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Volkswagen viavision

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Wat verwacht de Volkswagen Groep van de elektrische auto? Veel. In Viavision 2 inventariseert de fabrikant de ontwikkelingen en blikt het bedrijf vooruit. In 2013 brengt Volskwagen twee elektrische …

Wat verwacht de Volkswagen Groep van de elektrische auto? Veel. In Viavision 2 inventariseert de fabrikant de ontwikkelingen en blikt het bedrijf vooruit. In 2013 brengt Volskwagen twee elektrische auto's uit.

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  • 1. VIAVISIONVOLKSWAGEN GROUP • SHAPING THE FUTURE OF MOBILITYNO 02 +++ SPECIAL: VOLKSWAGEN AT THE GENEVA MOTOR SHOW +++ Volts not Oil – The E-Car Approaches Mass Production 5 State of Affairs – Improved Conditions 6 The New E-Fleet – The Biggest Manufacturers’ Market-Ready Models 8March 2011 Power from the Plug – Electricity as Fuel 10 Clean Technology? – It Depends on the Power 12 Imprint 12ReadyGets Moving to GoThe E-Drive97 percentof daily car journeys in Germany couldalready be driven using an e-car. Picture: DDP/Volker Hartmann; Montage: VIAVISIONAn e-car produces3o percent less CO2compared to a diesel carper one kilometer.
  • 2. 02 March 2011 GENEVA SPECIAL EDITIONReturn of the Feeling of FreedomWorld Premiere of the Volkswagen Bulli in Geneva Volkswagen breathes new life into the classic van loved the world over. The new electric engine micro van concept car is as stylish and as spacious as its predecessor,This car represents the feeling of freedom like no other in this world: yet kinder to the environment.the VW Bus. It debuted in 1950 with its strikingly simple design. Itsinternal code at Volkswagen: T1, Transporter 1. The VW van stands for the spirit of freedom like no other car.The Germans called it the Bulli, the Americans the Microbus. It wasdriven on all continents. Even today, the very first van has a worldwidefan base. Now Volkswagen is interpreting the original compact designof the automobile legend anew and catapulting it into the future – withthe Bulli concept car! Spacious, just like in 1950, brilliant as always andclean like never before.
  • 3. GENEVA SPECIAL EDITION VIAVISION Zero emissions – 29o kilometers with one battery charge Thanks to state-of-the-art engine technology, the Bulli debuting in Geneva is a so-called zero-emissions vehicle because the study is powered electrically and so is local emissions free. The van’s electric engine generates 85 kilowatts and a superior 260 Newton meters of torque. As is usual for this type of drive, maximum power is available right from the start. A 40 kilowatt hour lithium-ion battery supplies the silent engine with energy. This electrifying combination allows for a range of up to 290 kilometers. That’s an awful lot for an electric car. The charging of the Bulli’s battery at an “electric pump” specially designed for electric cars takes less than one hour. The Bulli accelerates from zero to one hundred kilometers per hour in 11.5 seconds; a top speed of 130 kilometers per hour is feasible. Its range and performance commend the compact van not just for short trips; it is perfect for the majority of professional commuters and most leisure activities, without any local emissions. Design – the visual world of a masterpiece Like the old Samba Bus, this Bulli sports a two tone color scheme – silver and red in this case. The “V” on the engine hood is resplendent in silver. Because, unlike the old Samba Bus, which was powered by a boxer engine, the Bulli is unsurprisingly propelled by a drive unit located at the front axle. In this case, it is a compact integral drive that is equipped with an electric engine, a high power motor inverter and a 12 volt DC/DC converter for the vehicle electrical system.
  • 4. 02 March 2011 GENEVA SPECIAL EDITIONInterior – fusion of car and iPadLike the bodywork, the interior is characterized by a degree of claritythat can only be found at Volkswagen. The passenger compartment –flooded with light thanks to its panoramic roof – is full of surprises.Attractive in its versatility: Like the old T1, the Bulli features a bench seatin the front. The van offers room for three more passengers in the back.The highlight in terms of infotainment and entertainment: In the centerconsole is a removable iPadwhich serves as a multifunctio-nal touchscreen. In addition tothe internet based iPadapplications and the mediacenter, it operates functionssuch as the Bluetooth hands-free set and navigation system.The controls for the airconditioning as well as thecentrally located hazard switchare integrated into the iPadmount.CharacteristicsPerformance: 85 kilowatts, 260 Newton meters of torqueRange: Up to 290 kilometersTop speed: 130 kilometers per hourAcceleration: From 0 to 100 in 11.5 secondsBattery: Lithium-ion, 40 kilowatt hoursCharging time: Less than one hour at an electric pump specially designed for electric cars
  • 5. 02 March 2011 GENEVA SPECIAL EDITIONVolts not OilThe E-Car Approaches Mass ProductionThe electric engine is being celebrated as the drive of the future by itsfans. A little known fact: The e-car is not an invention of our time. It hadalready been built five years before the first gasoline car. The top speedfrontier of 100 kilometers was first breached by an electric engine in1889. The combustion engine became predominant in the 20th centurybecause oil became a particularly cheap and energy rich fuel. Todaycircumstances are being reversed: Oil is getting scarcer and moreexpensive; batteries are becoming cheaper and more powerful. This iswhat gives the e-drive the chance to go into mass production after morethan 100 years. German government wants to see one million e-cars on the The streets of Germany by 2020. This would amount to 2.3 percent of the estimated total number of cars. Today the proportion is 0.005 percent. Sources: McKinsey; German Federal Motor Transport AuthorityAiming high: By 2020, the proportion of cars that have an electric engine is expected to be 6.1 percent in France, 5.5 percent in China and 3.5 percent in Japan. Source: McKinseyAverage distance covered per day in Germany: A survey among 1,000 German drivers(in percent) shows that more than 97 percent of daily car journeys are shorter than 150 Average range kilometers. Driving today’s e-cars, this of an e-car range could already be easily covered. 61.1 Source: TÜV Rheinland 29.6 6.6 1.9 0.8 50 kilometers 100 kilometers 150 kilometers 200 kilometers 5
  • 6. GENEVA SPECIAL EDITION VIAVISION State of Affairs Improved Conditions Compared to other nations, there is room for improvement in terms of electric mobility in Germany. Although the German government wants to see a significant increase in the number of e-cars on the streets, it lags behind compared to other countries when it comes to tax benefits and subsidies. However, promising developments in car battery technology are providing positive incentives. Over 150 years the energy density of batteries has improved by a factor of seven and is expected to further increase. Number of passenger cars in Germany by type of fuel: Petrol: 30,505,178 Diesel: 11,266,644 Alternative engines: Hybrid: 37,256 Most of the 42,301,563 cars on German streets are still fueled by petrol. Liquid gas is in the lead in Natural gas: 71,519 terms of alternative fuels. Source: Federal Motor Transport Authority Liquid gas: 418,659 Electric: 2,307 (as of January 2011)6
  • 7. 02 March 2011 GENEVA SPECIAL EDITION E-mobility investments Premiums and tax benefits in research/development: to e-car buyers: (millions of euros) (percentage of new car list price) 22,260 USA 2 3,373 China 11 2,150 France 3 1,390 Spain 7 1,343 UK 9Concerning research,development and 615 Germany 1infrastructure fore-cars, the US is 273 South Korea 1outspending all otherindustrial countries by 241 Japan 15far. Denmark,however, is especially 5 Denmark 36focusing onpurchasing incentives 1 Ireland 13through tax benefits. Source: McKinsey 0 Portugal 11 (Investments until 2015,premiums and tax benefits as of January 2011) 0 Italy 2From lead to lithium-ion – the development of the battery’s energy density:(watt hours per kilogram) + + + + 90-190 240-300 60-120 The energy density of batteries has increased more than sevenfold between the market entry of the lead 25 battery in 1859 and lithium-ion technology. The second generation I I I I of lithium-ion batteries is expected to further increase it. Sources: Pricewaterhouse Coopers; Lead acid Nickel Lithium-ion Lithium-ion Fraunhofer Institute for Systems nd metal hydride 2 generation and Innovation Research 7
  • 8. GENEVA SPECIAL EDITION VIAVISION The New E-Fleet The Biggest Manufacturers’ Market-Ready Models E-drives have been around since the existence of cars. But, given today’s battery technology, its chances of becoming a real alternative to combustion engines for everyday usage are increasing. Even though the e-car is still the exception on the streets, a look at the lineup of the biggest car manufacturers by turnover illustrates what the possibilities of e-mobility will be by 2013. All models drive using a lithium ion battery, some of them are already on sale today. NISSAN MERCEDES-BENZ LEAF VITO E-CELL Range: 160 km Range: 130 km Top speed: 144 km/h Top speed: 80 km/h Charging time: 7 to 8 hours Charging time: 10 to 12 hours Price: Approx. 24,700 euros* Price: Not specified CITROËN FORD C-ZERO FOCUS ELECTRIC Range: 150 km Range: 100 km Top speed: 130 km/h Top speed: 136 km/h Charging time: 6 hours Charging time: 3 to 4 hours Price: Approx. 30,000 euros Price: Not specified MITSUBISHI PEUGEOT RENAULT I-MIEV ION KANGOO RAPID Z.E. Range: 150 km Range: 150 km Range: 160 km Top speed: 130 km/h Top speed: 130 km/h Top speed: 130 km/h Charging time: 6 hours Charging time: 6 hours Charging time: 6 to 8 hours Price: Approx. 35,000 euros Leasing price: Approx. 23,600 euros Price: Approx. 23,800 euros** (mileage: 10,000 km/year) 2009 2010 20118
  • 9. 02 March 2011 GENEVA SPECIAL EDITIONSAIC TOYOTA BMWROEWE E1 RAV EV MEGACITY VEHICLERange: Not specified Range: 160 km Range: Not specifiedTop speed: Not specified Top speed: Not specified Top speed: Not specifiedCharging time: Not specified Charging time: Not specified Charging time: Not specifiedPrice: Not specified Price: Not specified Price: Not specifiedRENAULT TOYOTA MERCEDES-BENZFLUENCE Z.E. IQ-EV*** SLS AMG E-CELLRange: 160 km Range: 80 km Range: 200 kmTop speed: 135 km/h Top speed: 100 km/h Top speed: 250 km/hCharging time: 6 to 8 hours Charging time: 3 to 4 hours Charging time: Not specifiedPrice: Approx. 26,200 euros** Price: Approx. 22,000 euros Price: Not specifiedFIAT RENAULT VOLKSWAGEN500EV ZOE GOLF BLUE-E-MOTIONRange: Not specified Range: 160 km Range: 150 kmTop speed: Not specified Top speed: 140 km/h Top speed: 135 km/hCharging time: Not specified Charging time: 6 to 8 hours Charging time: 6 hoursPrice: Not specified Price: Not specified Price: Not specifiedSMART RENAULT VOLKSWAGENFORTWO ELECTRIC DRIVE TWIZY UP! BLUE-E-MOTIONRange: 135 km Range: 100 km Range: 130 kmTop speed: 100 km/h Top speed: 75 km/h Top speed: 135 km/hCharging time: 8 hours Charging time: 3.5 hours Charging time: 5 to 6 hoursLeasing price: Approx. 33,600 euros Price: Not specified Price: Not specified(mileage: 60,000 km/year)2012 2013 Sources: company data; this list does not claim to be exhaustive * US market price ** not including battery leasing *** provisional data 9
  • 10. GENEVA SPECIAL EDITION VIAVISION Power from the Plug Electricity as Fuel Nothing works without electricity: making coffee, charging mobile phones – and soon driving a car too? To make use of the electric drive in everyday life comfortably, there has to be a comprehensive network of electricity service stations. Even before thinking about the development of such infrastructure, the question arises as to how the electricity actually gets into the car. So far, there are different opinions about what service station 2.0 should look like and which system will prevail. Private access Here, a garage is turned into a service station: The e-car is plugged into a domestic socket and is charged like an MP3 player. Picture: DDP/Sascha Schuermann + Comprehensive distribution: Everyone has got sockets at home. – Long charging time: It takes approximately six to eight hours to charge the battery from a standard 230 volt domestic power socket.  majority of the 2,307 electric car drivers in Germany are The currently charging their car at home during the night and someti- mes at work, too – that is whenever the car is stationary for a long time. Sources: German Federal Motor Transport Authority; LEM net; Süddeutsche Zeitung Battery exchange stations The car is driven onto a platform. The empty battery is automatically taken out from below and replaced with a charged one. + Virtually no waiting time: Exchanging the battery only takes about a minute. – High cost: Since different electric car models use different batteries, every exchange station has to have a supply of all the different batteries – an expensive system. There are currently no public battery exchange stations. So far the concept has been tested using a taxi fleet in Tokyo which employed the battery exchange as the main means for charging. A similar field test is planned for San Francisco. Source: Better Place10
  • 11. 02 March 2011 GENEVA SPECIAL EDITIONPublic charging stationsPetrol stations, restaurants and shopping centers are setting up fueldispensers from which electricity can be extracted.+ An option for quick charging: It takes about 30 to 60 minutes to charge the car for a range of 100 kilometers – significantly less compared to the domestic power socket because of the higher voltage. However, it would then require a special adapter for use at home.– No standard for plugs: Not every e-car can be charged at every station because there are so many different plugs and power sockets. Picture: DDP/Jörg KochToday in Germany there are more than 900 public electricity servicestations and counting. About half of them are charging stations run bylarge network providers like RWE or Vattenfall, a quarter belongs torestaurants and other companies. The other quarter is operated byprivate individuals. Sources: LEM net; Süddeutsche ZeitungElectricity consumption in GermanyThe current fleet of 2,307 e-cars can easily be powered by the Germanpower network. National power consumption would grow by 0.5 percentshould the fleet grow to one million, as planned by the Germangovernment. otal gross power generation amounted to 620.8 terawatt hours in  T Germany. 603 terawatt hours were consumed while the rest went abroad. Using the exported 17 terawatt hours about eight million e-cars could be powered. Source: Federal Ministry of Economics and TechnologyOne million e-cars would need two to three terawatt hours per year. The additional demand would therefore amount to no more than 0.5 percent of the power currently produced – no problem for existing power plants. Source: Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research further 70 to 90 terawatt hours of electricity would be needed if the A total German passenger car fleet would be powered by electric engines. In this case new power sources would have to be developed. The additional power demand approximately equals the amount of electricity produced by eight large power plants. Source: Technology Review 11
  • 12. GENEVA SPECIAL EDITION VIAVISION Clean Technology? It Depends on the Power E-cars do not themselves emit CO2. This gives them a reputation of being a clean means of transportation. How environmental friendly the car really is though is actually determined by how the power it is charged with was produced – the amount of carbon dioxide emitted varies with different means of production. CO2 emissions for different kinds of fuel: (grams per kilometer) Charged with the current energy mix in Germany, an e-car emits significantly less carbon dioxide than a diesel car. Most environmentally friendly is the CO2 footprint of the e-car charged with electricity from renewable energy sources. These values describe the fuel’s CO2 emissions from its production to its combustion (Well-to-Wheel). Source: ADAC Biodiesel* Petrol Diesel Liquid gas up to 190 161 155 138 Natural gas Energy mix Energy from 122 Germany renewable sources 110 10 * The amount of CO2 emitted during combustion depends on the raw material the biodiesel is produced from (like soy, rape or algae). Imprint V.i.S.d.P. (Person responsible according to the German press law) Published by Verlag Rommerskirchen GmbH & Co. KG www.viavision.org.uk, www.viavision.org Stephan Grühsem, Leiter Konzern Mainzer Straße 16 -18, Rolandshof, Kommunikation; Peter Thul, Leiter Kommuni- 53424 Remagen, Phone: 02228/931- 0 Edited by kation Marke & Produkt www.rommerskirchen.com Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Konzern Kommunikation Editorial staff Lena Höflich, Stefanie Huland, Printed by Brieffach 1972, 38436 Wolfsburg Adrienne-Janine Marske, Kathi Preppner L.N. Schaffrath GmbH Phone: 05361/9-77604, Fax: 05361/9-74629 Kontakt: redaktion@viavision.org Marktweg 42-50, 47608 Geldern12