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This portfolio represents a selected group of work done as graduate student in Master in Environmental Building Design at University of Pennsylvania and at Hunnarshala - Foundation for Building ...

This portfolio represents a selected group of work done as graduate student in Master in Environmental Building Design at University of Pennsylvania and at Hunnarshala - Foundation for Building Technology and Innovations.

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  • A PO RTFO LIO O F S ELEC TED WO RK IN GREEN A RCHITEC TU RE BY PRATIK ZAV ERI
  • This portfolio represents a selected group of work done as graduate student in Master in Environmental Building Design at University of Pennsylvania and Professional Experience at Hunnarshala - Foundation for Building Technology and Innovations (India) and Onyx Construction/Design (USA) Resume 1 Graduate Projects 2 Professional Experience 10 Published Research Paper 22
  • R ESU ME PROFILE 4 years of experience in architectural design with focus on contemporary and local materials, technol- HUNNARSHALA FOUNDAogies and skills. Experience in designing, planning, detailing and coordinating project for residences, TION institutions, schools and recreations. Knowledge of various building simulation programs and analysis tools allowing to work in an integrated team environment and ability to effectively integrate environmental design principles with architectural design. EDUCATION Sept. 2011 - June 2012 June 2003 - Dec. 2008 PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE ONYX CONSTRUCTION DESIGN Oct 2012 - June 2013 Oct 2012 - June 2013 Oct 2012 - Dec 2012 Dec 2012 - June 2013 1 Master in Environmental Building Design (MEBD) School of Design, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia - Pennsylvania, US. - CGPA - 3.71 (on 4) Built Projects: Jan. 2011 - June 2011 Relevant Courses: July 2009 - June 2011 Integrated Building Design, Building Performance Simulation, Performance Design Workshop, Daylighting, Building Envelops, Energy and Its Impacts, Ecology, Technology & Design, Building Diagnosis. Project: ‘Responsive Reuse’- High Performance Building Design, Philadelphia - Pennsylavania, US. Jan. 2009 - June 2011 Bachelor of Architecture - CGPA - 3.57 (On 4) Indubhai Parekh School of Architecture, Saurashtra University, Rajkot - Gujarat, IN. Design Thesis: ‘Toran’- Beach Resort, Mandvi - Gujarat, IN. Nov 2008 - Mar 2009 Research Thesis: Understanding the factors affecting the house form - A study of ‘Gujar Kshatriya’ community, Kutch - Gujarat, IN. Sept. 2008 - July 2009 Sept. 2008 - Sept. 2008 Onyx Construction - Design - New Mexico, USA Onyx Construction - Design focus on sustainable solar passive architecture using contemporary and alternative construction techniques. It creates opportunities for local communities to involve in construction process and provide platform for better socio - economic development. Taos County Economic Development Corporation - Meat Storage facility, Taos, New Mexico, USA. Draughted submittal drawings for obtaining commercial building permit. Obtained quotation from various agencies for structural metal elements. Residence for Mrs. Mary Hartzell, Taos, New Mexico, USA. Draughted submittal drawings obtaining building permit for residence. Preparing detailed calculation for material quantities and cost estimation. Residence for Mr. Ben Ortega, Taos, New Mexico, USA. Documentation of existing incomplete residence. Draughted submittal drawings for building permit for completion of the residence. Habitat for Humanity of Taos - Office and Restore complex - Phase 1, Taos, New Mexico, USA. Draughted submittal drawings for obtaining commercial building permit. Obtained bids from various suppliers and performed a detailed analysis of scope of work and proposed cost estimation. Submitted the final report to HUD for obtaining RHEA grant. Hunnarshala - Foundation for Building Technology and Innovations Hunnarshala foundation is a not - for - profit company that works to promote sustainable designs and construction techniques, creates opportunity for artisan to mainstream their skills by providing technology, design and market support, and works for rehabilitation after natural disasters. It also works and promotes decentralize solid management and waste water solutions. Redevelopment of informal settlements - Homes in the City initiative, Gujarat, India. Assistant Architect - Addressed community meetings and devised master plan for community housing. Mud Neemrana, Neemrana Fort Palace, Neemrana - Alvar, Rajasthan, India. Project Architect - Involved designing of project from conceptual stage to final execution stage. Design supervision on site. Mansi - School for Mentally Challenged Girls, Bidada - Mandvi, Gujarat, India. Project Architect - Involve designing of project from conceptual stage to final execution stage. Design supervision on site. Rabari Vandh - Community Housing, Mundra, Gujarat, India. Assistant Architect - Designing and draughting of drawings for community housing. Siddhartha Public School, Katvad - Himmatnagar, Gujarat, India. Project Architect - Involve designing of project from conceptual stage to final execution stage. Veeraytan Upashray - Roof Design, Punadi - Mandvi, Gujarat, India. Project Architect - Draughted drawings and details for roof constrution and quantities estimation. Unbuilt Projects: Feb. 2010 - June 2011 Jan. 2010 - Jan. 2010 May 2009 - June 2010 Feb. 2009 - April 2009 Nov. 2008 - Mar. 2009 DIGITAL SKILLS Panchayat Bhavan, Bihar, India. Project Architect - Designed project from conceptual stage to final execution. ‘Varso’ - Hamirsar Lake Front Redevelopment - A Cultural Precinct, Bhuj, Gujarat, India. Design proposal for redevelopment of Hamirsar lake as a cultural precinct. Team work (6 People) Gurukul School for Krishi Gram Vikas Kendra, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India. Project Architect - Designed project from conceptual stage to final design. Residence for Mr. Sudhir, Baroda, Gujarat, India. Project Architect - Designed project from conceptual stage to final design. Farmhouse Pavilion for Mr. Sailesh Gor, Madhapar - Bhuj, Gujarat, India. Project Architect - Designed project from conceptual stage to final design. Designing softwares: Simulation softwares: Presentation softwares: Application packages: Auto CAD, Archicad, Rhino, and Sketchup Ecotect, Designbuilder, EnergyPlus, Radiance, Evalglare, Diva and Daysim Photoshop, Illustration, Indesign, Coral draw Microsoft office
  • INTEGRATED DESIGN LAB - HIGH PERFORMANCE BUILDING DESIGN - Philadelphia - Pennsylvania, US 3 SCHOOL OF DESIGN CLINICAL RESEARCH BUILDING - ENERGY MODELING & SIMULATION - Philadelphia - Pennsylvania, US 6 UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA PHILADELPHIA - PENNSYLVANIA, USA LIGHT SHELVES - EXPLORATION & EVALUATION - Philadelphia - Pennsylvania, US 7 WASTE RECYCLING SYSTEM - EMERGY FLOW DIAGRAM - Philadelphia - Pennsylvania, US 8 SIMULATION TOOLS 9 The Master in Environmental Building Design is a specialized, post professional degree developed to train architects in the new skills and knowledge required for environmental design and especially in the design techniques with which those skills must be integrated into the practice of architecture. The course of study includes course work on building performance simulation, integrated building design, building envelopes and systems, lighting, daylighting, and the theory and practice of environmental design. These projects focuses on understanding and use of various tools that helps in exploring the performance of buildings for environmental issues and suggest techniques for sustainable approach. 2 GRADUATE PROJECTS
  • ding 300ft #100 600ft Selected Building for Adaptive N U E Reuse AVE T I ON #83 UE WK AVEN KITTY HA BLDG #624 we are here FLAGSHIP DRIVE #611 CENTER CITY #100 2004 NAVY YARD MASTERPLAN w MAIN STREET NETWORK MAIN STREET SECONDARY STREET NUE T I ON A V E 300ft 0 600ft 3500ft 7000ft 0 300ft 0 600ft 3500ft 7000ft T STA ER 0 300ft 600ft E- 0 T STA ER T STA ER INT 7000ft 76 3500ft 600ft E- 0 INT 5 T IN NAVY YARD DRIVE CENTER CITY 0 REET INT. AIRPORT 750ft we are here we are here we are here we are here 1500ft 345° N 345° NORTH NORTH 315° 40 km/h 45° 20° 30° 300° 1st Jun 40° 30 km/h 60° 1st Jul hrs 86 90 76 80 30 km/h 57 60 60 50 48 50 28 30 20 km/h 86 76 270° Being a part of Navy yard, with a great history and located at the critical junction of the city, new design tempts to be an icon by itself. Project will consider the climatic responses at micro and macro level, in order to achieve comfortable conditions and achieve high energy performance criteria to set examples for future generation. WEST 90° EAST 60° 85 75 65 45° 25 55 45 30 km/h 15 20 km/h 35 300° <5 60° 15 <5 285° 10 km/h WEST EAST WEST EAST 25 20 km/h 75° 10 km/h <9 10 km/h WEST 95+ 315° 35 57 300° 48 38 % 15° 40 km/h 45 30 km/h 285° 19 20 km/h NORTH 50 km/h 30° 55 28 <9 345° 330° 65 45° 10 km/h secondary wind for summer 26TH ST. 80° 1st Apr 10 km/h 1st Sep 85 75 315° 67 <10 75° 30° 40 km/h 96+ 19 20 20 km/h 20 30 km/h 38 40 30 km/h 40 <10 40 km/h 67 70 40 km/h 70 30 60° 70° Located at the foot of historic Broad Street, NAVY YARD, which is larger in area than Centre City Philadelphia, presents an extraordinary opportunity for redevelopment. The Navy Yard benefit from a unique and valuable set of architectural, landscape and infrastructure assets. % 15° 330° hrs 96+ 101+ 40 km/h NORTH hrs PREVAILING WIND FOR WINTER 90 80 1st May 285° 26TH ST. NORTH 101+ 20 km/h 1st Aug 50° BROAD STREET BROAD STREET BROAD ST hrs 30° 10° MAIN STREET SECONDARY STREET NORTH 50 km/h MAX IMUM ECO LO G IC A L POW ER 95+ 15° 330° 2004 NAVY YARD MASTERPLAN w MAIN STREET NETWORK CENTER CITY CENTER CITY CENTER CITY BROAD STREET IN #611 #543 BROAD STREET FLAGSHIP 300ft 9 EAT ST ER 76 0 T STA ER E- 7000ft INT 3500ft BLDG #624 76 UE WK AVEN 0 KITTY HA E- #83 26TH ST. TER STA TE - 95 TREET BROAD S CONSTITU INT 600ft T 11 T H S T R E E 300ft 26TH ST. 0 BROAD STRE ET BROAD STRE ET #543 ‘Proposed’ Residential and Commercial Energy Flow Diagram TREET BROAD S INT CONSTITU 76 E- 76 0 T STA ER 26TH ST. 7000ft ENERGY F LOW DIAGR AM 3500ft T 11 T H S T R E E 0 Philadelphia ‘Conventional’ Residential and Commercial Energy Flow Diagram Building 624- warehouse (planned to be renovated as residential) INTEGRATED DESIGN LAB - HIGH PERFORMANCE BUILDING DESIGN 75° 10 km/h WEST EAST WEST EAST EAST 1st Oct 255° 105° 1st Mar 255° 255° 240° 5 -9 TE TA RS INT. AIRPORT 0 3 750ft 1500ft 1500ft INT. AIRPORT 13 12 10 11 9 8 135° SUMMER SUN WINTER SUN 150° 195° 180° 165° Navy Yard 95 NAVY YARD 210? 0 750ft 195? PREVAILING WIND FOR 1500ft SUMMER INT. AIRPORT 225° Prevailing summer wind flow - primary and secondary 750ft 1500ft INT. AIRPORT 120° 135° 225° 210° 135° 150° 195° 210? SOUTH 0 240° SOUTH 195? SOUTH 120° NAVY YARD TER STA TE - 14 95 IN 15 210° Sun movement study for summer and winter TE IN 750ft 16 225° 120° TER STA TE - TER STA TE - IN 0 NAVY 1st Dec YARD 1st Jan 240° IN 95 NAVY YARD IN TER STA TE - 95 105° 105° 1st Nov 1st Feb SOUTH Prevailing winter wind flow SOUTH 165° 210° 150° 195° 0 750ft 1500ft SOUTH 165° AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (SUMMER) Average relative humidity in summer C LI MATE STUDY Philadelphia - Pennsylvania, US
  • PROG R AM D I AG R AM Natural Ventilation SYST E M D I AGRA MS Off. Off. “ RESPONSIVE REUSE is the parallel process of reinvigorating an existing building by physically transforming its mass, adding a new structure on top, and connecting them with new architectural and programmatic elements. The existing building is made more efficient by subtracting volume from the centre, and converting the dark inner core to parking. The overbuild is a perforated, donut shape that enhances natural ventilation and is fitted with an adjustable, responsive facade calibrated to changing climatic conditions. Off. Open below NATURAL VENTILATION via UNITS RESIDENTIAL: 456,800 SF 1-BR 1-BR 2-BR 3-BR NATURAL VENTILATION via OFFICES LOFT_STYLE: 60 DUPLEX: 66 DUPLEX: 144 DUPLEX: 18 TOTAL: SVC UNITS UNITS UNITS UNITS SVC 288 UNITS Off. CAFETERIA, DAYCARE, GYM & RECREATION SEVERVICE: 49,140 SF ENERGY SYSTEM IN HOT SEASON PARKING: 260,000 SF PARKING FOR OCCUPANTS: 400 EXTRA VISITOR PARKING: 100 Residential units COMMERCIAL OFFICES: 454,320 SF Off. SVC SVC “THE YARD” MARKET: 258,000 SF Day time Heat transfer during winter Off. Gym Typical Office level Plan ENERGY SYSTEM IN COLD SEASON Off. Typical Residential level Plan P IX IL ATIONS N Opaqueness from lower heavy existing building, disappears as one moves up towards the new insert. Here units play between of opaque and transparent space Looking to leverage the benefits of different construction types, we propose to use a glass wrapper to help the existing thermal mass promote seasonally appropriate heat transfer between the old and new elements. The architectural impact of the proposal creates a new kind of visual icon for the Navy Yard.” - Brian Phillips Residence ENERGY SYSTEM IN COLD SEASON Courtyard Night time Office Parking Retail Cross Section with Courtyard and Atrium ENERGY SYSTEM IN COLD SEASON 4 Philadelphia - Pennsylvania, US
  • cadcoaching.co.uk A IR FLOW ST U DY The aim of this study was to ensure that the open spaces, courtyard and atrium, have sufficient cool air at appropriate velocity so that during comfortable climatic condition outside one can open windows and allow natural ventilations through the spaces. ILLUMINATION AND LIGHT STUDY - R ESP O N SIVE FAC ADE ku.oc.gnihcaocdac Following the strategies of BIOCLIMATIC, RESPONSIVENESS and ADAPTATION, project evolve to a mix use residential-commercial tower. Taking the benefit of clearly different functions, at different location, and heavy thermal structure of existing building, there is a possibility of mutually transferring energy from one location to other at different time on daily and annually basis. Reduction in Energy - Residential Block R EN D E R E D P E RSP EC TIVE VIE W 23.0% 32.0% 40.3% 27.0% 60.3% 32.6% 12.5% 29.0% Glass Facade with Shading Device Reduction in Energy - Commercial Block 5 Retractable Translucent Shading Reduction in Cooling Energy Reduction in Heating Energy E NE RGY PE R FO R MANC E Philadelphia - Pennsylvania, US
  • CLINICAL RESEARCH BUILDING- ENERGY MODELING & SIMULATION Exist ing Building STRATEGIES IMPROVING BUILDING PERFORMANCE Triple Glazed Low-E Coating Windows Light Sensors M o d e le d Bu ild in g ZONE DISTRIBUTION Given Report Best Calibration EN D - US E E LEC TR ICAL CONS UMPTION #1 Total energy consumption of building is one of the main focuses of environmental designer. Energy simulations help in understanding holistically energy consumption of building in different aspect such as heating, cooling, lighting and plug-in loads. It provides data in various formats which further helps in deciding design strategies according to the climatic conditions and locations. One can provide #2 various inputs in terms materials, systems, technologies, schedules etc and predict the energy usage of the building. Shading Device COMPAR ISON OF CALIBR ATION STEPS 6 PERFO RMA N C E EVA LUATIO N A N D A SSESSMENT The project consisted of modeling an existing lab building at University of Pennsylvania campus. The aim was to do develop a detailed energy model for simulation and generate energy assessment using #3 energy plus as modeling engine. The results were then compared with actual meter data to understand the variation and finally to propose design strategies to the existing building and test their performance in terms of energy reduction. Natural Ventilation #4 ANALYSI S PRO C ESS Building Level Zone Level Detail Study of Critical Zone Comparative Study of Various Alternatives Philadelphia - Pennsylvania, US
  • DECEMBER 40,000 35,000 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 LUX LEVELS 12 PM 21st JUNE ILLUMINANCE LEVEL IN THE CENTER OF THE SPACE - SUNNY SKY - MOSCOW 40,000 35,000 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 B 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 DECEMBER ILLUMINANCE LEVEL IN THE CENTER OF THE SPACE - SUNNY SKY – MOSCOW LUX LEVELS EQUATOR 9 AM TROPIC OF CANER JUNE 21st MARCH MARCH A ILLUMINANCE LEVEL IN THE CENTER OF THE SPACE - SUNNY SKY - MOSCOW LUX LEVELS 3 PM 21st DECEMBER 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 TROPIC OF CAPRICORN 40,000 35,000 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 7 LUX LEVELS 21st JUNE 40,000 35,000 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 ILLUMINANCE LEVEL IN THE CENTER OF THE SPACE - SUNNY SKY - MOSCOW 8,000 LUX LEVELS 21st DECEMBER - Helps well in decreasing the peripheral glare and discomfort - Effect of inside illuminance and reducing peripheral glare and discomfort depends on width of light shelf, location (inside, outside or both), vertical positioning, its angle and also on dimensions and type of glazing. - Depending on the requirement of the space, one can decide upon having light shelf either interior, exterior or both, as they all have different effect on illumination at interior space near perimeter. 5 PM GE N ERA L O BS E RVATIO N 12 PM ILLUMINANCE LEVEL IN THE CENTER OF THE SPACE - SUNNY SKY - MOSCOW A) MOSCOW - RUSSIA, LATITUDE - 55.7 B) MALE ISLAND - MALDIVES, LATITUDE - 4.2 MALE - HULELU, MALDIVES Interior - Exterior Light shelf 9 AM ILLUMINANCE LEVEL IN THE CENTER OF THE SPACE - SUNNY SKY – MOSCOW Interior - Exterior Light shelf JUNE 21st MARCH MARCH LUX LEVELS LIGHT SHELVES- EXPLORATION AND EVALUATION - For location near equator, light shelf doesn’t work during months around March and September as sun is almost overhead. - Light shelf works equally well for north and south façade. - Illuminance level is almost similar inside space in the central part during early morning (9am) and late afternoon (3pm) as sun penetrates the space at almost similar angle from south. MOSCOW, RUSSIA - For location moving far above tropic of cancer, light shelf doesn’t work during months around December as sun is at very low altitude, even during noon time. - Light shelf works well for months between months from March to September as sun is at higher altitude compared to other months. DAY LIG HTIN G The objective of this research is to understand and highlight the effectiveness of light shelves in different geographical region and their effect in illuminance level inside the space. Daylight simulations were performed for a custom light shelves (plastic material) for a typical space in two different location - 1) Moscow, Russia and 2) Male Hulelu, Maldives. Moscow, in Russia, is located at 55.7 degree latitude and Male Hulelu, in Maldives, is located at 4.2 degree latitude. Simulations were performed using Ecotect and Radiance and weather data for both the space were taken from U.S Department of Energy website. Simulation readings were taken both for sunny as well as overcast sky, during 21st of March, June and September. For Maldives, readings are taken at 9 AM, 12 PM and 3 PM of day and for Moscow, readings were taken at 9 AM, 12 PM and 5 PM. Along with variation in day and time, reading were also taken having variation in location of light shelf - both side of wall (inside and outside), only exterior side of wall and only interior side of wall and compared with same situation of day and time without light shelf. 6,000 4,000 2,000 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Philadelphia - Pennsylvania, US
  • WASTE RECYCLING SYSTEM - EMERGY FLOW DIAGRAM Moral Rule EMERGY F LOW D IAG RA M Students Alumni $ Current / Prospect Environmental Flow Others Parents, Scholars, the Public Economic Flow Social Flow Fame Knowledge Spirit $ Recycle Mania Penn Green Campus Partnership (Campaign) Social Reward Green Campus Partnership (Promotion) Economic Redemption Class, Symposium (Education) Campaign Resource Reduction Jobs Promotion Environmental Improvement People Externalities Landfill Reduction Education Environmental Awareness Solar Environmental Systems SelfConsciousness Commercial (Green Wash) Preventing Global Warming Meyerson hall generates various wastes such as paper, cardboard, plastic, aluminum cans, glass and other miscellaneous materials. Several materials such as wood, acrylic, cardboards, metals etc, comes in the fab lab. They produce various products and create several wastes such as saw dust, wooden pieces, metal dust etc. Out of all these, wastes paper and cardboard are the major one. Papers from printers/plotters are used on one side and are than thrown to recycle bins or trash bins. These wastes are than collected and send to recycle center before their functional value is fully utilized. Also the saw dust generated from fab lab, which is initially collected separately, ends up in trash, possess a value of reuse. For a sustainable solution, there is a need to make a little intervention in the flow of the waste system. Once the waste are being collected, materials such as paper, cardboard, saw dust should be collected and reused in the building itself till they are fully utilized and then should be disposed for recycling. Materials Recycle Meyerson Hall University of Pennsylvania Recycle at Home Recycle at Work Society Biosphere 8 Philadelphia - Pennsylvania, US
  • Analysis Grid RAD Illuminance 3156+ Value Range: 56 - 3156 Lux 2846 © ECOTECT v5 2536 2226 1916 1606 1296 SIMULATION TOOLS 986 676 366 56 S U N PATH A N D S HA DOW STUDY ILLUMINATI O N STUDY 165.67 AIR FLOW - C FD STUDY 755.04 165.80 56.67 754.86 920.49 873.24 800.15 S UN PATH A N D SHA D OW STUDY In designing buildings and structures, architects have constantly focused their attention towards the sun. It has been both a bane as well as an aid for building designers: too much sunlight will lead to excessive heating. Hence today architects must not only design buildings to collect energy from the sun to provide heating and lighting, but also to reject solar energy when it can lead to overheating of the building. Sun path study helps in understanding the motion of the sun throughout the year which helps in deciding the location and orientation of building on site. 63.47 Winter 665.22 Orthographic Projection 580.41 2386.03 453.43 3200.17 Dotted lines: July-December. Obj 484 Orientation: 0.0°, 0.0° 21st March - Noon 2424.77 Date/Time: 12:00, 21st Dec Location: 40.7°, -73.9° HSA: 1.7°, VSA: 25.8° Sun Position: -178.3°, 25.8° 90 80 12 70 11 13 10 60 50 14 9 40 15 8 16 30 7 17 20 6 18 10 5 19 ALT North 30 60 90 120 150 South 210 240 270 300 Orthographic Projection North Dotted lines: July-December. Obj 484 Orientation: 0.0°, 0.0° HSA: 2.2°, VSA: 72.7° Sun Position: -177.8°, 72.7° 21st June - Noon 330 Date/Time: 12:00, 21st Jun Location: 40.7°, -73.9° 90 80 12 70 11 50 14 9 40 Summer 13 10 60 15 8 16 21st June - Noon 30 7 17 20 6 GLAR E STUDY 21st Dec. - Noon 21st June - Noon 21st Dec. - Noon 5 30 19 60 90 120 150 South 210 240 270 300 Orthographic Projection North Dotted lines: July-December. Obj 484 Orientation: 0.0°, 0.0° HSA: -1.1°, VSA: 49.0° Sun Position: 178.9°, 49.0° 21st Dec. - Noon 330 Date/Time: 12:00, 21st Mar Location: 40.7°, -73.9° 90 80 12 70 11 13 10 60 50 14 9 40 15 8 16 30 7 17 20 6 18 10 5 19 ALT North 9 30 60 Amount and quality of light vary from region to region. It also varies in the building according to requirement of space and function. Achieving appropriate light level (Natural + Artificial) helps not only in achieving low energy consumption of the building, but it also creates a healthy ambience and increase productivity. Illumination study helps in calculating the light level at different hours thorough out the year and hence helps design accordingly to the best or worst weather condition. A IR F LOW - C F D STUDY 18 10 ALT North ILLUM IN ATIO N A ND G LA RE STUDY 90 120 150 South 210 240 270 300 330 North Base Case Improved Case Well ventilated buildings are most needed to reduce the dependency on mechanical systems and to reduce the energy consumption for the building. Wind simulation study helps to calculate the motion of wind in and around the building. It also helps in understanding the velocity, temperature and inflow angle of the wind and assists in taking decision for improvising the conditions. Philadelphia - Pennsylvania, US
  • 11 HUNNARSHALA FOUNDATION MUD NEEMRANA - AN EXTENT ION OF NEEMRANA FORT PALACE - Neemrana - Rajasthan, IN 14 FOUNDATION FOR BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATIONS BHUJ - GUJARAT, INDIA PANCHAYAT BHAVAN - Bihar, IN 17 HABITAT FOR HUMANITY OF TAOS - Taos - New Mexico, US 19 RESIDENCE FOR MRS. MARY HARTZELL - Taos - New Mexico, US 21 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES - A PUBLISHED RESEARCH - Kutch - Gujarat, IN 22 MANSI - SCHOOL FOR MENTALLY CHALLENGED GIRLS - Bidada - Gujarat, IN Hunnarshala Foundation is not-forprofit company that works to promote sustainable designs and construction techniques, creates opportunities for artisan to mainstream their skills by providing technology, design and market support. It also works for rehabilitation after natural disasters and promotes decentralize solid management and waste water solutions. ONYX CONSTRUCTION DESIGN These projects aim to display the use of contemporary as well as local materials and artisan skills in response to the urgent needs environmental issues from global climate change to resources shortages. The use of the following technologies and skills not only opens the new perspective for environmental issues but also establish new language to aesthetics. 10 PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE TAOS - NEW MEXICO, USA Onyx construction design focus on sustainable solar passive architecture using contemporary and alternative construction technologies. It creates opportunities for local communities to involve in construction process and provide platform for better socio - economic development.
  • MANSI - SCHOOL FOR MENTALLY CHALLENGED GIRLS N Site Plan Staff Quarters Cluster Play Area Class Rooms “The desponding are comforted and made hopeful, and the excited are repressed and instructed by the cordial and kindly comments of the convalescent and experienced”. Dormitories Cluster -1 Tree MANSI is an artful school, that has beautiful views, grounds, and contain “home-felt” spaces with excellent ventilation. In no case, school look’s like a place of confinement. Students here are not only involved in routinely manual work but also have ample opportunity for pleasures such as music, lectures, parties, carriage rides, a library, reading and worship, and excursions. This school is - an inviolable refuge, a retreat, a protective shelter, a place to escape from the causes of insanity. The insane cannot be usually healed at home and school is the proper places for the insane. Removal of an individual from his city or town to the school is for the purpose of treatment, not for custodial care. Students are not only the beneficiaries of the environment and activities provided by the superintendent but also gain from exposure to other students. Main aim of the institute is to provide shelter to children roaming on the street and provide with new life. Try to stabilize their life and help to sustain them through their own skills. Provide them with basic education with understanding their Head Mistress individual needs. Educate them with affection and kindness. To make them part of society by enriching their behaviours, Quarter which is socially acceptable. Keeping the children busy as far as possible so that their mind develops in fruitful that help them to earn for themselves in future, and hence help them to achieve a respected state in society. Kitchen and Dining Space Administration and Office Space S IT E I M AGES 11 Situated on land brimming with neem trees, the leaves of which provide essential ayurvedic medicines, the plan purposely worked around the trees so as not to have to cut any down. Bidada - Gujarat, India
  • PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT Spill-out Space Silence Space Class Room Seasonal Flower Court Class rooms are the spaces where children will be learning their way out of limitations and be self dependent. Four classroom are arranged in a way that they form a courtyard in between, creating visual connection yet separated with open green patch and trees. Spill-out Space Pebble Court Each classroom is designed around trees, ending up forming two spill over spaces with trees. Also a small, dark and cosy silent space is provided for each classroom, where child will be isolated in order to find herself within and be calm and comfortable. PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT Fl o o r P la n PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT S ect ion SUSTAINABILITY Use of local material such as stone, mud, thatch, terracotta etc as building materials , reducing environmental impact and enhancing employment for local artisan and increasing local economy. Use of Local Stone Seasonal Flower Court Class room 12 Silence space IPS Floor Mud Plaster Thatch Roof Terracotta Filler Slab Bidada - Gujarat, India PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT
  • PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT Kitchen Space Entrance Porch Washing Area Dining Space PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT Storage PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT Dormitory PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT Dormitories are designed in group of Kitch en & D in in g Sp ace PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT Dormitories Cluster 4 with individual courtyards and central bigger courtyard with amphitheatre, which collects rainwater and harvest it below. Each dormitory is designed around trees, ending up forming 3 spill over spaces with trees. Each dormitories consists of 12 girls with one care taker, which makes total occupancy of 48 girls in the school. Following the principle of cutting no trees, the Kitchen - Dining space turns out to have a form of alphabet ‘S’, consisting of 5 courtyard with trees. Individual curves form kitchen and dining space. The design is such that it provide large enough storage space. PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT 13 Bidada - Gujarat, India
  • MUD NEEMRANA - AN EXTENSION OF NEEMRANA FORT PALACE Site Site NEEMRANA is located at golden tri- angle between Delhi and Jaipur. It is 15th century old fort resort spreading across 2.5 hector on the hill. It provides unique panoramic view of the landscape till the horizon. Continuing its legacy of providing a unique staying experience at fort palace, a new cottage staying facility is designed at the foot of the place with different architecture style, language and materiality. The new cottage submerge in the nature with a surprise in itself. Surrounded by the rich variety of flora and fauna, cottage provides a serene and tranquil experience. Neemrana fort palace S IT E F LOR A AN D FAUN A IMAGES 14 Neemrana - Rajasthan, India
  • PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT Floor Plan Semi Covered Verandah Sleeping Space Planted Filter Sleeping space R ENDERED VIEWS Entrance Porch Entrance Porch Pavilion PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT Bathing space Exploring different material and technology for construction as against to the stone fort, the cottage is designed as a mud dome. The dome is entirely made up of Adobe brick, with necessary concrete bands. Dome sits on square base with the dimension of 6M X 6M. Dome is 1M high with diameter of 6M. The final finishing of the dome and the walls are out of lime plaster and fresco paintings. Attached with the dome, is the bathing space, which is inspired by the local stone construction. A small waste water system is also developed which will treat water out of the bathroom with natural process and then will be used for surrounding landscape. The front and rear timber pavilion reflects the language that can be seen at the fort palace making a continuity. PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT Section 15 PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT Neemrana - Rajasthan, India PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT
  • CONSTR UC TI O N PRO C ESS I M AG ES “The dome - a classic archetype. Springing skyward and defying earthly gravity, the dome symbolizes the heavens and cosmos above. It transports us from earth to heaven; from earth to spirit.” - EARTH TO SPIRIT, In search of natural architecture SUSTA INA BILITY SOCIAL - ECONOMICAL - ENVIRONMENTAL Celebrating Sustainability using local material and technology 16 Using sustainable and local green building materials such as mud and stone, can help reduce the environmental impacts associated with the extraction, transport, processing, fabrication, installation, reuse, recycling, and disposal of building industry source materials. Also use of these material, enhance local skills and technology, provide employment opportunity to local artisan and increase local economy. Neemrana - Rajasthan, India
  • PANCHAYAT BHAVAN Section Section With a view to provide infrastructural facilities in rural belts, the Bihar government has announced to construct Panchayat Bhavan in 8,463 Panchayats with assistance of World Bank. Panchayat Bhavan shall not only fulfill the functional requirements at panchayat level but also shall become a landmark representing local self governance. Main component of Panchayat bhavan are MUKHIYA and SARPANCH. Other supporting staff for Mukhiya includes Panchayat Sachiv, ward member, Engineers, Halka kamachari, computer operator etc, whereas for Sarpanch are Nayay mitra, Jansevak, Health worker, Supervisor etc. Other Services such as pantry, storage and wash area are required. As it is a public service building, it is important to include the factor of physical disability in order to access each and every function. Idea was to explore a modular design that could be easily modified for varying site conditions and bring ease in construction process. Section Ground Floor Plan 17 First Floor Plan Bihar, India
  • R ENDERED VIEWS Bihar is rich in building traditions and craft. Most of the people in the region continue practice these traditional technologies. At the same time, there is also a certain degree of change towards modern materials particularly reinforced cement concrete. However, quality of such construction is not up to desirable level due to many complexities involved related to skills and affordability. As a result, the Panchayat Bhavan will be constructed with local materials such as Bricks and Bamboo, which will provide easy availability of materials, enhance local skills, provide platform to artisan to move forward with their skills, reduces environmental impact and increase local economy. 18 Bihar, India
  • HABITAT FOR HUMANITY OF TAOS HABITAT FOR HUMANITY OF TAOS is a locally run affiliate of Habitat for N Humanity International, an ecumenical, nonprofit Christian housing ministry building decent, affordable housing in partnership with people in need. Parking The project is divided in two phases. Phase-1 involves 1,950 sq.ft of office and restore buildings. This phase is funded by RHEA grant through HUD funding program. Restore and Storage Phase - 2 FLAGSTONE PATH Administrative Office Phase - 1 GARDEN COURT-YARD Site Plan East Elevation 19 The structure incorporates several strategies such as, solar orientation, SIPs walling system, double pane windows, Xeriscape landscape and photovoltic panels, making it energy efficient design. Salazar Road Phase-1 Phase-2 Taos - New Mexico, USA
  • Double layer Jumbo text (Building paper) A Bituthane ice and water shield on all parapets, extend 1'-0" down either side C 1A REF SHEET A3 DETAIL 3 REF SHEET A3 DETAIL 4 3-coat Portland based stucco system (typ.) 4" 2" OSB sheathing Brai Roofing STEM WALL 2" 2" Brai Underlayment Cant strip 1'-6" Finish Floor Level 6892.80 Parapet Detail Conference Room EXTERIOR WALL FOOTING 4" 1' 4" Foundation Detail - A FLOOR SLAB - 4" Poured conc. @ 3000 PSI with 6"x6" steel mesh and radiant heat lines. 2" Rigid form insulation Slab thickened to 16" under load bearing frame wall with poured conc. @ 3000 PSI with 2 horizontal #4 Re-bars continuous - 18" X 8" Poured conc. @ 3000 PSI with 2 horizontal #4 Re-bars continuous, and vertical # 4 bars @ 48" O.C. REF SHEET A3 DETAIL 6 Section - ICF form forms 12" height x 14" wide with 10" conc. core fill @ 3000 PSI with #4 vertical rebar @ 48" O.C. 4" 4" # 4 Re-Bar 1 x 8" Anchor Bolt 6" O.C 1'-4" Double layer Jumbo text (Building paper) 2" 2" Rigid form insulation 1' Drop Ceiling Drop Ceiling 3-coat Portland based stucco system (typ.) 1 4" Poured conc. @ 3000 PSI with 6"x6" steel mesh and radiant heat lines. Stucco mold REF SHEET A3 DETAIL 2 A OSB Sheathing 1'-4" 8" Drop Ceiling 2" 2" x 8" Anchor Bolt 6" O.C 8" 1 FLOOR SLAB 8" REF SHEET A3 DETAIL 1 1 Bituthane ice and water shield on all parapets, extend 1'-0" down either side REF SHEET A3 DETAIL 5 Foundation Detail - B SIPs (Structural Insulated Panels) consists of EPS (Expanded Polystyrene) insulation laminated with structural adhesives to oriented strand board structural sheathing. It is most air-tight and well insulated systems available reducing energy consumption. They are faster construction method as they reduces framing time as much as 50% as compared to conventional stick frame method. SIPs are made from renewable wood and the expanded polystyrene insulation contain no HCFs, CFCs, and HCFCs and the life cycle analysis of SIPs shows substantial reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. Office Pantry Restroom Mechanical Room Director’s Office Reception Administrative Office Phase 1 20 Taos - New Mexico, USA
  • RESIDENCE - MRS. MARY HARTZELL A vacation retreat outhouse was designed for Mrs. Mary Hartzell in the beautiful natural settings of Taos, NM. Its a one story structure that faces the Sangre-decristo mountains of Rocky Mountain Ranges. North Portal B at h ro o m Room B at h ro o m Room Kitchen Mechanical Room Bedroom Residence is simple plan with structural walls of poured pumice technology while interior partition walls are standard stick frame. Radiant Floor Heating is the primary source for maintaining comfortable internal temperatures during winters where outside temperatures are around -22 C. Office Detail A Living Room Master Bedroom South Portal Detail B Site Plan Top of trusses match for same roof plane 24"x48" Trusses Metal roofing on 5 8" CDX deck Pre-engineered factory wood trusses 12"x36" high above vigas & ceiling 12"x36" Trusses 24"x48" Trusses 11" Spruce vigas 1"x6" T & G R - 50 Insulation Top plate Pumice crete Gypsum plaster (USG STRUCTO-LITE) 14" Wide ICF stem wall with 10" conc. core fill FF FF Section 21 FF Cement & stucco plaster 2" Under Floor Rigid Insulation FF Section Taos - New Mexico, USA
  • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES Technologies E Const. E Maint. 2 2 [MJ/m ] [MJ/m ] NRE without transp. 2 [MJ/m ] RE without transp. NRE Transp. 2 2 [MJ/m ] [MJ/m ] RE Transp. 2 [MJ/m ] CO2 Const. CO2 Maint. 2 2 [kg/m ] [kg/m ] WATER Const. 2 [lt/m ] WATER Maint. 2 [lt/m ] 26 179 183 327 236 236 236 174 35 166 187 335 176 179 188 62 43 63 40 103 8 7 4 1 1 34 34 59 19 19 19 35 202 502 420 225 4'477 4'477 4'477 124 Sandstone hand dr., cem. mortar, 2 cem. plast., 23 cm Sandstone mach. dr., cem. mortar, 2 cem. plast., 23 cm Rammed earth, 2 cem. plast., 23 cm CCB hand m., cem. mortar, 2 cem. plast., 23 cm CCB ind. solid, cem. mortar, 2 cem. Plast., 23 cm CCB ind. hollow, cem. mortar, 2 cem. plast., 23 cm Fly ash B, cem. stab., cem. mortar, 2 sides cem. plaster, 23 cm 353 170 379 66 77 1 70 35 110 124 413 170 388 69 125 1 78 35 110 124 426 208 456 120 57 1 80 41 144 186 519 139 511 79 67 1 112 28 385 124 532 139 485 75 109 2 107 28 335 124 540 139 498 76 104 1 108 28 329 124 559 139 482 76 138 2 110 28 255 124 CSEB, cem. mortar, 2 cem. plast., 23 cm 492 548 208 170 524 524 97 78 77 116 1 1 103 112 41 35 377 191 186 124 Fly ash B, lime stab., cem. mortar, 2 sides cem. plaster, 23 cm Burnt brick local, cem. mortar, 2 sides cem. plaster, 23 cm 603 139 525 64 151 2 95 28 255 124 717 139 524 278 52 1 95 28 227 124 RCC, 2 sides cem. plaster, 15 cm Burnbt brick industrial, cem. mortar, 2 sides cem. plaster, 23 cm 774 139 722 88 101 2 161 28 108 124 895 139 857 61 114 2 127 28 227 124 Wattle and Daub, no plast., 15cm Cob wall, mud mortar, 2 mud plast., 45 cm Adobe, mud mortar,2 mud plast., 45 cm UCR, mud mortar, 2 cem.plast., 45 cm UCR, cem. mortar, 2 cem. plast, 38 cm A Published Research Paper at World Habitat - A Published Chapter in Book - http://www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch/documents/paper_kutch.pdf Technologies and Innovations For Development Scientific cooperation for a Sustainable Future by Bolay J, Schmid M, Tejada G and Hazboun E. 22 A CO M PAR ATI V E STUDY I N KUTC H D I STR I C T, G UJAR AT STATE , I ND I A PU BLISHED RESEA RC H PA PER Daniel Pittet1, K.S. Jagadish3, Tejas Kotak2, Kiran Vaghela2, Pratik Zaveri2, Humaira Sareshwala4, Jayesh Gohel4 1 University of Applied Sciences of Southern Switzerland, World Habitat Research Centre, www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch 2 Hunnarshala Foundation, Bhuj, Gujarat, India, www.hunnar.org 3 Emeritus Professor at IIS Bangalore, 4 Thesis student in architecture, CEPT ABSTRACT The housing sector is generating worldwide substantial environmental impacts. In fact, it contributes to about half of the total energy consumption of high income countries and is responsible of a major share of greenhouse gas emissions also in development and transition (D&T) nations. Scientific data on environmental impacts of building materials and technologies in D&T countries are rather limited and it is difficult to make informed choices aiming at reducing such impacts. The study aims at filling a gap in the assessment and documentation of environmental impacts of building technologies in India and in D&T countries in general. It is based on a detailed analysis of various walling technologies used in single family houses of Kutch District, Gujarat State, India, including traditional, modern and alternative new technologies. Based mainly on primary data, the impacts have been assessed including the production chain of materials, their transportation on site, all construction procedures as well as the maintenance activities over fifty years, whereas the impacts due to demolition of the structures at the end of their life cycle have been evaluated through qualitative analysis. Environmental impacts are represented through indicators such as the total energy consumption (embodied energy), the share of non renewable energies (NRE), the corresponding amount of CO2 emissions and the consumption of water. Various phases of production processes (construction, transport and maintenance) are represented separately in order to inform on their respective quantitative relevance. Kutch - Gujarat, India
  • PRATIK ARUN ZAVERI Master in Environmental Building Design LEED Green Associate www.pratikzaveri.weebly.com pratikz@design.upenn.edu +91 96877 00054