Slavery in america

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Slavery in america

  1. 1. Slavery in America
  2. 2. Table of Contents• History of Slavery• The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade• Slavery in America (Click Title to go to Content)
  3. 3. History of Slavery
  4. 4. When Did Slavery Start?• Slavery has existed throughout history – All People, Blacks, Whites, etc.• The first slaves were introduced to the western hemisphere by the Spanish and Portuguese around 1500.• Between 1500 and 1865 (the year the civil war ended) between 9-12 million were brought to the western hemisphere
  5. 5. Why Africans?• Why not Native Americans? – Disease – Knowledge of local geography • Easier to run away – Military Resistance
  6. 6. Indentured Servants• Plantation owners would pay for Europeans to come to America and in return they would be slaves for 3-7 years.• Problems: – Easier to run away (blended in) – High turnover rate
  7. 7. Click picture to return to Table of Contents
  8. 8. Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
  9. 9. •Slave shipsaveraged 200slaves• The trip took 3-6weeks•15-20% died•Ratio of Males tofemales, 2:1 •10% Children
  10. 10. Slave Auctions
  11. 11. Click on the slaves to go to the Table of contents and see what theirlives were like in America
  12. 12. Slavery in America
  13. 13. Slave Codes• Couldn’t vote, own firearms, own land.• Not allowed to gather in large groups (ex. church).• Required to meet a curfew.• Illegal to learn to read or write.• Couldn’t testify in court.
  14. 14. Living Conditions
  15. 15. •If a slave owner killed his slave there was usually noconsequences.•They were considered property
  16. 16. African-American Resistance to Slavery• “Passive” and “Active”
  17. 17. Passive Resistance• Faking sick.• Lie, plead ignorance, pretend to forget.• “Work Slowdown”• Do something wrong on purpose.• Break tools “accidentally”
  18. 18. Active resistance• Theft: – Chickens, money, watches, etc.• Abuse and/or kill farm animals• Arson• Running away• Revolt – 100s, mostly small and spur of the moment.
  19. 19. Problems• If you ran away where would you go? – Slave Patrols – Go North? Very difficult. – Go West? Possible but no guarantee of freedom. – Limited knowledge of geography.
  20. 20. Life in the South Stereotypes of the south: either rich plantation owners or hillbillies.Rich Plantation Hillbilliesowners The reality was that most people in the south were right in the middle. 76% of whites in the south did NOT own slaves
  21. 21. So why fight the Civil War -Permanent White Upper classWB -Permanent Black Lower class Rich W/B

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