Body image

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How you view your body?
How others view your body?

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  • Adolescence is the key period of developing healthy habits, and also the important stage to construct healthy personality. The development of body image is one of the most important task in adolescence. Low self-esteem, depression
  • BMI means, which is an objective index to evaluate obesity, and also an important factor of body image. Many studies show that over weight or obesity will effect one’s view about body image. Although BMI can reflect our body status, it can’t distinguish that the cause of over weight is fat accumulation, bone density, or muscle after exercise. As a result, BMI usually is used for general speculation instead of precise study. It is more objective to relate body image with exact body fat, which few studies involved in.
  • Handle Microcurrent Subscale
  • The satisfaction of the body areas 受试者对身体各个部位的满意程度; The confidence and satisfaction of the appearance 受试者对自己体态的自信及满意程度; How important the appearance is for the subject 对个人外表的重视程度; The anxiety for obesity, watchfulness for weight, diet control behavior 受试者对肥胖焦虑、体重的警觉性、节食行为及饮食控制等; How the subject views and evaluates his weight 受试者如何看待及评估自己的体重。
  • There are always slim figures in the media, which girls are more exposed to. Therefore, girls are more likely to see these figures as their ideal ones. The gap between reality and ideal results in their dissatisfaction, and to narrow the gap, girls usually dress up or control diet. Nevertheless, boys expect for tallness and muscle, so they don’t pay as much attention at weight and appearance as girls.
  • The gaps between normal males and obese males are much bigger than two groups of females, especially on body areas satisfaction, appearance evaluation and self-classified weight. 体脂肪标准的男性被试与肥胖的男性被试在五个构成特征上得分的差异均大于体脂肪标准的女性被试与肥胖的女性被试在五个构成特征上得分的差异。
  • Body image

    1. 1. Gender Difference in the Body Image of Undergraduates Based on Body Fat Summary presentation based on my bachelor thesis by Zhang Zhi www.sinauonline.com
    2. 2. Outline 1 Introduction 2 Goals and methods 3 Results and discussion 4 Conclusion
    3. 3. Introduction Positive · Know and accept themselves better · Deal with social relationships properly · Promote the healthy development of body and mind Body image Negative · diet disorder · nutrition unbalance · Cognitive and emotional reactions · Bad for the growth of adolescents
    4. 4. <ul><li>Our personal view of our body, and, more importantly, our belief about how others perceive our appearance. (Secord, Jourard, 1953) </li></ul><ul><li>A kind of social product. Closely related with personality, self-identification and sense of worth. (Drench, 1994) </li></ul>Introduction --- Body image Most significant difference Body fat
    5. 5. Introduction --- BMI
    6. 6. <ul><li>Source of heat for human activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Over accumulation: lots of diseases / dissatisfaction with the body / negative body image / mental development </li></ul><ul><li>Normal body fat percentage: </li></ul><ul><li>male – 12%-18% female – 16%-25% </li></ul><ul><li>(Lohman, 1982; McArdle, etc., 1996; Wilmore, 1986) </li></ul><ul><li>Criterion of this study: </li></ul><ul><li>obesity -- male >25% female > 30% </li></ul><ul><li>( 《 Physical Activity for Health and Fitness 》 ) </li></ul>Introduction --- Body fat
    7. 7. Goals . Structural characteristics of body image and gender differences of undergraduates. . Body fat status and gender differences of undergraduates. . The differences of different body fat percentage groups on structural characteristics of body image. . The interaction between gender and different body fat percentage groups on structural characteristics of body image.
    8. 8. <ul><li>Participants </li></ul><ul><li>198 undergraduates whose age from 18 to 22. </li></ul><ul><li>102 males and 96 females. </li></ul><ul><li>Measures </li></ul>Methods --- Participants and measures
    9. 9. Methods --- Procedure and analyses <ul><li>Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Analyses </li></ul><ul><li>Exploratory factor analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive statistics </li></ul><ul><li>T-test </li></ul><ul><li>One-Way ANOVA </li></ul><ul><li>Two-Way ANOVA </li></ul>
    10. 10. Results --- Structural characteristics <ul><li>Structural characteristics of body image of undergraduates </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>Gender differences of Structural characteristics </li></ul>Results --- Gender differences Sig. Body areas satisfaction .000 Appearance evaluation .020 Appearance orientation .000 Overweight preoccupation .000 Self-classified weight .000 Structural characteristic
    12. 12. <ul><li>Gender difference of body dissatisfaction develops between 8-10. (Cusumano, Thompson, 2001). About 40%-70% girls feel dissatisfaction with some areas of their body. (Levine, Smolak, 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Boys’ satisfaction with appearance increases in the whole adolescence while girls’ decreases. (Smolak, 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>The influence of media </li></ul>Discussion --- Gender differences Dissatisfaction gap Ideal Reality Dress up or control diet Media
    13. 13. Results --- Body fat <ul><li>Body fat status and gender difference </li></ul>Sig. Male 15.379 Female 25.199 Gender difference .000 Mean of body fat percentage
    14. 14. <ul><li>The differences of different body fat percentage groups on structural characteristics of body image </li></ul>Results --- Differences of body fat groups Sig. Body areas satisfaction .000 Appearance evaluation .034 Appearance orientation .114 Overweight preoccupation .234 Self-classified weight .000 Structural characteristic
    15. 15. <ul><li>The interaction between gender and different body fat percentage groups on structural characteristics of body image </li></ul>Results --- Interaction
    16. 16. Discussion --- Interaction Females Males · Positive body image. · Dissatisfied with their bodies until they become obese. · Significant difference between normal and obese males. · Negative body image. · Always Dissatisfied with their bodies. · Normal females and obese ones are not quite different .
    17. 17. Conclusion <ul><li>There are five structural characteristics of body image of undergraduates: </li></ul><ul><li>The body areas satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Overweight preoccupation </li></ul><ul><li>Self-classified weight </li></ul><ul><li>There are significant gender differences on five structural characteristics of body image. </li></ul><ul><li>Female’s body fat is significantly more than male’s. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Conclusion <ul><li>There are significant differences of different body fat percentage groups on three structural characteristics of body image: </li></ul><ul><li>Body areas satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Self-classified weight </li></ul><ul><li>There are significant interaction between gender and different body fat percentage groups on structural characteristics of body image. </li></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>Contact me at [email_address] </li></ul>www.sinauonline.com

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