Gardening With Native Plants Of Oregon (Pp Tminimizer)

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Presentation on Gardening with Native Plants of Oregon. Many images of plants, advice on how to use natives in the garden landscape.
Created by Linda R. McMahan, PhD., Oregon State University Extension for Yamhill County

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  • Gardening With Native Plants Of Oregon (Pp Tminimizer)

    1. 1. Gardening with Native Plants in Oregon Linda R. McMahan Oregon State University Extension Service Yamhill County [email_address]
    2. 2. Trillium ovatum
    3. 3. Sedum spathulifolium , stonecrop
    4. 4. Darlingtonia california at Darlington Botanical Wayside
    5. 5. Darmera (Peltophyllum) peltatum leaves
    6. 6. Darmera flowers
    7. 7. Actaea rubra , baneberry
    8. 8. Oregon oak, Quercus garryana
    9. 9. Sword Fern, Polystichum munitum
    10. 10. Spiraea douglasii
    11. 11. Physocarpus capitatus and Rosa nootkana
    12. 12. Rubus parviflorus , salmonberry
    13. 13. Sidalcea sp.
    14. 14. Viola glabella , stream violet
    15. 15. Vaccinium parviflorum , red huckleberry
    16. 16. Maianthemum dilitatum , false lily-of-the-valley at the coast
    17. 17. Olsynium douglasii Grass widow in Columbia River Gorge
    18. 18. Ribes aureum , golden currant
    19. 19. Rhododendron occidentale , Western azalea
    20. 20. Mimulus cardinalis and Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
    21. 21. Camassia leichtlinii , Camas
    22. 22. Acer circinatum , vine maple
    23. 23. Trillium ovatum , an uncommon form
    24. 24. Polystichum munitum , sword fern
    25. 25. Calochortus sp., cat’s ear
    26. 26. Sara Orange-Tip Butterfly on a native flower
    27. 27. Castilleja sp., paintbrush
    28. 28. Lilium columbianum , Westen tiger lily,
    29. 29. Leaves of evergreen huckleberry, Vaccinium ovatum
    30. 30. Gilia capitata
    31. 31. Lichen with fallen oak leaves, Quercus garryana
    32. 32. Aquilegia formosa , Western columbine
    33. 33. Symphoricarpos alba , snowberry
    34. 34. Scoliopis bigilovii , slinkpod
    35. 35. Rhododendron macrophyllum , Western rhododendron
    36. 36. Petasites frigidus , Coltsfoot
    37. 37. Ready to Learn More? <ul><li>Beyond sheer beauty: choosing native plants for your garden </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographic regions and gardening with native plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding wild habitats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Care of native plants </li></ul><ul><li>Back to the plants -- My 10 all time favorite native plants for gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Plants in actual gardens </li></ul>
    38. 38. Choosing Native Plants for Your Garden Look for: <ul><li>Ornamental Value </li></ul><ul><li>Sentimental Value </li></ul><ul><li>Plants from Close By </li></ul><ul><li>If you want show, go for it </li></ul>
    39. 39. Oregon is All About Rain <ul><li>The western 1/3 has lots of it, except for the summer months </li></ul><ul><li>The coast and coast range have even more, sometimes arriving as seasonal storms </li></ul><ul><li>Central and Eastern Oregon have limited precipitation, falling mostly as winter snow or in storm events, and often drains away quickly </li></ul>
    40. 40. Understand Wild Habitats <ul><li>Coastal habitats are often extremely wet and plants need extra water to survive </li></ul><ul><li>An exception are those of sand dunes which can be very hardy </li></ul>
    41. 41. Understanding Wild Habitats <ul><li>Western mountain forests are wet and shady </li></ul><ul><li>Plants from these habitats sometimes need extra water and shade – Oxalis, bleeding heart, Piggy-back plant, and more </li></ul>
    42. 42. Understanding Wild Habitats <ul><li>Willamette Value Prairie habitats and other prairie sites in Oregon have some good garden plants that are often drought tolerant and colorful, Examples are lupine, Oregon sunshine, Penstemon serrulatus, Sidalcea’s, and yarrow </li></ul>
    43. 43. Understanding Wild Habitats <ul><li>As we go east, the land becomes dryer, as in the Columbia River Gorge – Catherine Creek here </li></ul><ul><li>Plants require good drainage and the more delicate ones sometimes do not do well in gardens, sedums, the Oregon form of California poppy </li></ul>
    44. 44. Understand Wild Habitats <ul><li>Central Oregon conifer forests are also dry, plants require good drainage, but can often withstand both heat and cold, many penstemons, desert parsley, eriogonum </li></ul>
    45. 45. Understand Wild Habitats <ul><li>The Eastern Oregon is wildly beauty with drought tolerant desert natives, some of which are extremely adaptable to the rest of Oregon like the golden currant. </li></ul>
    46. 46. <ul><li>http://www.oregonflora.org/ </li></ul>http://www.oregonflora.org/ Oregon Flora Project
    47. 47. Care of Native Plants Really there is no mystery! <ul><li>Appropriate Water Use </li></ul><ul><li>Soils and Fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>Pruning </li></ul>
    48. 48. Appropriate Water Use <ul><li>Oregon natives are adapted to periods of summer dry, and some require this to survive </li></ul><ul><li>You may need to adjust irrigation if natives are planted with other more water-needy plants </li></ul><ul><li>In some cases, the plants will look better in a cultivated setting if they receive more water than falls in your area, especially if the plants are away from their natural habitat. </li></ul>
    49. 49. Soils and Fertilizer <ul><li>Use the native soil if possible </li></ul><ul><li>Increase of decrease drainage as appropriate for the plants you are using </li></ul><ul><li>Use minimal if any fertilizer--the plants may actually grow too tall! </li></ul>
    50. 50. Pruning <ul><li>The style is up to you: </li></ul><ul><li>Can be dramatic </li></ul><ul><li>Can be subtle </li></ul><ul><li>Can be non-existent </li></ul><ul><li>In all cases, prune appropriately for the plant’s structure </li></ul>
    51. 51. My 10 All-Time Favorites <ul><li>Some of these are common in the trade, some rare. You may have to look really hard—check with your local native plant nurseries for more information </li></ul><ul><li>This selection will reveal not only my personal tastes, but also my more expansive preferences for native plants—not all are local or even wild-some people would disagree with this approach </li></ul>
    52. 52. Leucothoe davisii – Sierra laurel, southern Oregon
    53. 53. Ribes aureum , golden currant, Central and Eastern OR
    54. 54. Ribes sanguineum , red-flowering currant, King Edward the VII <ul><li>To England and back </li></ul>
    55. 55. Penstemon serrulatus , coast penstemon <ul><li>Coastal Oregon and Willamette valley </li></ul><ul><li>Great for sunny borders </li></ul>
    56. 56. Iris tenax , Oregon iris <ul><li>Native to mountains and valleys in western Oregon </li></ul>
    57. 57. Philadephus lewisii , Western mock orange <ul><li>Most fragrant of them all </li></ul><ul><li>Native to many regions of the state </li></ul><ul><li>Carefree and prolific </li></ul>
    58. 58. <ul><li>From the rivers and streams of SW Oregon </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic in flower and form </li></ul>Peltophyllum (Darmera) peltatum , Indian rhubarb
    59. 59. Vancouveria hexandra , Inside-out-Flower <ul><li>Deciduous groundcover from Cascades and Coast Range </li></ul><ul><li>Quite the rage in New York! </li></ul>
    60. 60. Mimulus cardinalis, scarlet monkeyflower <ul><li>Southern Oregon native </li></ul><ul><li>Moist soil, nearly full sun </li></ul>
    61. 61. Camassia quamash/ C. leichtlinii , Camas <ul><li>Native bulb, needs summer dry </li></ul><ul><li>Beautiful shade of blue to blend with the daffodils </li></ul>
    62. 62. Pulling it All Together in a Garden <ul><li>Plant photos taken in landscapes featuring native plants </li></ul>
    63. 63. Bee on Ceanothus thyrsiflorum
    64. 64. Fall color Cornus sericea , OSU campus
    65. 65. Philadelphus lewisii , Western mock orange
    66. 66. Oxalis , ferns, and Ribes , Private garden
    67. 67. Sword Fern and old log, Private garden
    68. 68. Salal and sword fern, Berry Botanic Garden, Portland
    69. 69. Oregon iris, Waterfront Park, Corvallis
    70. 70. Native and other sedums, Private garden
    71. 71. Eriophyllum lanatum, Oregon sunshine
    72. 72. Emerging dragonfly, bog habitat, Berry Botanic Garden
    73. 73. Red elderberry, Sambucus mexicana
    74. 74. Wild dunes strawberry, Oregon State University campus
    75. 75. Plantings around Engineering Building, OSU
    76. 76. Sword fern with non-native azalea flowers, Berry Botanic Garden, Portland
    77. 77. Go native - It’s good for you! All photographs © Linda R McMahan, linda.mcmahan@oregonstate.edu

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