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  • Dave LankesThe mission of librarians is to improve society through facilitating knowledge creation in their communities.” and what that might mean for librarians and libraries  GordonPaskKnowledge develops through conversation. As people interact, they find points of agreement/disagreement and modify their own mesh to accommodate new knowledge.
  • Elephant in the house –- Are we creating a two-tier education system? - Basic skills only – getting low level jobs - Higher level thinking skills, innovators
  • After many years of experimentation with placing computers in walls in public spaces, SugataMitra – an Indian researcher – concluded that when children are given unfettered access to the web, they will teach themselves what they want to learn. . Learning occurs as they chat about what to do, what buttons to push, etc. They become a self-organizing learning system. Not only that, they retain the knowledge, scoring an average of 76% at the time and the same or more after three months. [Google: permutations of SugataMitra TED Talks, Hole in the Wall, Tamil, grannies, Gateshead, SOLE, Tamil]Without explicitly referring to Gordon Pask,SugataMitra is providing stories that illustrate Conversation Theory.The children in his studies do not need multiple computers. Learning was as effective even if they did not touch the keys. A web of understanding resulted from conversations, questions, arguments, confirmations, reflection.
  • The Saltire Learning CommonsGlasgow Caledonian asked students what they wanted, what would make their lives easier and more productive, what got in the way; they wanted a café-style environment where they could work together and talk to each otherLibraries as conversations with knowledge created through conversation (building agreements)
  • This is an adaptation of an old diagram from thedIt goes from Lab notebooks to informal communications to progressively more formal arenas for the exchange of ideas.You could as well say chat, blogs, newsletters, conferences, journals, etc.In other words the research process also begins as a conversation of sorts. (Diagram from Allan Kent and Harold Lancour, eds. Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science (New York: Dekker, 1979), s.v. "Scientific Literature," by K. Subramanyam, 392.)
  • In a knowledge society, there is a culture of information.
  • Develop environments for individuals, small groups or classes to explore, investigate, create knowledge and share it with others (Specific focus) [Peggy Stedman, Outram]FOR WEB SITE“Personality” of website needs to attract and encourage student engagement[Implies: conversation starters - surprise, shock, unfamiliarity, incongruity, warmth]Tools for student conversations, discussions and contributions (General)- virtual learning commons “is not a place adults build for others to come, it is a place the users build, construct, share, and contribute to.”  (Nevin, R., Melton, M, and Loertscher, D.V. (2011) Google Apps for Education.  Hi Willow Research and Publishing, p. 10)Shift from individualized work to collaborative efforts, from individual learning to collective knowledge
  • ADULTS from the OutsideGranny Cloud, Maori mother teaching music, the attention of an adultInvolving adults or secondary students from outside school – granny cloud idea  (AZ)technological meanslogistical, safety, management issuesNOTE: As in physical environment, tools that connect to the outside world  are facilitated by an adult (GLOW (Scotland), Peggy wikis, blogs – IE controlled access not just moderation)Age restrictionsProxy server - authentication Online identity management - safetyGroups collaborating – conversation essential
  • EVOLUTION OF WEB PAGESStatic webpages created by librarian  - info selected by librarian and shared, librarian can post student work,  non interactive, most were not updated frequentlyTied to subject areas or topicsRecommended websitesList of library databasesRecommended literature sitesCreation tools varied:HTML – Methuen High School (http://www.methuen.k12.ma.us/media/)WikiWeeblyContent management system Harry Ainlay High School (http://ainlay.ca/library/)PageFlakesNetVibes
  • Have created pathfinders for yearsNew term: CurationCuration: selection and assembly of resources in a web-based presentation (Valenza) - aggregation, distillation, organization
  • Curation ExamplesLinks related to specific assignments – filter best resources of all types on a specific topic - HTML pages – Harry Ainlay High School (http://ainlay.ca/library/pathfinders/science/disease-and-disorders/) - wiki pages (protected so can’t be changed) – Westmont J. High (https://westmontwiki.wikispaces.com/Decade+Resources) - NetVibes – TIS Web Wonderland (http://www.netvibes.com/tislibrary#Grade_5) - General subject areas – Sartell – St. Stephen Schools (http://www.sartell.k12.mn.us/media-center/subject-resources) – searchable
  • CURATION THROUGH BROWSER TOOLBARSConduit toolbars – browser  (AZ)  - demo one or twoSharing information selected by librarian with studentsNot dependent on contentmanagement systemDistributed to students as a browser plug-in and installed in their Firefox or IE browser (downloadable plugins),Can also be installed on home computersChange toolbars used as needs change - can have more than one and can Turn toolbars on and offEasier to update - pushed out to userCan be developed for specific classes or subject areas - more focused than many library web pagesCan incorporate chat and feedback (comment) in the toolbar – Facebook and Twitter buttons
  • Some of the apps that may be added to the toolbar
  • Student input and contributions in collaborative environmentsConnect students to other students, to resources, to outside experts
  • Mini applications that can be embedded in blogs, wikis, websites, etc.Add interactivitySubscribe to RSS, push content, photostreamSome specific to an environment (e.g., Netvibes: http://eco.netvibes.com/widgets, iGoogle, blogger), some can be transferred to multiple environments by copying and pasting HTML code onto a page
  • Databases, reference tools, catalog, webSouthside High School – catalog search
  • Troy High School (http://fjuhsdlibs.wikispaces.com/)
  • Push updated content to user: From third party source or created locally by librarian, teachers or studentsRSS: Wonderopolis, Almanac Blog Student book reviews (library.castilleja.org)Could have students as bloggers (guest) or commenting on blog Could share Twitter duties for libraryFacebook: http://www.mchslibrary.org/Include RSS feed to news
  • Share new or recommended titles with links to more info – could be selected by librarian, created by system (new books), or recommended by individual or group of studentsNew books in LibraryThing: Milpitas High School Library (http://librarymhs.blogspot.com/)Good Reads: Brisbane Grammar (http://libguides.brisbanegrammar.com/content.php?pid=189658&sid=2116031)Shelfari: ABC Learning Resource Centre (http://learningresourcescentre.pbworks.com/w/page/1754094/FrontPage)BookBoxAmazon Carousel
  • Link to bookmarks by tag Tagging by teacher, librarian and/or students
  • Students can contribute images Students can create sets for slideshowSlide.coom: http://www.mchslibrary.org/ (can rate)AllenCentre – PicassaMaori - Flickr
  • Central Middle School – GoogleForm: http://centralmiddle.wikispaces.com/Suggest+a+Book+to+BuyBaldwinsville - recommend game - Survey Monkey (http://www.bville.org/teacherpage.cfm?teacher=1826)
  • Poll Daddy: http://libguides.bvswlmc.com/home
  • Baldwinsville School District: http://www.bville.org/teacherpage.cfm?teacher=2592 - Wall wisher for commentsMyrtle Grove MS (http://teacherpages.nhcs.net/schools/mgrove/mediacenter/Pages/WishList.aspx) - wall wisher for wishlist
  • Chat:Librarian-studentStudent-studentGroupsConsider management issues
  • Student creation – trip, event locations, geography
  • Springfield High School (http://vimeo.com/user5523546/videos)Video streamStudent creation
  • Embed videos YouTubeAnimotoTeacherTubeBarrow Elementary (http://www.clarke.k12.ga.us/Barrow.cfm?subpage=38223&adminActivate=1): oral history project - interviews
  • LIBGUIDES SIMPLIFY LIFE;  (AZ)Form-based knowledge sharing system for research guides and library website with no HTMLMost are information curatedby librarian and shared with students (subject or class specific). Students can suggest linksCURATEDSEARCHING - Can locate excellent sourcesby using “libguide” as a search termIndividual or collaboratively developed by studentsIntegrated with Facebook and Twitter – post updatesEmbed LibGuide content on other pages with widgetCustomize to match websiteVarious types of boxes on layout – RSS feed, media, text, linksEmbed video, search boxes, Hans Rosling motion graphsCan “borrow” and reuse existing guides as a templateCan incorporate student links (RSS feed from something like delicious or Diigo, video from YouTube, comments, polls)
  • LIBGUIDES Support CollaborationMain Owner – Queen / King of admin (Gwen)Co Owners – create and edit content and appear as a co-owner (Librarians –co-owners – Lisa, Nick, Kim))Editors – can create and edit content, but no credit!Collaborators –can access and change content on just this guide (can come in from outside once authorized by the owner)Enormous flexibility. This shows in the widgets and in the ability to engage people from outside the system as collaborators.All of the can be done in the environment of schools.
  • Two functions:Curation: students locate resources as part of an investigation and create site to share this with others in the knowledge communityKnowledge creation: use this information to create new knowledge either individually or collaboratively in small groups Collaboration and communication with others can stimulate development of new knowledge Creation of knowledge in multiple formats that can be put into site
  • Group-developed LibGuides on Curiosity (AZ) – class demo of the collaborative processEach guide is the result of a conversation in groupcould have groups of students creating LibGuide to share collaboratively developed knowledge (owner make others collaborators on an individual guide with same level of editing rights)technologies to enable further conversation (chat, comments, surveys – widgets)demonstrate individual or collective knowledge buildingExpectation: speak to students (audience), engage them in interaction, refection and review, provide for conversation and feedback, incorporate multiple media,Use the Google Custom Search widget to search all links in guide
  • Are you buggy? Invitations to students to submit a bug.Bugs, competition to create a bug, all sorts of created bugs were photographedLibrarian adds student work to websiteStudents invited to reviewEngage in physical activities as a result of guide - Right now it is librarians doing for and with students - but could be done by students themselves (curators, communicators, and knowledge creators)
  • Other ApplicationsStudentcollaborative environments –communicate, collaborate, createCreating an integrated website in WordPress / GoogleSites / Wiki / NetVibes / Weebly that encourages student interaction and knowledge development Could become the information environment for the school as a whole enabled by the librarianIncorporating student created sites in library web-site
  • Mindmap:Bubbl.us: http://www.bubbl.us/         · Webspiration: http://www.mywebspiration.com/ (now for a fee)· Gliffy: http://www.gliffy.com/gliffy/· Mindmeister: http://www.mindmeister.com/Cmap: http://cmap.ihmc.us/Download at http://cmap.ihmc.us/download/ - download program, create, share on server with others
  • Gathering resources – keeping up to date Created by individual student or groupsScoopItPaperLi
  • http://www.numsum.com/
  • http://simile-widgets.org/timelinehttp://www.simile-widgets.org/timeplot/Students create and embed timelines, plot data
  • Joyce Valenza’s New Tools LibGuide: http://sdst.libguides.com/newtoolsWikis:Student reviews: wiki -lightningreads.wikispaces.com/The+Last+OlympianStudent projects: Village Elementary (https://villagewiki.pbworks.com/w/page/13226846/NYS%20Native%20American%20Traditions)GoogleSites:Example from Info Lit class
  • Castilleja School Library: Sharing Student Work (http://library.castilleja.org/category/student-work) Video PSAsGoogleSitesUnquiet Library – Student projects in wikiBig House Library – podcastsCastilleja School Library – Student Projects in GoogleSitesNewton North High School – senior projects
  • Working with teachers to create an environment for collaborative work by student groups in the curriculumLoertscher’s Knowledge Building Center in Google Sites
  • Example of knowledge building center at Loyola School (ttps://sites.google.com/site/loyolaschoolvlc/)
  • Acadia High School: Grade 9 – collaborative writing using http://typewith.me (http://acadialibrary.pbworks.com/w/page/1282353/Grade%209%20Links) Acadia High School – TypewithMe I Love to Read Project (voki,glogster)GoogleDoc – Creating lesson plan: https://docs.google.com/present/edit?id=0Aejgq4cYBPT9ZGRkanczZDlfMWRrN3hyOWQ2&hl=en_US
  • Flagstaff Academy – student book reviews (https://sites.google.com/a/flagstaffacademy.org/lmc/student-reviews)Saline Middle School – books (https://sites.google.com/a/saline.k12.mi.us/middle-school-library/)Creatures of the Desert (Village Elementary School (http://vedesertanimals.blogspot.com/)
  • Durgee Jr. High – student showcase (http://www.bville.org/teacherpage.cfm?teacher=1825) - videos I Love to Read Project (http://acadialibrary.pbworks.com/w/page/21278856/I%20Love%20to%20Read%20Projects): Shelfari, Voki, Glogster, Animoto, Websites in Weebly
  • Supermarket Psychology: http://supermarketpsychology.wikispaces.com/These are examples from current school organizationOnce students become the curators, collaborators, communicators, and creators education can move to student initiated, self-directed, self- and peer-assessed learning in learning teams
  • University of Wisconsin-WhitwaterInquiry, Interaction and Knowledge: The Students’ Library Web SiteAnne Zarinnia and Eileen Schroeder AASL11 PresentationMinneapolis, October 29th, 2011
  • WikiIndividual or collaboratively developed by students with LMS and teachersCan allow to edit only specific partsNeed to set up structureSome control over formattingCan add HTML widgets like a calendarExample:Book clubs: Whitehorse Middle School Book Club wiki: http://whitehorselibrary.wikispaces.com/Student projects:  Animal Wiki: http://grade2animalwiki.wikispaces.com/Student portfoliosCollaborative writing and peer critiques: Lake Mills High School Advanced Composition: http://lmhsmorris.pbworks.com/w/page/32420844/FrontPage
  • GoogleSite  (ES)individual or collaboratively developed by studentseasiest to use gadgets provided by Google (not widgetbox or other sites)cannot incorporate scriptinggadgets cannot be put in sidebar or footerCan create a Google Custom Search Enginehttps://sites.google.com/site/uwwssleclibrarytemplate/
  • Individual or collaborative pagesIncorporate various tools for interactionPlugins:  wordpress.org/extend/pluginsWordPresshttp://eileen-schroeder.uwsslec.net/wordpress/
  • Going to where the students are:  Personal Information PortalIndividual student portals / dashboardsNetVibes, iGoogle, PageFlakesStudents create pages or tabs for different subject areasStill fairly unusual in schools – not set up to allow this personalizationCreate widgets for school content and servicesApps – content and services on their devicesDatabasesCatalog
  • Aasl2011 website

    1. 1. Inquiry, Interaction and Knowledge: The Students’ Library Web Site E. Anne Zarinnia Eileen E. Schroeder University of Wisconsin - Whitewater AASL 2011
    2. 2. VisionThe mission of librarians is to improvesociety through facilitating knowledgecreation in their communities. Dave Lankes
    3. 3. AssumptionsIsrael Scheffler defines high literacy as the capability to“become.” It requires domain knowledge, reasoning, problemsolving, communication and connections. Further, it requiresself-organized, self-directed, and self-evaluated learning andthe ability to work with others across domains.This presentation assumes that all children need to develophigh literacy if they are to learn, contribute, innovate and adaptflexibly in a knowledge economy.Librarians must support inquiry, conversation and knowledgebuilding [David Loertscher Personal Learning Environment]
    4. 4. Learning as conversation
    5. 5. Libraries as conversation
    6. 6. Research as conversationFrom Allan Kent and Harold Lancour, eds. Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science (New York: Dekker, 1979), s.v. "Scientific Literature," by K. Subramanyam, 392.
    7. 7. Students as knowledge creators Picture from Allen Centre
    8. 8. Engaging student members
    9. 9. Connecting to the outside world
    10. 10. Static websites
    11. 11. Selecting the good stuffPathfinders Curation Selecting and organizing resources
    12. 12. Subject guides
    13. 13. Subject specific browser toolbars
    14. 14. Increase student interactivity Add features to make more interactive, more motivational,and allow students to share content
    15. 15. Tools: Widget and Gadgets  Widgets / gadgets / plugins  Mini applications to be embedded in blogs, wikis, websites, etc. or on a desktop ➚ Interactivity and updated content ➚ Some specific to an environment ➚ Copy and paste code or embed objecthttp://farm1.static.flickr.com/103/286992930_952b8346ee_o.jpg
    16. 16. Widgets: Search
    17. 17. Widgets: Push Events Calendar
    18. 18. Widgets: Push Content RSS (blog, news, podcasts)  Feed2JS Twitter Facebook
    19. 19. Widgets: Push Books Book jackets (recommended/new)  LibraryThing  Shelfari  Goodreads  Amazon Carousel  BookBox
    20. 20. Widgets: Push Bookmarks Bookmarks (Diigo, Delicious) Feed2JS
    21. 21. Widgets: Push Images Images:  Flicker  Picassa  Slide.com  twitpic
    22. 22. Widget: Gather Data Forms  GoogleForm, Survey Monkey Comments
    23. 23. Widgets: Gather Data Polls  Polly Daddy  Built-in polling tools
    24. 24. Widgets: Gather Data Wall wisher
    25. 25. Widgets: Discuss Chat  MeeboMe  Gabbly  Plugoo  JWChat  Chantango
    26. 26. Widgets: Construct Maps  GoogleMaps  Click2Map https://sites.google.com/site/uwwssleclibrarytemplate/8th-unit-1
    27. 27. Widgets: Share Video and Presentations Video  Vimeo  TeacherTube  YouTube Presentations  Slideshare  Issuu
    28. 28. Widgets: Share Video
    29. 29. Sources of Widgets  Joyce Valenza’s New Tools LibGuide: Widgets  http://sdst.libguides.com/newtools  Widget Box: http://www.widgetbox.com/  Blog, RSS, video, forms, polls, Flickr, slideshows, countdown  Amazon Widget Source: https://widgets.amazon.com/Widget-Source/  Carousel, My Favorite, MP3 Clips, Search  Google Gadgets: http://www.google.com/webmasters/gadgets/  Database vendors: Search boxes for databases  Widgipedia: http://www.widgipedia.comMake sure the code / widget works in the tool you are using to create the site.
    30. 30. LibGuides
    31. 31. LibGuide Contributors
    32. 32. CreationLibrarian Students Curation Communication Collaboration Knowledge Creation
    33. 33. Collaborative LibGuides
    34. 34. LibGuide Invitations
    35. 35. Collaborative Environments  Collaborative LibGuides  GoogleSites  WordPress  Wiki  NetVibes  PageFlakes  Weebly  WordPressJoyce Valenza’s Building Tools: http://schoollibrarywebsites.wikispaces.com/Building+Tools
    36. 36. Linking to Web 2.0 Tools: Brainstorm, Organize, Analyze Concept maps  Bubbl.us  Webspiration  Gliffy  Mindmeister
    37. 37. Linking to Web2.0 Tools: Organize
    38. 38. Linking to Web 2.0 Tools: Organize, Analyze Spreadsheet  Google Spreadsheet  Num Sum  Edit Grid
    39. 39. Linking to Web2.0 Tools: Analyze, Synthesize Timelines  Timeline  Timeplot
    40. 40. Linking to Web 2.0 Tools: Discuss Discuss  Collaborize Classroom  Skype (button)  Wiki  Blog
    41. 41. Linking to Web 2.0 Tools: Collaborate, Share Collaborative construction tools  Google Sites  Wikis
    42. 42. Linking to Web2.0 Tools: Collaborate, Share
    43. 43. https://sites.google.com/site/acaliforniamissionlesson/
    44. 44. Linking to Web2.0 Tools: Collaborate, ShareTypeWithMe Google Presentation
    45. 45. Linking to Web2.0 Tools: Share, Discuss Blogs  Book discussions  Book reviews  Share work
    46. 46. Linking to Web2.0 Tools: Share Issuu
    47. 47. Linking to Web2.0 Tools: Share
    48. 48. Linking to Web2.0 Tools: Share, Reflect  Wiki or GoogleSite tracking the research process Loretta’s projectNewton North High Creekview High SchoolSchool Senior Projects Media 21 Jennifer’s projectSample Portfolio to Accompany Project Sample student website
    49. 49. Inquiry, Interaction and Knowledge: The Students’ Library Web Site http://academics.uww.edu/libmedia/AASL2011/AASL2011_We bsite.pptx http://academics.uww.edu/libmedia/AASL2011/AASL2011_We bsiteHandouts.pdf http://uwsslec.libguides.com
    50. 50. Examples of building tools
    51. 51. WikiFlagstaff Academy Springfield Township High School
    52. 52. GoogleSiteshttps://sites.google.com/site/uwssleclibrarytemplate
    53. 53. Van Meter School Searingtown School
    54. 54. WordPresshttp://eileen-schroeder.uwsslec.net/wordpress/
    55. 55. Castilleja High School Dixie Grammar School
    56. 56. Taking it to the students Personal information portals  Google Start Page, iGoogle, NetVibes, PageFlakes Information management tools  RefWorks  Zotero Apps for their devices  Apps4Academics (MIT Libraries)
    57. 57. Jennifer Sipple, 2011 Back
    58. 58. Loretta Veers, 2011 Back
    59. 59. John MacGaffey, Newton North High School, 2011 Back