SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING & DESIGNFOUNDATION IN NATURAL AND BUILT ENVIRONMENTDESIGN VISUALISATION [FNBE 0155]Project 3: Site Analysis & Design ProposedLecturers: Norhayati Ramli, Hasmanira Mokhtar, Angus Lee Ching HuaSubmission: 19 April 2013Group members1. Yap Zhi Jun 03107382. Toh Chee Cheng 03111223. Yap Zhong Lin 03105574. Tan Ming Long 03110695. Tan Yong Ming 03106306. Tan Wei How 0310707
INDEX1. Introduction2. Map and plan- Map of Taylor’s University- Site plan- Key plan- Panorama view- Cross section3. Physical Attributes- Sun path- Wind- Hydrology- Temperature Zoning- Topography- Sensory factors4. Biological Attributes- Plants- Animals5. Cultural Attributes- Vehicles and human circulation- Human activities- Infrastructure6. Integration & Synthesis- Number of vehicles and human- Percentage of human activities- Reason of people passing by- Survey of strength and weaknesses of the site7. S.W.O.T analysis- Strengths- Weaknesses- Opportunities- Threats8. Sketches
INTRODUCTIONWe are students from Taylor’s University Lakeside campus, Foundation in Natural and BuiltEnvironment Semester 2 2013. In the third project of Design Visualization, we have to conduct a site study inthe vicinity of TULC (Taylor’s University Lakeside Campus) and produce a site analysis report and verbalpresentation. This project is comprises of site analysis, idea & concept development, visual and verbalpresentation.This project will concentrate on the observation and visualization skills in a variety of ways. It aims toprovide students with first-hand conscious experiences of direct observation on site and starting to find designinspiration through engaging with the site and surrounding. Through this project, we can learn to identify andunderstand what are the key factors affecting the site and how things can be present in a systematic andanalytical ways in drawings.Our site is the roundabout in front of the Admission Office. We will cover up Physical Attributes,Biological Attributes, Cultural Attributes, Integration & Synthesis: some general statistic, and S.W.O.T analysis
CROSS SECTION OF THE SITE AREAAASECTION A - AShelterRoundabout 1Roundabout 2
PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTESSun path (shadow)The pictures below show the shadow at 9.00am, 12.00pm, and 3.00pm. In Picture 1.0 and 1.1, show shadow at 9.00am. The shadow is very dim. Also, you can see thebuilding’s (Block A) shadow in Picture 1.2 and is facing the South.Picture 1.0 Picture 1.1Picture 2.0Picture 2.1Picture 3.1Both Picture 2.0 and 3.0 look no different, butthere are differences. First of all is the time zone,Picture 2.0 was taken at 12noon, whereas,Picture 3.0 was taken at 3pm. As you observe,the shadow of the 2ndstand of the shelter, Theshadow is longer and the shelter’s shadow isfurther away from the plant’s shadow.
SHADOW WITH DIAGRAMN9.00 AM 12.00 PM 4.00 PMON TOP OF THE CENTER
WindThe wind direction is mostly from 114 degree South-East to184 degree South. At 9.00am there are small breezes for ashort while. Meanwhile at 12.00pm, the breeze is strong,which also comes from the same direction. Lastly, at3.00pm, there is strong wind. Picture 4.0 shows the arrowswhere the wind blows from.Picture 4.0HydrologyIn the area we covering, there are 12 small drains and sixbig drains near the water fountain roundabout. Also,covering the big park and the small triangular small park withpath, there are 6 small drains and 2 big drains. This means,there are a lot of drainage for the water or rain to flow away.But there is also accumulate point of the water. Picture 5.0shows the water flow.Picture 5.0
Temperature ZoningTemperature zoning is divided into three zones, from cool zone to hotzone and follow by hottest zone. From what I analyzed, I labeled coolzone in front of the building (Block A), as the building blocks the sunlightand there are some plants, which results that the area is cooler. For thehot zone, there are many plants and trees with different tones; also thearea is exposed to sunlight, so I categorize the area (bigger roundabout)as hot zone. Many cars will drop-off or pick-up passengers at thefountain roundabout and it is also exposed to sunlight, so the area is thehottest. Picture 6.0 indicates the zoning of our site.TopographyFrom the shelter, there is a slight slope, which water flows to roundabout A, down to drains. At the roundabout A, it is almosteven, but as you walk to the East, the slope is getting more slanted. Picture 7.0 and picture 7.1 show the contour of the site.Picture 6.0Picture 7.0 Picture 7.1AB
Biological Attributes of The SiteThe Taylors University Lakeside Campus is the first flagship campus of Taylors University, housing all existing tertiary programs under one roof. Set on 27 acres of tropicalgreenery near Jalan PJS 7/5, the campus is surrounded by a revived 5.5 acre man-made lake, as well as a landscape of water plants, trees and flowering shrubs,and groundcover that provides a rich and stimulating natural environment in the neighborhood.The site which surrounded by a lot of plants, is totally provide a great greeneryviews. This landscape is probably provides amusing natural environment. Having aneven balance to hardscapes and landscapes can create the best of both worlds. Thissite had been softened by flowers and shrubs.There are nearly 20 types of plant at the site. There have trees to provide shade.There is full of fragrance of flowers with many types of attractive colours. You can felland have fresh air at the site. This site used to be the main entrance of Taylor’sUniversity Lakeside Campus that everyone will go through when they visit thecampus. So that the landscape design of the site probably is the important element toprovide a comfortable and fresh environment and attract the visitor’s interest whichmake them wander to get to know more inside the campus. Besides, birds are foundat the site.Healthy and vibrant landscapes inspire healthy and vibrant lifestyles. This reflectsa healthy and vibrant study environment for students to experience a betteruniversity’s life.
Types of PlantsRuellia CaeruleaRuellia Caerulea, or more commonly known asBritton’s Wild Petunia, is a forb/herb subshrub ofthe genus Ruellia. The oppositely arranged leavesare borne on short stalks. These leaves (6-20 cmlong and 4-20 mm wide) are long and narrow inshape with entire margins and pointed tips. Theyare mostly hairless and usually dark green orslightly purplish-tinged. The flowers are borne infew-flowered clusters in the upper leaf forks. Theseflowers are tubular in shape and lavender, blue orpurplish in colour.Murraya PaniculataOrange jessamine is a small, tropical tosub-tropical tree or shrub that maygrow to as much as 20 tall, but isusually found much shorter (8-12) andcan be pruned as a formal hedge to aslittle as 2-3 tall. It is noted for its glossyevergreen dark green leaves, stronglyfragrant white flowers and redornamental fruits. It is native fromChina and India to Australia. Fragrantwhite flowers (each to 7/8" across) interminal or axillary cymes bloomseveral times throughout the year.Ixora JavanicaIxora is a genus with about 400species native to India and tropicalAfrica, some of which rival Hibiscusas garden shrubs. Ixorajavanica,one of the most often used, is asizeable shrub with largish, pointedleaves and red-orange or pure redflowers that appear in roundedclusters of as many as sixty at thetips of the branches. When grownas a house plant, it needs highhumidity,warm temperatures, andexposure to strong light.Samanea Saman (Rain Tree)Native to tropical America, theRain Tree has spreadthroughout the tropics and formany years was the mostpopular garden shade tree. Itgrows to a height of up to 24metres, has bipinnate leavesand when mature forms acharacteristic flat-toppedcrown. Large Rain Trees areexcellent hosts for epiphyticplants and the leaves are goodfor compost. The popular namederives from the fact that theleaves close at night, or duringheavy rain, which allows dewor raindrops to drip from them.Bougainvillea SpectabilisBy nature, Bougainvillea is a climber or scandent shrubwith stems that can reach several metres in length,usually clinging with the aid of curved spines. Mostvarieties have pale green ovate leaves in pairs; there isalso a form with variegated, green-and-white leaves.The true flowers are small, white, tubular andinsignificant. The most common colours are purple ormagenta, but cultivated forms are available in all hues,from pure white to orange, pink, and crimson.Bougainvillea always needs full sun to flower best andprefers dry or at least very well-drained soil, whethergrown in a garden or as a pot.Calathea LuteaCalathea is usually grown for its highly ornamentalleaves and appears in the chapter on Faliage. These tallmajestic plants belong to the large prayer plant family,the Marantaceae. The large oblong waxy backed leavesare held slightly erect, making them highly visible tothe viewer. Their broad bluish-green leaves providemuch welcome shade and reduce the glare from the hotafternoon sun. Tiny yellow flowers are carried onmaroon cigar-like bracts. Read that in some SouthAmerican country, the leaves are used as foodwrappers for cooking in the way we used pandanleaves for pandan chicken.Lantana CamaraThough Lantana is native to SouthAmerica, it was an early introductionelsewhere in the tropical world,where it soon escaped the confinesof garden and became a weed.Lantana camara is a prickly shrub,with ovate rough leaves and almostcontinuous displays of blooms thatappear as clusters made up of tinyflorets. Orange or red-orange are thecommonest colours, but there arecultivars with larger white, pink, orlemon-yellow flowers. Lantanaalways prefers full sun and well-drained soil.
Types of Plants at the SiteAreca PalmThe Areca Palm ( Dypsislutescens, Chrysalidocarpuslutescens),known also as Yellow Butterfly Palm or Golden Cane Palm is one ofthe most beautiful plants in the world. It is native to the island ofMadagascar and very common in subtropical and tropical areasaround the world. It is a shrub like plant with slender, yellowishgreen feather fronds that fan out from several sturdy green trunks.It is one of the most popular indoor plants. The tropical and exoticlooking tree will give a lush and tropical feel to any decor. But, theyalso have multiple uses for outdoor applications. One such exampleis using the areca palm as a natural privacy wall or privacy fence.The Areca Palm is inexpensive and very adaptable to differentsurroundings.Sprengers Asparagus FernAsparagus Fern is a slightly woody evergreenplant with upright or trailing branches, ableto grow up to 2 feet in height and 6 feet inlength. Tiny spines are borne in axils alongbranches. Needle-like branchlets areclustered in nodes. Flowers are white or palepink and very fragrant, small and hardlynoticeable. Asparagus fern can be foundspreading along roadsides and invadingsecondary forest systems.Morning GlorySpecies of morning glories are native of tropical America. MorningGlories are also present in Asia although they also grow insubtropical and temperate regions.Morning glory is the commonname for a number of species of flowering plants in the family theConvolvulaceae, belonging to the following genera: Calystegia,Convolvulus, Ipomoea, Merremia and Rivea. Morning gloriesbelong to a different genera with slightly different floral, fruit andleaf characteristics but all Morning Glories produce typical funnel-shaped blossoms in white, red, blue, purple and yellow. TheMorning Glory flowers often show marks where the corolla isneatly folded or rolled up in the bud.Monstera DeliciosaMonstera was also once lumpedamong the Philodendron speciesbut is now recognized as a separategenus. Monsteradeliciosa is thelargest of the group, first collectedin the wild from Central Americaand now a popular house plant aswell as striking addition to anytropical garden. At first the climberproduces simple, heart-shapedleaves, but as it grows thesebecome increasingly large, darkgreen, and perforated. Monsteraprefers shady, moist conditions anda strong tree or other supportagainst which to grow.Hopea OdorataHopeaodorata is a medium-sized to large evergreen tree witha large crown growing to 45 m tall, bole straight, cylindrical,branchless to 25 m, with diameter of up to 4.5 m or more andprominent buttresses, bark surface scaly, grey to dark brown,longitudinally furrowed, yellow or reddish inside. Leavesovate-lanceolate, 7-14 by 3-7 cm, falcate, base broadlycuneate, venation scalariform, midribapplanate to slightlychanneled above, glabrous on both surfaces, petiole 2 cmlong, slender. It is chiefly found in the Andamans, in moisttropical evergreen forests and occurs sporadically in puregroups, but is not gregarious over large areas. In Myanmar, itoccurs in moist tropical forests.LoropetalumOriginally discovered in the Hunan province of China.Native to Japan southeast Asia including southernChina. A pink-flowering version, Loropetalum c.rubrum, a relative newcomer to garden centers, hasreally popularized the plant. Some of the pink bloomerscan be found under names such as Blush, Burgundy,Sizzlin Pink, Razzleberri, and Rubrum. Their airyribbonlike blooms are striking, and some selectionssport showy purple-green to burgundy foliage.Graptophyllum PictumA Caricature plant. This small shrub, which is believed tohave originated in New Guinea, has patterned ovateleaves that may be green and yellow or bronze, orange,pink, or purplish with paler markings. Graptophyllumgrows best in filtered sunlight or light shade and is easilypropagated by cuttings.
Types of PlantsBauhinia KockianaBauhinia is best-known in the form oftrees and shrubs, but other membersof the genus are climbers, some ofwhich add splashes of dramaticcolour to gardens large enough toaccommodate them. One of the mostbeautiful is Bauhinia Kockiana, anative of the Malaysian jungle, whichproduces a frequent display of orangeand red-orange flowers. It requires asizeable tree or a stout support onwhich to grow. As their forest originssuggest, these climbing species likerich, well-drained soil and shadedroots.Eugenia Oleina(Syzygiummyrtifolium )This is a very common treeplanted as a hedge because of itsvibrantly colourful orangeybrown new leaf flushes. But herewas the tree taken as anindividual specimen. From theMyrtaceae Family, its synonymsinclude Syzygiummyrtifolia and S.paniculatum.Syzygiummyrtifolium is a common tree we seeplanted along many public roadsin Malaysia. It is regularlypruned to bring out the moststriking feature, its colourfulfoliage. Eugenia trees aresuitable as topiaries as they canbe shaped into a boxed orcompact form. The leaf shootsare orange-red and they changecolour to yellow, pale green andthen dark green as they mature.Osmoxylon Lineare YellowRare tropical ornamentalminiature tree valuable forexotic fine-cut leaves. Palmatecompound leaves with leatherysurface. An erect shrub growsup to about 3 m high,the stems light gray, glabrous,shining, somehow scurfy at thetips.Tolerant to drought andwide range of light conditions,from full sun to deepshade.Exotic foliage of Japanesestyle, like a bamboo.Easy togrow, suitable for indoors.BambooBamboo is a woody perennial evergreen plantthat is actually part of the true grass family.Although they can grow to towering heights,bamboo is not actually considered a tree. Mostgrow in full or partial shade, on canes that maybe short but are more often very tall. Bamboocan be found all over the world in variedclimates, from the cold mountainous regions tothe hot tropical areas.AnimalSparrows are found at the site andsometimes crows too.Acalypha SiamensisThe Siamese Acalypha is a low shrub growing upto 2.5 m. The leaves are very distinctive, beingdiamond-shaped, having serrated margins (lesspronounced near leaf base), lacking a petiole,and arranged about 45° from the branch.
HUMAN ACTIVITIESChit-chattingDrivingPass through The SyopzGardeners wateringplants, cutting plants,and trimming grass.Guards monitoring the trafficat the drop-off and pick-upsectionsTo allow people to pick upand drop offStudents walking to theirclassStudents walkthrough to exit theguard-house
FACILITIES QUANTITY FUNCTIONS FACILITIES QUANTITY FUNCTIONS1. Lamp Post▎▎▎▎▎▎Raised sourceof light on the edge ofa road or walkway,which is turned on or litat a certain time everynight.5.Direction Signboards▎▎▎▎▎To give directionsand route to thepublic.2. 2 meter HeightLamp▎▎▎▎▎Lights decorationaround the greenerieswhich instantly beautifythe surrounding withgreeneries.6. Rules and Regulation▎▎▎▎To enforce rules andregulations amongthe public3. 0.5 meter HeightLamp▎▎▎▎▎Light decoration andalso provide brighterview at the roundabout.7. Road Path▎▎▎Provide road path forthe students whoneed to cross theroad.4. Flag Pole▎▎▎To hang flags such asJalurGemilang, Flag ofSelayang and Flag ofTaylor’s University.INFRASTRUCTURES
74856943810 6 107 8 106 7 55 4 201002003004005006007008008a.m.-10a.m. 12p.m.-2p.m. 4p.m.-6p.m.Number of VehiclesCars Buses Taxies Lorries Vans3524811321635 7 60501001502002503008a.m.-10a.m. 12p.m.-2p.m. 4p.m.-6p.m.Number of PeopleStudents Staffs Workers55%25%5%15%Percentage of Peoples ActivitiesWalkingChattingDrivingWaiting60%20%20%Reasons of People Passing ByAttending ClassGoing to BoardwalkGoing Back Home (PJS 7)INTEGRATION & SYNTHESISMorning - staffs and workers - start their work- students - attend their classes.Afternoon - lunch time.- people - commercial block to have their lunch.Most of the people - passing by - just walking. Mostly students - dropped at the roundabout -enter the university for their classes.
Beautiful ViewConvenient forPassengers0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80%StrengthsPeoples Opinions (Strengths)Traffic JamToo Dark at Night0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%WeaknessesPeoples Opinions (Weaknesses)SURVEYMajority of the students - greenery view of the roundabout area –comfortable - breath in fresh air - morning.Majority of the students - suggest that the roundabout –resized - smaller area- road wider to avoid traffic jam.
S.W.O.TStrengths1. 2 roundabouts were built to save cost, save spacethus ensure the smooth circulation.2. 2 roundabouts were built there because they werenearest to Admission Centre and Boardwalk.3. To allow people to pick up and drop off for people’sconvenient.4. Provide nice view by planting vegetation.5. Plant taller plants to cover the imperfect.6. CCTV ( Closed-circuit Television) is set up aroundthe roundabout area to monitor the activitieshappened in that area.Weaknesses1. No corridor between guard house to campus, pedestrianswill be soaked during the rainy day.2. Skylight of corridor is transparent, so it could not provideshelter efficiently under a hot sunny day.3. Skylight of corridor is too short, so it could not efficientlyprovide shelter when it has a heavy rain pour.4. The narrow vehicle path will lead to traffic congestionduring the peak hour.5. The floor is slippery, as students wearing slippers may falldown.6. The smaller roundabout with fountain is plain.7. The roundabout area is very dark at night which isbecause insufficient of lights.8. Many cars parking at the clamping zone which blocked alane and lead to traffic jam at the entrance of Taylors.Opportunities1. Extend the eaves of corridor and apply 70 %sun block on the skylight.2. Build corridor between campus to guard houseto provide shelter for students and Taylor’sstaffs.3. Create creative installation on the fountain byadding more water plants in the fountain.4. Open another drop off and pick up sessionnear by the roundabout so that the roundaboutwill be less crowded.5. Construct and widening the road.Threats1. The amounts of cars increase gradually year byyear. This may causes the drop off and pick upsession be very busy and lead to heavy congestion2. The wind will carry the rain into the canopy corridor,thus shelter provided is useless during the heavyrain.3. Student who cannot find a parking lot will justsimply park their car at clamping zone, thus itblocked part of the road and causes traffic jamS.W.O.T ANALYSIS