Socioeconomic development of the Region of Stara Zagora
Presentation of the socioeconomicdevelopment of theRegion of Stara ZagoraProf. PhD Yuliana Yarkova,Faculty of Economics,Trakia University Stara ZagoraStudents:Victoria Tashikova, Regional Economic studentMonica Koeva, Regional Economic student December 2012
Assessment of the Socio-economic Development of the Regions in Bulgaria
Trends in the Economic Development of the Municipalities of the Stara Zagora RegionThis analysis aims to: Identify the level of economic development of the municipalities of the Stara Zagora Region and the problems facing them, as well as to outline perspectives and opportunities; Present arguments and justification for the allocation of additional national resources to reduce intraregional differences in socio-economic development; Draw priorities, aims and tasks for national and regional development policy for the 2014-2020 programming period.
Base indexes of NSR Dynamics by Municipality, with 2000 as Base
Relative Share of the Municipalities in NSR for Stara Zagora Region
Level and Dynamics of the Average Yearly Working Wage
Development level of the rural regions(for determining regions for targeted support)
Overall Human Development Index in the Municipalities of Stara Zagora Region Urban municipalities have higher value of the indexthan the average of the region(0,793); Rural municipalities – lower than average (0,753-0,783); Maximum value of the index in Bulgaria - (0,820); Minimum value of the index in Bulgaria - (0,718);
Summary of results• Urban municipalities – among the most activelydeveloping municipalities;• Most rural municipalities in the Stara Zagora regioncannot reach the borderline value for average level ofeconomic development (70% of the average value forthe country) and can be proposed as regions for targetedsupport during the actualization of the RegionalDevelopment Strategy for the Stara Zagora region;• The state of the local economy is the decisive factorfor the overall socio-economic development of themunicipalities;• Economic operators are included in the SME category(99.47%)
In the NSR Structure• Energy• Mining and quarrying• Manufacturing (food processing, machinery and equipment, electrical appliances, metals and metal products, textile and clothing, furniture)• Trade• Construction• Agriculture – a relatively fixed share of NPP structure – 4-5%Positive trends• NPP/pp is growing in absolute terms• The unemployment level has decreased during the observed period• The working wage is growing in absolute terms
The future structural changes and thevision for the future economic developmentof the municipalities of the Stara Zagoraregion are based on the following:- Unique spatial conditions;- Resource endowments;- Historical background and traditions of thelocal economy.
Key Issues and Challenges• Clear disproportions and inequalities are emerging inthe socio-economic development of municipalities andsettlements. In some, the economic situation is dire,while in others economic growth and employmentproceeds at a very good pace.• Demographic problems - depopulation and aging insome municipalities and settlements. The provision ofthe necessary services is handicapped.• Lower Per Capita Income. The weak sources of localincome put the municipalities in greater dependence onthe national budget.
• The decentralization process is still unable to meetthe needs of the local development.The results of decentralization themselves can be said tobe imperceptible, and in some places dubious.• The IC infrastructure is lagging behind in someareas, and the transport infrastructure is not sufficient.Some of the regions still face problems withwater, sanitation and power. Unregulated disposal ofsolid waste remains a problem in some settlements
The challenges Can be Summarized as:• Territorial: reduction and loss of viability in some of the settlements, diversification of economic activities, sustainable and balanced land use (food, fodder, biofuels);• Socioeconomic: lagging income, price instability, growing competition;• Environmental: greenhouse gas emissions, soil loss, water and air quality degradation, loss of habitats and biodiversity.
Important Themes for the New Planning Period 2014-202• Growing importance of strategic management;• Creation of a "local authority-business-science" consortiumand overall improvement of the social capital;• Facilitating a growing civic engagement;• Spatial coordination of the processes that take place across allmunicipalities in the region;• Attracting funds from outside sources in the municipalbudgets. Priority financing for generic services as part of the NSF"Bulgaria 2020“;• Structural optimization of the local authorities and improvingthe quality and performance of services;
The municipalities of the Stara Zagora Region must be an attractive for businesses and people.And we should maximize their potential, as well as preserve the environment and their cultural traditions. December 2012