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“There are some sciences that may be learned by the head, but the science of Christ crucified can only be learned by the heart.” - C. H. Spurgeon

“There are some sciences that may be learned by the head, but the science of Christ crucified can only be learned by the heart.” - C. H. Spurgeon

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    Paid in Full Paid in Full Presentation Transcript

    • "PAID IN FULL" CHRIST PAID IT ALL By: Pastor Sonny Naz April 01, 2007
    • “ When he had received the drink, Jesus said, ‘It is finished’". With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.” John 19:30
    • Was it necessary for Christ to die? Did Christ’s entire earthly life earn any saving benefits for us?
    • Atonement – is the work that Christ did in his life and death to earn our salvation.
    • I believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary. He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried; he descended into hell.
    • I believe Jesus…
      • was crucified
    • Is there anything more in his being "crucified", than if he had died some other death?
    • Is there anything more in his being "crucified", than if he had died some other death? Yes there is; for thereby we are assured, that he took on him the curse which lay upon us; for the death of the cross was accursed of God. Heidelberg Catechism
    • Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written: "Cursed is everyone who is hung on a tree.“ Galatians 3:13
    • “… you must not leave his body on the tree overnight. Be sure to bury him that same day, because anyone who is hung on a tree is under God's curse. You must not desecrate the land the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance.” Deuteronomy 21:23
    • “ There are some sciences that may be learned by the head, but the science of Christ crucified can only be learned by the heart.” C. H. Spurgeon
    • I believe Jesus…
      • was crucified
      • died
    • The question of “Why is it necessary for Christ to humble himself even “unto death? Heidelberg Catechism
    • The question of “Why is it necessary for Christ to humble himself even “unto death? It is because with respect to the justice and truth of God, satisfaction for our sins could be made no otherwise, than by the death of the Son of God. Heidelberg Catechism
    • “… but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die.“ Genesis 2:17
    • For what the law was powerless to do in that it was weakened by the sinful nature, God did by sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful man to be a sin offering. And so he condemned sin in sinful man, in order that the righteous requirements of the law might be fully met in us, who do not live according to the sinful nature but according to the Spirit. Romans 8:3-4
    • Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death - that is, the devil - 15and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death. Romans 9:14-15
    • I believe Jesus…
      • was crucified
      • died
      • was buried
    • Why was he also "buried"? Heidelberg Catechism
    • Why was he also "buried"? Thereby to prove that he was really dead. Heidelberg Catechism
    • 38 Later, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Now Joseph was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly because he feared the Jews. With Pilate's permission, he came and took the body away. John 19:38
    • 39 He was accompanied by Nicodemus, the man who earlier had visited Jesus at night. Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds. John 19:39
    • 40 Taking Jesus' body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen. This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs. John 19:40
    • 41 At the place where Jesus was crucified, there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, in which no one had ever been laid. 42 Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there. John 19:41-42
    • When they had carried out all that was written about him, they took him down from the tree and laid him in a tomb. Acts 13:29
    • I believe Jesus…
      • was crucified
      • died
      • was buried
      • Descended into hell
      Separation
      • Literal
      Interpretations
      • One view to liberate the Old Testament faithful who had live and died before Christ advent
    • "When he ascended on high, he led captives in his train and gave gifts to men." (What does "he ascended" mean except that he also descended to the lower, earthly regions? He who descended is the very one who ascended higher than all the heavens, in order to fill the whole universe.) Ephesians 4:8-10
      • Literal
      Interpretations
      • One view to liberate the Old Testament faithful who had live and died before Christ advent
      • Another view believe that Christ descend to preach the gospel to the unrepentant dead
    • For Christ died for sins once for all, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive by the Spirit, through whom also he went and preached to the spirits in prison who disobeyed long ago when God waited patiently in the days of Noah while the ark was being built. In it only a few people, eight in all, were saved through water, 1 Peter 3:18-20
      • Figuratively
      Interpretations
      • they see it as a reference to the intensity of Christ’s suffering
      • Figuratively
      Interpretations
      • they see it as a reference to the intensity of Christ’s suffering
      • crucified, dead and buried as his physical suffering
      • Figuratively
      Interpretations
      • they see it as a reference to the intensity of Christ’s suffering
      • crucified, dead and buried as his physical suffering
      • descent into hell as the depth of his spiritual suffering
    • About the ninth hour Jesus cried out in a loud voice, "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?“ - which means, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" Matthew 27:46
    • “ descent into hell” = “ C ontinuing in the state of the dead and under the power of death till the third day”.
    • Causes of atonement
      • love
      “ For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.” John 3:16
    • Causes of atonement
      • justice
      “ God presented him as a sacrifice of atonement, through faith in his blood. He did this to demonstrate his justice, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished”. Romans 3:25
    • “ subsequent absolute necessity” – means that it is not necessary for God to save us when we sinned just like when the angels sinned (2 Peter 2:4), but God in His love decided to save human beings and that is no other way than to do this through the death of His son.
      • Sacrifice
      Theological terms showing how Christ’s death meets our need: We deserve to die as the penalty for our sins. Problem: Solution:
    • “… But now he has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to do away with sin by the sacrifice of himself.” Hebrew 9:26
      • Propitiation
      Theological terms showing how Christ’s death meets our need: We deserve to bear God’s wrath against sin. Problem: Solution:
    • “ In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Son to be the propitiation (atoning sacrifice) for our sins.” I John 4:10
      • Reconciliation
      Theological terms showing how Christ’s death meets our need: We are separated from God by our sins. Problem: Solution:
    • “ through Christ reconciled us to himself and gave us the ministry of reconciliation; that is Christ God was reconciling the world to himself” 2 Corinthians 5:18-19
      • Redemption
      Theological terms showing how Christ’s death meets our need: We are in bondage to sin and to the kingdom of Satan. Problem: Solution:
    • “ For the son of man also came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many” Mark 10:45
    • When he had received the drink, Jesus said, "It is finished." With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. John 19:30
    • “ It is finished ,” meaning “I successfully completed the work I came to do.”