The first fashion
designer - a dressmaker
Charles Frederick Worth
Dress designed by
Charles Frederic Worth
for Elizabeth of Austria
Dress designed by Paul
After the Ballets Russes
performed Scheherazade in Paris
in 1910, a craze
for Orientalism ensued. The
couturier Paul Poiret was one of
the first designers to translate
this vogue into the fashion world.
Poiret's clients were at once
transformed into harem girls in
flowing pantaloons, turbans, and
vivid colors and geishas in exotic
Paul Poiret also devised the first
outfit which women could put
on without the help of a maid.
Dresses by Mariano Fortuny
In the 1930s, as the public began to
feel the effects of the Great
Depression, fashion became more
compromising, aspiring to
preserve feminism's victories.
1930s clothing was somber and
modest, reflecting the difficult
social and economic situation of the
decade. Women's fashions moved
away from the brash towards a
more romantic, feminine silhouette.
The waistline was restored,
hemlines dropped to nearly anklelength, there was renewed
appreciation of the bust, and
backless evening gowns and soft,
slim-fitting day dresses became
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