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I. Intro to Reactions Chp 11: Chemical Reactions
A.Signs of a Chemical Reaction <ul><li>Evolution of heat and light </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of a gas </li></ul><ul><li>...
B.Law of Conservation of Mass <ul><li>mass is neither created nor destroyed in a chemical reaction </li></ul>4 H 2 O 4 H 2...
C. Chemical Equations <ul><li>A+B     C+D </li></ul>REACTANTS PRODUCTS
C. Chemical Equations
D. Writing Equations <ul><li>Identify the substances involved. </li></ul><ul><li>Use symbols to show: </li></ul>2H 2 ( g )...
D. Writing Equations <ul><li>Two atoms of aluminum react with three units of aqueous copper(II) chloride to produce three ...
E. Describing Equations <ul><li>Describing Coefficients : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>individual atom = “atom” </li></ul></ul><u...
E. Describing Equations <ul><li>to produce </li></ul><ul><li>How many? </li></ul><ul><li>Of what? </li></ul><ul><li>In wha...
II. Balancing Equations Chp 11: – Chemical Reactions
A. Balancing Steps <ul><li>1. Write the unbalanced equation. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Count atoms on each side. </li></ul><ul>...
B. Helpful Tips <ul><li>Balance one element at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>Update ALL atom counts after adding a coefficient...
C. Balancing Example <ul><li>Aluminum and copper(II) chloride react to form copper and aluminum chloride.  </li></ul>1  1 ...
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Write & balance rxns

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Transcript of "Write & balance rxns"

  1. 1. I. Intro to Reactions Chp 11: Chemical Reactions
  2. 2. A.Signs of a Chemical Reaction <ul><li>Evolution of heat and light </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of a gas </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of a precipitate </li></ul><ul><li>Color change </li></ul>
  3. 3. B.Law of Conservation of Mass <ul><li>mass is neither created nor destroyed in a chemical reaction </li></ul>4 H 2 O 4 H 2 O 4 g 32 g 36 g <ul><li>total mass stays the same </li></ul><ul><li>atoms can only rearrange </li></ul>
  4. 4. C. Chemical Equations <ul><li>A+B  C+D </li></ul>REACTANTS PRODUCTS
  5. 5. C. Chemical Equations
  6. 6. D. Writing Equations <ul><li>Identify the substances involved. </li></ul><ul><li>Use symbols to show: </li></ul>2H 2 ( g ) + O 2 ( g )  2H 2 O( g ) <ul><ul><li>How many? - coefficient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of what? - chemical formula </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In what state? - physical state </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remember the diatomic elements. </li></ul>
  7. 7. D. Writing Equations <ul><li>Two atoms of aluminum react with three units of aqueous copper(II) chloride to produce three atoms of copper and two units of aqueous aluminum chloride. </li></ul><ul><li>How many? </li></ul><ul><li>Of what? </li></ul><ul><li>In what state? </li></ul>Al 2 ( s ) + 3 CuCl 2 ( aq )  3 Cu ( s ) + 2 AlCl 3 ( aq )
  8. 8. E. Describing Equations <ul><li>Describing Coefficients : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>individual atom = “atom” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>covalent substance = “molecule” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ionic substance = “unit” </li></ul></ul>3 molecules of carbon dioxide 2 atoms of magnesium 4 units of magnesium oxide 3CO 2  2Mg  4MgO 
  9. 9. E. Describing Equations <ul><li>to produce </li></ul><ul><li>How many? </li></ul><ul><li>Of what? </li></ul><ul><li>In what state? </li></ul>Zn( s ) + 2HCl( aq )  ZnCl 2 ( aq ) + H 2 ( g ) One atom of solid zinc reacts with two molecules of aqueous hydrochloric acid one unit of aqueous zinc chloride and one molecule of hydrogen gas.
  10. 10. II. Balancing Equations Chp 11: – Chemical Reactions
  11. 11. A. Balancing Steps <ul><li>1. Write the unbalanced equation. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Count atoms on each side. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Add coefficients to make #s equal. </li></ul><ul><li>Coefficient  subscript = # of atoms </li></ul><ul><li>4. Reduce coefficients to lowest possible ratio, if necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Double check atom balance!!! </li></ul>
  12. 12. B. Helpful Tips <ul><li>Balance one element at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>Update ALL atom counts after adding a coefficient. </li></ul><ul><li>If an element appears more than once per side, balance it last. </li></ul><ul><li>Balance polyatomic ions as single units. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“1 SO 4 ” instead of “1 S” and “4 O” </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. C. Balancing Example <ul><li>Aluminum and copper(II) chloride react to form copper and aluminum chloride. </li></ul>1 1 1 1 2 3 2  3  6   3 3 3 2 2  2  6 Al + CuCl 2  Cu + AlCl 3 Al Cu Cl
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