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Comparing and Re-Conceptualizing Journalism in the 21st Century

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Ecrea A

  1. 1. Comparing and Re-Conceptualizing Journalism in the 21st Century. A Critical Cosmopolitan View or a History of Repeating? Thomas Petzold
  2. 2. <ul><li>Violence Profiles of three news cultures </li></ul><ul><li>most watched TV-News in </li></ul><ul><li>Germany … Tagesschau (ARD) </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain … Ten O‘Clock News (BBC) </li></ul><ul><li>Russia … Vremja (1st Russian Channel) </li></ul><ul><li>Violence Definition </li></ul><ul><li>“ A violent act is any action of physical force, with or without a weapon, used against oneself or another person, where there is an intent to harm, whether carried through or merely attempted and whether the action caused injury or not.” </li></ul><ul><li>Communications Research Group </li></ul>
  3. 3. in % of all news topics, n=124;126;114 Topic Agenda Correlation Spearman-Ranking-Coefficient Strongest correlation (.61, p<.01) Tagesschau and 10 O‘Clock Weakest (.45) Tagesschau and Vremja Topic Agenda event-sampling Tagesschau State/Party 17 Economy 13 Health/Social 13 Vremja State/Party 28 Human-Interest 12 Violence 11 10 O‘Clock State/Party 15 Law 10 Crime 5
  4. 4. Violence news topics <ul><li>Great Britain </li></ul><ul><li>26% on Crime </li></ul><ul><li>21% on War </li></ul><ul><li>20% on Accidents </li></ul><ul><li>14% on Natural Disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul><ul><li>47% on Crime </li></ul><ul><li>25% on Accidents </li></ul><ul><li>21% on Civil Unrest/Strife </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>40% on War </li></ul><ul><li>40% on Civil Unrest/Strife </li></ul><ul><li>15% on Terrorism </li></ul>NB: add to 100%: Others
  5. 5. International Violence-News-Flow Transcultural News-Item = News topic to be found in at least two news cultures on the same day
  6. 6. Key Visuals identical visual elements across media or news cultures Aftermath of an assassination attempt on US-Vice-President Cheney in Afghanistan
  7. 7. Differences in violence news reportings - location
  8. 8. Differences in violence news reportings - explicitness Discussion of a Violence-on-TV-Law in Russia since 1998 Dec 98: Oleg Finko, then Head of the Duma-Commitee on Information- and Network Politics, founded a project to reduce violence and perversion on TV … Nov 04: State Duma accepts amendments to a state law that prohibits the depiction of dead bodies, murder scenes and violence on Russian TV from 7AM to 10PM President Putin vetos against the amendments because “the prohibition includes a lot of children films as well as movies about heroic deeds and bravery of our compatriots“ Mai 05: State Duma rejects the amendments and closes the case for further proofs Codes of Practice influ- encing violence intensity? Editorial Guidelines BBC (Great Britain) “ When real life violence, or its aftermath, is shown on television or reported on radio and online we need to strike a balance between the demands of accuracy and the dangers of desensitisation or unjustified distress.“ §11 State Treaty on Broadcasting ARD (Germany) “ Violence must not be played down nor glorified.“
  9. 9. Differences in violence news reportings – interpretations of events <ul><li>Demonstration in St. Petersburg/Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Russian Framing vs. German Framing </li></ul>
  10. 10. Journalism Repertoires cosmopolitanised <ul><li>Audience & Amateur Participation </li></ul><ul><li>?: How can we understand in the new mobile net world what publics bring to and take away from the new plethora of violent images that saturate the media? (Violence definition, Blogs, Medienrepertoire) </li></ul><ul><li>… New Repertoire of Selection Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Complexities of interconnectedness </li></ul><ul><li>?: We know that the media hold institutions to account, yet what media hold international settlements to account? </li></ul><ul><li>… New Responsibilities </li></ul>