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Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities
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Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational Communities

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This session was presented at the University of Indianapolis\'s Center for Aging and Community\'s "Inside, Outside, All Around the Town" symposium in honor of the Center\'s 10th Anniversary. …

This session was presented at the University of Indianapolis\'s Center for Aging and Community\'s "Inside, Outside, All Around the Town" symposium in honor of the Center\'s 10th Anniversary. The presentation focuses on macro-level planning strategies to creatively use rapidly growing elderly populations as a resource to revitalize and save struggling rural communities and urban villages.

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  • 1. Macro-Strategies for Intergenerational CommunitiesExploring how Communities will React to an Aging PopulationPresented by Zachary Benedict, AIA, LEED AP BD+CMorrison Kattman Menze, Inc.University of Indianapolis, Center for Aging & Community“Inside, Outside, All Around the Town” WorkshopTuesday, April 17, 2012, Indianapolis, IN ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 2. MACRO TOPICS01 SHIFTING PRIORITIES: Discuss how evolving community development priorities have created DEVIANTS, encouraged isolation, and sparked socioeconomic migration.02 CREATIVE DESTRUCTION: Explain how BRUCE WILLIS is a wonderful example of how Boomers envision aging and the growing importance of “engagement.”03 NETWORK STRUCTURES: Illustrate how SESAME STREET is a perfect model for establishing an economic development strategy aimed at fostering an intergenerational community.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 2Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 3. PART ONESHIFTING PRIORITIES old criminals rich sick creatives normal educated poorMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 3Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 loud ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 4. PRIORITIES WALKING TO SCHOOL 80% 70% 71% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 18% 0% Source: Barbara McCann and Reid Ewing, Measuring the Percentage of Children who Percentage of Adults who Walked or Health Effects of Sprawl: A National Analysis of Physical Currently Walk or Bicycle to School Bicycled to School Activity, Obesity, and Chronic Disease, Smart Growth America – Surface Transportation Policy Report, (2003), p7.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 4Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 5. PRIORITIES Indiana Population Growth from 2005 to 2040: 15% for 65+ POPULATIONMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIESInside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 90% 5 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 6. PRIORITIES 1. How will cities and towns react to the rapidly aging population? <3% in CCRC 2. How will cities and towns rebound from the census retraction? 2010: 39.6 million people were 65+ 13% of US population 2030: 72.1 million people will be 65+ 19% of US populationMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 6Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 7. PRIORITIES “Incrementalism is the death of innovation.” Nicholas Negroponte MIT Media LabsPhoto by Alex MacLeanMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 7Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 8. PRIORITIES Average Lifetimes for Physical Capital Source: IEA (2000), World Energy Outlook 2000, p. 43MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 8Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 9. PRIORITIES 31 TARGET CITIES EVALUATING SMALL TOWN INDIANA POPULATION= 10-25,000 PEOPLE 124% 100% 99% 89% 85% 80% 75% 55% % With Age 65+ Mean Commute Time Median Household % w/Bachelor Deg. or Income Higher U.S. Average Indiana Average Target City AverageMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 9Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 10. PRIORITIES 1 PERFECT STORM 3 2 BRAIN DRAINMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 10Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 11. 1. CREATIVES “Only by understanding the rise of this [creative] class and its values can we begin to understand the sweeping and seemingly disjointed changes in our society and begin to shape our future more intelligently.” Richard Florida The Rise of the Creative Class, p. xxvii © 2008 Richard FloridaMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 11Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 12. 2. BRAIN DRAIN “Maybe it’s the Indiana attitude. I’ve never been anywhere that is so risk-adverse. A lot of parents just don’t value education, and they’ve passed that on to their kids. Theres a lack of leadership. Indiana people seem to be content to be mediocre people living in mediocre cities.” -Richard Longworth Caught in the Middle, p48 Economic Incentives for Education in Indiana$20,000$15,000 $17,470 $15,000 $12,700$10,000 $8,490 $5,000 $6,700 $7,200 $0 Indiana US Average Average of Top 10 States Additional Earnings w/Associates Additional Earnings w/BachelorsDifference in Median Annual Earning Between College Graduates and High School Graduates in Indiana vs. the U.S. and the Top 10 States (18-64 Year Olds) for 2000.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census 5% Public Use Microdata Samples. 12Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 13. 3. AGING BOOMERSMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 13Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 14. 3. AGING BOOMERS TRADITIONAL CCRC + SERVICES (assumes responsibility for nursing services and internalized care) SERVICE NETWORK (assumes collaboration with other community organizations and civic leaders in the offering of an ageographic service network aimed at providing successful aging though vibrant, intergenerational neighborhoods)MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 14Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 15. “ When I retire I want to drink beer and work on my car all day long. I know I won’t be able to drive the damn thing, but that’s not the point. I have worked hard, and when I retire that’s what I want to do. So give me a garage, a fridge full of beer, and leave me alone. Sure… come in to change my diaper, make sure I have a pulse – but then let me get back to changing my carburetor… ” …and if you won’t do it, I will pay for someone else to; and if I cant find anyone I will find friends of mine and we will just build our own damn garage and hire 30 full time nurses. Dr. Lowell Catlett Keynote Address AIA-IN+KY Convention Columbus, Indiana 2007 I have money. I am loyal, and I bring my friends.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 15Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 16. MIGRATION Average Annual Net Migration Rates By Age, 1980-2000 1.5 Metro 1.0 0.5 0 -0.5 -1.0 UNDERSTANDING HOW THE CREATIVE ECONOMY IS Nonmetro -1.5 MAKING WHERE YOU LIVE THE MOST IMPORTANT DECISION OF YOUR LIFE. -2.0 Richard Florida 20 40 60 80 Source: USDA, Economic Research Service, using data from USDA-funded cooperative agreements (Fuguitt and Beale, 1996; Voss et al., 2004).MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 16Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 17. MIGRATIONMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 17Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 18. MIGRATION “ People are being drawn to the convenience and culture of walkable urban neighborhoods across the country – even when those neighborhoods are small. ” Christopher Leinberger The Option of Urbanism (2007) 28% 60% “URBAN” RETIREMENT RELOCATION Studies have demonstrated that 28% of Studies have found 60% of baby boomers baby boomers plan to or are intrigued expect/plan to move and make a lifestyle by retiring in an urban, walkable adjustment in their 60’s. environment. 30% 36% WALKABLITY MARKET CATCHMENT A 2008 AARP poll found that almost 1/3 Of the 60% planning to relocate for of Americans age 50+ wanted to walk retirement, 36% will move more than more to services and entertainment. three hours away.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 18Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 19. ENGAGEMENT“ Our enormous and rapidly growing older population is a vast, untapped resource. If we can engage these individuals in ways that fill urgent gaps in our society, the result will be a windfall for American civic life in the ” twenty-first century. Marc Freedman Prime Time: How Baby Boomers Will Revolutionize Retirement and Transform America (1999)MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 19Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 20. STRATEGIESCommunities for a Lifetime BillMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 20Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 21. STRATEGIESFORM-BASED CODESFORM-BASED CODES NATURAL TRANSECT ZONES URBAN TRANSECT ZONES T1: NATURAL ZONE T2: RURAL ZONE T3: SUBURBAN ZONE T4: GENERAL URBAN ZONE T5: URBAN CENTER ZONE T6: URBAN CORE ZONEMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 21Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 22. STRATEGIESFORM-BASED CODES Integrated CCRC - Mableton, GA, Atlanta Regional Commission (2010) Graphic courtesy Duany Plater-Zyberk & CompanyMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 22Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 23. STRATEGIESPURSUING LIFELONG VILLAGES lifelong village [lahyf-lawng vil-ij], noun, 1. A small city or urban village whose socio-economic development initiative promotes young and old to thrive together; 2. A redevelopment strategy focused on fostering intergenerational relationships and urban renewal through the accommodation of a rapidly growing aging demographic through nimble and collaborative support networks.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 23Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 24. STRATEGIESPURSUING LIFELONG VILLAGES + + =  walkable network critical intergenerational neighborhood structure mass community LIFELONG VILLAGE MOVEMENTMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 24Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 25. STRATEGIESPURSUING LIFELONG VILLAGES RECIPROCAL REVITALIZATION SENIOR POPULATION: Seniors retained within existing community or migrating from outside the community. SENIOR SERVICE NETWORK (e.g., in-home care, transportation, etc.) LOCAL ECONOMY - private sector institutions benefiting from growing senior population (e.g., medical retail, restaurants, wellness facilities, etc.) INITIAL NETWORK: Services aimed at accommodating the supportive needs of seniors. RESULTANT NETWORK: Socio-economic activity offered by concentrated populations of engaged senior populations.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 25Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 26. PART TWOENGAGEMENT volunteerism arts transit educationPercentage of People Age 65+Reporting Good-Excellent Health 90% 80% 80% 70% 76% 74% 60% 68% 67% 60% 63% 63% 50% 40% 57% 57% 54% 47% Aging Population 30% 20% 10% retail 0% 65+ 65-74 75-84 85+ small White Black Hispanic business healthcare Source: "Older Americans 2008 Key Indicators of Well-Being", FederalMACRO STRATEGIES AgingINTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES Interagency Forum on FOR Related Statics 26Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 27. ENGAGEMENT 86%PERCENTAGE OF 45+ WHO AGREE THEYWOULD “REALLY LIKE TO STAY IN THEIRCURRENT RESIDENCE AS LONG ASPOSSIBLE.Source: AARP, Home andCommunity Preference of the 45+Population, November 2010 UP, Pixar Films (2009)MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 27Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 28. ENGAGEMENT 80+ millionPhoto by Alex MacLean DISCONNECTED seen Suburban living in this country is becoming more of an epidemic than a development methodology when you consider that in 2000 “80 million Americans were either too young, too old, or too poor to drive.” Andres Duany, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk and Jeff Speck, Suburban Nation: the Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream (2000), pg 115 Beacon Hill Village, Boston, MA (www.beaconhillvillage.org)MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 28Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 29. ENGAGEMENT CORRELATING INABILITY TO DRIVE AND LEVELS OF SUCCESSFUL AGING 0% -5% 14% 17% 24% -10% -15% -20% -25% I am able to make choices that I have a high quality of life I am involved in the world and affect how I age people around me Source: AARP/Roper Public Affairs & Media Group of NOP World, Beyond 50.05 Survey, 2004.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 29Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 30. ENGAGEMENT54% of seniors cited companionship, animproved social life, and a relief fromboredom as the reasons for their move.* THE VAST MAJORITY OF THE 55+ POPULATION DOES NOT WANT TO LIVE IN A COMMUNITY THAT LEGALLY LIMITS THE AGE OF ITS RESIDENTS.*Source: The American Seniors Housing Association,MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIESThe Independent Living Report (2009). 30Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 31. MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 31Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 32. ENGAGEMENT CORRELATING COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT AND LEVELS OF SUCCESSFUL AGING 100% 90% 31% 80% 70% 60% 24% 39% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% I am satisfied with my life the I am able to make choices about I have a high quality of life majority of the time things that affect how I age High Low UP, Pixar Films (2009)MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES Source: AARP/Roper Public Affairs & Media Group of 32Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 NOP World, Beyond 50.05 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc. ©2012 Survey, 2004.
  • 33. ENGAGEMENT 84.0% participate in more activities then they used to 95.4% know more about their community’s services than they used to 70.5% feel healthier and more SOCIAL INTERACTION Surveys show that more than 88% active than they used to of NORC residents talk with more people than they used to.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 33Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 34. ENGAGEMENT A Roseto Cornet Band rehearsing. Photo by Steve Schapiro. The Roseto Story: An Anatomy of Health, by John Bruhn and Stewart Wolf (1979), p68. “The Rosetans were healthy… because of the world they had created for themselves in their tiny little town in the hills. […] Living a long life, the conventional wisdom of the time depended to a great extent on who we were – that is, our genes. It depended on the decisions we made – on what we chose to eat, and how much we chose to exercise, and how effectively we were treated by the medical system. No one was used to thinking about health in terms of community.” Malcolm Gladwell, Outliers: The Story of Success (2008), pg 9-10MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 34Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 35. ENGAGEMENT = $$MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 35Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 36. ENGAGEMENT 90 80 WALKABLE ENVIRONMENTS FOR AGING 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 SCORES <50 = CAR- 0 DEPENDANT AREAS Downtown Care Provider Source: Dodd Kattman and Zachary Benedict, Valuing Connectivity: Exploring the Importance of Civic Inclusion and Walkability for Senior Living, 2010 Rising Sun, IN (2011) Photo by MKM.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 36Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 37. ENGAGEMENTONE MILE WALK IN A COMPACT NEIGHBORHOOD ONE MILE WALK IN A SPRAWLING SUBURB A one-mile walk in Seattle’s Phinney Ridge takes you through a A one-mile walk in Bellevue, WA with cul-de-sacs and winding grid-like street network with a mix of residences and streets has few shops and services within walking distance. businesses.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 37Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 38. ENGAGEMENTMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 38Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 39. ENGAGEMENT If failing urban environments like this can’t offer the ability to live (and age) in-place, the value their structure offers will quickly fade. To survive the coming decades, these environments must be reenergized. Bluffton, IN (2010) Photo by MKM.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 39Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 40. CREATIVE DESTRUCTION +4000 +3000 +2000 +1000 Netflix 0 Blockbuster 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 CREATIVE DESTRUCTION defines economic growth caused by entrepreneurial risks that destroy previous business practices through their innovations. It was first coined by Joseph Schumpeter as a “process of industrial mutation that incessantly revolutionizes the economic structure from within, incessantly destroying the old one, incessantly creating a new one.”* *Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, 1942MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 40Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 41. DEMAND WORK/RETIRE BIRTH OCCUPATIONAL DURATION DEATH RATIO 0 AGRARIAN 16 70 72 27:1 0 INDUSTRIAL 18 65 75 5:1 0 21 62 82 INFORMATION 2:1 0 25 55 85 FUTURE 1:1 50%+ WORKING RETIREMENTMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 41Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 42. DEMAND IN THE LAST WEEK, PEOPLE AGE 60+… 88% engaged in at least one cultural, religious, or social activity 67% attended movies, sporting events, or group events 57% attended church, temple, or other 39% participated in volunteer work (18% at 10+ hours a week)MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 42 Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008.Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 43. STRATEGIESUNIVERSITY-BASED RETIREMENT COMMUNITIESMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 43Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 44. STRATEGIESCOMPLETE STREETS INITIATIVEMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 44Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 45. STRATEGIESVILLAGE-TO-VILLAGE (VtV) MOVEMENT Villages are membership-driven, grass-roots organizations run by volunteers and paid staff who coordinate access to affordable services including transportation, inspiring health and wellness programs, home repairs, social and educational activities and trips. www.vtvnetwork.orgMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 45Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 46. STRATEGIESCOLLABORATIVE SERVICESAge Qualified Services…In-Home Services: Members will have access to various care services ranging in a levels of need. Available services include assistance with activities of daily living (ADL’s), personal care, MENU Home Inspection and/or Repairs: Members will have access to accessing home repair services and annual “safety inspections” for their homes to ensure quality living arrangements. licensed home health, cooking, cleaning, light housekeeping and select errands. Transportation: Members will have access to limited public transportation as well as ability to reserve and utilize aCare Coordination: Members will be assigned a Personal Care member-only rental car service. Coordinator for their respective services and needs and be available to you and your family 24/7. Social and Wellness Programs: Members will have access to exercise classes, arts and crafts classes, wellness seminars,Adult Day Care: Members will be offered services provided in a speakers, day excursions and discounted use of local YMCA. congregate setting for a scheduled number of hours per week, including transportation, meals and activities. Accessibility: Neighborhood infrastructure will react to elder- friendly and accessible amenities (e.g., curbing, ramps, etc.).MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 46Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 47. STRATEGIESRESOURCING COMMUNITY E-VOLUNTEERISMMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 47Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 48. PARTSTRUCTURESNETWORK THREEMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 48Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 49. NETWORK BUILT ENVIRONMENT DAILY ROUTINE FUNNELS URBANISM REALITYMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 49Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 50. NETWORKMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 50Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 51. NETWORK BUILT ENVIRONMENT DAILY ROUTINE FUNNELS URBANISM REALITY SUPPORT NETWORKMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 51Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 52. NETWORK DESIGNMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 52Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 53. STRUCTUREASSET MAPPINGLifelong village (LV) networks can shape acommunity development strategy that encouragesand eventually relies on diversity, walkabilty, andsocial interconnection – all pivotal components inincentivizes smart growth and urban renewal.COMMUNITY APPRAISAL:Gather and review existingcommunity information in an effortto quantify the current state of thenetwork structure.GAP ANALYSIS:Review asset mappings against LV criteriaand analyze what cultural amenities andsocial/service offerings are currently absentwithin the existing community.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 53Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 54. IMPLEMENTATION In discussing how local municipalities can adopt a LV development model, a select group of government, civic, and community leaders are often gathered to discuss the urgency of these shifting priorities and how they may be addressed. Working charrette (2007) Photo by MKM.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 54Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 55. NETWORK STRUCTURE 11 12 3 ½ MILE RADIUS 1 MILE RADIUS 4 10 1 2 5 9 3 6 8 71. State Highway 5. Middle School 9. City Park + Beach Kendallville, Indiana2. Golf Course 6. YMCA 10.Library3. Public Lake 7. High School 11.County Fairgrounds4. Walkable Downtown 8. Sports Field(s) 12.Industrial ParkMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 55Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 56. NETWORK CRITERIA 10.0 1 LV Gap Analysis 8.0 7 6.0 2 4.0 2.0 0.0 6 3 5 41. PLACES: Provide an intact, centralized grouping of buildings , 5. ACCESS: Provide a network of multi-model transportation civic spaces, and people within a walkable urban core that creates and/or accessible pedestrian patterns for all demographics a sense of "place" for the community. connecting amenities throughout the urban core.2. WALKABILITY: Provide a diverse offering of goods, services, 6. BRAND: Provide a place whose civic identity is rooted in the and cultural amenities within the urban core and surrounding appreciation and promotion of a quality of life aimed at area. accommodating a creative, interactive, and intergenerational offering for its residents and businesses.3. WELLNESS: Provide an interconnected network of wellness- based services and programs that provide and promote a healthy 7. MARKET: Provide a local environment that offers a healthy and and sustainable lifestyle. stable economy focused on demographic market demand, innovative collaborations, and local entrepreneurialism.4. SAFETY: Provide an urban core that performs (and is perceived by the community as) a safe and secure environment.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 56Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 57. NETWORK OUTPUT INDEPENDENCE The LV network structure is designed to allow residents to not only remain independent as they age, but utilize their activity to improve and interact with the community at large. BUYING LIVING WORKING LV COMMUNITY CENTER FOR SUCCESSFUL AGING VOLUNTEERINGMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 57Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 58. STRATEGIESHOUSING AS CATALYST FOR DIVERSITYMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 58Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 59. STRATEGIESSENIORS AS CRITICAL MASS FOR LOCAL BUSINESSMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 59Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 60. STRATEGIESSENIORS AS MOTIVATION FOR ENTREPRENEURIALISM of the U.S. labor forces growth through 2016 will be Age 55+ 93% Source: Pew Research Center, September 2009MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 60Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 61. STRATEGIESSENIORS AS MOTIVATION FOR SOCIAL CAPITAL CORRELATING COMMUNITY ATTACHMENT AND VOLUNTEERISM 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Volunteer within the Community Donate to Local Organizations "Very Attached" "Not Very Attached"Source: AARP/Roper Public Affairs & Media Group ofNOP World, Beyond 50.05 Survey, 2004.MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 61Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 62. STRATEGIESSENIORS AS MOTIVATION FOR TRANSIT Annual Total Riders Per Age Group Annual Total Trips Per Age Group800 35,000700 30,000600 25,000500 20,000400 15,000300 10,000200100 5,000 0 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Senior (60+) Adult (18-59) Student (K-12) Infant (0-5) Senior (60+) Adult (18-59) Student (K-12) Infant (0-5)MACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES Source: WOW! User Data, Provided 62byInside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc. Wells Council on Aging, March 2009.
  • 63. CONCLUSION 1. Cities and towns will react to the rapidly aging population by <3% in CCRC strengthening the promotion and efficiency of their engagement networks. 2. Cities and towns will rebound from the projected census retraction by embracing a 2010: 39.6 million people were 65+ 13% of US population development pattern that incentives an intergenerational community. 2030: 72.1 million people will be 65+ 19% of US populationMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 63Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.
  • 64. CONCLUSIONCOMMUNITY CENTERS FOR SUCCESSFUL AGINGMACRO STRATEGIES FOR INTERGENERATIONAL COMMUNITIES 64Inside, Outside, All Around the Town | April 17, 2012 ©2012 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.

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