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Smart Growth

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Smart Growth, urban planning

Smart Growth, urban planning

Published in: Technology, Real Estate

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  • 1. Definition of smart growth
    • Smart Growth : an urban planning and transportation theory  promotes concentrating growth in the center  avoid urban sprawl (Wikipedia.org, nd)
    • The Smart Growth movement evolved from statewide growth management & initiatives as an alternative to conventional dev
    • Promoted by:
      • 1) compact, mixed use development that encourages choice in travel mode (coordinating transportation & land use  less open space requirement
      • 2) Prioritizing the maintenance & revitalization of existing neighborhoods rather than investing to create new infrastructure & development that spreads out from existing areas.
    • Who can oppose “smart growth” since its opposite is “dumb growth” ! ( Name is derived from legislation & programs developed by the State of Maryland . (Smart name!)
  • 2. The Common thread of Smart Growth
    • There is no real unified set of specific Smart Growth policies , as many different groups with different views of smart growth are involved (ex homebuilders &transit advocates):
    • Use the same term in different ways and contexts
    • Smart Growth programs establishes common ground to accommodate growth based on consensus on development decisions in a community : Achieved by inclusive & participatory processes in decision making.
    • different bundles of specific policies in different communities
    • the common thread is: revitalizing central cities and older suburbs , supports and enhances public transit, promotes walking and bicycling, and preserves open spaces and agricultural lands
    • efficient development  more livable communities.
  • 3. Smart growth principles:
    • Mix land uses.
    • Take advantage of compact building design.
    • Create a range of housing opportunities and choices.
    • Create walk able neighborhoods.
    • Foster distinctive, attractive communities with a strong sense of place.
    • Preserve open space, farmland, natural beauty, and critical environmental areas.
    • Strengthen and direct development towards existing communities.
    • Provide a variety of transportation choices.
    • Make development decisions predictable, fair, and cost effective.
    • Encourage community and stakeholder collaboration in development decisions .
  • 4. Mix land uses Smart growth supports the integration of mixed land uses into communities as a critical component of achieving better places to live.
  • 5. Create walk able neighborhoods Walk able communities are desirable places to live, work, learn, worship and play, and therefore a key component of smart growth.
    • benefits :
    • lower transportation costs
    • greater social interaction
    • improved personal and environmental health
    • expanded consumer choice
  • 6. Smart growth provides a means for communities to incorporate more compact building design as an alternative to conventional, land consumptive development.
    • Benefits
    • provides and protects more open, undeveloped land that would exist otherwise to absorb and filter rain water,
    • reduce flooding and storm water drainage needs,
    • and lower the amount of pollution washing into our streams, rivers and lakes. 

    • Compact building design is necessary to support wider transportation choices,
    Take advantage of compact building design
  • 7. Create a range of housing opportunities and choices. Providing quality housing for people of all income levels is an integral component in any smart growth strategy
  • 8. Foster distinctive, attractive communities with a strong sense of place. Smart growth encourages communities to craft a vision and set standards for development and construction which respond to community values of architectural beauty and distinctiveness, as well as expanded choices in housing and transportation.
  • 9. Preserve open space, farmland, natural beauty, and critical environmental areas
    • “ open space”= natural areas both in and surrounding localities
    • Includes community space, natural beauty , habitats, recreational, farm and ranch land (working lands), & critical environmental areas (e.g. wetlands).
    • Smart Growth  protection by removing the development pressure , preserving these lands & redirecting growth to existing communities . (quality & supply)
    • Benefits:
      • Economical : boosted (many fiscal benefits) ex: in property value , tourism, taxes, adequate farms & water, prevented flood damage ..
      • environmental : less pollution, controlling wind & erosion, moderating temperatures, protecting water resources by natural buffering systems.
      • QOL : improved by outdoor recreation , adequate food & clean water supply + the above
      •  a more environmentally friendly city, clearly is crucial for the future generations.
  • 10. Strengthen and direct development towards existing communities. These are already served by infrastructure, just utilize their resources  increase their efficiency, cost effective dev, conservation of open spaces Other benefits: stronger tax base, proximity to jobs & services.. Obstacles: The ease of greenfield development , a strong economy & market demand are necessary Positives: Recent reports (2001) by Urban Land Institute on urban infill housing. governments role to facilitate market forces (ex of Denver): redefine downtown ,zoning , reconcile the many uses, tackle the parking issue. Case studies show that cities are also getting a great return on its investment, as this smart growth principle stimulates development. Helps the city become a more mixed used environment (principle 1)
  • 11. Provide a Variety of Transportation Choices A key to smart growth, helps in reducing major problems (ex traffic congestion, air pollution..) Also makes a city more mobile, thus helps economically Achieved by: multi-modal approach + supportive development patterns :  coordinating land use & transportation; increasing quality transit service ; creating redundancy, resiliency and connectivity within their road networks ; and ensuring c onnectivit y between pedestrian, bike, transit, and road facilities. Issues: public education & awareness, weather ..
  • 12. Make Development Decisions Predictable, Fair, and Cost Effective For a community to be successful , the private sector must embrace Smart Growth (investors, bankers, developers, builders …etc)  supply the needed large amounts of money government leadership role to ensure private support (regulates & invests in infrastructure)  financial incentives  affect value of property and the desirability of a place Governments that make the right decisions will create fair, predictable and cost effective smart growth. However, these should be more timely (especially for approval) & allow innovation  often difficult
  • 13. Encourage Community and Stakeholder Collaboration in Development Decisions
    • This principle focuses on the importance of including its citizens in strategic development decisions, this helps by:
    • the needs of every community & the programs to address them are best defined by the people who live and work there (citizens)
    • Confidence level increases with citizens knowing their environment and its developments  provide public support in making tough decisions
    • By taking the citizens in account there is a bigger chance for a city to be a sustainable one ,
    • Drawbacks : can be time-consuming, frustrating and expensive
    • Adv : creative, speedy resolution of development issues & greater community understanding of the importance of good planning and investment, staying power of dev
  • 14. Resources www.wikipedia.org R. Berke , Philip... [et al.] (2006), Urban land use planning, 5 th Ed, p10, Urbana: University of Illinois Press, p13-17 Downs, A. (2001), What does smart growth really mean? [Electronic version] American Planning Magazine , from : http://www.planning.org/sgreader . http://www.smartgrowth.org/about/principles/default.asp  

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