TO THE READER
•A special chapter is assigned to the collapse of the theory of evolution because this theory consti -
tutes...
ABOUT THE AUTHOR

    Now writing under the pen-name of HARUN YAHYA, Adnan Oktar
was born in Ankara in 1956. Having comple...
and unity and the Hereafter; and to expose irreligious systems' feeble foundations and perverted
ideologies. Harun Yahya e...
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10                    Turtle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...
Lion skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .119   Weasel skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                                INTRODUCTION
            According to Darwinists’ erro...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




DARWIN’S IRRATIONAL AND
UNSCIENTIFIC FORMULA
    ccording to Darwinist logic, tigers, ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                                                                       The photo below...
No trace of any life form that could possibly be proposed
                              as the supposed ancestor of the st...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                            olu tio nis ts ma int ain
 At an era wh en ev
            ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




that so many birds, reptiles, fish and finally mammals never underwent evolution stron...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




            THE IMPACT OF FOSSIL SKULLS ON DARWINISM
            Darwin’s thesis that ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




there is “no doubt” how man originated. If only they had the evidence. . . . .4
    Fa...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




       lutionary sequence and family trees. But the structural differences in fossil s...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




ists regard as being a primitive ancestor. If ev-
olutionists’ claims were true, the M...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN

   tall, and compare it with the skull of a Japanese individual who also lived in the 200...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN


        THE NEANDERTHAL:
                                                               ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




             THE MYTH OF HUMAN EVOLUTION IS
                   FILLED WITH HOAXES
    ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                                                            ALL THE SKU
              ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                                        Neanderthal Man: After the first speci-
      ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                                                             Lucy: This fossil, discov...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN


          NOT ONE OF THE INTERMEDIATE FORMS WITH
          ABNORMAL STRUCTURES—WHICH SHO...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN

Were Darwinists’ claims true, then the remains of a
great many peculiar living things sho...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




   THE INVALIDITY OF THE EQUINE
    EVOLUTION SERIES SCENARIO
         ll the horse sk...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




A great many different breeds of hors-
es are living in different parts of the
       ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN


                                  MONKEY SKULL

      Age: 32 million years
      Period...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN



                                        WOLF SKULL
                                    ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN



                                                PANDA SKULL
        Age: 40 million yea...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN



                                   HYENA SKULL

                                       ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN



                                            HORSE SKULL

           Age: 4.3 million ye...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN



SNOW LEOPARD SKULL
                              Age: 67 million years
                ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN



                                   BEAR SKULL
      Age: 48 million years
      Period:...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




AFRICAN LION SKULL


         The record jumps, and all the evidence shows that the
  ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                                   GOLDEN MONKEY SKULL      Age: 36 million years
    ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                        PONY SKULL

                         If evolutionist logic wer...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                              CARRIBEAN MONK SEAL SKULL

     Age: 3.1 million years
 ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                         GREY WOLF SKULL

                             As evidence for...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                                     RACCOON SKULL



      Age: 4.3 million years
   ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                              ZEBRA SKULL


                                          ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                                             BEAR SKULL


     Darwinists have created...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                                       HORSE SKULL




Age: 2.8 million years
Period: ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                                           PANDA SKULL


          Age: 4.6 million ye...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                                    INDIAN CIVET CAT


                               ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                                    MALAYAN SUN BEAR

      Age: 6.7 million years
   ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                           SIBERIAN WOLF SKULL



                                    ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                                 TASMANIAN DEVIL SKULL


          Age: 32 million yea...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




TIBETAN WILD DONKEY



                            Age: 29 million years
             ...
THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN




                                MANED WOLF SKULL



       Age: 7.3 million years
    ...
Harun Yahya Islam   The Skulls That Demolish Darwin
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Harun Yahya Islam The Skulls That Demolish Darwin

  1. 1. TO THE READER •A special chapter is assigned to the collapse of the theory of evolution because this theory consti - tutes the basis of all anti-spiritual philosophies. Since Darwinism rejects the fact of creation—and therefore, Allah's existence—over the last 140 years it has caused many people to abandon their faith or fall into doubt. It is therefore an imperative service, a very important duty to show everyone that this theory is a deception. Since some readers may find the chance to read only one of our books, we think it appropriate to devote a chapter to summarize this subject. •All the author's books explain faith-related issues in light of Qur'anic verses, and invite readers to learn Allah's words and to live by them. All the subjects concerning Allah's verses are explained so as to leave no doubt or room for questions in the reader's mind. The books' sincere, plain, and fluent style ensures that everyone of every age and from every social group can easily understand them. Thanks to their effective, lucid narrative, they can be read at one sitting. Even those who rigorously reject spirituality are influenced by the facts these books document and cannot refute the truthful - ness of their contents. •This and all the other books by the author can be read individually, or discussed in a group. Readers eager to profit from the books will find discussion very useful, letting them relate their re - flections and experiences to one another. •In addition, it will be a great service to Islam to contribute to the publication and reading of these books, written solely for the pleasure of Allah. The author's books are all extremely convincing. For this reason, to communicate true religion to others, one of the most effective methods is encouraging them to read these books. •We hope the reader will look through the reviews of his other books at the back of this book. His rich source material on faith-related issues is very useful, and a pleasure to read. •In these books, unlike some other books, you will not find the author's personal views, explanations based on dubious sources, styles that are unobservant of the respect and reverence due to sacred sub - jects, nor hopeless, pessimistic arguments that create doubts in the mind and deviations in the heart. All translations from the Qur'an are from The Noble Qur'an: a New Rendering of Its Meaning in English by Hajj Abdalhaqq and Aisha Bewley, published by Bookwork, Norwich, UK. 1420 CE/1999 AH. GLOBAL PUBLISHING May, 2008 Talatpasa Mah. Emirgazi Caddesi Ibrahim Elmas Ismerkezi A Blok Kat 4 Okmeydani - Istanbul/Turkey Phone: (+90 212) 222 00 88 www.harunyahya.com - www.harunyahya.net
  2. 2. ABOUT THE AUTHOR Now writing under the pen-name of HARUN YAHYA, Adnan Oktar was born in Ankara in 1956. Having completed his primary and second- ary education in Ankara, he studied arts at Istanbul's Mimar Sinan University and philosophy at Istanbul University. Since the 1980s, he has published many books on political, scientific, and faith-related issues. Harun Yahya is well-known as the author of important works disclosing the imposture of evolutionists, their invalid claims, and the dark liaisons between Darwinism and such bloody ideologies as fascism and communism. Harun Yahya's works, translated into 57 different languages, constitute a collection for a total of more than 45,000 pages with 30,000 illustrations. His pen-name is a composite of the names Harun (Aaron) and Yahya (John), in memory of the two es- teemed prophets who fought against their peoples' lack of faith. The Prophet's seal on his books' covers is symbolic and is linked to their contents. It represents the Qur'an (the Final Scripture) and Prophet Muhammad (saas), last of the prophets. Under the guidance of the Qur'an and the Sunnah (teachings of the Prophet [saas]), the author makes it his purpose to disprove each funda- mental tenet of irreligious ideologies and to have the "last word," so as to completely silence the ob- jections raised against religion. He uses the seal of the final Prophet (saas), who attained ulti- mate wisdom and moral perfection, as a sign of his intention to offer the last word. All of Harun Yahya's works share one single goal: to convey the Qur'an's message, encourage read- ers to consider basic faith-related issues such as Allah's ex- istence
  3. 3. and unity and the Hereafter; and to expose irreligious systems' feeble foundations and perverted ideologies. Harun Yahya enjoys a wide readership in many countries, from India to America, England to Indonesia, Poland to Bosnia, Spain to Brazil, Malaysia to Italy, France to Bulgaria and Russia. Some of his books are available in English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Urdu, Arabic, Albanian, Chinese, Swahili, Hausa, Dhivehi (spoken in Mauritius), Russian, Serbo- Croat (Bosnian), Polish, Malay, Uygur Turkish, Indonesian, Bengali, Danish and Swedish. Greatly appreciated all around the world, these works have been instrumental in many peo- ple recovering faith in Allah and gaining deeper insights into their faith. His books' wisdom and sincerity, together with a distinct style that's easy to understand, directly affect anyone who reads them. Those who seriously consider these books, can no longer advocate atheism or any other per- verted ideology or materialistic philosophy, since these books are characterized by rapid effec- tiveness, definite results, and irrefutability. Even if they continue to do so, it will be only a senti- mental insistence, since these books refute such ideologies from their very foundations. All con- temporary movements of denial are now ideologically defeated, thanks to the books written by Harun Yahya. This is no doubt a result of the Qur'an's wisdom and lucidity. The author modestly intends to serve as a means in humanity's search for Allah's right path. No material gain is sought in the pub- lication of these works. Those who encourage others to read these books, to open their minds and hearts and guide them to become more devoted servants of Allah, render an invaluable service. Meanwhile, it would only be a waste of time and energy to propagate other books that create confusion in people's minds, lead them into ideological chaos, and that clearly have no strong and precise effects in removing the doubts in people's hearts, as also verified from previous experience. It is impossible for books devised to emphasize the author's literary power rather than the noble goal of saving people from loss of faith, to have such a great effect. Those who doubt this can read- ily see that the sole aim of Harun Yahya's books is to overcome disbelief and to disseminate the Qur'an's moral values. The success and impact of this service are manifested in the readers' con- viction. One point should be kept in mind: The main reason for the continuing cruelty, conflict, and other ordeals endured by the vast majority of people is the ideological prevalence of disbelief. This can be ended only with the ideological defeat of disbelief and by conveying the wonders of cre- ation and Qur'anic morality so that people can live by it. Considering the state of the world today, leading into a downward spiral of violence, corruption and conflict, clearly this service must be provided speedily and effectively, or it may be too late. In this effort, the books of Harun Yahya assume a leading role. By the will of Allah, these books will be a means through which people in the twenty-first century will attain the peace, jus- tice, and happiness promised in the Qur'an.
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Turtle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72 The Impact of Fossil Skulls on Asian lion skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74 Darwinism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Donkey skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75 Lynx skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76 SOME SPECIMENS OF FOSSIL SKULLS Arctic fox skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77 Monkey skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Jackal skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78 White wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Coyote skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79 Panda skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Seal skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80 Hyena skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Leopard skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81 Horse skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Wild cat skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82 Snow leopard skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 Red wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83 Bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 Lion skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84 African lion skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 Brown bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85 Golden monkey skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 Asian black bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86 Pony skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 Polecat skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87 Caribbean monk seal skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 Spotted seal skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88 Grey wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 Grey fox skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89 Raccoon skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 Red fox skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90 Zebra skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Jackal skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91 Bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 Brown bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92 Horse skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 Wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94 Panda skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Black bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95 Indian civet cat skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 Striped jackal skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96 Malayan sun bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 Wild dog skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97 Siberian wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 Bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98 Tasmanian devil skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 Aardwolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99 Tibetan wild donkey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53 Bat-eared fox skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100 Maned wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101 Monkey skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 Aardwolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102 Asian wild horse skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56 Lion skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103 Grizzly bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57 Tasmanian devil skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104 Snow leopard skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58 Weasel skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105 Foal skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59 Wild boar skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106 Tasmanian wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 Wild boar skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107 Wild horse skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61 Zebra skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108 Jungle cat skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62 Cheetah skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109 Jackal skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63 Lion skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110 Wild dog skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 Brown hyena skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111 Pony skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65 Antelope skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .112 Lynx skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66 Antelope skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113 Camel skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67 Polar bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114 Grizzly bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68 Wild dog skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115 Bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69 Grizzly bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .116 Hyena skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70 Black wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117 Lion skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71 Jaguar skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .118
  5. 5. Lion skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .119 Weasel skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .165 Small Indian civet cat skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . .120 Turtle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166 Wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121 Brown bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .167 Asian golden cat skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .122 Wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168 Red wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .123 Arctic fox skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169 Giraffe skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124 Tiger skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .170 Zebra skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125 Panda skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .171 Red panda skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126 Bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .172 Fox skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127 Siberian wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .173 Wild donkey skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .128 Tiger skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174 Wolverine skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .129 Antelope skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .175 Hyena skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130 Spotted deer skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176 Asian wild dog skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131 Rhinoceros skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177 Tiger skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132 Hyena skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .178 Fox skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133 Dhole skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179 Red panda skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134 Wild boar skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .180 Wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .135 Wolverine skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181 Hyena skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136 Wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182 Caribbean monk seal skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137 Fisher marten skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .183 Wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138 Tibetan sand fox skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .184 Black bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .139 Spectacled bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .185 Lion skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .140 Wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186 Brown bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141 Dhole skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .187 Grizzly bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142 Brown bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .143 C O N C L U S I O N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 Siberian wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .144 The Burial of Darwinism as Europe Steppe polecat skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145 Awakens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .190 Hyena skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .146 Panda skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .147 Zebra skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148 Hyena skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .149 Wild hunting dog skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150 Brown bear skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .151 Lion skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152 Asian wild horse skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .153 Tiger skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .154 Fox skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155 Rabbit skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .156 Cormorant skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157 Raccoon skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158 Coyote skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159 Zebra skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160 Antelope skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .161 Tiger skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .162 Wolf skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .163 Hyena skull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .164
  6. 6. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN INTRODUCTION According to Darwinists’ erroneous way of thinking, they supposed there is only one explanation for the emergence of living things in nature: All are descended from the very first living cell, which developed spontaneously as the result of blind coincidences. Over the course of time—and again by chance—earlier species gradually trans- formed into other genetically different species. To put it another way, Darwinism feels that in order to account for the emergence of life, all that’s needed are coincidences, nat- ural events and long periods of time. According to Darwinists, life emerged through a combination of these accidents, for which reason there can be no question of such con- cepts as reason, intelligence or even consciousness (Allah is beyond this) playing any part in the process. From their assertion, it follows that the fossil record—and specifically, fossil skulls— should contain clear evidence of this imaginary unconscious process that took place over millions of years. If species really are descended from earlier life forms, then inter- mediate signs of the process should be visible throughout the fossil record. If life forms reach their most advanced forms at the end of a number of previous stages, then the number of fossilized life forms in the process of changing—from fish to reptiles, from reptiles to mammals, and from mammals to intermediate life forms that supposedly took to flying in the air, should be much greater than the number of fossils that had completed the imaginary evolutionary process. There should be billions of such fossils, and the fictitious process of evolution should be crystal clear from them. The fossil record, therefore, should constitute one of the most important proofs of the theory of evolution. And in fact, Charles Darwin himself was well aware of this: If my theory be true, numberless intermediate varieties, linking most closely all the species of the same group together, must assuredly have existed. . . . Consequently, evidence of their former exis- tence could be found only amongst fossil remains.1 . . . the number of intermediate and transitional links, between all living and extinct species, must have been inconceivably great.2 But the truth revealed by the fossil record is very different! Millions of fossils belong- ing to tens of thousands of different species have been discovered. All of these represent fully formed and complete life forms, each with a perfect appearance and complexity. There is no trace of the intermediate species expected by Darwin and so longed for by all Darwinists since. 10 Harun Yahya
  7. 7. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN DARWIN’S IRRATIONAL AND UNSCIENTIFIC FORMULA ccording to Darwinist logic, tigers, hares, cats, but- A terflies, and brightly colored flowers—as well as thinking, reasoning, feeling human beings capable of tak- ing precautions and signing their names to scientific ad- vances—have all emerged by chance, spontaneously, ever since when natural elements and phenomena such as mud, rain, lightning, thunder and wind combined over long periods of time to create life. However, this myth is so ridiculous that not even a primary school student could possibly believe it. Adnan Oktar 11
  8. 8. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN The photo below shows a fossil researcher de- termining the borders between one rock layer and the other strata. This process involves the identification of all the strata present, the for- mation process involved and the movement of the Earth that is still going on. Thus the age of fossils as well as their location can both be determined. Not a single intermediate form has been found anywhere in the world. Life forms tens of millions of years old have exactly the same appearance as their living counterparts today. Ants, flies, fish, bears, spiders, tigers and lions alive today are exactly the same as their counterparts that lived mil- lions of years in the past. All have exactly the same levels of complexity as their ancient counterparts. They have never changed—in other words, they never evolved. This applies to all the other living things on Earth, plants and animals alike. Fish have never changed, and neither have birds. Reptiles have survived unchanged, and so have crustaceans. There are countless fossil specimens that show that living things have never changed. This is the truth placed on display throughout the volumes that comprise the Atlas of Creation series. These books consider only a very small part of all the fossils that demonstrate how living things have always re- mained exactly the same. Without exception, all the millions of fossils obtained to date, constitute ev- idence that evolution never happened. The fossils presented in this book totally demolish one of Darwinists’ major claims: their scenario of mammalian evolution. These fossil skulls, millions of years old, show that these mammals lived in exact- ly the same forms as those alive today—which fact deals a serious blow to Darwinism. The realization 12 Harun Yahya
  9. 9. No trace of any life form that could possibly be proposed as the supposed ancestor of the starfish has ever been found. Neither have starfish been observed to develop in- to any other life form. They have been in existence for A 125-million- hundreds of millions of years, and if Darwinist claims were year-old spider true, they should long ago have turned into other forms of fossil and a marine life, or even have become terrestrial creatures. Yet specimen living no such transition has ever taken place. This 430-million- today. year-old starfish fossil completely refutes all claims that evolution represents the origin of new species. One substance in which the very best-preserved fossils appear is amber. Fossils within amber resulted when the clear sap or resin secreted by trees solidifies around living things and preserved them as they were at the very moment of death. These 25-million-year-old flying ants are specimens that invalidate the theory of evolution. Excavations carried out over the last 150 years have always produced evi- dence that totally discredits evolu- tion. One such is this 50-million-year- old crab fossil unearthed at Monte Baldo in Italy, which demonstrates that crabs have always existed as crabs.
  10. 10. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN olu tio nis ts ma int ain At an era wh en ev on me nt pre va ile d, tha t a pri mi tiv e en vir co mp lex life for ms alr ea dy the re we re e ap pe ara nc e an d wi th ex ac tly the sam t the y dis pla y to- ph ysi ca l str uc tur es tha llio ns of ye ars ag o, da y. Ev en ten s of mi with highly sophisti- the Earth was filled species with all the cated and well-formed ssess today. characteristics they po This life form, which lived 57 million years ago, is identical to its counterparts living today. Like hundreds of thousands of other spe- cies today, this fossilized one has never undergone any changes in the intervening time. 14 Harun Yahya
  11. 11. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN that so many birds, reptiles, fish and finally mammals never underwent evolution strongly suggests that the idea of human evolution is utter nonsense, too. The idea of human evolution, for which Darwinists have been unable to provide any shred of evidence, has been totally discredited by the millions of “living fossils” representing species that are still alive today. The fossils depicted in this book represent just a very few of the mammal skulls discovered to date. Anyone with common sense who examines these will agree that each fossil shows that the given spe- cies of mammal has remained unchanged in the form in which it was originally created. That, in turn, will lead to a better understanding of the deceptive nature of Darwinism, which maintains that hu- man beings are only another species of animal descended from apes. In the same way that evolution never happened over the course of natural history, so there is no equivalent “turning point” in hu- man history. All the hoaxes perpetrated to keep this deception alive have been proven vain. The sub- lime and flawless Creation of our Lord Allah, the Creator and sole Lord of all entities, is plain for ev- eryone to grasp. The artistry of our Lord, Who creates from nothing, is displayed all over the world. You can see this for yourself merely from glancing at a rose in the garden, at a bird’s wing, at all the countless living species in all their variety, or at the magnified image of just one single cell. The fossil record has provided plentiful evidence that makes it impossible to deny this immaculate Creation. No objections can any longer be raised to this conclusive evidence. Darwinists are struggling in vain because willingly or not, they have finally come to admit the death of the theory of evolution. All their efforts aimed at keeping Darwinism alive are helpless and despairing. Nobody any longer attach any credence to Darwinism. No doubt, the most rational course of action is to see the truth and shun one’s past errors, abandon any false dream, and to cease wast- ing one’s time in this world—which was created as a place of testing—on such a hollow goal. Adnan Oktar 15
  12. 12. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN THE IMPACT OF FOSSIL SKULLS ON DARWINISM Darwin’s thesis that human beings and apes are descended from a common ancestor was never supported by any scientific findings, neither when he first proposed it, not afterward. All the efforts exerted from then to the present—a period of some 150 years—have been in vain. All the fossils obtained to date have proved that apes have always existed as apes, that human beings have always existed as human beings, that apes did not turn into humans and that apes, and that humans have no common ancestor. Despite Darwinists’ intensive propaganda and efforts aimed at intimidating academic cir- cles, many scientists have nevertheless issued unequivocal statements that the idea of human evolution is not based on any scientific data. One such is the Harvard University paleoan- thropologist David Pilbeam: If you brought in a smart scientist from another discipline and showed him the meager evidence we’ve got, he’d surely say, “Forget it; there isn't enough to go on.”3 William Fox, whose book The Bone Peddlers takes paleoanthropology as its subject matter, also says that so-called human evolution is unsupported by any scientific findings: As we have seen, there are numerous scientists and popularizes today who have the temerity to tell us that This fossil tiger skull shows that ti- gers have been ex- actly the same for the last 80 million years, without un- dergoing any altera- tions. 16 Harun Yahya
  13. 13. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN there is “no doubt” how man originated. If only they had the evidence. . . . .4 Faced by the disappointment inflicted on them by the fossil record and their own lack of evidence, evolutionists were reduced to setting skulls out one after the other, in a totally in- valid sequence, and to speculating about these fossils, whose fraudulent nature had in any case long since been documented. In fact, the analysis of skulls belonging to apes, other life forms, and to human races that once lived in the past shows that all of them possessed all their characteristics during the course of their existence, and that they never underwent any changes. Living things never evolved, but were all created by Allah. As you shall see from the specimens included in the following pages, just as numerous life forms such as frogs, lizards, dragonflies, flies and cockroaches have undergone no changes in their limbs and other organs, so have their heads undergone no changes. The head regions of birds and fish have also remained unchanged. The skulls of countless mammals such as leopards, wolves, foxes, tigers, rhinoceroses, ti- gers, pandas, lions and hyenas have also stayed exactly the same over the millions of years since they were first created. This stability constitutes a definitive refutation of the idea that living things evolved. The stability that all these life forms reveal also applies to human beings. In the same way that the skull structures of tens of thousands of species have not changed over millions of years, so there have been no alterations in the human skull. Fish have always existed as fish, birds as birds, rep- tiles as reptiles, and human s as human beings. There is no evidence of steady progress from the primitive to the more advanced, of the kind claimed by evolutionists, in the organs or structures of any living thing. In relating the fictitious story of hu- man evolution, evolutionists point to the volume, eyebrow protrusions or brow structures of the skulls they find, and set up their own supposed evo- Adnan Oktar 17
  14. 14. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN lutionary sequence and family trees. But the structural differences in fossil skulls are no evi- dence of evolution: These skulls belong either to extinct species of apes, or else to various hu- man races that once existed. It is entirely logical that skulls belonging to different human ra- ces should display structural differences. Different species of fish have differently shaped heads. For example, the head shape of a trout bears no resemblance to that of an eel, although both are fish. Similarly, there may be differences between the skulls of different human races. It is perfectly natural that there should be differences in the eye sockets, forehead struc- tures, muscular structures and skull volumes between Pygmies and British people, Russians and Chinese, Australian Aborigines and Eskimos, Negroes and Japanese But these differences do not mean that one race is descended from another, or is more prim- itive or more advanced than another. An aboriginal race will al- ways maintain the same distinctive features for as long as it does not intermarry with members of another race. No matter how much time passes, these human beings will never evolve in such a way as to acquire different characteristics. Their skull volumes will not become any larger than they are now, and they will not acquire different anatomi- cal structures. For example, various Many species of ape have existed over Malaysian native peoples living the course of geologic history, and the today possess the same large great majority of them have since be- muscular protrusions and back- come extinct. Darwinists use these ex- tinct apes’ skulls to engage in various ward-slanting brow structure kinds of speculation. as that of the skulls of Homo erectus, which evolution- 18 Harun Yahya
  15. 15. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN ists regard as being a primitive ancestor. If ev- olutionists’ claims were true, the Malaysian natives in question should have a structure and appearance of humans who have recently evolved from being apes and have not yet de- veloped fully into Homo sapiens. Yet that is not the case at all. The fact that anatomical fea- tures of the H. erectus skull can still be seen to- day shows that H. erectus was not a primitive species and also, that evolutionists’ scenario of the human family tree is a fiction. In short, the fact that some past human ra- ces had anatomical structures different from human beings alive today in no way consti- tutes evidence in favor of evolution. Anatomical distinctions can be seen in all peri- ods of recorded history and among all differ- Features of the Homo ent human races. Americans and Japanese, erectus skull, such as Europeans and Australian Aborigines, the protrusions over Eskimos and Negroes or Pygmies all have the eyebrows and its distinctively different skulls. But this does backward-sloping not mean that some of these races are any brow, can also be seen more developed or more backward than the in certain present-day others. races, such as the na- If, thousands of years in the future, scien- tive Malaysian on the tists discover the skull of an American who left. lived in the 2000s and was some 1.90 meters An aboriginal race will preserve its charac- teristic unless it becomes intermixed with an- other race. It will not, for example, develop into a Western European race. No matter how much time elapses, these people will never evolve in such a way as to acquire dif- ferent characteristics; will never acquire a greater skull size than the one they have now, and will never acquire new anatomical features. Adnan Oktar 19
  16. 16. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN tall, and compare it with the skull of a Japanese individual who also lived in the 2000s but was only 1.60 meters tall, they will observe a great many differences between them—first and foremost, in terms of size. If, on the basis of these differences, they then suggest, that the Japanese were primitive and that Americans were several rungs higher up the developmental ladder, of course they will be making an interpretation that in no way reflects the true state of affairs. In addition, skull volume is no criterion for measuring anyone’s intelligence or capacities. There are many humans with well-developed bodies but insufficiently developed intelligence. In the same way, many people have bodies and therefore, skulls, smaller than those of others, but who are nev- ertheless highly intelligent. Their skulls cannot be evaluated by the scientists of the future, at least not in a scientifically valid way and on the basis of dimensions alone, to set out any supposed evo- lutionary line of progression—because that sequence will not reflect the true facts. Differences in skull size are known to be totally unrelated to intelligence and ability. If someone spends his life in intense mental activity, his skull will not grow in size. Only his mental abilities will get stronger.. Intelligence varies, not in relation to skull size, but according to the organization within the brain it- self.5 The following pages offer just a few examples of the countless fossil skulls that invalidate the the- ory of evolution. These specimens all prove that no life form has ever changed during its natural his- tory; they have all existed with the same features they enjoyed when they were first created. In ad- dition to this evidence, this book also contains statements that indicate and emphasize the dilemmas facing Darwinist thinking. For example, Darwinists, who illogically maintain that living things de- velop by constant change, are asked to account for the evident stability in every fossil life form. The theory of evolution, which suggests that human beings are allegedly descended from apes, has to ex- plain why no process, similar to the imaginary one it claims took place in apes, occurred in other life forms. Evolutionists have no answer as to why a bear did not one day decide to walk on two legs, why a fox did not raise its level of intelligence enough to become a professor, or why a panda never became a composer writing stupendous symphonies. The rea- son why the subject is discussed using examples and logical progressions accessible even to children is that Darwinism is constructed upon unbelievable illogicality. Depicted as a scientific theory, Darwinism is in fact an unbelievably illogi- cal ideology. People have now fully realized that Darwinism, the worst scandal in the history of the world, is built around lies, hoaxes and irrational claims. In the 21st century, the whole world is witnessing Darwinism’s collapse. 20 Harun Yahya
  17. 17. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN THE NEANDERTHAL: HUMAN RACES THAT ONCE A HUMAN RACE EXISTED IN THE PAST ARE NO EVIDENCE FOR EVOLUTION he Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis) suddenly T emerged in Europe around 100,000 years ago and became extinct—or else became completely assimilat- ed by other races—some 35,000 years ago. The only differences between them and present-day humans are that their rather more powerful skeletons and their slightly larger average skull sizes. Scientific findings This flute, made by show that the Neanderthals were a human race no dif- Neanderthal man, ferent, in terms of intelligence and cultural levels, from shows that they used ourselves. the seven-note scale Cro-Magnon man, on the other hand, is of a race esti- that constitutes the ba- mated to have lived until 30,000 years ago. It had a sic form of Western dome-shaped skull and a broad forehead. Its 1600-cu- music. bic centimeter skull volume is again, slightly greater than that of present-day humans. Cro-Magnon had thick pro- This needle is an- trusions over its eyebrows, and a bony protrusion on the other proof that back of the head that is a characteristic of Neanderthal Neanderthal man man. was no different The visible differences between the Neanderthals and from present-day Cro-Magnons can also be seen among present-day hu- human beings. man races. In the same way that structural differences between an Anglo-Saxon and an Eskimo or an African and a European do not suggest that one race is more developed or backward than another, so physical differ- ences between races that existed in the past do not im- ply that one was more backward or “ape-like” than any other. These races disappeared from the Earth by be- coming assimilated with other races or by becoming ex- tinct in some other way. But they were still fully fledged human beings, not at all “primitive” or “ape-like.” Neanderthal footprints FALSE IMAGES OF NEANDERTHALS PRODUCED BY EVOLUTIONISTS IN RECENT YEARS 1873 1909 1929 1952 1962 1999 2006 Adnan Oktar 21
  18. 18. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN THE MYTH OF HUMAN EVOLUTION IS FILLED WITH HOAXES ore than 6,000 species of ape have existed at one time or another. The great ma- M jority of them have since become extinct and vanished, leaving only some 120 spe- cies alive today. But the fossils belonging to these nearly 6,000 extinct species represent a rich source of hoaxes for evolutionists. Unable to point to any concrete evidence, evolution- ists surround fossils of extinct apes with biased analyses and then present them as evi- dence for evolution. For years now, evolutionists have been employing such methods in order to gather sup- porters and mislead the public. However, they now need to see that these methods are of no use. The false evidence used by evolutionists to make their tall tales of the alleged human evolution seem more credible—and the debunk- ing of that evidence—are summarized below. However, there are many more evolutionist hoaxes than the few considered here. All the “ancestor of man” reports in the media, as well as the illustrations accompanying them are com- pletely fictitious. Concrete scientific discoveries have now demolished the story that human beings DECLASS became human by means of a gradual course of de- IFIED velopment. IN1939 Java Man Piltdown Man: A fossil skull was discovered in 1912 and de- scribed as belonging to a half-human, half-ape species. For the next 40 years or so, evolutionists used this fossil as one of their supposedly strongest pieces of evidence, making count- less analyses and illustrations of it in a statement issued on 21 November 1953, however, Piltdown Man was finally declared to be a hoax. A dating test performed 40 years after its discovery revealed that the jawbone and the skull did not actually belong to each other. Pekin Man More detailed examination revealed that the DECLAS SIFIED “Piltdown Man” skull had been assembled by Fossils discovered on the islands of IN 19 53 adding an orangutan jaw to a hu- Java in 1891 and 1892 were given the man skull, which was then aged name Java Man (Pithecanthropus erec- using potassium dichromate. The tus). Fossils discovered near Pekin in way that the skull had been dis- 1923-1927 were given the name Pekin played in London’s Natural Man (Sinanthropus pekinensis) . In History Museum for 40 years and 1939, however, two experts, Ralph von that no permission had been giv- Koenigswald and Franz Weidenreich, en for detailed scientific studies revealed that both were actually normal to be carried out during that time human beings.(1) And Ernst Mayr from Piltdown Man has gone down as a major scien- Harvard University had classified both tific scandal. as human in 1944. (2) 22 Harun Yahya
  19. 19. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN ALL THE SKU LL IFIED THOUGHT TO DECLASS REPRE- IN1970 SENT EVIDEN CE FOR EVOLUTION HAVE BEEN DECLA SSIFIED! Z i n j a n t h r o p u s : A fossil discovered in 1959 and declared to be the ancestor of man. However, subsequent investigations revealed that Zinjanthropus was in fact an ordinary ape in all respects. Zinjanthropus, whose sci- entific name was twice revised, is regarded by contemporary evolutionists as an extinct life form with nothing to do with human be- ings.(3) These three completely different illustrations pro- duced for the Zinjanthropus fossil are examples of how evolutionists interpret fossils in a highly imagi- native manner. DECLASS IFIED IN1927 Nebraska Man: A single tooth, discovered in 1922 by Henry F. Osborn of the American Museum of Natural History, was depicted as belonging to an intermediate life form between apes and human beings. However, in an article published in Science magazine in 1927, Osborn’s colleague William Gregory stated that the tooth actually be- longed to a wild boar—whereupon all evolutionist claims regarding the fossil were quietly laid aside. The illustration to the side, produced on the basis mag inary I ction of a single tooth by evolutionists of the time, was stru published in the press. econ This attempt by evolutionists to reconstruct a liv- ing thing on the basis of a single tooth is a strik- ing instance of how biased and misleading they can be when it comes to defending and imposing R their theories. Adnan Oktar 23
  20. 20. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN Neanderthal Man: After the first speci- mens were discovered in the Neander DECLASS Valley in 1856, evolutionists suggested IFIED that Neanderthals were primitive ape-men. IN1978 Subsequent archaeological discoveries, however, revealed that there was no scientif- ic basis to that claim. Erik Trinkhaus, an expert on the subject of the Neanderthals and also an evolutionist, has ad- mitted that, “Detailed comparisons of Neanderthal skeletal re- mains with those of modern humans have shown that there is nothing in Neanderthal anatomy that conclusively indicates loco- motor, manipulative, intellectual, or linguistic abilities inferior to those of modern humans.”(4) The illustration above shows the In addition, the size of Homo sapiens neanderthalensis the Neanderthal Man Amud 1 skull discovered in skull—200 cubic centime- Israel. Its owner has been esti- mated to be 1.80 meters. tall, ters greater than that of and its brain volume is the present-day humans—re- greatest so far discovered: 1740 veals the invalidity of the cubic centimeters. claim that it was an inter- mediate form between hu- mans and apes. IFIED DECLASS IN 1954 A fossil belonging to the Neanderthal race The Taung child fossil The Taung Child: A fossil skull discovered by Raymond Dart in South Africa in 1924 was ini- tially depicted as a supposed ancestor of man. However, contemporary evolutionists can no longer maintain that it represents such an ancestor—because it subsequently transpired that the skull belonged to a young gorilla! The famous anatomist Bernard Wood stated that this fos- sil constitutes no evidence in favor of evolution in an article published in New Scientist maga- zine. (5) 24 Harun Yahya
  21. 21. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN Lucy: This fossil, discovered in Africa in 1974, was widely esteemed by evolutionists and was the subject of some of the most intensive spec- ulation. Recently however, it has been revealed that Lucy (A. afarensis) had an anatomy ideally suited to climbing trees and was no different from other apes we are familiar with. (6) The French scientific journal Science et Vie covered the story in 1999 under the headline “Adieu, Lucy.” One study, performed in 2000, discov- ered a locking system in Lucy’s forearms ena- bling it to walk using the knuckles, in the same way as modern-day chimps.(7) In the face of all these findings, many evolution- ist experts declared that Lucy could not have IFIED been a forerunner of man. (8) DECLASS IN 1999 Ramapithecus: A partial jawbone, consist- ing of two parts, was discovered by G.E. Lewis in India in the 1930s. Based on these two jaw bone fragments, claimed to be 14 million years old, evolutionists reconstructed Ramapithecus’s family and supposed natural habitat (at side). For fifty years, the fossil was portrayed as an ancestor of Man but follow- ing the results of a 1981 anatomical compar- IFIED DECLASS ison with a baboon skeleton, evolutionists IN 1981 were forced to quietly set it aside.(9) (1) B. Theunissen, Eugene Dubois and the Ape-Man from Java, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1989, p. 39. (2) Garniss Curtis, Carl Swisher and Roger Lewin, Java Man, London: Abacus, , 2000, p. 87. (3) http://www.archaeologyinfo.com/australopithecusboi- sei.htm (4) Erik Trinkaus, “Hard Times Among the Neanderthals,” Natural History, Vol. 87, December 1978, p. 10. (5) Bernard Wood, “Who Are We?.” New Scientist, 26.10.2002, p. 44. (6) Solly Zuckerman, Beyond The Ivory Tower, New York: Taplinger Publications, 1970, pp. 75-94; Fred Spoor, Bernard Wood, Frans Zonneveld, “Implication of Early Hominid Labryntine Morphology for Evolution of Human Bipedal Locomotion,” Nature, Vol. 369, 23 June 1994, pp. 645-648. (7) Richmond, B.G. and Strait, D.S., “Evidence that humans evolved from a knuckle-walking ancestor.” Nature 404(6776): 382, 2000. (8) “Discovery rocks human-origin theories,” Tim Friend, 21 March 2003: http://www.usatoday.com/news/ science/2001-03-21-skull.htm (9) Science Digest, April 1981. Adnan Oktar 25
  22. 22. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN NOT ONE OF THE INTERMEDIATE FORMS WITH ABNORMAL STRUCTURES—WHICH SHOULD HAVE EXISTED OVER MILLIONS OF YEARS—HAS EVER BEEN FOUND f evolution truly did take I place, then the Earth’s strata should be full of bil- lions of intermediate-form fos- sils. In addition, these millions of living things should have been dis- tinctly abnormal in appearance be- cause of the effects of mutations. Organs subjected to mutation many times over should have turned into abnormal forms. Before attaining their perfect and attractive present ap- pearance, these living things must first have had abnormal transitional ap- pearances. For example, before the emergence of the highly sym- metrical human face with its two ears, two eyes, nose and mouth, there must have been a great many abnormal mu- tated faces with impaired symmetry, imperfect ears and eyes, the nose sited right between the eyes or on the chin, or where the ear should have been, and countless other such abnormalities. 26 Harun Yahya
  23. 23. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN Were Darwinists’ claims true, then the remains of a great many peculiar living things should be encoun- tered in the fossil record, as shown in these illustra- tions: a large number of eye sockets, noses in different places, a jaw in both in the front and the back, an abnormally devel- oped skull, etc. However, research conducted over the last 150 years has produced absolutely no such fossil remains. On the contrary, all the fossils unearthed so far show that all liv- ing things have been flawless, exhibiting no deficiencies since the moment they were first created, and have never changed or developed new features throughout the course of their existence. Adnan Oktar 27
  24. 24. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN THE INVALIDITY OF THE EQUINE EVOLUTION SERIES SCENARIO ll the horse skulls so far unearthed have been flaw- A less and free from deficiencies, just like those of present-day horses. None of them have any pathological features such as semi-developed bones, teeth atop of the skull, misplaced eyes in the jaw or asymmetrical three nostrils. If—as evolutionists would have us believe— horses attained their present forms by constantly chang- ing and going through a great many different stages, then a great many skulls should exhibit structural impair- ments, as seen here. Traces of the mutations to which horses were subjected should also be visible in the fossil record. Yet no such tra- ces have ever been en- countered. Fossils are proof that horses never evolved. Horses have a wide capacity for variation among themselves. Breeds of horse living today, though all of the same species, are very different in terms of their structures and dimensions. The error of the evolu- tionists who set up the so-called equine evolution series lay in depicting fossils of these different breeds as an evolutionary sequence. 28 Harun Yahya
  25. 25. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN A great many different breeds of hors- es are living in different parts of the world today. Many evolutionists openly admit the invalidity of the equine evolution scenario. A four-day conference at- tended by 150 evolutionists held at the Chicago Museum of Natural History in November 1981, consid- ered the problems facing the gradual theory of evolu- tion. At that conference, Boyce Rensberger stated that there was no basis in the fossil record for the equine evolution scenario and that no such process as grad- ual equine evolution ever happened: The popularly told example of horse evolution, sug- gesting a gradual sequence of changes from four-toed fox-sized creatures living nearly 50 million years ago to today’s much larger one-toed horse, has long been known to be wrong. Instead of gradual change, fossils of each intermediate species appear fully distinct, per- sist unchanged, and then become extinct. Transitional forms are unknown. (Boyce Rensberger, Houston Chronicle, 5 November, 1980, Part 4, p. 15.) Adnan Oktar 29
  26. 26. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN MONKEY SKULL Age: 32 million years Period: Oligocene Location: Qing Dao, China There are countless scenarios concerning the myth of hu- man evolution, none any scientific basis. All consist of speculations invented to persuade people to view them- selves as chance entities descended from apes. All the fossils that Darwinists claimed as intermediate fossils in the imaginary human evolution series were subsequent- ly proven to belong either to various species of monkey or else to human races. It is a scientific fact that monkeys have always existed as monkeys and never developed into any other life form. One of the proofs documenting this is the 32-million-year-old monkey skull illustrated. This fossil is identical to to the skulls of present-day monkeys. There are no traces showing any changes in the direction of Homo sapiens. 32 Harun Yahya
  27. 27. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN WOLF SKULL Age: 4.9 million years Period: Pliocene Location: Gan Su, China No one lacking preconceived ideas, but who thinks in a free and honest manner, can possibly believe that unconscious atoms assembled them- selves as the result of chance, organized them- selves, and gave rise to human beings who think, reason, feel see, hear, make discoveries and pro- duce works of art. Yet Darwin’s theory of evolu- tion imposes just that irrational assumption. Countless discoveries made in tens of different fields of science have shown that the supersti- tious beliefs of Darwinism can no longer be maintained. One such piece of evidence is the 4.9-million-year-old wolf skull shown here. As they are regarding all other living things, Darwinists are in a hopeless position in the face of this fossil, which proves that wolves never evolved. Adnan Oktar 33
  28. 28. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN PANDA SKULL Age: 40 million years Period: Eocene Location: Si Chuan, China Panda remains dating back 90 million years, 73 million years and this 40-mil- lion-year old skull shown here are all identical to those of present-day pandas. Whichever panda remains we may ex- amine we still see no difference between them and their present counterparts. The fossil record contains no trace of pandas’ imaginary forerunners. Darwinists’ spec- ulation on the subject of the supposed evolution of pandas and other living things is meaningless. The scientific evi- dence cannot be concealed with myths and suppositions. The theory of evolu- tion is fated to be condemned as one of the 20th century’s worst deceptions. 34 Harun Yahya
  29. 29. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN HYENA SKULL Age: 4.6 million years Period: Pliocene Location: An Hui, China The theory of evolution, developed in the prim- itive scientific climate in Darwin’s time and maintained in an environment of ignorance through such tactics as imagination, prejudice, sleight of hand and demagoguery, has now col- lapsed in the face of modern scientific discover- ies. The fossil record has shown that intermedi- ate forms exist only in evolutionists’ imagina- tions and that each species was individually cre- ated. One important example of this is a 4.6-mil- lion-year-old hyena skull. Living things ap- peared exactly the same millions of years in the past as they do today. Adnan Oktar 35
  30. 30. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN HORSE SKULL Age: 4.3 million years Period: Pliocene Location: Ji Lin, China The history of paleontology is full of examples of fos- sils that invalidate evolution being hidden away in museum warehouses. Pictures of the first specimens of Cambrian Period fossils to be discovered were con- cealed for 70 years in the storerooms of the Smithsonian Institution because they represented ma- jor evidence that fundamentally refuted evolution. Given such an example, it was inevitable that the the- ory of evolution would attempt to conceal specimens of countless living fossils subsequently unearthed, and for exactly the same reason. However, the situation was by no means what Darwinists had been expecting. Darwinists never imagined that so many specimens of so-called “living fossils” would be discovered. The number of fossil specimens unearthed in excavations carried out to date is exceedingly high. One example is this horse skull dating back 4.3 million years, which is identical to the skull of present-day horses. 36 Harun Yahya
  31. 31. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN SNOW LEOPARD SKULL Age: 67 million years Period: Cretaceous Location: Yun Nan, China Snow leopards, with their magnificent ap- pearance, elegant fur and extraordinary equipment, were in existence as long as 67 million years ago. This 67-million-year- old snow leopard skull, identical in all re- spects to the skulls of snow leopards liv- ing today, makes this crystal-clear. Contrary to Darwinists’ expectations, this animal which, according to the theory of evolution, should have taken a very long time to develop gradually actually ap- pears suddenly and fully formed in the fossil record with no intermediate form or forerunners behind it. Evolutionists need to account for this sudden and flawless appearance in the fossil record; yet they are silent and despairing, because they know that these remains from the past are actually evidence of Creation. Adnan Oktar 37
  32. 32. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN BEAR SKULL Age: 48 million years Period: Eocene Location: Shan Dong, China The late evolutionist Stephen Jay Gould ad- mitted that fossils have never provided any support for the theory of evolution: The extreme rarity of transitional forms in the fossil record persists as the trade secret of pa- leontology . . . We fancy ourselves as the on- ly true students of life’s history, yet to pre- serve our favored account of evolution by natural selection we view our data as so bad that we never see the very process we profess to study.6 As Gould admitted, there is no evidence that any evolutionary process ever took place. All scientific findings reveal that life is actually the work of Almighty Allah. One such find- ing is a 48-million-year old bear skull. 38 Harun Yahya
  33. 33. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN AFRICAN LION SKULL The record jumps, and all the evidence shows that the record is real: the gaps we see reflect real events in life's history-not the artifact of a poor fossil record.7—Evolutionist Niles Eldredge What Eldredge means is that now we have a sufficiently high number of fossil specimens to let us see how natural history developed. In terms of the supposed process of evolu- tion, however, there are also huge gaps between these specimens. The reason for this is not any lack of fossilized examples, but rather that these fos- sils are incompatible with any ev- olutionary scenario. The fossil record documents that evolu- tion never took place. Age: 3.5 million years Period: Pliocene Location: Yun Nan, China Adnan Oktar 39
  34. 34. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN GOLDEN MONKEY SKULL Age: 36 million years Period: Eocene Location: Si Chuan, As a basis for claiming that human beings are descend- China ed from apes, Darwinists point to the imitative ability of certain species of monkey. Monkeys are able to mimic actions and behavior they see, but this does not allow them to eventual- ly evolve into human beings. If it did, then other species of animal also known to be in- telligent should also have become possessed of human attributes. Parrots, for example, are also able to mimic human speech. Therefore, according to Darwinists’ nonsensical claims, there must be a greater likelihood of parrots develop- ing human speech. Countless findings, such as the 36-mil- lion-year-old monkey skull illustrated here, prove that living things have always remained the same, have never changed, and never developed into any other life form—and that it’s meaningless to insist on such illogical claims. 40 Harun Yahya
  35. 35. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN PONY SKULL If evolutionist logic were correct, ponies should long since have Age: 53 million years developed into larger horses. However, as the fossil record Period: Eocene makes perfectly clear, ponies have survived for tens of millions Location: Gui Zho-u, of years without undergoing even the slightest change. China This stability, or stasis, applies to all living species, and repre- sents one of the most serious problems confronting Darwinism, because it demolishes evolution’s fundamental claim, that all living things are descended from a supposed common ancestor and have diversified by one species evolving into others. Adnan Oktar 41
  36. 36. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN CARRIBEAN MONK SEAL SKULL Age: 3.1 million years Period: Pliocene Location: Yun Nan, China Darwinists cannot account for the trilobite’s eye, which these crustaceans already possessed as long as 530 million years ago. Darwinists cannot explain how living things in the sea, on land and in the air appeared suddenly and survived unchanged for the entire course of their exis- tence. Darwinists maintain that one species developed into another, but they cannot explain how a single original cell could change in such a way as to assume different functions in a mul- ti-cellular creature. Darwinism is a theory at a dead end, and is gradually dying out as new dis- coveries are made with every passing day. The 3.1-million-year-old Caribbean monk seal skull shown here is one of the many proofs to accelerate this process of disappearance. 42 Harun Yahya
  37. 37. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN GREY WOLF SKULL As evidence for the so-called evolution of man, Darwinists pointed to a very limited number of fossils. Many years ago, they interpreted them as their most important specimens of intermediate forms. However, subsequent scientific progress has shown that the fossils in question be- longed either to monkeys or else to hu- man races that existed at some time in the past. For that reason, all the so-called evidence for human evolu- tion has gradually been removed from the scientific literature. The on- ly reason why some Darwinist publi- cations still refer to these fossils is en- tirely speculative—they are of no scien- tific value at all. Another scientific finding that reveals that the evolution of man is a lie and that human beings did not evolve from any previous life form is the countless num- bers of fossils unearthed. One such ex- ample is this 69-million-year-old grey wolf skull, showing that this species of animal has never changed over the course of millions of years. This stasis, which applies to all living things, cer- tainly applies to monkeys as well. Age: 69 million years Period: Cretaceous Location: Shan Dong, China Adnan Oktar 43
  38. 38. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN RACCOON SKULL Age: 4.3 million years Period: Pliocene Location: Gan Su, China Fossil specimens dating back millions of years, when compared with present-day life forms, reveal that there was no transition in morphology and that evolution from one species to another never happened. This fact applies equally to ants and butterflies, polar bears and lizards, and fruit flies and zebras. Darwin’s theory of evolution is unsupported by any scientific findings whatsoever. No evidence to support it has ever been produced since Darwin’s day. And with every passing day, the fossil record makes that lack of evidence even more obvious. This 4.3-million-year-old raccoon skull clearly shows that Darwin was completely wrong. 44 Harun Yahya
  39. 39. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN ZEBRA SKULL Age: 3.4 million years Period: Pliocene Location: Quing Hai, China Allah has created the zebra with all its magnificent attributes, as He has all other living things. It is Allah Who created their distinguishing and highly attract- ive stripes that set them apart from other four- footed species. This is the reality that Darwinists are unable to understand, find it difficult to grasp and even, in the ma- jority of cases, stubbornly refuse to see. Paleontology reveals this reali- ty, however, through countless ex- amples. The 3.4-million-year-old zebra skull shown here refutes evolution and declares that Creation is the truth. Adnan Oktar 45
  40. 40. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN BEAR SKULL Darwinists have created a story to explain the sup- posed evolution of every single life form. Since Darwinism is not based upon reason, logic or any scientific evidence, producing a scenario regard- ing the development of a specific life form de- pends on the power of conjecture, Darwinists’ most highly developed talent. But Darwinists nev- er expected that so many fossils would be discov- ered revealing that living never changed with the passage of time. They imagined that “living fossils” were very few in number and could easily be ex- plained away, at least to their own minds. They never thought that such definitive proof would be unearthed that all living things have re- mained exactly the same. Therefore, they never expected that one by one, all their tall tales would be totally discredited. They were una- ware that every plot would eventually, as a law of Allah, be neutralized. Since this 4.4-million-year-old bear skull is iden- tical to the skulls of bears alive today, it constitutes a definitive refutation of the theory of evolution. Age: 4.4 million years Period: Pliocene Location: Zi Bo, China 46 Harun Yahya
  41. 41. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN HORSE SKULL Age: 2.8 million years Period: Pliocene Location: He Zheng, China The fossil illustrated on this page constitutes yet another piece of evidence that de- molishes the equine evolution myth, which Darwinists are still employing today as one of their most important propaganda tools. This 2.8-million-year-old horse’s head was identical to horses living in the present day, showing that the equine ev- olution sequences still displayed in natu- ral history museums today are false, and of no scientific value. Given this scientif- ic reality, it is pointless for Darwinists to place representative illustrations in their publications, in an attempt to reinvigor- ate this fictitious scenario through the use of reconstructions and displays of fraudulent evolutionary series in natural history museums. The theory of horse evolution has been totally and utterly disproved. Adnan Oktar 47
  42. 42. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN PANDA SKULL Age: 4.6 million years Period: Pliocene Location: Gan Su, China This fossil shows that pandas have always existed as pandas, and also totally refutes the idea of the evo- lution of living things. To date, they never have found one single fossil indicating the supposed an- cestor of the panda or that indi- cates that pandas underwent vari- ous intermediate stages before at- taining their present-day form. No matter how old, every single pan- da fossil unearthed discovered has exactly the same characteristics as those possessed by present-day pandas. Darwinists are completely helpless in the face of this reality.
  43. 43. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN INDIAN CIVET CAT Age: 48 million years Period: Eocene Location: Gan Su, China In 1993, Stephen Jay Gould wrote in the magazine Natural History about the way living species things can be observed to have exactly the same characteristics throughout the fossil record: Stasis, or nonchange of most fossil spe- cies during their lengthy geological life- spans, was tacitly acknowledged by all paleontologists, but almost never stud- ied explicitly because prevailing theory treated stasis as uninteresting nonevi- dence for nonevolution . . . [T]he over- whelming prevalence of stasis became an embarrassing feature of the fossil record, but left ignored as a manifesta- tion of nothing (that is, nonevolution).8 The only reason why evolutionists refer to the stasis in the fossil record as “em- barrassing” is that if living things expe- rience no changes, that invalidates the theory of evolution. This information, which shows that evolution never hap- pened, is evidence for the fact of Creation. Adnan Oktar 49
  44. 44. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN MALAYAN SUN BEAR Age: 6.7 million years Period: Miocene Location: Shan Dong, China In his book In Search of Deep Time, Henry Gee states that no evidence in the fossil record supports the theory of evolution and that on the contrary, evolutionists interpret the infor- mation available to them in a biased manner, in the light of their own preconceptions: The reason for this lies with the fact of the scale of geological time that scientists are deal- ing with, which is so vast that it defies narra- tive.9 As Gee makes clear, the fossil record has shown that Darwinism’s claims regarding life and the origin of life are totally unrealistic. Countless examples, such as the 6.7-million-year-old sun bear skull shown here, prove that Darwinism consists of a hypothesis bearing no relation whatsoev- er to the true facts. 50 Harun Yahya
  45. 45. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN SIBERIAN WOLF SKULL Age: 47 million years Period: Eocene Location: Shan Dong, China The 47-million-year-old Siberian wolf skull shown illustrated has been perfectly preserved for 47 mil- lion years, and its appearance is no different at all from that of present-day Siberian wolves. Such important indications in the fossil record entire- ly defeat all the various efforts to keep the theory of evolution alive over the last 150 years or so. All the fossils we have in our possession say the same thing; Animals have remained unchanged for millions of years and look just like their present-day counterparts. In other words, they nev- er evolved. Adnan Oktar 51
  46. 46. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN TASMANIAN DEVIL SKULL Age: 32 million years Period: Oligocene Location: An Hui, China The British paleontologist Derek W. Ager describes how the fossil record poses a major difficulty for the theory of evolution: The point emerges that if we examine the fossil record in detail, whether at the level of orders or of species, we find— over and over again—not gradual evolution, but the sudden explosion of one group at the expense of an- other.10 One fossil that proves that its spe- cies never passed through any in- termediate stages is the 32-million- year-old Tasmanian devil skull pic- tured here. 52 Harun Yahya
  47. 47. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN TIBETAN WILD DONKEY Age: 29 million years Period: Oligocene Location: Yin Chuan, China Evolutionists’ attempts to portray the wild don- key as the ancestor of the horse are totally hol- low. Fossils have proved that wild donkeys have always existed as wild donkeys, and are not descended from any other life form. The fossil illustrated shows that wild donkeys liv- ing 27 million years ago were identical to those living today—which effectively silences all evo- lutionist claims. New species did not emerge as the result of mu- tations and blind coincidences. It is Almighty Allah, Who possesses a sublime creative power, Who created them all. Adnan Oktar 53
  48. 48. THE SKULLS THAT DEMOLISH DARWIN MANED WOLF SKULL Age: 7.3 million years Period: Miocene Location: An Hui, China The fossil record poses a major problem for the theory of evolution. From time to time, this fact is admitted by evolutionists themselves, as in the words of the evolu- tionist and paleontologist Mark Czarnecki: A major problem in proving the theory [of evolution] has been the fossil record; the imprints of vanished spe- cies preserved in the Earth’s geological formations. This record has never revealed traces of Darwin’s hy- pothetical intermediate variants—instead, species ap- pear and disappear abruptly, and this anomaly has fu- eled the creationist argument that each species was cre- ated by God.11 54 Harun Yahya

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