIGNBOARD KL SENTRAL Sufficient and detailed direction provided. Easy to understand and accurate. KEPONG Sufficient but no detailed direction given. Not easy to be seen. KUANG Insufficient and not detailed. It’s hard to find direction (eg: washroom)CONCLUSIONKepong and Kuang’s station should improve their signboards avaibility. Thus, theyhave to make sure that it is sufficient and accurate information is given. KL Sentral dida good job in providing direction for the public. They even provided several CustomerService Counter. 25
  • 26. COMPARISON OF BLIND WALKWAYS KL SENTRAL Blind walkways in KL Sentral can be seen while the passengers exit from the train. It is not sufficient because they aren’t any in other areas. KEPONG Kepong provided blind walkways along the pedestrian bridge and also the corridor. It’s quite sufficient because the area is small. KUANG In Kuang’s station, blind walkways are also provided although the place is small. But it’s enough for the needy.CONCLUSIONKL Sentral should increase the blind walkways as the station is the main center. It’salways crowded and that’s the reason the needy needs it. In Kepong and Kuang,theydid a good job. Although the area is small but they did not neglect the needies. 26
  • 27. COMPARISON OF FACILITIES IN KL SENTRAL, KEPONG AND KUANG KLNO FACILITIES KEPONG KUANG SENTRAL1 TOILET   2 SURAU   3 TICKET BOOTH   4 TOUCH & GO LANE   5 BENCH   6 TRASH BIN   7 FAN   8 AIR CONDITINER   9 PUBLIC PHONE   10 VENDING MACHINE   11 SHOP   12 PARKING LOT   13 ATM MACHINE    27
  • 28. COMPARISON OF BENCHES KL SENTRAL 1. Material - Stainless steel 2. Quantity - 7 to 10 KEPONG 1. Material - Wood 2. Quantity - 5 to 7 KUANG 1. Material - Plastic and wood 2. Quantity - 2 to 4CONCLUSIONKL Sentral have the most quantity of benches and Kuang have the least quantity ofbenches. Besides, benches in KL Sentral are higher quality compared with Kepongand Kuang. KL Sentral is the highest population areas, so the benches are madefrom stainless steel which is most expensive and long lasting. In my opinion, KLSentral should increase the number of benches so that more people can have a restwhile waiting for the train. 28
  • 29. COMPARISON OF PARKING LOTS KL CENTRAL KL SENTRAL 1. Material Own parking lot is provided. The parking area is large and is - Stainless steel storied. The parking rate is more expensive.Quantityparking 2. Full day RM40, one hour RM4. - 7 to 10 Full 1 day parking: RM 40.00 • 1st Hour: RM 4.00 KEPONG KEPONG Full 1 day parking: RM 40.00 1. Material Own Hour: RM 4.00 • 1st parking lot is provided. The - Wood parking area is medium in size and 1 dayrood. TheRM 40.00 Full is on parking: parking rate 2. Quantity is cheaper. • 1st Hour: RM 4.00 - 5 to 7 KUANG KUANG 1. Material No parking is provided. Users park their -own vehicles wood Plastic and everywhere without proper 2. Quantity arrangement. - 2 to 4CONCLUSIONKL Central has large area of parking lots which and provided to workers, residents,of sentral have the most quantity of benches are Kuang have the least quantitybenches. Besides, benchesvehicles safely. Kepong has smaller parkingwith Kepongusers and etc to park their in KL Central are higher quality compared area becauseandpopulation in Kepong is less. Lastly, Kuang has no parking benches are parkingthe Kuang. KL Central is the highest population areas, so the lot because madefrom not needed in Kuang is most expensive and long lasting. In my opinion, KL oflot is stainless steel which since the population is so low. In my opinion, the rateCentral should increase the number of benches people can pay lesser to have theirparking in KL Sentral should be reduced so that so that more people can park a restwhileeverydayfor KL Sentral.cars waiting in the train. 29
  • 30. COMPARISON OF VENDING MACHINES KL CENTRAL KL SENTRAL 1. Material KL Sentral provided drinks vending machine which is cheap - Stainless steel and convenient for people to buy drinks any Quantity 2. time at anywhere. KL Sentral is a centre point for - 7 to 10 interchange of railway station so vending machines are needed for waiting purpose. KEPONG Drinks vending machine is not available because it is not needed in this area. Population is low. KUANG Drinks vending machine is not available because it is not needed in this area. Population is low.CONCLUSIONAmong these three areas, only KL Sentral provided drinks vending machine becausethe population in that area is very high. In my opinion, KL Sentral should add morevending machines not only drinks but also foods to provide convenience for people tobuy drinks and foods to fill their stomach. 30
  • 31. COMPARISON OF ATM MACHINES KL CENTRAL KL SENTRAL 1. Material KL Sentral provided several ATM machines for people tosteel - Stainless get their money easily especially for the 2. Quantity workers. KL Sentral needs this kind of facility because KL Sentral is -a7 to 10 place which included business activities. It is easier for people to use when they need money immediately. KEPONG ATM machine is not available because it is not needed in this area. KUANG ATM machine is not available because it is not needed in this area.CONCLUSIONKL Sentral is the only place which provided ATM machine between these threeareas, KL Sentral, Kepong and Kuang. KL Sentral is a place not only for railwaypurpose but also included business activities. However, for Kepong and Kuang theyonly used as a KTM station. So, ATM machine is not needed in these two areas. Inmy opinion, the number of ATM machines in KL Sentral should be increased so thatpeople can enjoy this service faster and easier. 31
  • 32. COMPARISON OF PATHWAYS IN KL SENTRAL, KEPONG AND KUANG KLNO PATHWAYS KEPONG KUANG SENTRAL1 BRIDGE   2 STAIRCASE   3 ELEVATOR   4 ESCALATOR    32
  • 33. COMPARISON OF BRIDGE KL SENTRAL 1. No bridge. Because KL Sentral has few levels, and some of the places were connected to allow people to pass through. So it is not necessary to have a bridge. 2. The picture shows the place which allow people access from platform 3 to platform 4 . KEPONG 1. Made of steel with ajiya roofing. 2. Ajiya roofing has lower budget. 3. To allow pedestrian cross over the railway tracks. KUANG 1. Made up of steel with PVC roofing. 2. The pedestrian Bridge is designed with a better looking than the Kepong one. This showed that Kuang is slowly develop.CONCLUSIONEvery railway station must be designed with either a connected floor or bridge to allow peopleto walk across the railway track. People are not allowed to walk on the railway tracks for theirsafety. In my opinion, Kepong KTM station’s pedestrian bridge design should be upgraded 33like the Kuangs KTM station’s pedestrian bridge design. Which is firmer.
  • 34. COMPARISON OF STAIRCASE KL SENTRAL 1. Stainless steel staircase holder and pebble wash flooring 2. Width : Longer KEPONG 1. Stainless Steel staircase holder and cement flooring 2. Width : Medium KUANG 1. Stainless Steel staircase holder and pebble wash flooring 2. Width : ShorterCONCLUSIONThree of the places used Stainless Steel staircase holder to prevent rust. Pebblewash flooring can prevent slippery and provide nice visuals. The width of thestaircase in KL Sentral is the longest because KL Sentral has the highest population.While the width of the staircase in Kuang is the shortest as Kuang is the lesserpopulation area compare to KL Sentral. In my opinion, pebble wash flooring should 34be apply on the Kepong KTM station staircase to provide nicer texture.
  • 35. COMPARISON OF ELEVATOR KL SENTRAL 1. Few lift were built in KL Sentral, because there are more population in KL Sentral. 2. The space in the lift is wider. 3. People often use lift. KEPONG 1. Only one elevator is built for the KTM Station. 2. The space in the lift is not wide. 3. The lift is seldom use by the people. KUANG 1. No elevator. 2. People with walking disabilities may not be able to ride on KTM.CONCLUSIONIn my opinion, every railway station must build elevators for the convenience of the peoplewith walking disabilities. Or else they would not use the KTM facilities. The KL Sentralelevator is well designed. Finally, the KL Sentral and Kepong KTM station’s elevator shouldbe maintain from time to time to ensure it will function properly. 35
  • 36. COMPARISON OF ESCALATOR KL SENTRAL 1. Escalators were built for the convenience of people. 2. Because there are high population in Kuala Lumpur. 3. People would not have to walk through the long staircase. KEPONG 1. No escalators. 2. Because they already had an elevator. KUANG 1. No escalators. 2. Because the population in Kuang is very less. And people seldom use the KTM.CONCLUSIONKuang is the least population area. So, seldom people will use the KTM as the peoplethere normally have their own business. They seldom go outside of Kuang. In myopinion, escalators in KL Sentral should be maintain from time to time as I can seethe escalators will produce some shrill sound which are very irritating. Tourist andMalaysia citizen will be benefited if the problem can be fixed. 36
  • 37. CONCLUSION People often define urban areas as land occupied by buildings andother structures used for residences and industrial sites. Urban areas oftenhave some form of public transportation such as buses, subways, or trainsand have high population densities. Buildings are often closer together andbuilt higher than those in suburban or rural areas. Therefore, KL Sentral isdefined as urban area. For instance, there are many facilities provided tothe public in the stations as well as the surrounding. In KL Sentral, we canseek LRT, Monorail and also KTM. Besides, there are also several shopssuch as restaurants, banking, butik and others. There are also buses andtaxis provided at KL Sentral. These are the reason why the population ishigh. It is really convenient place for the public especially fortransportations. Suburban areas are those on the outskirts of cities. So Kepong isconsidered as suburban area. Residents of suburban areas often commuteto the cities for work. Some suburban areas have commuter trains andbuses that shuttle people to the cities. Structures in suburban communitiesare often lower and further apart than in cities. Though they have smallerpopulations than cities, suburbs offer the same services including schools,health care facilities and public works. Furthermore, Kuang is the areas with large amount of land with lowerpopulationsthan urban and suburban areas, Structures are far apart and some ruralcommunities share hospitals or schools. Farmlands are also usually foundin Kuang. However, most people in Kuang live in woodland forests, plainsand deserts which are examples of rural area which are examples of ruralarea 37
  • 38. COLLECTIONSKL SENTRAL DIRECTOR MAP 38
  • 39. REFERENCES THE STAR ONLINE from http://thestar.com.my/metro/story. asp?file=/2012/7/10/central/1151 8035&sec=central retrieved 29 October 2012FMT NEWS fromhttp://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2012/10/08/new-rail-stations-in-east-coast/retrieved 29 October 2012 KUALA LUMPUR TRANSIT MAP from http://www.malaysiaexpat.com/res ources/transitmap/i/transit_map.p df retrieved 29 October 2012 39
  • 40. TIPTOP GLOBE from http://www.tiptopglobe.com/city ?n=Kuang&p=21184#lat=0.241 70&lon=99.60205&zoom=6 retrieved 29 October 2012KUALA LUMPUR SENTRAL fromhttp://www.klsentral.com.my/retrieved 29 October 2012 The Big Book of Urban Legends,Jan Harold Brunvand (Author), Robert LorenFleming (Author), Rob ert F. Boyd (Author) 40