Smart Growth
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Smart Growth

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Smart Growth, urban planning

Smart Growth, urban planning

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    Smart Growth Smart Growth Presentation Transcript

    • Definition of smart growth
      • Smart Growth : an urban planning and transportation theory  promotes concentrating growth in the center  avoid urban sprawl (Wikipedia.org, nd)
      • The Smart Growth movement evolved from statewide growth management & initiatives as an alternative to conventional dev
      • Promoted by:
        • 1) compact, mixed use development that encourages choice in travel mode (coordinating transportation & land use  less open space requirement
        • 2) Prioritizing the maintenance & revitalization of existing neighborhoods rather than investing to create new infrastructure & development that spreads out from existing areas.
      • Who can oppose “smart growth” since its opposite is “dumb growth” ! ( Name is derived from legislation & programs developed by the State of Maryland . (Smart name!)
    • The Common thread of Smart Growth
      • There is no real unified set of specific Smart Growth policies , as many different groups with different views of smart growth are involved (ex homebuilders &transit advocates):
      • Use the same term in different ways and contexts
      • Smart Growth programs establishes common ground to accommodate growth based on consensus on development decisions in a community : Achieved by inclusive & participatory processes in decision making.
      • different bundles of specific policies in different communities
      • the common thread is: revitalizing central cities and older suburbs , supports and enhances public transit, promotes walking and bicycling, and preserves open spaces and agricultural lands
      • efficient development  more livable communities.
    • Smart growth principles:
      • Mix land uses.
      • Take advantage of compact building design.
      • Create a range of housing opportunities and choices.
      • Create walk able neighborhoods.
      • Foster distinctive, attractive communities with a strong sense of place.
      • Preserve open space, farmland, natural beauty, and critical environmental areas.
      • Strengthen and direct development towards existing communities.
      • Provide a variety of transportation choices.
      • Make development decisions predictable, fair, and cost effective.
      • Encourage community and stakeholder collaboration in development decisions .
    • Mix land uses Smart growth supports the integration of mixed land uses into communities as a critical component of achieving better places to live.
    • Create walk able neighborhoods Walk able communities are desirable places to live, work, learn, worship and play, and therefore a key component of smart growth.
      • benefits :
      • lower transportation costs
      • greater social interaction
      • improved personal and environmental health
      • expanded consumer choice
    • Smart growth provides a means for communities to incorporate more compact building design as an alternative to conventional, land consumptive development.
      • Benefits
      • provides and protects more open, undeveloped land that would exist otherwise to absorb and filter rain water,
      • reduce flooding and storm water drainage needs,
      • and lower the amount of pollution washing into our streams, rivers and lakes. 

      • Compact building design is necessary to support wider transportation choices,
      Take advantage of compact building design
    • Create a range of housing opportunities and choices. Providing quality housing for people of all income levels is an integral component in any smart growth strategy
    • Foster distinctive, attractive communities with a strong sense of place. Smart growth encourages communities to craft a vision and set standards for development and construction which respond to community values of architectural beauty and distinctiveness, as well as expanded choices in housing and transportation.
    • Preserve open space, farmland, natural beauty, and critical environmental areas
      • “ open space”= natural areas both in and surrounding localities
      • Includes community space, natural beauty , habitats, recreational, farm and ranch land (working lands), & critical environmental areas (e.g. wetlands).
      • Smart Growth  protection by removing the development pressure , preserving these lands & redirecting growth to existing communities . (quality & supply)
      • Benefits:
        • Economical : boosted (many fiscal benefits) ex: in property value , tourism, taxes, adequate farms & water, prevented flood damage ..
        • environmental : less pollution, controlling wind & erosion, moderating temperatures, protecting water resources by natural buffering systems.
        • QOL : improved by outdoor recreation , adequate food & clean water supply + the above
        •  a more environmentally friendly city, clearly is crucial for the future generations.
    • Strengthen and direct development towards existing communities. These are already served by infrastructure, just utilize their resources  increase their efficiency, cost effective dev, conservation of open spaces Other benefits: stronger tax base, proximity to jobs & services.. Obstacles: The ease of greenfield development , a strong economy & market demand are necessary Positives: Recent reports (2001) by Urban Land Institute on urban infill housing. governments role to facilitate market forces (ex of Denver): redefine downtown ,zoning , reconcile the many uses, tackle the parking issue. Case studies show that cities are also getting a great return on its investment, as this smart growth principle stimulates development. Helps the city become a more mixed used environment (principle 1)
    • Provide a Variety of Transportation Choices A key to smart growth, helps in reducing major problems (ex traffic congestion, air pollution..) Also makes a city more mobile, thus helps economically Achieved by: multi-modal approach + supportive development patterns :  coordinating land use & transportation; increasing quality transit service ; creating redundancy, resiliency and connectivity within their road networks ; and ensuring c onnectivit y between pedestrian, bike, transit, and road facilities. Issues: public education & awareness, weather ..
    • Make Development Decisions Predictable, Fair, and Cost Effective For a community to be successful , the private sector must embrace Smart Growth (investors, bankers, developers, builders …etc)  supply the needed large amounts of money government leadership role to ensure private support (regulates & invests in infrastructure)  financial incentives  affect value of property and the desirability of a place Governments that make the right decisions will create fair, predictable and cost effective smart growth. However, these should be more timely (especially for approval) & allow innovation  often difficult
    • Encourage Community and Stakeholder Collaboration in Development Decisions
      • This principle focuses on the importance of including its citizens in strategic development decisions, this helps by:
      • the needs of every community & the programs to address them are best defined by the people who live and work there (citizens)
      • Confidence level increases with citizens knowing their environment and its developments  provide public support in making tough decisions
      • By taking the citizens in account there is a bigger chance for a city to be a sustainable one ,
      • Drawbacks : can be time-consuming, frustrating and expensive
      • Adv : creative, speedy resolution of development issues & greater community understanding of the importance of good planning and investment, staying power of dev
    • Resources www.wikipedia.org R. Berke , Philip... [et al.] (2006), Urban land use planning, 5 th Ed, p10, Urbana: University of Illinois Press, p13-17 Downs, A. (2001), What does smart growth really mean? [Electronic version] American Planning Magazine , from : http://www.planning.org/sgreader . http://www.smartgrowth.org/about/principles/default.asp