Hungary was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under Communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004.
The highest organ of state authority is the National Assembly with almost 400 members that initiates and approves legislation with the support of the prime minister. National parliamentary elections are held every 4 years. While the president of the Republic is elected every 5 years and only plays ceremonial roles.
Has one of the greatest capital s in the world with 2 million inhabitants
Budapest was home to Continental Europe's first subway system, which opened in 1896
Budapest has many impressive bridges Of which the Chain bridge is the most famous built in 1849
The best-known ingredient in Hungarian food is the red-powdered spice called paprika. It is used to flavor many dishes. Other staples of Hungarian cooking include onions, cabbage, potatoes, noodles, and caraway seeds. Both cream and sour cream are used heavily in Hungarian food.
Hungarians eat a lot of meat, mostly pork or beef. The Hungarian national dish is meat stew , called "goulash„
The Hungarians are known throughout the world for their elegant pastries and cakes. Strudel (retes) is one of them and their fillings include apples, cherries, and poppy seeds.
Hungary is famous for its abundance of thermal and medicinal waters and as a consequence there are many hotels and clinics specialising in health treatments.
Hungary has a spa culture dating back over 2000 years and was even popular during Roman times.
Medicinal water is mineral water having been shown to produce curative effects .
Hungary is a major center for the promotion of natural well being.
It is a center for medical excellence with many specialist hospitals, including one of the most respected specialist Heart Centres in Europe.
T he largest religion in Hungary is Roman Catholicism (50% of the population), with a significant Calvinist minority (16% of the population) and smaller Lutheran (3%) and Greek Catholic (3%) minorities. However, these census figures are representative of religious affiliation rather than practice; only an estimated 10-14% of Hungarians attend religious services on a regular basis
Asboth Oszkar Eng i neer, invented the first purposefully flying helicopter . His helicopter was the first, which was able to elevate vertically with a pilot and to stay and levitate in one place for a longer time in 1928 .
A Hungarian journalist named La sz lo Biro , created the first ballpoint pen in 1938. Biro noticed the type of ink used in newspaper printing presses dried quickly leaving the paper dry and smudge free.
Dr. Teller Ede is most widely known for his significant contributions to the first demonstration of thermonuclear energy ; in addition he has added to knowledge about quantum theory, molecular physics and astrophysics
E rn o Rubik is the inventor of the world famous Rubik's Cube . This game highly increases logical abilities and conquered the world fast.
Denes Gabor , p hysician an d electro-eng i neer. From 1927 he worked for Siemens and Halske as a researcher. In 1971 he got the Nobel prize for discovering holography .
Irinyi Janos, Chemist, he solved the puzzle of making silent matches . He wrote several articles on chemistry and published his textbook for schools entitled The Elements of Chemistry.
Puskas Tivadar For two years he had worked in Edison's laboratory as his colleauge, then went to Paris, where he designed an electric cab and airship . In 1879 he built Europe's first telephone exchange in Paris.His other important invention was the telephonograph, predecessor of the wired radio.
Szent-Gyorgyi Albert , Biochemist.In 1937 he received the Nobel Prize in physiology and medical science for "discoveries in the area of biological combustion processes, particularly in regard to vitamin C , and the fumaric acid catalysis".