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Disorders associated with
 

Disorders associated with

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    Disorders associated with Disorders associated with Presentation Transcript

    • Label the parts of the Endocrine System
    • Major Glands of the Endocrine System
    • DISORDERS ASSOCIATED WITH ENDOCRINE GLANDS
      • A glandular disorder maybe functional , meaning it results in the overproduction or underproduction of the hormone that the gland produces.
      • “ hyper” - means overproduction
      • “ hypo” – means underproduction
      • A glandular disorder may also be anatomical , such as the enlargement of a gland.
    • HYP0THYROIDISM
      • It is the under productivity of the thyroid due to lack of iodine in the diet.
      • Iodine is necessary for the production of thyroxin.
      • A patient should have more fish and iodized salt in his diet.
      • If the goiter is too large, it can be removed by surgery.
      Goiter Goiter
    • HYPERTHYROIDISM
      • It is the over productivity of the thyroid gland
      • SYMPTOMS:
      • Increased appetite
      • Weight loss
      • Dry skin
      • Bulging eyes
      Grave’s Disease
    • CRETINISM
      • Is the under productivity of the thyroid gland that results in decreased production of thyroxin.
      • Cretin
      • – a person affected by cretinism.
      • - he is short in height & mentally retarded.
    • GIGANTISM
      • - Is the overproduction of growth hormones.
      • The tallest man in medical history for whom there is irrefutable evidence is Robert Pershing Wadlow . He was born at Alton, Illinois, USA, on February 22, 1918, and when he was last measured on June 27, 1940, was found to be 2.72 m (8 ft 11.1 in) tall. 
    • DWARFISM
      • - Is the underproduction of growth hormones.
      • Adults with this disorder are called midgets.
    • DIABETES
      • - A disease caused by too much sugar in the blood
    • 2 types of Diabetes
      • Diabetes I (Infantile Diabetes)
      • - starts at a young age
      • - insulin-producing cells are destroyed due to infection or inborn defects.
      • Diabetes II
      • - comes at an older age