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  1. 1. Shakespeare<br />Zeng Fan Pu (32)<br />2P3<br />
  2. 2. Shakespeare<br />Shakespeare was an English poet, baptised in in 1564 and died in 1616. His exact birth date is unknown.<br />Widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language<br />Shakespeare was a respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his reputation did not rise to its present heights until the 19th century.<br />His plays still remain highly popular today, and is still being performed, studied and reinterpreted.<br />
  3. 3. Shakespeare’s Early Life<br />Little was known about Shakespeare’s early life<br />Born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon<br />Most likely educated at the King’s New School<br />Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway when he was 18, and had 3 children, one of which died of an unknown cause<br />Between 1585 and 1592, Shakespeare left few historical traces, and these years are referred to as Shakespeare’s “lost years”.<br />
  4. 4. Shakespeare’s Life as a Poet and Playwright<br />It is not known when Shakespeare began writing, but records of performances show that several of his plays were staged by 1592<br />Among his surviving works, there are 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems and several other poems<br />Shakespeare’s plays were performed by the Lord Chamberlain Men, later known as King’s Men, a company owned by players including himself<br />This was how he eventually become wealthy<br />He owned the second largest house in Stratford<br />
  5. 5. England During Shakespeare’s Time<br /><ul><li>Shakespeare lived in the Elizabethan Age, when Queen Elizabeth I was ruling England
  6. 6. During that time, England was a very rich city, and traded with many countries</li></li></ul><li>Significant Historical Events in the 16th Century<br />1502: First African slaves in America<br />1503: Leonardo da Vinci starts painting Mona Lisa and finishes it 3-4 years later<br />1512: Copernicus believes that the Sun is in the center of the Solar System<br />1548: Ming Dynasty government of China bans all foreign trade and closes all seaports<br />1557: Spain became first sovereign country in history to declare bankruptcy<br />1563:Plague outbreak in England, kills 80,000<br />
  7. 7. Social Systems in the Elizabethan Era<br />They had a strong sense of social class – belonging to a certain group because of wealth, fame, ancestry, occupation<br />The social classes are:<br />The Nobility<br />By being born into a noble family, or from grant from the king or queen<br />The Gentry<br />Includes knights, squires, gentlemen, and gentlewoman who do not do manual work for a living<br />The Yeomanry<br />Lived simply, differs from the gentry on how they spent their welath<br />The Poor<br />Bottom of the social ladder – the sick, disabled, old, people who refuse to work<br />
  8. 8. Theatres in the Elizabethan Era<br />Open air theatres<br />Timber framed<br />Plays then were seen as disposable entertainment<br />
  9. 9. Shakespeare’s Influence on the English Language<br />During the Elizabethan Era, there were no grammer and rules in English. Shakespeare’s works contributed greatly to the standardization of English when they became popular in the late seventeenth century.<br />Shakespeare introduced many new words and phrases into the English language, known as Shakespearean words.<br />Some examples of Shakespeare’s original phrases are  "seen better days, full circle, a sorry sight," and "strange bedfellows“.<br />
  10. 10. The Renaissance<br />Renaissance means “rebirth” in French<br />It is a cultural movement from the 14th-17th century, which began in Florence, Tuscany in the Late Middle Ages<br />A rebirth of classical knowledge, learning and art, breaking away from the ideology on the absolute power of God, which the Catholic Church enforces on<br />
  11. 11. Significant Events during the Renaissance<br />1348- Black Death<br />1450-Printing press begins in Europe<br />1500-The Reformation<br />1545-The Counter-Reformation<br />1564-1642-Galileo Galilei<br />1564-1612-William Shakespeare<br />1573-1610-Michelangelo Merisida Caravaggio<br />1600-Formation of the British East India Company<br />During this period, there was also an event known as The Enlightenment, where reason based scientific theory explained things instead of religious beliefs<br />
  12. 12. How did the Renaissance influence Shakespeare’s work?<br />Much of his work were influenced by the huge cultural shifts during his lifetime<br />He was one of the first to bring the core values of the Renaissance into the theatre<br />Playwrights like him found more freedom to be inquisitive and think differently, which influenced his works<br />Shakespeare’s characters are thus always psychologically very complex<br />Shakespeare also explored the humanity<br /> of his characters, and even monarchs are given emotions and are prone to making mistakes<br />Shakespeare included the element of Greek and Roman classics in his plays, whose texts used to be suppressed by the Catholic church.<br />