Grammar book 2

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Grammar book 2

  1. 1. By: Zorro Basel
  2. 2. 1) Imperfect Verbs2) Imperfect Verb Conjugations3) Triggers4) Preterite (car,gar,zar/spock/cucaracha/snake/snakey)5) Modal Verbs6) Adverbs7) Progressive Tense8) The Past (Imperfect) Progressive9) Future10) Irregular Future11) Conditional12) Superlatives13) Formal Commands14) Prepositions15) Demonstratives
  3. 3.  Uses: 1) ongoing action (was/were) 2) repeated action (used to) 3) no definite beginning or end 4) time/date/age/feelings/descriptions 5) interupted activity (cuando)
  4. 4. -ar -er -ir aba ábamo ía íamos ía íamos s abas abais ías íais ías íais aba aban ía ían ía ían ir ser veriba ibamos era éramo veía veíamos sibas ibais eras erais veías veíaisiba iban era eran veía veían
  5. 5.  (Used to show the beginning of an imperfect verb sentence) Todos Los Dias – every day A menudo – often A veces – sometimes Siempre – always Cada día – everyday Los lunes – on Mondays Generalmente – generally Mientras – as De vez en cuando – occasionally Muchas veces – often Frecuentemente - frequently
  6. 6. Tocar Jugar•Toqué •Jugué•Tocaste •Jugaste•Tocó •Jugó•Tocamos •Jugamos•Tocaron •Jugaron Comenzar •Comencé •Comenzaste •Comenzó •Comenzamos •Comenzaron
  7. 7. dar ver Fuí, d/v-I fuiste,Hice, hiciste, hizo, d/v-iste fue,hicimos, hicieron d/v-io fuimos, d/v-imos fueron d/v-ieron
  8. 8. AndarEstar Anduv- Estuv- -ePoder Pod-PonerQuerer Pus- Quis- -isteSaberTenerVenir Sup- Tuv- Vin- -oDecir Dij- -imosTraer Traj-Conducir Conduj- -isteisProducirTraucir Produj- Traduj- -ieron
  9. 9. Stem Changers• Dormir • Dormí Y • Dormiste • Durmió Changers • Dormimos • Durmieron • Leer • Leí • Leiste • Leyó • Leimos • Leyeron
  10. 10.  Conjugate and pair modal verbs with an infinitive to get a new meaning Modal Verb Formulas Conjugations Ir+ a + infinitive Going to do something Poder + infinitive Are able to do something Querer + infinitive Want to do something Deber + infinitive Should do something Tener que + infinitive To have to do something Soler + infinitive To be accustomed to... Necesitar + infinitive Need to do something
  11. 11. -Mente Adverbs Normally formed by adding –mente to end of the adverb (-ly in English) Claro Clara Claramente (clearly) Irregular Adverbs Mucho Mal Tan Poco (little) Peor (a lot) (bad) (so) (worse) Muy Ya Demarrado Siempre Bastante (very) (already) (too) (always) (Quite/enough)
  12. 12.  “to be” with present principle In the process of taking place ESTAR + ando/iendo/yendo Example Estoy hablando a ti.
  13. 13.  ESTAR + ando/iendo/yendo Example Estaba hablando a ti. I was talking to you.
  14. 14.  “Will” -é -ás infinitive -á -emos -án
  15. 15. Decir Dir-Hacer Har- -éPoner Pondr- -ásSalir Saldr-Tener Tendr- -áValer Vendr- -emosPoder Podr- -éisQuerer Querr- -ánSaber Sabr-
  16. 16.  To conjugate regular -ar, -er and -ir verbs in the conditional, simply add one of the following to the infintive: ía ías ía íamos íais ían
  17. 17. Used when trying to say that something has the most or least of a certain qualityMas+Adjective Luis es el más alto.(The most…)Menos+Adjective Sofia es la menos(The least…) agradable.
  18. 18. 1) Put in “yo” form2) Change the vowel ar---e er/ir---aTengaVengaDé, digaVayaSeaHagaEstéSaga
  19. 19.  Same as positive, except pronoun cannot be added on
  20. 20.  Abajo-down Arriba-top Debajo de-below Dentro de-within Encima de-on top of Fuera de-outside A la izquierda-to the left A la derecha-to the right
  21. 21. This That Over therem este ese aquelf esta esa aquella These Those Those over therem estos esos aquellosf estas esas aquellas • Eso,esto, and aquello are neuter situations/not nouns • Accent marks denote pronouns which take place of the noun • All demonstratives always agree in gender and number of the noun it modifies

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