UAE: In AD, Dubai & Sharjah: local Water &Electricity Authorities ,
Northern emirates : Ministry of electricity &water
Expand & Expand….
Sharjah Population 500,000 800 000 since 2004
extension of (STW).
2004 total treatment capacity : 148,000 m 3 of sewage /day (satisfy >50%) – Science Direct Journal:41,8
Dubai : The Drainage & Irrigation Dep of Municipality new sewage treatment plant in the Aweer area , for 330,000 gallons of sewage water per day. 100,000 gallons /day of treated water for irrigation ( uaeinteract.com,2005)
Ajman signs Dh815m sewage finance deal: Municipality will supervise the 2 companies
Abu Dhabi : Mafraq STWE - The largest sewage treatment of its kind in the UAE
NOW: huge surge in its privatization : DEVELOPERS forced Municipality unable to support /receive all the sewage Private sewage plants like Eagle Electromechanical, Arabian Ranches, expanded tenfold since 2000 (Hijaz, 2007) Q: Will others private companies be allowed in market?
For: watering green areas, fertilizer extraction, recharging ground water reservoirs
Dubai : Now it’s a big business : greenery & golf courses
Abu Dhabi is the green capital of the Gulf.
High quality treated sewage: less contaminated than desalinated water by <0.1% (below 1,000mg/litre.
UAE desalinated water :
heavily accused of causing cancer
billions of dollars of expansion (in AD: by 200 fold in the last 25 years before 2000, but reviews still predicted shortfalls (demand will increase from142 to 600 million gallon per day by 2010- unlimited