Cloning ….. process of genetically creating
an identical copy of an organism
Organism with same DNA as that of donor
Developing embryo for stem cells
DNA is replicated using viruses
Combination of reproductive and therapeutic cloning for
body part replacement
The cloning debate has also been reinforced with
ethical, religious, scientific, moral, medical issues
Carries a high risk of abnormality in the resulting child.
Put both the cell donor and the birth mother at risk.
High failure rate( Dolly: 1 out of 276 attempts ).
Telomere length, result in short life span.
Often have large organs during their birth. "Large
•Health risks from mutated genes
•Unstable immune system
Possible miscarriage or still birth
Difficulties of enforcing laws:
Property problem of donor and clones
Kinship of offspring
• Genetically identical with another person
• Feeling of less uniqueness
• The most accurate human identity diagnosis will
fail (e.g. DNA profile, fingerprints)
• Psychological: Growing up knowing yourself to
be a genetic copy of someone
Cloning could lead to extinction
If every one has the same type of genes there is a risk of
getting infected by the same type of pathogen.
• lack of diversity amongst the human population. The
natural process of evolution will be halted,
If clones were manufactured to be perfect, would all
imperfect real-humans become the minority
lead to an overpopulated planet ..less resources.. More
Cloning ……. involves throwing away some fertilized embryos
Doctors might use clones as sources for organs for organ
Clone will be treated as property which can be sold to anybody else.
Human trade will rise when average people can make good money
human being should be a product (like packets of soup from a
factory), or a tool (produced in a workshop)
selling humans is unethical, inhumane and immoral.