When Did Slavery Start?• Slavery has existed throughout history – All People, Blacks, Whites, etc.• The first slaves were introduced to the western hemisphere by the Spanish and Portuguese around 1500.• Between 1500 and 1865 (the year the civil war ended) between 9-12 million were brought to the western hemisphere
Why Africans?• Why not Native Americans? – Disease – Knowledge of local geography • Easier to run away – Military Resistance
Indentured Servants• Plantation owners would pay for Europeans to come to America and in return they would be slaves for 3-7 years.• Problems: – Easier to run away (blended in) – High turnover rate
•If a slave owner killed his slave there was usually noconsequences.•They were considered property
African-American Resistance to Slavery• “Passive” and “Active”
Passive Resistance• Faking sick.• Lie, plead ignorance, pretend to forget.• “Work Slowdown”• Do something wrong on purpose.• Break tools “accidentally”
Active resistance• Theft: – Chickens, money, watches, etc.• Abuse and/or kill farm animals• Arson• Running away• Revolt – 100s, mostly small and spur of the moment.
Problems• If you ran away where would you go? – Slave Patrols – Go North? Very difficult. – Go West? Possible but no guarantee of freedom. – Limited knowledge of geography.
Life in the South Stereotypes of the south: either rich plantation owners or hillbillies.Rich Plantation Hillbilliesowners The reality was that most people in the south were right in the middle. 76% of whites in the south did NOT own slaves
So why fight the Civil War -Permanent White Upper classWB -Permanent Black Lower class Rich W/B