Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive

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The Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive or RoHS, sometimes prounounced 'ross' or 'rose' depending on which manufacturer or distributor you are talking to or in what country.

RoHS is a European Union (EU) directive and came into effect on 1 July 2006. The EU has banned the use of six environmentally unfriendly materials from nearly all new electrical and electronics products developed for the European market.

Who cares?

In this presentation I consider why it does matter from the point of view of a manufacturer of electronics products, and from the point of view of you and I, i.e. consumers of electrical and electronics products and the public at large.

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Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive

  1. 1. Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive Image: European Commission Jacqueline McNally 19 August 2006
  2. 2. What is the RoHS Directive? Image: Tim Lindgren Why Does It Matter?
  3. 3. Electrical and Electronic Equipment covered by RoHS Equipment, “which is dependent on electric current or electromagnetic fields in order to work properly, and equipment for the generation, transfer and measurement of such Images: BurningWell.org currents and fields” (European Commission 2006)
  4. 4. Products Outside the Scope of RoHS Teddy with battery: Home Security Store Early Victa Mower: National Museum Canberra Gas Cooker with electric clock: Yahoo! Shopping Nail Gun: Ebay.com.au Air Compressor: Ebay.com.au (pinnacle-wholesalers) (pinnacle-wholesalers)
  5. 5. Regulation Restricts Six Hazardous Substances Lead (Pb) Mercury (Hg) Hexavalent chromium (CrVI) Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) Cadmium (Cd) (Roos 2006)
  6. 6. RoHS Maximum Concentration Levels Less than or equal to Lead (Pb) 1,000 ppm Mercury (Hg) 1,000 ppm Hexavalent chromium (CrVI) 1,000 ppm Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) 1,000 ppm Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) 1,000 ppm Cadmium (Cd) 100 ppm (Roos 2006)
  7. 7. Additionally Included, Not Included and Exemptions Does the Pipe Organ have a Future? EU Commission confirms that the Pipe Organ is not a threat to the environment ........... 27th June 2006 Campaign Victory Image: Defending the Pipe Organ 2006
  8. 8. Homogeneous Material A material that can not be mechanically disjointed into different materials. “homogeneous” means “of uniform composition ● throughout” “mechanically disjointed” means that the materials ● can, in principle, be separated by mechanical actions such as: unscrewing, cutting, crushing, grinding and abrasive processes
  9. 9. Computer Board ISA-buss multi-function card (IDE, floppy, serial, parallel, games) ribbon cable semi-c0nductor printed circuit board connector Image: BurningWell.org
  10. 10. “RoHS seems like a plan to make people feel good rather than to accomplish much worthwhile. These days, you just don't find that much hazardous material in electronic equipment. People want to get lead out of electronics, but there's a bigger lead issue -- vehicle batteries. About 90% of lead production goes into these batteries.” (Online EE Forum 2006)
  11. 11. “Lead has already been removed from paint and from gasoline. It was only a matter of time before the electronics manufacturing process went lead-free.” (Erdman 2006)
  12. 12. Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)Directive Prevention of waste ● electrical and electronic equipment Promote the reuse, ● Image: Mark Dempsey recycling and other forms of recovery of such wastes so as to reduce disposal. (European Commission 2006)
  13. 13. “Most Americans get a new cell phone every year.” “Cell phones, along with digital music players, computers, electronic organizers, digital cameras, and just about anything else you can think of are not made to last more than a few years.” Photography: Jacqueline McNally (The Green Life 2006)
  14. 14. John Klossner Cartoons
  15. 15. Manufacturer
  16. 16. What You Can Do? Buy Less ● Buy Green ● Donate ● Recycle ● Photography: Jacqueline McNally
  17. 17. John Klossner Cartoons
  18. 18. Bibliography Conner, M., 2006, 'Beyond RoHS: The Greening of Global Markets', EDN, 20 July, p. 38. Defending the Pipe Organ, 2006, 'Does the Pipe Organ have a Future?', [Online], Available from: <http://www.pipes4organs.org/> [16 October 2006]. Dempsey, P., 2006, 'Lead-free but not problem free', Electronic Engineering Times, [Online], Available from: < http://www.edatechforum.com/journal/sept2006/lead_free_intro.cfm> [16 October 2006]. Dempsey, M., 2006, 'The WEEE Directive: UK Experience', [Online], Available from: <http://www.aeema.asn.au/ArticleDocuments/41/Mark% 20Dempsey%20Presentation.ppt> [16 October 2006]. Erdman, J., 2005, 'Getting the lead out of electronics', [Online], Available from: <http://www.standards.org.au/cat.asp?catid=125&contentid=176&News=1> [16 October 2006]. European Commission, 2006, Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment, [Online], Available from: <http://eur- lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32002L0095:EN:HT ML> [19 October 2006]. Photography: Jacqueline McNally
  19. 19. Bibliography European Commission, 2006, Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), [Online], Available from: <http://eur- lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32002L0096:EN:HT ML> [19 October 2006]. European Commission, 2006, Frequently Asked Questions on Directive 2002/95/EC on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment (RoHS) and Directive 2002/96/EC on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE), [Online], Available from: <http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/pdf/faq_weee.pdf>[19 October 2006]. E2E Forums, 2006, Design News, [Online], Available from: < http://rbi.ims.ca/4932-506>[16 October 2006]. King, W. M., 2006, 'RoHS Compatibilities: RoHS-compliancy is just one of the design issues', Design News, [Online], Available from: <http://www.designnews.com/article/CA6351091.html?text=RoHS% 2Dcompliancy> [16 October 2006]. Howard, C. E., 2006, 'Electronics designers grapple with lead-free solder guidelines', Military & Aerospace Electronics, [Online], Available from: <http://mae.pennnet.com/articles/article_display.cfm?Section=ARCHI&C =Feat&ARTICLE_ID=262074&KEYWORDS=lead%2Dfree%20solder% 20guidelines&p=32> [16 October 2006]. Image: The Green Life
  20. 20. Bibliography Magnusson, J., 2006, 'The Guide to the Green Life: Don't be an E-Waster', [Online], Available from: <http://www.thegreenlife.org/ewaste.html> [16 October 2006]. Maxianova, K. & Rusche, T. M. 2006, 'Restriction of Hazardous Substances: On the Need for and the Limits of Comitology', RECIEL, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 202-210. Roos, G., 2006, 'Design Priorities Shift in a Post-RoHS World', Electronic Engineering Times, 21 Aug, p. 1. Image: Mark Dempsey

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