Smart Cities are the Internet of Things


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Presentation given by Zach at the Smart City session of IoT Week Helsinki 2013.

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Smart Cities are the Internet of Things

  1. 1. 1©Sensinode 2013June 20th, 2013Smart Cities are the Internet of ThingsZach Shelby, Chief Nerd©Sensinode 2013
  2. 2. 2©Sensinode 2013About SensinodeVision•The Internet of Things (IoT) is the next evolution of the Internet where devices of alltypes and capabilities are Internet accessible. IP-based Web Services will be the drivingforce behind the global growth and demand for the IoT.Mission•To be the leading provider of software solutions to enable the Internet of Things rapidlyand cost-effectivelyHeritage• Leading supplier of end-to-end IoT software solutions since 2006• Led the creation of 6LoWPAN and CoAP• Key contributor to IETF, ZigBee, ETSI standardization efforts• Company founders wrote first drafts on IP/Web over low power RF in 2002• Founding member of IPSO (IP for Smart Objects) Alliance6LoWPAN / CoRE
  3. 3. 3©Sensinode 2013Mega-trends in IoT for Smart Cities• Developed Cities = Retrofit e.g. lighting and meter upgrades, better transportation• Developing Cities = Unlimited potential China: 400 Million people in 15 years to cities that don’t exist Digital and Ecological cities, e.g. DigiEcoCity New innovation, services and societies Mobile devices as Sensors & the Smart City UI• Secure, re-usable IoT infrastructure• Open IoT device development, e.g. ARM mBed (• Open IoT Web & Big Data• Permissionless Innovation!
  4. 4. 4©Sensinode 2013The Growth is in Local WirelessCellularLocal WirelessGraphic from Jan Höller @ Ericsson
  5. 5. 5©Sensinode 2013The Business Case• Cellular + WSN: Accessible market of up to 500 X more devices M2M players must look past just Cellular to grow• Enable new business models• Proprietary market >>> Global market• Rapid time to market = faster growth & lower cost• Truly inexpensive micro-controller & radio technologies• Re-use standard IT and Web infrastructure• Tap into a huge developer community (IP… Web…)
  6. 6. 6©Sensinode 2013Is the Internet Protocol enough?InternetRequires fullInternet devicesTCPIPv6Internet of ThingsUDP6LoWPANOptimized IPaccessDeviceLayerHuge overhead,difficult parsingInefficient contentencoding100s - 1000s of bytesXMLHTTP10s of bytesEfficientObjectsWeb ObjectsCoAPTLSDTLSEfficient WebServicesLayerWeb of ThingsWeb
  7. 7. 7©Sensinode 2013The Web of Things = Objects + ServicesWeb technologywill be the narrowwaist of the IoT
  8. 8. 8©Sensinode 2013Services LayerM2M EnvironmentSensinodeNanoServiceThe Internet of Things ChallengeSensorNetworksCellularNetworksProprietary HTTP/TCPIoT Market Challenges•Proprietary solutions unable to scale for volume•Technology unable to achieve targets very low power / cost / data throughput•Complex application development•Legacy solutions incapable of supporting new usecases, features and functionalityThe Sensinode Solution•Rapid application development environment usingstandard Web services•Optimized, secure transport and management of datain both cellular and WSN networks•Device software + backend application platform•“Future proof” standards-based technology•Deployable now with existing hardware
  9. 9. 9©Sensinode 2013NanoServices – The End-to-end SolutionLighting, Asset Tracking and Smart EnergyInternetStreet Light M2M NodesCustomer-specific& Reference AppsTelematicsAsset TrackingCellular Applications Smart Energy, SmartBuildings
  10. 10. 10©Sensinode 2013Key Standardization Activities• IETF IPv6 and 6LoWPAN networking Routing algorithms (e.g. RPL) Web of Things (REST for IoT, CoAP, Resource Directory etc.) Security (DTLS, TLS, Cipher suites)• OMA / IPSO Alliance OMA Lightweight M2M Enabler Standard (CoAP) IPSO Web Objects• OneM2M Ongoing work on M2M system standardization (CoAP, HTTP binding)• ZigBee & WiSun ZigBee IP - An open-standard 6LoWPAN stack for Home Area Networks ZigBee IP NAN – 6LoWPAN stack for Sub-GHz large area applications WiSun - Sub-GHz 802.15.4g/e and 6LoWPAN consortium
  11. 11. 11©Sensinode 2013How to Build a Web of Things?AAA,AdminAAA,AdminBillingBillingM2M Devices Backend – Private or Public CloudHTTP / TLSWeb Applications6LoWPAN,ZigBee IP,CoAP / DTLSLightweight M2MCoAP / DTLSCellular
  12. 12. 12©Sensinode 2013The 6LoWPAN MapHome Area NetworksBuilding Area Networks Neighborhood Area NetworksIndustrial ControlISA 100.11AZigBee IPZigBee NANBT Smart IP
  13. 13. 13©Sensinode 2013CoAP: The Web of Things Protocol• Compact 4-byte Header• UDP, SMS, (TCP)• DTLS Security• Subscription• Discovery©Sensinode 2013
  14. 14. 14©Sensinode 2013IPSO Web Objects• We need semantics to build a Web of Things• IPSO defines Web Object guidelines (join us!)• IPSO Application Framework published in 2012• New IPSO Web Objects will be published soon! Compatible with OMA Lightweight, CoAP and HTTP General purpose IO General sensors, Temperature, Light, Humidity, Actuators Light control, Power control, Set Points• Great roadmap of Objects for the future including Smart Cities Connected Home
  15. 15. 15©Sensinode 2013OMA Lightweight M2M©Sensinode 2013
  16. 16. 16©Sensinode 2013OneM2M – Operator Infrastructure