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World requires no UN nations


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  • 1. World requires s UN.
  • 2. The United Nations • Founded in 1945 to replace league of nations. • Peacekeeping and Collective Security. • Low point in the 1980s during the Cold War.
  • 4. • SOUTH AFRICA-RWANDAN GENOCIDE Preventing another round of genocidal violence in central Africa is one of the UN's greatest challenges. • Following the Rwandan Civil War in the early 1990s, tensions between two ethnic groups, the Hutu and the Tutsis, were at a dangerous high. • In January 1994, the UN security council largely ignored the cable referring to the forthcoming threat of genocides by Hutu mobs on Tutsi minorities. • On April 6th, 1994 death of Hutu president Juvnal Habyarimana in a plane crash.
  • 5. • SOUTH AFRICA-RWANDAN GENOCIDE Most shocking Genocide failure of UN. • Most shocking in this series of events is the abandonment of a school by Belgian peacekeepers after 10 soldiers were murdered. • 2,500 UN peacekeepers in Rwanda at the time were withdrawn after the deaths of 10 Belgian soldiers • Bill Clinton wanted to preserve his reputation and didn’t want American troops to be killed. • UN was unprepared and unorganized • Humanitarian food relief was intercepted by militias.
  • 6. 1990s • Child sex abuse scandal
  • 7. • Child sex abuse scandal The Blue Helmets(UN Peacekeepers represents stability and safety)= False • In 1990s, Reports from Bosnia, Kosovo, Cambodia, Haiti and Mozambique revealed a shocking trend of rapid rise in child prostitution. • Soldiers claiming sexual relationship with children by rewarding candy or small sums of money • In 2006, Senior UN officials said that 319 soldiers, police or civilians serving on mission have been investigated and 180 have been dismissed or repatriate but never prosecuted.
  • 8. • Child sex abuse scandal UN Peacekeeping personnel are perceived as doing more harm than good. • In 2004, A 14-year-old girl was interviewed by the BBC described how she was abducted and raped inside a UN naval base in Haiti. • According to a report by one international group in 2004, UN staffers from morocco were found to made 82 local women and girls pregnant . • Under UN regulations, servicemen and women can only be prosecuted in their home countries, not in the country where they are serving. • And the UN was also afraid to take any actions against the alleged soldiers because, that will spoil the reputation and prohibit others to join peacekeeping forces.
  • 9. 1994-1995 • SREBRENICA MASSACRE
  • 10. • Srebrenica Massacre The fall of Srebrenica: Damaging symbol of the UN failure. • Since world war II, Bosnian war massacre was the single worst act of mass murder on European soil. • After UN designated Srebrenica a safezone in 1993, an ethnic cleansing campaign led by the Serbs targeted the Bosniaks(a largely muslim community.) • In July, The Serbs then surrounded the so called “safe-zone” and invaded the area forcing the small UN team back.
  • 11. • Srebrenica Massacre ''The tragedy of Srebrenica will haunt our history forever.” • Despite 600 Dutch soldiers(UN peacekeeping force) present entered the camp raping Bosniak women and murdering freely while the Dutch peacekeepers did absolutely nothing. • This clearly demonstrated the inadequacy of the entire approach and try to remain idle in a conflict. • The UN security council members refused to sent enough troops to do the job and sent 7,400 when wanted 34,000 by Boutros-Ghali (Sec. General, UN) • The main culprits of the Bosnia’s Genocide were political and military leaders, Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic.
  • 12. The United Nations fail to keep their agenda of peacekeeping and the concept of collective security.
  • 13. References: