ICT Basic computer training by microsoft, Punjab youth council
Hardware ◦ Any machinery (most of which uses digital circuits) that assists in the input, processing, storage, and output activities of an information system
Four components of a computer system: ◦ CPU - central processing unit Makes decisions, performs computations, and delegates input/output requests ◦ Memory: Disk Drives, CD drives, Tape drives, USB flash drives. Stores information ◦ Input devices: Keyboard, Mouse, Gets information from the user to the computer ◦ Output devices: monitor Sends information from computer to the user
Application software ◦ Easy-to-use programs designed to perform specific tasks (MS word, Coral etc) System software ◦ Programs that support the execution and development of other programs ◦ Two major types Operating systems Translation systems (compilers & linkers)
Application software makes computer popular and easy to use Common application software: Microsoft Word, WordPerfect PowerPoint Netscape, Internet Explorer PhotoShop, Photo-Paint Quick Time Dreamweaver
Controls and manages the computing resources Examples ◦ Windows, Unix, MSDOS, Important services that an operating system provides: ◦ Security: prevent unauthorized users from accessing the system ◦ Commands to manipulate the file system ◦ Input and output on a variety of devices ◦ Window management
What is an operating system (O.S) ? Previous versions of Microsoft Windows O.S . Windows 7 overview. Boot performance . Benefits of using Windows 7 . Windows 7 system requirements . Flavors of Windows 7. Features of Windows 7. User-friendly GUI Performance considerations of Windows 7 Conclusion
Definition : An Operating System is an interface between user and hardware of a computer system.Goals of O.S :• To make the computer system convenient to use.• To use the computer hardware in an efficient manner.Purpose of O.S :The purpose of an operating system is to provide an environment in which a user may execute programs.
Process management Interrupts Memory management Virtual file system Device drivers Networking Security Graphical user interfaces
Release date Product name Notes Last IEMay 1990 Windows 3.x Unsupported 5July 1993 Windows NT Unsupported 5August 1995 Windows 95 Unsupported 5.5June 1998 Windows 98 Unsupported 6February 2000 Windows 2000 No longer supported 6 Extended Support until July 13,September 2000 Windows Me 6 2010 Current for SP2 and SP3October 2001 Windows XP 8 (RTM and SP1 unsupported).November 2006 Current. Version Changed to(volume licensing) Windows Vista NT 6.0.6001 with SP1 8January 2007 (February 4 08)(retail) Windows HomeJuly 2007 Current 8 Server Windows ServerFebruary 2008 Current 8 2008October 22, 2009 Windows 7 Current 8
What is “windows 7”? Most Recent version of Microsoft Windows Operating system. Windows 7 was released to Manufacturing on July 22,2009,and reached general retail availability on October 22,2009.
Why the name “windows 7”? Windows 7 is the current release of Microsoft Windows. Initially codenamed Black comb and Vienna. Naming of windows 7 It is an operating system produced for personal computing which includes Home and business desktops Laptops Tablet PCs
Boot time is fast. On the same computer, Vista booted in approximately 80 seconds. Windows 7 booted in 50 seconds. Thats about a 38% fast boot time with Windows 7 . Applications load faster. With Vista it took approximately 30 seconds. Windows 7 loaded in 20 seconds The installation is faster than Windows Vista
Performance : Windows 7 starts, shuts down, and resumes from Standby faster than earlier versions of Windows. Reliability :Reliability improvements in Windows 7 include a Fault Tolerant Heap that resolves common memory management issues. Application Compatibility :A key engineering goal for Microsoft is that software that runs on Windows Vista will run as well or better on Windows 7..
Device Compatibility : As with software, Microsoft set an engineering goal that devices that work with Windows Vista will also work with Windows 7—and has greatly expanded the list of devices and peripherals that are being tested for compatibility Security : Windows 7 delivers new capabilities to better protect your security and privacy, and makes existing security features such as User Account Control and Windows Defender easier to use. Improved Battery Life : Improvements to power management in Windows 7 will help extend the battery life of your mobile PC.
Architecture 32-bit 64-bitProcessor 1 GHz 32-bit processor 1 GHz 64-bit processorMemory (RAM) 1 GB of RAM 2 GB of RAMGraphics Card DirectX 9 graphics processor with WDDM driver model 1.0 (For Aero)HDD free space 16 GB of available disk 20 GB of available disk space spaceOptical drive DVD drive (only to install from DVD/CD Media)
Windows 7 Starter Edition: Will only be offered pre-installed by an OEM(Original Equipment Manufacturer) on new PCs limited to specific types of hardware. Only 3 simultaneous applications can be ran at a time. Ability to join Home Group. Improved taskbar abilities (Superbar) and Jump lists.
Windows 7 Home Basic: Only available in emerging markets.Windows 7 Home Premium: Available worldwide to OEMs and in retail. Multi-touch capabilities. Media capabilities (Media Center, Media Streaming). Handwriting Recognition.
Windows 7 Professional: Available worldwide to OEMs . Includes all features of Premium. Enhanced networking abilities. Backing up Data and Encrypting Data. Data protection and advanced networking support.
Windows 7 Enterprise: Only available through volume licensing. Includes features of Professional Includes Advanced Data Protection and IT tools (Branch Cache, Bit Locker, AppLocker). · Improved Remote Access (without the need of VPN with Direct Access).
Windows 7 Ultimate: Offered only as an add-on to Home Premium or Professional. Includes features from Enterprise.
More personal: Redecorate your desktop with fun new themes, slide shows, or handy gadgets. Performance improvements: Designed to sleep and resume quicker, be less memory hungry, and spot USB devices faster. Play To: Play your media on other PCs, stereos, or TVs around the house. Remote Media Streaming: Enjoy music and video on your home PC—even when youre not at home. Windows Touch: Pair Windows 7 with a touch screen and you wont always need a keyboard or mouse.
Jump ListsJump Lists provide users with quick access to a mini-Start menu containing lists of pictures, music, word documents or links that they use most frequently.
LibrariesInstead of having all files and folders organized under the familiar Documents folder, Windows 7 features separate Libraries for specific content types such as contacts, documents, downloads, music, pictures and videos.
Taskbar PeekThis feature applies the Aero Peek technology to taskbar thumbnails.
Aero PeekAero Peek expands on Vistas Aero graphical interface. If you have many windows open, Peek brings the window you want to focus on to the front, while turning all other open windows into transparent "glass sheets."
Sharing with HomeGroupHome Groups let you easily link Windows 7 computers on your home network to share pictures, music, videos, documents and devices such as a printer.
Aero SnapManeuvering between windows is a pain, and comparing the content of two windows side by side requires awkward resizing that never quite works.
Federated search :Windows 7 supports searching for documents beyond the user’s own PC, as well as a preview of search results
Win+Left Arrow: Dock the current window to the left half of the screen Win+Right Arrow: Dock the current window to the right half of the screen Win+Up Arrow: Maximize the current window Win+Down Arrow: If the current window is maximized or minimized Win+Home: Minimize all but the current window Win+F: Launch a Search Window Win+G: Cycle through Gadgets Win+Space: Aero Peek the Desktop Win+Plus +: Zoom Out Win+Minus -: Zoom In Alt+F4: Close the active window Alt+Tab: Switch to previous active window Alt+Esc: Cycle through all open windows Win+Tab: Flip 3D Ctrl+Win+Tab: Persistent Flip 3D Win+T: Cycle through applications on taskbar (showing its live preview) Win+M: Minimize all open windows Win+Shift+M: Undo all window minimization
Win+L: Lock the desktop (Cntl, Alt, Delete will prompt to log back in)
Windows 7 helps meet the needs of both end users and IT professionals, to make the things that people do today faster and easier . Windows 7 focused on delivering greater customer satisfaction in both big and small ways.