Definition H Humanism Paradigm/Philosophy/Pedagogical approach that believes learning is viewed as a personal act to fulfill one’s potential Key proponents Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, Malcolm Knowles Key terms Self-actualization, teacher as facilitator
The History of Humanism H Humanism: System of education and mode of inquiry that developed in northern Italy during the 13th and 14th centuries and later spread through continental Europe and England. The founders of the first humanistic schools were Vittorino da Feltre (1373–1446) and Guarino da Verona, (1374–1460).
Early History H Mid-13th-century Florence Brunetto Latini The 14th century Francesco Petrarca, Giovanni Boccaccio, and Coluccio Salutati. The 15th century Educational system and what might be called its Greek dimension.
New Humanism H Early 20th century New Humanism movement in literary criticism Irving Babbitt and Paul Elmer More In the 20th century The pragmatic humanism of Ferdinand C.S. Schiller The Christian humanism of Jacques Maritain The secular humanism
Types of Humanism H Christian Humanism Literary Humanism Modern Humanism Philosophical Humanism Renaissance Humanism Religious Humanism Secular Humanism
Humanism Beliefs H It is necessary to study the person as a whole. Learning is student centered and personalized, and the educator’s role is that of a facilitator. Knowledge of the world is derived by observation, experimentation, and rational analysis.
Humanism Beliefs H Humans are an essential part of nature, the result of unguided evolutionary change. Ethical values are derived from human need and interest as tested by experience.
Humanism Beliefs H Lifes fulfillment emerges from individual participation in the service of humane ideals. Humans are social by nature and find meaning in relationships. Working to benefit society maximizes individual happiness.
Humanism vs. Behaviorism H Humanism Behaviorism All behavior is the result of thePeople act with intentionality and values. application of consequences.Humanist is a facilitator. Behaviorist is a trainer. Condition learner to do things in certainHelps us to deal with whatever problem ways and familiarize us with the contentscome our way. of the profession.To understand human behavior, must Study only external or environmentalstudy internal determinants. determinants.