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    Shakespeare Shakespeare Presentation Transcript

    • Shakespeare
      Zeng Fan Pu (32)
    • Shakespeare
      Shakespeare was an English poet, baptised in in 1564 and died in 1616. His exact birth date is unknown.
      Widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language
      Shakespeare was a respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his reputation did not rise to its present heights until the 19th century.
      His plays still remain highly popular today, and is still being performed, studied and reinterpreted.
    • Shakespeare’s Early Life
      Little was known about Shakespeare’s early life
      Born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon
      Most likely educated at the King’s New School
      Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway when he was 18, and had 3 children, one of which died of an unknown cause
      Between 1585 and 1592, Shakespeare left few historical traces, and these years are referred to as Shakespeare’s “lost years”.
    • Shakespeare’s Life as a Poet and Playwright
      It is not known when Shakespeare began writing, but records of performances show that several of his plays were staged by 1592
      Among his surviving works, there are 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems and several other poems
      Shakespeare’s plays were performed by the Lord Chamberlain Men, later known as King’s Men, a company owned by players including himself
      This was how he eventually become wealthy
      He owned the second largest house in Stratford
    • England During Shakespeare’s Time
      • Shakespeare lived in the Elizabethan Age, when Queen Elizabeth I was ruling England
      • During that time, England was a very rich city, and traded with many countries
    • Significant Historical Events in the 16th Century
      1502: First African slaves in America
      1503: Leonardo da Vinci starts painting Mona Lisa and finishes it 3-4 years later
      1512: Copernicus believes that the Sun is in the center of the Solar System
      1548: Ming Dynasty government of China bans all foreign trade and closes all seaports
      1557: Spain became first sovereign country in history to declare bankruptcy
      1563:Plague outbreak in England, kills 80,000
    • Social Systems in the Elizabethan Era
      They had a strong sense of social class – belonging to a certain group because of wealth, fame, ancestry, occupation
      The social classes are:
      The Nobility
      By being born into a noble family, or from grant from the king or queen
      The Gentry
      Includes knights, squires, gentlemen, and gentlewoman who do not do manual work for a living
      The Yeomanry
      Lived simply, differs from the gentry on how they spent their welath
      The Poor
      Bottom of the social ladder – the sick, disabled, old, people who refuse to work
    • Theatres in the Elizabethan Era
      Open air theatres
      Timber framed
      Plays then were seen as disposable entertainment
    • Shakespeare’s Influence on the English Language
      During the Elizabethan Era, there were no grammer and rules in English. Shakespeare’s works contributed greatly to the standardization of English when they became popular in the late seventeenth century.
      Shakespeare introduced many new words and phrases into the English language, known as Shakespearean words.
      Some examples of Shakespeare’s original phrases are  "seen better days, full circle, a sorry sight," and "strange bedfellows“.
    • The Renaissance
      Renaissance means “rebirth” in French
      It is a cultural movement from the 14th-17th century, which began in Florence, Tuscany in the Late Middle Ages
      A rebirth of classical knowledge, learning and art, breaking away from the ideology on the absolute power of God, which the Catholic Church enforces on
    • Significant Events during the Renaissance
      1348- Black Death
      1450-Printing press begins in Europe
      1500-The Reformation
      1545-The Counter-Reformation
      1564-1642-Galileo Galilei
      1564-1612-William Shakespeare
      1573-1610-Michelangelo Merisida Caravaggio
      1600-Formation of the British East India Company
      During this period, there was also an event known as The Enlightenment, where reason based scientific theory explained things instead of religious beliefs
    • How did the Renaissance influence Shakespeare’s work?
      Much of his work were influenced by the huge cultural shifts during his lifetime
      He was one of the first to bring the core values of the Renaissance into the theatre
      Playwrights like him found more freedom to be inquisitive and think differently, which influenced his works
      Shakespeare’s characters are thus always psychologically very complex
      Shakespeare also explored the humanity
      of his characters, and even monarchs are given emotions and are prone to making mistakes
      Shakespeare included the element of Greek and Roman classics in his plays, whose texts used to be suppressed by the Catholic church.