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Shakespeare Shakespeare Presentation Transcript

  • Shakespeare
    Zeng Fan Pu (32)
  • Shakespeare
    Shakespeare was an English poet, baptised in in 1564 and died in 1616. His exact birth date is unknown.
    Widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language
    Shakespeare was a respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his reputation did not rise to its present heights until the 19th century.
    His plays still remain highly popular today, and is still being performed, studied and reinterpreted.
  • Shakespeare’s Early Life
    Little was known about Shakespeare’s early life
    Born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon
    Most likely educated at the King’s New School
    Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway when he was 18, and had 3 children, one of which died of an unknown cause
    Between 1585 and 1592, Shakespeare left few historical traces, and these years are referred to as Shakespeare’s “lost years”.
  • Shakespeare’s Life as a Poet and Playwright
    It is not known when Shakespeare began writing, but records of performances show that several of his plays were staged by 1592
    Among his surviving works, there are 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems and several other poems
    Shakespeare’s plays were performed by the Lord Chamberlain Men, later known as King’s Men, a company owned by players including himself
    This was how he eventually become wealthy
    He owned the second largest house in Stratford
  • England During Shakespeare’s Time
    • Shakespeare lived in the Elizabethan Age, when Queen Elizabeth I was ruling England
    • During that time, England was a very rich city, and traded with many countries
  • Significant Historical Events in the 16th Century
    1502: First African slaves in America
    1503: Leonardo da Vinci starts painting Mona Lisa and finishes it 3-4 years later
    1512: Copernicus believes that the Sun is in the center of the Solar System
    1548: Ming Dynasty government of China bans all foreign trade and closes all seaports
    1557: Spain became first sovereign country in history to declare bankruptcy
    1563:Plague outbreak in England, kills 80,000
  • Social Systems in the Elizabethan Era
    They had a strong sense of social class – belonging to a certain group because of wealth, fame, ancestry, occupation
    The social classes are:
    The Nobility
    By being born into a noble family, or from grant from the king or queen
    The Gentry
    Includes knights, squires, gentlemen, and gentlewoman who do not do manual work for a living
    The Yeomanry
    Lived simply, differs from the gentry on how they spent their welath
    The Poor
    Bottom of the social ladder – the sick, disabled, old, people who refuse to work
  • Theatres in the Elizabethan Era
    Open air theatres
    Timber framed
    Plays then were seen as disposable entertainment
  • Shakespeare’s Influence on the English Language
    During the Elizabethan Era, there were no grammer and rules in English. Shakespeare’s works contributed greatly to the standardization of English when they became popular in the late seventeenth century.
    Shakespeare introduced many new words and phrases into the English language, known as Shakespearean words.
    Some examples of Shakespeare’s original phrases are  "seen better days, full circle, a sorry sight," and "strange bedfellows“.
  • The Renaissance
    Renaissance means “rebirth” in French
    It is a cultural movement from the 14th-17th century, which began in Florence, Tuscany in the Late Middle Ages
    A rebirth of classical knowledge, learning and art, breaking away from the ideology on the absolute power of God, which the Catholic Church enforces on
  • Significant Events during the Renaissance
    1348- Black Death
    1450-Printing press begins in Europe
    1500-The Reformation
    1545-The Counter-Reformation
    1564-1642-Galileo Galilei
    1564-1612-William Shakespeare
    1573-1610-Michelangelo Merisida Caravaggio
    1600-Formation of the British East India Company
    During this period, there was also an event known as The Enlightenment, where reason based scientific theory explained things instead of religious beliefs
  • How did the Renaissance influence Shakespeare’s work?
    Much of his work were influenced by the huge cultural shifts during his lifetime
    He was one of the first to bring the core values of the Renaissance into the theatre
    Playwrights like him found more freedom to be inquisitive and think differently, which influenced his works
    Shakespeare’s characters are thus always psychologically very complex
    Shakespeare also explored the humanity
    of his characters, and even monarchs are given emotions and are prone to making mistakes
    Shakespeare included the element of Greek and Roman classics in his plays, whose texts used to be suppressed by the Catholic church.