To The Reader
The reason why a special chapter is assigned to the collapse of the theory of evolution
    is that this the...
ROMANTICISM:
A WEAPON OF SATAN




   HARUN YAHYA
First published April 2002
                                     Millat Book Center, 2002

                                ...
ROMANTICISM:
A WEAPON OF SATAN



  They will say, "Our Lord, our miserable
         destiny overpowered us.
       We wer...
About The Author
       The author, who writes under the pen-name HARUN YAHYA, was born in Ankara in 1956. Having
complete...
world today, which forces people into the downward spiral of violence, corruption and conflict, it is clear
that this serv...
CONTENTS
FOREWORD .........................................10

INTRODUCTION ....................................12

LEGITI...
It (the Qur'an) is a Book
We have sent down to
you, full of blessing, so
let men of understanding
ponder its signs and tak...
Foreword




     n societies where the practise of religion has lapsed, it is often the

I    case that what is true come...
Stir up any of them you can with
your voice and rally against
them your cavalry and your
infantry and share with them in
t...
Introduction




        here is a subtle danger that leads people away from religion,

T       prevents them from submitt...
You who believe! Do not take My
enemy and your enemy as friends,
showing love for them when they
have rejected the truth t...
Legitimate and Illegitimate Love




        entimentalism, or in other words, romantic longing, makes itself

S       kno...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




     the mysteries of the universe loves God above all, and loves whom
     God loves, ...
Legitimate and Illegitimate Love




     fought you over religion or driven you from your homes, or from
     being just ...
Those who disbelieve filled their
hearts with fanatical rage-the fanatical
rage of the Time of Ignorance-and
God sent down...
Romantic Nationalism




        ommonly, romanticism is understood as romance or the

C       Romantic movement of the ni...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN



         were most entitled to. God has knowledge of all things. (Quran,
         48:26)...
Romantic Nationalism




    Among these ignoramuses are also they who instigated the two
greatest calamities of the twent...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




        promoted the idea of fanatic nationalism were known as "romantic
        nation...
Romantic Nationalism




Germany, during the first two decades of the 19th century. Writers
such as Paul Lagarde and Juliu...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




         allegory. Spiritually they toyed with death, with brooding, with the
         ...
Romantic Nationalism




cut off from reality and live in a world created by their own
imaginations.)
      The disease of...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




                Bloodshed in
                Romantic Nationalism
26             The ty...
Romantic Nationalism




     To understand the outcomes of romantic nationalism, it is useful
to study the developments o...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




     the hope of dividing the opposing front, but
     the situation remained unchanged...
Romantic Nationalism




the battle that, "within two days he would divide the German lines
and within one week gain decis...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




          At the beginning of this book, we pointed out that sentimentality
     is a w...
Romantic Nationalism




races," and considered Africans, Asians, and even Turks, as "primitive
and half-ape."
     With t...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




         in removing it as a driving motive of the world… It is in accordance
         ...
Romantic Nationalism




    is not the result of a perversion of human nature but is the essence of
    the world and the...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




     "Ontogeny Recapitulates Phylogeny," that
     mammals replicate the process of evo...
Romantic Nationalism




Darwinism was from the beginning a political concept that lent
romantic racism and nationalism a ...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




36




     Nazis came to power in 1933, Hitler and his staff of generals
     undertoo...
Romantic Nationalism




                                                                               37




    religio...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




38




     The need was felt for distinct symbols to stir up romantic nationalist sent...
Romantic Nationalism




                                                        People were           39
                ...
… "I will take a certain fixed proportion
of Your slaves. I will lead them astray
and fill them with false hopes. I will
c...
The Various Ideologies of Romanticism




    n the previous section we looked at the effects of romanticism

I   resultin...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




     organisations which would bring it about by force of arms. The most
     important...
The Various Ideologies of Romanticism




                                                                        43




T...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




     claims and proves that matter, time, and the first activity, were created
     by ...
The Various Ideologies of Romanticism




do not bear witness to its validity, then that ideology's claims must be
rejecte...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




         This shows that communism is not an ideology based on reason,
     and that th...
The Various Ideologies of Romanticism




                                                                                ...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




     parka and commando cap, identifying himself with the Latin American
     communist...
The Various Ideologies of Romanticism




"lapse of consciousness" and are captivated by an emotional and
psychological tr...
Whenever they commit an
indecent act, they say, "We
found our fathers doing it and
God commanded us to do it
too." Say: "G...
Romanticism in the Name of Religion




         ather than a fully developed ideology itself, romanticism is

R        ra...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




     something in order to gain the approval of God only. If the act is truly
     done...
Romanticism in the Name of Religion




                                                                                  ...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN



                                                            In superstitious
           ...
Romanticism in the Name of Religion




    Messenger," they say, "What we found our fathers doing is enough
    for us." ...
… A Light has come to you from
God and a Clear Book. By it, God
guides those who follow what
pleases Him to the ways of Pe...
The True Wisdom That Comes From Faith




     n what is to follow in this book, we will examine the effects of

I    roma...
ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN




     to fall upon millions of people, because they were unable to use their
     minds ...
The True Wisdom That Comes From Faith




awareness that he is with God at every moment. In addition, wisdom
makes it poss...
Harun Yahya Islam   Romanticism   A Weapon Of Satan
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Harun Yahya Islam Romanticism A Weapon Of Satan

  1. 1. To The Reader The reason why a special chapter is assigned to the collapse of the theory of evolution is that this theory constitutes the basis of all anti-spiritual philosophies. Since Darwinism rejects the fact of creation, and therefore the existence of God, during the last 140 years it has caused many people to abandon their faith or fall into doubt. Therefore, showing that this theory is a deception is a very important duty, which is strongly related to the religion. It is imperative that this important service be rendered to everyone. Some of our readers may find the chance to read only one of our books. Therefore, we think it appropriate to spare a chapter for a summary of this subject. In all the books by the author, faith-related issues are explained in the light of the Qur'anic verses and people are invited to learn God's words and to live by them. All the subjects that concern God's verses are explained in such a way as to leave no room for doubt or question marks in the reader's mind. The sincere, plain and fluent style employed ensures that everyone of every age and from every social group can easily understand the books. This effective and lucid narrative makes it possible to read them in a single sitting. Even those who rigorously reject spirituality are influenced by the facts recounted in these books and cannot refute the truthfulness of their contents. This book and all the other works of the author can be read individually or discussed in a group at a time of conversation. Those readers who are willing to profit from the books will find discussion very useful in the sense that they will be able to relate their own reflections and experiences to one another. In addition, it will be a great service to the religion to contribute to the presentation and reading of these books, which are written solely for the good pleasure of God. All the books of the author are extremely convincing. For this reason, for those who want to communicate the religion to other people, one of the most effective methods is to encourage them to read these books. It is hoped that the reader will take time to look through the review of other books on the final pages of the book, and appreciate the rich source of material on faith- related issues, which are very useful and a pleasure to read. In these books, you will not find, as in some other books, the personal views of the author, explanations based on dubious sources, styles that are unobservant of the respect and reverence due to sacred subjects, nor hopeless, doubt-creating, and pessimistic accounts that create deviations in the heart.
  2. 2. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN HARUN YAHYA
  3. 3. First published April 2002 Millat Book Center, 2002 Distributed by Millat Center All translations from the Qur'an are from "The Noble Qur'an: a New Rendering of its Meaning in English" by Hajj Abdalhaqq and Aisha Bewley, published by Bookwork, Norwich, UK. 1420 CE/1999 AH. Website: http: // www.harunyahya.com E-mail: info@harunyahya.com Translated by: Ron Evans Edited by: David Livingstone ISBN: Printed in India
  4. 4. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN They will say, "Our Lord, our miserable destiny overpowered us. We were misguided people." (Qur'an, 23:106) HARUN YAHYA April, 2002
  5. 5. About The Author The author, who writes under the pen-name HARUN YAHYA, was born in Ankara in 1956. Having completed his primary and secondary education in Ankara, he then studied arts at Istanbul's Mimar Sinan University and philosophy at Istanbul University. Since the 1980s, the author has published many books on political, faith-related and scientific issues. Harun Yahya is well-known as an author who has written very important works disclosing the imposture of evolutionists, the invalidity of their claims and the dark liaisons between Darwinism and bloody ideologies such as fascism and communism. His pen-name is made up of the names "Harun" (Aaron) and "Yahya" (John), in memory of the two esteemed prophets who fought against lack of faith. The Prophet's seal on the cover of the author's books has a symbolic meaning linked to the their contents. This seal represents the Koran, the last Book and the last word of God, and our Prophet, the last of all the prophets. Under the guidance of the Koran and Sunnah, the author makes it his main goal to disprove each one of the fundamental tenets of godless ideologies and to have the "last word", so as to completely silence the objections raised against religion. The seal of the Prophet, who attained ultimate wisdom and moral perfection, is used as a sign of his intention of saying this last word. All these works by the author centre around one goal: to convey the message of the Koran to people, thus encouraging them to think about basic faith-related issues, such as the existence of God, His unity and the hereafter, and to display the decrepit foundations and perverted works of godless systems. Harun Yahya enjoys a wide readership in many countries, from India to America, England to Indonesia, Poland to Bosnia, and Spain to Brazil. Some of his books are available in English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Urdu, Arabic, Albanian, Russian, Serbo-Croat (Bosnian), Polish, Malay, Uygur Turkish, and Indonesian, and they have been enjoyed by readers all over the world. Greatly appreciated all around the world, these works have been instrumental in many people putting their faith in God and in many others gaining a deeper insight into their faith. The wisdom, and the sincere and easy-to-understand style employed give these books a distinct touch which directly strikes any one who reads or examines them. Immune to objections, these works are characterised by their features of rapid effectiveness, definite results and irrefutability. It is unlikely that those who read these books and give a serious thought to them can any longer sincerely advocate the materialistic philosophy, atheism and any other perverted ideology or philosophy. Even if they continue to advocate, this will be only a sentimental insistence since these books have refuted these ideologies from their very basis. All contemporary movements of denial are ideologically defeated today, thanks to the collection of books written by Harun Yahya. There is no doubt that these features result from the wisdom and lucidity of the Koran. The author certainly does not feel proud of himself; he merely intends to serve as a means in one's search for God's right path. Furthermore, no material gain is sought in the publication of these works. Considering these facts, those who encourage people to read these books, which open the "eyes" of the heart and guide them in becoming more devoted servants of God, render an invaluable service. Meanwhile, it would just be a waste of time and energy to propagate other books which create confusion in peoples' minds, lead man into ideological chaos, and which, clearly have no strong and precise effects in removing the doubts in peoples' hearts, as also verified from previous experience. It is apparent that it is impossible for books devised to emphasize the author's literary power rather than the noble goal of saving people from loss of faith, to have such a great effect. Those who doubt this can readily see that the sole aim of Harun Yahya's books is to overcome disbelief and to disseminate the moral values of the Koran. The success, impact and sincerity this service has attained are manifest in the reader's conviction. One point needs to be kept in mind: The main reason for the continuing cruelty and conflict, and all the ordeals the majority of people undergo is the ideological prevalence of disbelief. These things can only come to an end with the ideological defeat of disbelief and by ensuring that everybody knows about the wonders of creation and Koranic morality, so that people can live by it. Considering the state of the
  6. 6. world today, which forces people into the downward spiral of violence, corruption and conflict, it is clear that this service has to be provided more speedily and effectively. Otherwise, it may be too late. It is no exaggeration to say that the collection of books by Harun Yahya have assumed this leading role. By the Will of God, these books will be the means through which people in the 21st century will attain the peace and bliss, justice and happiness promised in the Koran. The works of the author include The New Masonic Order, Judaism and Freemasonry, Global Freemasonry, Islam Denounces Terrorism, The Disasters Darwinism Brought to Humanity, Communism in Ambush, Fascism: The Bloody Ideology of Darwinism, The 'Secret Hand' in Bosnia, Behind the Scenes of The Holocaust, Behind the Scenes of Terrorism, Israel's Kurdish Card, The Oppression Policy of Communist China and Eastern Turkestan, Solution: The Values of the Qur'an, The Winter of Islam and Its Expected Spring, Articles 1-2-3, A Weapon of Satan: Romantism, Signs from the Chapter of the Cave to the Last Times, Signs of the Last Day, The Last Times and The Beast of the Earth, Truths 1-2, The Western World Turns to God, The Evolution Deceit, Precise Answers to Evolutionists, The Blunders of Evolutionists, Confessions of Evolutionists, The Qur'an Denies Darwinism, Perished Nations, For Men of Understanding, The Prophet Moses, The Prophet Joseph, The Prophet Mohammed, The Prophet Solomon, The Golden Age, Allah's Artistry in Colour, Glory is Everywhere, The Importance of the Evidences of Creation, The Truth of the Life of This World, The Nightmare of Disbelief, Knowing the Truth, Eternity Has Already Begun, Timelessness and the Reality of Fate, Matter: Another Name for Illusion, The Little Man in the Tower, Islam and the Philosophy of Karma, The Dark Magic of Darwinism, The Religion of Darwinism, The Collapse of the Theory of Evolution in 20 Questions, Allah is Known Through Reason, The Qur'an Leads the Way to Science, The Real Origin of Life, Consciousness in the Cell, A String of Miracles, The Creation of the Universe, Miracles of the Qur'an, The Design in Nature, Self-Sacrifice and Intelligent Behaviour Models in Animals, The End of Darwinism, Deep Thinking, Never Plead Ignorance, The Green Miracle: Photosynthesis, The Miracle in the Cell, The Miracle in the Eye, The Miracle in the Spider, The Miracle in the Gnat, The Miracle in the Ant, The Miracle of the Immune System, The Miracle of Creation in Plants, The Miracle in the Atom, The Miracle in the Honeybee, The Miracle of Seed, The Miracle of Hormone, The Miracle of the Termite, The Miracle of the Human Body, The Miracle of Man's Creation, The Miracle of Protein, The Miracle of Smell and Taste, The Secrets of DNA. The author's childrens books are: Wonders of Allah's Creation, The World of Animals, The Splendour in the Skies, Wonderful Creatures, Let's Learn Our Religion, The World of Our Little Friends: The Ants, Honeybees That Build Perfect Combs, Skillful Dam Builders: Beavers. The author's other works on Quranic topics include: The Basic Concepts in the Qur'an, The Moral Values of the Qur'an, Quick Grasp of Faith 1-2-3, Ever Thought About the Truth?, Crude Understanding of Disbelief, Devoted to Allah, Abandoning the Society of Ignorance, The Real Home of Believers: Paradise, Knowledge of the Qur'an, Qur'an Index, Emigrating for the Cause of Allah, The Character of the Hypocrite in the Qur'an, The Secrets of the Hypocrite, The Names of Allah, Communicating the Message and Disputing in the Qur'an, Answers from the Qur'an, Death Resurrection Hell, The Struggle of the Messengers, The Avowed Enemy of Man: Satan, The Greatest Slander: Idolatry, The Religion of the Ignorant, The Arrogance of Satan, Prayer in the Qur'an, The Theory of Evolution, The Importance of Conscience in the Qur'an, The Day of Resurrection, Never Forget, Disregarded Judgements of the Qur'an, Human Characters in the Society of Ignorance, The Importance of Patience in the Qur'an, General Information from the Qur'an, The Mature Faith, Before You Regret, Our Messengers Say, The Mercy of Believers, The Fear of Allah, Jesus Will Return, Beauties Presented by the Qur'an for Life, A Bouquet of the Beauties of Allah 1-2-3-4, The Iniquity Called "Mockery," The Mystery of the Test, The True Wisdom According to the Qur'an, The Struggle with the Religion of Irreligion, The School of Yusuf, The Alliance of the Good, Slanders Spread Against Muslims Throughout History, The Importance of Following the Good Word, Why Do You Deceive Yourself?, Islam: The Religion of Ease, Enthusiasm and Excitement in the Qur'an, Seeing Good in Everything, How do the Unwise Interpret the Qur'an?, Some Secrets of the Qur'an, The Courage of Believers, Being Hopeful in the Qur'an, Justice and Tolerance in the Qur'an, Basic Tenets of Islam, Those Who do not Listen to the Qur'an, Taking the Qur'an as a Guide, A Lurking Threat: Heedlessness, Sincerity in the Qur'an.
  7. 7. CONTENTS FOREWORD .........................................10 INTRODUCTION ....................................12 LEGITIMATE AND ILLEGITIMATE LOVE...................................................14 ROMANTIC NATIONALISM .....................18 THE VARIOUS IDEOLOGIES OF ROMANTICISM......................................40 ROMANTICISM IN THE NAME OF RELIGION ...........................................50 THE TRUE WISDOM THAT COMES FROM FAITH.............................56 ROMANTICISM: MISCELLANEA ..............74 THE IDEA OF ROMANTIC LOVE .............96 THE PHYSICAL ILL CAUSED BY ROMANTICISM...............................106 CONCLUSION: HOW TO ESCAPE THE DISEASE OF ROMANTICISM .........112 THE MISCONCEPTION OF EVOLUTION ..118
  8. 8. It (the Qur'an) is a Book We have sent down to you, full of blessing, so let men of understanding ponder its signs and take heed. (Qur'an, 38:29)
  9. 9. Foreword n societies where the practise of religion has lapsed, it is often the I case that what is true comes to be regarded as false, and, conversely, what is false is regarded as true. While encouraging and promoting an errant belief system disapproved by God, these 11 societies may come to consider the correct belief system as inadequate or even undesirable. The confusion of what is perverse with what is true is common to non-religious societies; a condition which permeates their very structure. Romanticism is one such falsehood that is erroneously thought to be "true." In a society where people do not live by the true religion, romanticism is portrayed as a favourable quality peculiar to compassionate, good people. However, as will be explored point by point in this book, sentimental longing is a dangerous sentiment to adopt. Essentially, one of the most harmful characteristics of romanticism, and from which we must be on our guard, is that it rejects "reason" as contrary to its philosophy. The purpose of this book, in dealing with the subject of romanticism, is to draw attention to the fact that, while it may appear harmless, in actuality, it is an attitude that leads to certain surprising dangers. Although romanticism may appear to be an outlook not far out of the ordinary, this book will demonstrate how serious a peril it poses, both to society and the individual. And, of course, this book will show how easy it is to avoid such a pitfall; that is, by turning to the Qu'ran as the only guidance that God has bestowed upon humanity. We will provide numerous examples to make clear the point that when one follows the Qur'an, one cannot abandon reason for the sake of emotionally based principles.
  10. 10. Stir up any of them you can with your voice and rally against them your cavalry and your infantry and share with them in their children and their wealth and make them promises! The promise of Satan is nothing but delusion. (Quran, 17:64)
  11. 11. Introduction here is a subtle danger that leads people away from religion, T prevents them from submitting to God as their Lord, and ultimately brings numerous other forms of trouble and distress upon them. This danger can be recognised in many different areas of our lives: the 13 clenched fist of a fascist, the rousing anthem of a communist, or in the words of a letter written by a young man expressing his love to his loved- one. All arise from the same pernicious source. The most disturbing aspect of this danger is that an overwhelming number of people do not see it as a danger at all, nor do they realise either that it is actually a state of mind completely inimical to religion. In fact, many view it, not as a dangerous error, but rather as a virtue to be encouraged and widely propagated. This danger of which we are speaking is sentimentality that leads people to live, not according to their reason, but according to their emotions; that is, according to their desires, hatreds, their susceptibility to temptation, and their stubbornness. Sentimentality has become part of a culture of ignorance that has now brought millions of people throughout the world under its influence. In fact, it is one of the weapons that Satan uses to divert people from following the way of God, because someone who has fallen into the clutches of sentimentalism loses the ability to use his reason. And, when he cannot use his reason, then he cannot appreciate the fact that God has created him, nor can he come to recognise His signs and purposes, nor can he live in accordance to the sublime truths of religion. A life lived righteously is dependant on the use of one's reason, for God sent the Qu'ran "so that men of understanding may ponder its Signs and take heed." (Qur'an, 38:29) More precisely, if not treated, the disease of sentimentalism renders it impossible for a person to understand or experience religion in its true sense. Moreover, unless treated, the disease of sentimentality will make it impossible to bring an end to the pointless disputes, senseless suffering, assaults, distress and cruelty people inflict upon themselves in this world. This book will deal with the subject of sentimentalism by considering a few examples of this culture of ignorance, both in recent history, and in our own daily lives. No one should consider himself immune from this danger; on the contrary, everyone should be on their guard from the mire in which Satan wishes to trap us.
  12. 12. You who believe! Do not take My enemy and your enemy as friends, showing love for them when they have rejected the truth that has come to you… (Quran, 60:1)
  13. 13. Legitimate and Illegitimate Love entimentalism, or in other words, romantic longing, makes itself S known most often under the guise of "love." For example, as we will explore in the following pages, the romantic nationalists claim to love their country, for which reason they are hostile or even 15 aggressive towards other nations. Or, we may consider a young man in love with a girl which he turns into the sole focus of his life: what leads him to write her poetry saying "I love you," and to become obsessed with her to the point of suicide, and, in fact, to "divinise" her, is the notion of "love." Then, there are homosexuals, those who fall under God's interdiction, and shamelessly and insistently practise their perversion; they too claim to have found "love." As for the majority of people, they think that every emotion to which the name of "love" is ascribed is virtuous, pure, and even holy, and that examples of romantic longing, such as what we have mentioned above, are perfectly acceptable. Love is indeed a wonderful emotion, accorded to humanity by God, but it is important to distinguish whether that love is real or not, and to consider who it is directed to, and what sentiments it is founded on. Such investigation should make apparent the difference between a sentimentalism that leads to perverse love, and real love, as revealed to us by God in the Qu'ran. These issues we will examine in this book. But first, by way of preliminary information, let us give the meaning of love as it is found in the Qu'ran. According to the Qu'ran, love is to be shown to those who deserve it. Those who do not deserve it are not to be loved. We are even to distance ourselves from them emotionally, or, at least, to not feel inclined towards them. But those who deserve love, deserve it because of their virtue. The only being who deserves absolute love is God, who created us all. God brought us into existence, proffered us with the countless blessings we enjoy, showed us the way, and promised us everlasting paradise. He helps us out of every anxiety and graciously hears our every call. It is He who feeds us until we are satisfied, cures us when we are ill and then restores our spirit. Therefore, he who understands
  14. 14. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN the mysteries of the universe loves God above all, and loves whom God loves, that is, those devout individuals who conform to His will. On the other hand, those transgressors who rebel against God, 16 their Lord, are not worthy of love. To harbour love for these people is a grave error, against which God warns the faithful in the following words: You who believe! Do not take My enemy and your enemy as friends, showing love for them when they have rejected the truth that has come to you, driving out the Messenger and yourselves simply because you believe in God your Lord. If you go out to strive in My Way and seeking My pleasure, keeping secret the love you have for them, know best what you conceal and what you make known. Any of you who do that have strayed from the right way. (Quran, 60:1) As indicated in above verse, the faithful must not bear any love for the rebellious. There is an important point here that needs to be kept in mind: even though a believer does not feel love in his heart for someone who rejects religion, he will do everything in his power to bring him to faith and submission to God. "Not to nurture love" for such a person does not mean feeling hatred for him, or not desiring what is good for him. On the contrary, one who believes in God will expound the meaning of religion to any person who seeks the true way, and who is disposed to receiving guidance. The believer who reminds that person of the existence of paradise and hell, and warns him of death, the day of Judgement, and of the afterlife, will fulfil his duty with care and compassion. Moreover, even if a person does not accept faith, despite all efforts, it does not impede the Muslim from dealing justly with him. Unless one tries to hurt the believers, or cause conflict and strife between people, he should nevertheless continue to exercise the same tolerance towards all, because God has given a command to His believers: God does not forbid you from being good to those who have not
  15. 15. Legitimate and Illegitimate Love fought you over religion or driven you from your homes, or from being just towards them. God loves those who are just. God merely forbids you from taking as friends those who have fought 17 you over religion and driven you from your homes and who supported your expulsion. Any who take them as friends are wrongdoers. (Quran, 60:8-9) In the above verses, as well as the one cited previously (Qur'an, 60:1), God, in His great wisdom, teaches us a matter that is very important to understand. Emotions must not guide a person's behaviour, because they can lead into grave error. A person must act, not according to his emotions, but according to his reason, his free- will, and the commands of God. Moreover, he must train his emotions to conform to his reason and will. We can recognise this need in all who has fallen into the quagmire of sentimentality. Hundreds of millions of people are enslaved to the desires of their hearts, their ambition, passion, hatred and anger. They do things irrationally, and justify their acts by claiming helplessness, saying for example, "I can't help it. I just like it." or "I can't help it. I want it. I feel like it." But, the fact that a person "feels like" something does not mean that the thing is good or legitimate. Our inner-self is always urging us to do wrong, with Satan instigating us to commit even greater wrongs. When someone acts contrary to the will of God, and says, "I can't help it. I feel like it," his inner-self is actually acting as the tool of Satan. In the Qu'ran, God refers to such people in the following manner: Have you seen him who takes his whims and desires to be his god- whom God has misguided knowingly, sealing up his hearing and his heart and placing a blindfold over his eyes? Who then will guide him after God? So will you not pay heed? (Quran, 45:23) In the pages that follow, we will examine various examples of excessive romanticism, a kind of sentimentalism. We will discuss the dangers posed to people by this way of thinking, and explain how the disease can be treated.
  16. 16. Those who disbelieve filled their hearts with fanatical rage-the fanatical rage of the Time of Ignorance-and God sent down serenity to His Messenger and to the believers, and bound them to the expression of heedfulness which they had most right to and were most entitled to. God has knowledge of all things. (Quran, 48:26)
  17. 17. Romantic Nationalism ommonly, romanticism is understood as romance or the C Romantic movement of the nineteenth century, but besides these forms, romanticism is also closely related to certain political sentiments. Chief among them is "romantic nationalism," 19 which appeared at the end of the nineteenth century, and exercised a great influence in the world until the middle of the twentieth. First, it must be clearly stated that our criticism is not against nationalism per se, but against "romantic nationalism." There is a great deal of difference between the two. Fanatical Rage Nationalism, in the most common sense of the term, refers to an individual's love for his people and for his country. This is a good and completely legitimate sentiment. Since it does not go against religion, it has no damaging effect for humanity. Just as an individual's love for his mother or father is a legitimate feeling, so also is love for the nation, that nurtured him in a common faith and culture, a legitimate feeling. Nationalistic sentiments become illegitimate when they become irrational or overly passionate. If a person, out of love for his country, begins, without justification, to harbour feelings of hostility towards another nation, or tramples over the rights of other nations and peoples in the interests of his own-for example, if he seizes their land or confiscates their property-he has exceeded legitimate bounds. Or, when he lets his love for his nation turn into a kind of racism, that is, when he claims that his own nation is inherently superior to another, he has adopted an irrational outlook. God draws our attention to this irrational nationalism in the Qu'ran. What is described in the following verses as "fanatical rage," is a characteristic feature of societies who are divorced from the religion. Those who disbelieve filled their hearts with fanatical rage-the fanatical rage of the Time of Ignorance-and God sent down serenity to His Messenger and to the believers, and bound them to the expression of heedfulness which they had most right to and
  18. 18. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN were most entitled to. God has knowledge of all things. (Quran, 48:26) While the above verse speaks of "fanatical rage," it also speaks of 20 the serenity that God bestows upon those who believe in Him. This juxtaposition points to the fact that if a person who loves his kindred, his clan or his community, harbours hatred or aggression towards others as a result of that love, his behaviour is errant. On the contrary, God desires His servants to enjoy peace, tranquillity and security; in other words, the spiritual state that God desires for His followers is one where reason is foremost. "Fanatical rage" does not permit such a desirable condition to exist, but pits one group against another, based solely on differences in language, colour, tribe or clan. God described this "fanatical rage" already 1400 years ago in the Qu'ran, and today it is still possible to witness its effects in every part of the world. There are people in Africa who strangle others to death just because they belong to a different tribe. In Europe, a football match deteriorates into armed combat when "hooligans" beat fans of the opposing team almost to death, just because they belong to the opposing side. In the Western world, there are organisations whose sole purpose is to foster hatred against Africans, Jews, Turks and other minorities, even to the extent of making them targets of terrorist assaults. The influence of "fanatical rage" pervades not only the lowest classes, but also the highest echelons of some societies. There are many countries that exploit the matter of a simple border dispute as an excuse to carry out open acts of aggression. To satisfy their belligerent tendencies, they throw their countries into a war, persisting stubbornly in their aggression for years, plunging not only the citizens of the enemy country, but even their own people into misery. Those authorities who make such decisions are afflicted with what we are referring to as "fanatical rage." As explained in the above quoted verse, he who "fills his heart with fanatical rage" lives in ignorance.
  19. 19. Romantic Nationalism Among these ignoramuses are also they who instigated the two greatest calamities of the twentieth century: the First and Second World Wars. Moved by such false notions as "German heroism," 21 "English pride" and "Russian courage," they subjected their own people, as well as the whole world, to great suffering, spilling the blood of 65 million people, and leaving tens of millions crippled, widowed and orphaned. The root cause of these calamities was "fanatical rage." We are now referring to it as "romantic nationalism." The Birth of Romantic Nationalism Nationalism as an idea spread throughout Europe in the 18th century. Prior to that, people lived under the power of many feudal lords. Then, they came together under a single nation-state governed by a central administration. European countries such as France and England were among the first to espouse the notion of nationalism and to become a nation-state. By the 19th century, most of the nations of Europe had achieved national unity. Only two countries did not participate in this development: Germany and Italy. In both these countries, the power of principalities or of small city-states lasted much longer. Italy achieved nationhood only in 1870, and Germany only a year later, in 1871. In other words, both these countries were later than other European countries in adopting and implementing the ideas of nationalism. However, this particular situation was the cause of the development of a more radical brand of nationalism in these two countries than in the other countries of Europe. According to the widespread opinion of social scientists, the reason for the birth and accession to power in these two countries of the extreme forms of nationalism, Nazism and fascism, was the spread of fanatic nationalistic sentiments linked with the late formation of national unity. In these two countries, and especially in Germany, those who
  20. 20. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN promoted the idea of fanatic nationalism were known as "romantic nationalists." The basic features that characterise romantic nationalists are their exaltation of feeling to the detriment of reason, their belief 22 that their nation is endowed with a mystical and mysterious "spirit," and that this spirit makes their nation superior to others. Towards the end of the 19th century, romantic nationalism was influenced by racist theories that were then gaining wide acceptance, and which led to the claim that European races were superior to the other races of the world, and therefore, had the right to rule them. Romantic nationalism spread quickly, again, especially in The gravest example of "romantic nationalism" in the twentieth century was Hitler's Germany. This racist nationalism developed entirely through the influence of romantic idealism, and the oppression and misery to which it gave rise constitute a black stain on the history of the world.
  21. 21. Romantic Nationalism Germany, during the first two decades of the 19th century. Writers such as Paul Lagarde and Julius Langbehn supported the idea of a kind of hierarchical world-order which Germans were to administer. 23 They claimed this could be achieved due to the natural superiority of the "German spirit" and "German blood," and that, to this end, Germans must turn their backs on monotheistic religions, such as Christianity, and return to their pagan past. The growth of mystic (occult) societies in Germany played an important role in the spread of romantic nationalism during this period. The world-view shared by these societies was composed of several shallow ideas, such as these: human beings can attain truth not with their reason but through their feelings and intuitions; every country possesses a national "spirit;" the German national "spirit" is a pagan spirit. These societies prepared the ground for the rise of Hitler and Nazism. The English historian Michael Howard writes that "the rise of a pan-German nationalist movement which drew its spiritual strength from occultism and its ideology from the esoteric philosophies of the secret societies... formed ...the extreme racialist doctrines, which, in the 1920s, spawned National Socialism."1 Indeed, romantic nationalism's only contribution to humanity has been to have prepared the foundation for Nazism, one of history's most brutal and bloody regimes. The Schizophrenia of Romantic Nationalism Because romantic nationalists believed they were to find truth through "feeling and intuition," and not through reason, they came to adopt a most confused view of the world, one which reflected their poor spiritual condition. The American professor of History, Gerhard Rempel, in his article entitled "Reform, Liberation and Romanticism in Prussia," describes the spiritual state of the romantic nationalists in the following words: Romanticists sought to escape into fantasy, sentimentality and
  22. 22. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN allegory. Spiritually they toyed with death, with brooding, with the somber, opaque recesses of the night. Novalis [a pioneer of the early German Romantics] said: ''Life is a sickness of the spirit.'' What we 24 have here is the beginning of aesthetic pessimism…. Romanticism uncovered the deeper irrational forces of the human spirit… Novalis believed that all worlds and ages could be united by the magic of imagination… Through the patriotic literature of the war of liberation this ''dance of the soul" reached the broad masses of the population. The German Romanticists developed the cult of aestheticism which was at once a rejection of reason and an attempt to apprehend unity and immediacy in one instantaneous act. In this theory the poetical was the absolutely real.2 The foundation of romantic nationalism was based on "feeling." This fanciful ideology produced individuals who were cut off from reality, lost in the confusion of their own minds. Romanticism, by enslaving people to their feelings, leads them to lose touch with reality, and in this manner, can be compared to the psychological disease of schizophrenia. (Those who suffer from schizophrenia are completely In Nazi Germany, the masses were entranced under the influence of grandiose emotionalism, and they were easily deceived into acquiescing to the inhuman motivations of Nazism.
  23. 23. Romantic Nationalism cut off from reality and live in a world created by their own imaginations.) The disease of schizophrenia provides a poignant analogy of the 25 spiritual condition of romantic nationalism, which is based on a number of errant ideas, chief among them being the notion of "blood" and "fatherland," which it then idolizes and turns into obsessions to be pursued blindly. In Germany, at the beginning of the twentieth century, the idea of "Blut and Boden" (Blood and Fatherland) gained momentum. According to this notion, German blood and the German fatherland were holy, and those minorities within the country that did not belong to the German race, were seen as polluting German blood and sullying the German fatherland. This current of thought exercised a great influence on the Nazi ideology, which viewed the spilling of blood as part of a holy crusade. In the course of an unsuccessful coup attempt in 1923, Hitler took a party flag stained with Nazi blood and virtually turned it into an idol of worship. This flag came to be known as "Blutfahne" (Blood Flag). It was preserved as it was and became the most holy symbol in all Nazi gatherings. Other, new flags were touched to it, so that it might transmit something of its "sacred" quality.3 Above: A propaganda poster from the Nazi era symbolising romantic nationalism, and extolling the German race and people with heightened sentimentality.
  24. 24. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN Bloodshed in Romantic Nationalism 26 The type of attitude that regards blood and bloodshed as holy has been the cause of the bloodiest conflicts seen in human history. The first and second World Wars were but clashes between romantic nationalists. The current of romantic nationalism was most clearly seen in Germany, but it also had its influence at the same period in English, French and Russian societies, where it was also responsible for drawing those countries into war. It fanned into flames those problems that could otherwise have been solved through diplomacy, and ultimately inflicted the world with the massacre of millions of human lives. Under the influence of romantic nationalism, people were provoked into world wars, whose only outcome was bloodshed, misery and tears. In the aftermath of those wars, millions were dead, widowed, orphaned, and thousands of cities ruined.
  25. 25. Romantic Nationalism To understand the outcomes of romantic nationalism, it is useful to study the developments of First World War. Although many countries participated in that war, only few of them played a pivotal 27 part. On one side were England, France and Russia; on the other, Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. At the outset of the war, all generals shared a common strategy: through a forceful attack, the enemy lines could be divided and routed and within a few weeks, victory would be attained. However, the war brought victory to no one. In 1914, Germany suddenly invaded France and Belgium. After an initial advance, forces were engaged in battle, the front-lines of assault were drawn up, and for almost three and a half years, no further ground was gained. Each side attacked the other repeatedly in In the wars which resulted from the emergence of romantic nationalism, the value of human life was nearly completely forgotten. Excited by such sentimental ideas as the "German spirit," "English honour" and "French valour," praised in romantic marching songs and poems, leaders made irrational decisions, sending their own people to slaughter.
  26. 26. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN the hope of dividing the opposing front, but the situation remained unchanged. In the famous Battle of Verdun, initiated by a 28 German attack, a total of 315,000 French and 280,000 German soldiers died, but the front was moved back only a few kilometres. Months later, the English and French launched a counter-attack at the Battle of the Somme and, as a result of the bloody engagement, 600,000 Germans, more than 400,000 English, and about 200,000 French soldiers died. Nevertheless, the German front was driven back only 11 kilometres. With their enthusiasm enflamed by romantic marching songs, and through moving poetry extolling the "German spirit," "English honour" and "French valour," military strategists and tacticians finally made unwise decisions, causing the slaughter of their own people. Most of those soldiers who survived the three and a half years in the muddy trenches, without being able to even raise their heads because of the continual bombardment, also suffered psychologically as a result of their experiences. A terrible example of senseless bloodshed brought about by romantic nationalism in the First World War was the attack against German lines led by the French general Robert Nivelle in April 1917. Nivelle promised before A mentality of bloodlust came into being in World War II. Because of the psychopathic passion of romantics like Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin, a total of fifty-five million people perished. These were the heartless protagonists of the Second World War, whose quest for utopian ideals led the whole world into oppression, cruelty and corruption.
  27. 27. Romantic Nationalism the battle that, "within two days he would divide the German lines and within one week gain decisive victory." Although the German army was more advantageously positioned, the French army set out to 29 honour this unreasonable promise, and attacked on April 16. An attack they had hoped would end in two days lasted more than one and a half months, without a result, other than the death of hundreds of thousands of soldiers, and finally, mutiny among the French troops. The same blood-lust mentality came to the fore again in World War II, but this time with even greater casualties. A total of 55 million people died as a result of the overweening ambition of psychopathic romantics such as Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin. It is not only in global conflicts that romanticism plays a role; it also lies at the root of war and aggression between various countries, tribes and organisations. Without a clear understanding of the factors involved in the situation in which they were living, millions, influenced by emotional slogans, tales of heroism, stirring marching songs and poems, have taken up arms and shed, not only their own blood, but also the blood of those they considered to be the enemy, plunging with them the world into confusion and strife. In the four corners of the world, people incited to savagery and violence by romanticism can subject others to unimaginable tortures, and commit various kinds of inhuman acts against them.
  28. 28. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN At the beginning of this book, we pointed out that sentimentality is a weapon used by Satan to divert humanity from the way of God, and to lead them into misery. This trap that Satan has set for humanity 30 is clearly evidenced in romantic nationalism. In the Qu'ran, God relates how Satan submits those under his influence to a state of terror, confusion and hostility: He (God) said, "Go! And as for any who follow you, your repayment is Hell, repayment in full! Stir up any of them you can with your voice and rally against them your cavalry and your infantry and share with them in their children and their wealth and make them promises! The promise of Satan is nothing but delusion." (Quran, 17:63-64) The above verse relates how Satan, using those individuals under his control, will "entice any of them whom he can with his voice" and "rally against them his cavalry and his infantry"-the means to provoke romantic nationalism. Darwinism: The Intellectual Basis of Romantic Nationalism Romantic nationalists have resorted to a few philosophical and so-called scientific revelations to help justify their penchant for the shedding blood. The basis of these revelations is Darwin's Theory of Evolution. Darwin, an English biologist, wrote a book called The Origin of the Species which was published in 1859. In this book, he proposed that a merciless struggle occurs in nature and, according to whether or not they gain advantage in the struggle, living things develop and new species come into existence. In other words, according to Darwin, the key to development in nature is conflict. In another book, The Descent of Man, published in 1871, Darwin developed his ideas more cogently and proposed, moreover, that some races of humanity were more advanced relative to others, thus laying the foundations of scientific racism. Darwin regarded the white races of Europe as "advanced
  29. 29. Romantic Nationalism races," and considered Africans, Asians, and even Turks, as "primitive and half-ape." With the spread of Darwin's theory, racism and militancy quickly 31 gained support, to the point where they began to be perceived as "scientific fact." The relationship between Darwinism and romantic nationalism should thus be clear: romantic nationalists founded their lust for conflict, and their obsession with the superiority of their own race over others, on Darwinism. It is possible to recognise Darwinism's catastrophic influence at work in the extraordinary degree of bloodshed that took place during World War l. Without a moment's hesitation, German, French, English, Russian and Austrian generals sent hundreds of thousands of soldiers to their deaths, for nothing. They adhered to the Darwinian slogan that, "living things develop through conflict and races rise to pre- eminence through war." It was in accordance to this line of thought that they gave the command for war. For example, the connection between war and the laws of natural conflict was upheld by Friedrich von Bernhardi, a First World War general. "War" declared Bernhardi "is a biological necessity"; it "is as necessary as the struggle of the elements of nature"; it "gives a biologically just decision, since its decisions rest on the very nature of things."4 The Commander-in-Chief of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, General Franz Baron Conrad von Hoetzendorff, wrote in his memoirs after the war: Philanthropic religions, moral teachings and philosophical doctrines may certainly sometimes serve to weaken mankind's struggle for existence in its Charles Darwin's theory brought crudest form, but they will never succeed misery upon misery to the world.
  30. 30. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN in removing it as a driving motive of the world… It is in accordance with this great principle that the catastrophe of the world war came about as the result of the motive forces in the lives of states and 32 peoples, like a thunderstorm which must by its nature discharge itself.5 German chancellor Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg's advisor and close friend Kurt Riezler wrote in 1914: Eternal and absolute enmity is fundamentally inherent in relations between peoples; and the hostility which we observe everywhere… Since the time of Darwin, racist attacks and related violence have increased. Today, we continue to find such twisted ideas in organisations such as the Neo- Nazis and the Ku Klux Klan, which target blacks and people of other races. It must not be forgotten, that the responsibility for all of these inhuman tendencies arises first and foremost from Social Darwinism.
  31. 31. Romantic Nationalism is not the result of a perversion of human nature but is the essence of the world and the source of life itself.6 Romanticism encourages passionate affiliation between those of 33 its own ranks, but incites anger and hatred against others. This is a spirit very much in accordance with the Darwinian concept of "the struggle for survival of the races." When applied in the social sciences, Darwin's theory is given the name of "Social Darwinism," and has been a major source of justification for romantic nationalism and racism. The American writer Janet Biehl, in her article entitled "Ecology and the Modernization of Fascism in the German Ultra Right," has this to say on this topic: Social Darwinism has deep roots in the German ultra-right… Like Anglo-American social Darwinism, German social Darwinism projected human social institutions onto the nonhuman world as 'natural laws,' then invoked those 'laws' to justify the human social arrangements as 'natural.' It also applied the maxim 'survival of the fittest' to society. But where Anglo- American social Darwinism conceived the 'fittest' as the individual entrepreneur in a 'bloody tooth and claw' capitalist jungle, German social Darwinism overwhelmingly conceived the 'fittest' in terms of race. Thus, the 'fittest' race not only would but should survive, vanquishing all its competitors in its 'struggle for existence.'7 In Germany, the most important representative of Social Darwinism was Ernst Haeckel: Germany's the biologist Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919). foremost proponent of Social He contributed to Darwinism by Darwinism. proposing the theory, summarised in
  32. 32. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN "Ontogeny Recapitulates Phylogeny," that mammals replicate the process of evolution in their embryonic development. (Years later 34 it was realized that this theory was unfounded and that Haeckel had even falsified his charts and diagrams.) Haeckel founded the "Monist League," an association whose aim was the propagation of atheism, and which, at the same time, became a centre of racism and romantic nationalism. In the 1920's, the Nazi Another book by movement, which was then developing Gasman, seen above, treats the growth of under the leadership of Hitler, was Social Darwinism in influenced by the ideas of Haeckel and the Germany in more detail. "Monist League." The historian Daniel Gasman, writing of these developments in The Scientific Origins of National Socialism: Social Darwinism in Ernst Haeckel and the German Monist League, said: ...[R]acially inspired social Darwinism in Germany… was almost completely indebted to Haeckel for its creation… His ideas served to unite into a full-bodied ideology the trends of racism, imperialism, romanticism, anti-Semitism and nationalism… It was Haeckel who brought the full weight of science down hard on the side of what were Volkism's essentially irrational and mystical ideas.8 Gasman also wrote: It may be said that if Darwinism in England was an extension of laissez faire individualism projected from the social world to the natural world, [in Germany it was] a projection of German romanticism and philosophical idealism… The form which social Darwinism took in Germany was a pseudo-scientific religion of nature worship and nature-mysticism combined with notions of racism.9 In the same vein, Janet Biehl wrote that "Haeckel was also a believer in mystical racism and nationalism, so that German social
  33. 33. Romantic Nationalism Darwinism was from the beginning a political concept that lent romantic racism and nationalism a pseudo-biological basis." 10 35 Conclusion All that we have discussed demonstrates once again that romanticism is a psychological disposition and a world-view that is completely outside the bounds of and inimical to religion. This is also clear in the sense that, Darwinism, which has been almost synonymous with atheism ever since it was first proposed, is implicit in romanticism. The relation of romantic nationalism to Darwinism, and its role in the rise of the Nazi movement, reveals yet another important fact: Romanticism is a highly pernicious influence for both the individual and for societies. Those caught up in it can be easily beguiled into a way of thinking that is completely contrary to reason, common sense, and right conscience. They may be led to believe, for example, that their own race is superior to all others, that they are justified in going to war, in invading and occupying much of the whole world, and that it is legitimate for them to annihilate or enslave other nations. Nazi Germany was the prime historical instance to demonstrate the destructiveness and cruelty of romantic nationalism. When the
  34. 34. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN 36 Nazis came to power in 1933, Hitler and his staff of generals undertook a campaign to "inculcate romantic sentiments," and within a short time, German society came to adopt the nonsensical assertions of romantic nationalism. At the end of the 1930's, the overwhelming majority of Germans came to believe that soon a "German Empire" (Third Reich) would be founded that would govern the whole world and last for a thousand years. In order to bring about their awaited destiny, they believed that the German race needed to be "purified" through the elimination of all minorities in the country. They also believed that Hitler was an unassailable and unconquerable "leader" (Führer), possessed of supernatural powers who would lead them to certain victory. Listening teary-eyed to Hitler's angry, belligerent, paranoid and discriminatory speeches, the masses were bewitched and lost all sense of reality. The famous Nazi Nuremberg rallies were a clear manifestation of "romantic brain washing." The American researchers Michael Baigent, Richard Leigh and Henry Lincoln, describe these meetings in these words: The notorious Nuremberg rallies were not political rallies of the kind that occur in the West today but cunningly stage-managed theatre of the kind, for example, that formed an integral component of Greek
  35. 35. Romantic Nationalism 37 religious festivals. Everything - the colours of the uniforms and flags, the placement of the spectators, the nocturnal hour, the use of spotlights and floodlights, the sense of timing - was precisely calculated. The film-clips depict people intoxicating themselves, chanting themselves into a state of rapture and ecstasy using the mantra 'Sieg Heil!' and doting on the Führer as if he were a deity. The faces of the crowd are stamped with a mindless beatitude… It is not a question of persuasive rhetoric. In fact, Hitler's rhetoric is quite unpersuasive. More often than not, it is banal, childish, repetitious, devoid of substance. But his delivery has a venomous energy, a rhythmic pulse to it as hypnotic as a drumbeat; and this, combined with the contagion of mass emotion, with the pressure of thousands of people packed together in a confined area… produces a mass hysteria… What one witnesses at Hitler's rallies is an 'alteration of consciousness' such as psychologists generally associate with a mystical experience.11 More precisely, the Nazi meetings were mass-hypnosis sessions, which completely robbed people of their reasoning faculties, and put them under the spell of romanticism. Triggering the Second World War, this romantic hysteria cost the lives of 55 million people. Nazism is merely one example of the destructive consequences of
  36. 36. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN 38 The need was felt for distinct symbols to stir up romantic nationalist sentiments in the people; such as, the "German army," "German people," the "German flag," "German blood," etc...
  37. 37. Romantic Nationalism People were 39 captivated by emotionalism inspired by Satan. Spellbound, they listened to Hitler, and even applauded his inhuman deeds. The romanticism, which had reached such a degree of insanity, was also taught to children who were, in turn, diverted into the path of perversity. romanticism. Because romanticism robs people of their reason, and places them under the power of their emotions, it can lure them into every kind of perversion. For this reason, it is easy to mislead a romantic person. Under the appropriate conditions, and within just a short time, he can become a fervent racist or fascist. In another instance, however, he can become a communist militant, attack innocent people while chanting Leninist marching songs, or even lose sight of his senses to the point of setting himself on fire for what he comes to deem as a just cause. It is possible for a romantic to be cruel and harsh in one instant and sob emotionally in the next. There is no limit to the insanity that can result once wisdom is out of function, and one becomes a captive of his emotions-better to say, the irrational passions Satan provokes in him.
  38. 38. … "I will take a certain fixed proportion of Your slaves. I will lead them astray and fill them with false hopes. I will command them and they will cut off cattle's ears. I will command them and they will change God's creation." Anyone who takes Satan as his protector in place of God has clearly lost everything. (Quran, 4:118-119)
  39. 39. The Various Ideologies of Romanticism n the previous section we looked at the effects of romanticism I resulting from "romantic nationalism." Now let us look at some of the other manifestations of romanticism to see some of those calamities it has brought upon humanity. The first ideology we must 41 examine is one equally as appalling as romantic nationalism: that is, communism. Communist Romanticism Communism was incepted as a supposed ideology of reason. Its founders, Karl Marx (1818-1883) and Friedrich Engels (1820-1895) had adopted the philosophy of materialism which, they thought, they could apply to the social sciences and explain the "laws of history." Marx distinguished various stages of history: advanced countries of the time, such as England, were living in the "capitalist phase." He predicted that, after this phase, there would inevitably follow a workers' revolution which would begin the socialist phase. He also predicted that this revolution would happen spontaneously, that is, arising from the initiative of the workers themselves, and that it would happen in England and other industrialised countries. Marx's predictions did not come true, however. The fact that they would not materialise was evident within 30-40 years after his death. There was no revolution in England or in any other industrialised country; on the contrary, the social and economic conditions for workers improved. Communism's Claim to Rationality is False Marx's theory, then, should be considered as one of the many historical errors committed in the name of "social science," and should therefore have been abandoned. But, such was not the case. A group of individuals styling themselves "Marxists" attempted, with difficulty, to actualise Marx's unfounded predictions. Although the revolution Marx said would happen "spontaneously" did not come about at all, Marxists sought to incite the revolution through the establishment of
  40. 40. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN organisations which would bring it about by force of arms. The most important Marxist to have tried to revise the interpretation of Marx, and to make excuses for his unrealised predictions, was Lenin. 42 Lenin asserted that it was not in advanced countries such as England where the revolution would occur, but in unindustrialised countries like Russia. He said that communism would be successful there, and from there would spread throughout the whole world. To realize his dream, he spent many years, both inside and outside Russia, making preparations for the revolution. The opportunity for him to come to power arose from the confusion caused by World War l. Lenin's predictions, like those of Marx, came to nothing. Neither was the system he founded successful, nor did communism spread throughout the world. Today, the Soviet Union that Lenin founded has drifted into history, and the communist system it forced on those countries it occupied has collapsed everywhere. It is accepted that communism was the gravest and most unsuccessful political experiment of the twentieth century. That Marxism was flawed has been proven, not only by its unfulfilled promises, and the collapse of the system it gave rise to, but also by the failure of the philosophy it was based on. The basic premises of the materialist philosophy, which is the basis of Marxism, have been discredited by the scientific discoveries of the twentieth century. For example: 1. Materialism asserts that the universe has existed forever and that matter, therefore, was not created. But the Big Bang theory, accepted in the twentieth century, indicates that matter and time were created from nothing. This theory proposed that the universe came into being from nothing 10-15 billion years ago, appearing as a sudden and small activity out of nothingness. In other words, the truth that the "Big Bang" theory reveals is that nothing happened by chance; that there was an activity out of nothingness, and after this activity, matter and time appeared. This theory completely discredits materialist
  41. 41. The Various Ideologies of Romanticism 43 The most well-known symbols of communist romanticism: the proletariat breaking its chains, figures with clenched fists, revolutionary songs defending socialism to the death.
  42. 42. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN claims and proves that matter, time, and the first activity, were created by God. 44 2. Materialism claims that matter and time are both "absolute;" that is, they are always existent, unchanging and stable. However, Einstein's Theory of Relativity proved that matter and time are not absolute, but merely perceptions subject to change. 3. Materialism claims that human mental functions and capacities can be reduced to a material explanation. However, the discovery of the brain's intricacies has shown the existence of various mental functions which have no corresponding feature in the brain, and has attested to the fact that human mentality exists beyond matter, and belongs to the "spirit." 4. Materialism asserts that living things were not created but, as Darwin's theory of evolution claims, came into being by chance. This claim has been discounted by scientific discoveries in the twentieth century, and it is now understood that there is an undeniable "design" in living things, leading to the fact that it is God who has created all life. If an ideology claims to be rational, but its claims do not stand up to the scrutiny of reason or science and, furthermore, if the plain facts The fathers of communism: Marx (left) and Engels (right). In the middle is a translation into Russian of Marx's Das Kapital.
  43. 43. The Various Ideologies of Romanticism do not bear witness to its validity, then that ideology's claims must be rejected. Those who have adopted this ideology must subject it to rational inquiry, and would then discover its invalidity and abandon 45 it. If communists were people who used reason, logic and common sense instead of living in a romantic dream-world, communism would have been discredited hundreds of times by now. Because the foundation of communism rests on romanticism, those who continue to espouse it can do so only contrary to the warrant of reason and science, and can defend it only with their eyes closed to the fact that it is obsolete as an ideology. Already when it was found that the basic predictions of Marxism were not going to be realised, it should have been put aside. However, it was not abandoned. Revolutionary movements have sprung up all over the world, trying to make Marxist dreams a reality by means of revolution, civil war, guerrilla struggle and terror means of attack. The Soviet Union and the whole of the Eastern Block collapsed, Red China adopted a capitalist economic system. However, communism has still not been abandoned. Even today, throughout the world, communist organizations continue their activities. Despite the fact that they must know that the "revolution" they speak of is a fantasy, they continue to shed blood, just so as to not have to abandon communism. They frenziedly set themselves as well as their comrades on fire, as they sing communist marching songs, romantically, blindly and stubbornly holding on to their antiquated ideology. People who set themselves on fire for the sake of an idea or an ideology are actually possessed by an extreme form emotionalism. Because they fail to think rationally, they tend to react by committing acts which they falsely deem to be courageous.
  44. 44. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN This shows that communism is not an ideology based on reason, and that those who espouse it do so for reasons arising from something other than from a rational commitment to it. Many would 46 regard the reason for such a commitment to merely be "fanaticism," "bigotry," or obsession called an "idee fixe." Upon further investigation, it becomes apparent that beneath this supposed fanaticism lies the tremendous influence of romanticism. That is, communism also derives strength from the spell of romanticism. Examples of Communist Romanticism Initially, people are usually not aware of communism's romantic spirit, because communists always speak in terms of science, philosophy and rationality. However, communists develop their ideas out of a romantic outlook. In fact, they blindly reject those scientific findings, which do not fit their purposes, as "bourgeois." Stalin went even to the point of systematising this prejudice by creating an absurd distinction between "bourgeois" and "proletariat" science. On the other hand, if we were to look in detail at communist publications, magazines, poetry or marching songs, we would discover that their ideology is bound tightly to romanticism. They have idolized certain ideas, developing excessive emotional attachment to them. The most important of these is the notion of "revolution." For a communist, revolution is the end of all evil and the beginning of everything good. They are hopelessly enthralled with a fantasy they know will never be realized. They do not attempt to examine their idea of "revolution" rationally, nor ask, for example, "For what purpose should the revolution be sought?" "What is the justification of a revolution in which masses of innocent people will be killed and the whole of society suffer?" "Can the living conditions of the poor not be improved without revolution?" "How will it affect the economy?" "How will the country then be governed, its inner conflicts resolved, and external threats be removed?" A communist does not see these questions as having any
  45. 45. The Various Ideologies of Romanticism 47 One of the most disturbing aspects of communism was its attempt to present its leaders as figures with super-human qualities, working on behalf of the people, regardless of the fact that in reality they were criminals responsible for the death of millions of people. The purpose of this sort of propaganda was to entice people to feel an emotional attachment to their leaders, and thereby, to pardon their crimes. importance; his only goal is revolution. If he is to provide an answer to any of these questions, he will quote the typical and oft-repeated phrases from the books of Lenin, Stalin or Mao, but he will not himself think rationally for answers to these questions. What binds him most dearly to the idea of revolution are the emotive poems written or passionate marching songs sung of revolution. Communist literature frequently speaks of "the beautiful country covered in flowers" and "the red sun on the horizon." Actually, the relationship between a communist and his idea of revolution is comparable to a romantic love- story. There are communist booths at universities, book-fairs, and cultural centres; if you go into any of them, or into a communist bar or cafe, there you will see the many symbols used to give fervour to this romanticism. Posters of a mighty proletariat breaking his chains, figures with clenched fists, revolutionary songs about the struggle to the death for socialism, are the most common symbols of the romantic communist. This romanticism is also sometimes reflected in the attire of the communists. A young communist will often been seen wearing a khaki
  46. 46. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN parka and commando cap, identifying himself with the Latin American communist guerrilla Che Guevara, and no doubt in his room, among his personal possessions, you will find a poster of "Che." The only 48 difference between him and a college student romantically obsessed with a Pop star, is the kind of star he has chosen; his is not a musician but a guerrilla fighter. Another interesting example to consider of communism's romanticism is the great delight they take in causing themselves pain and in making people feel sorry for them. For example, a communist militant might begin a "hunger strike" in prison, prepared to starve himself to death to achieve some petty goal. On the one hand, he feels pleasure in the pain that it causes him, and enjoys the sympathy others feel for him and his plight, while, on the other hand, he takes pride in being recognised among his friends as "hero." The romantic pleasure that communists take in their pain can sometimes attain very high levels. Communists have committed some frighteningly savage acts in their demonstrations; for example, they have lit themselves on fire, they have tied one selected from their number to iron bars, poured inflammable liquid over him, set him on fire, and sung communist marching songs as he burned. As discernible from recorded images, the militants who perform these mindless acts of savagery are much like the crowds of Nazi gatherings; they undergo a This poster is typical of Communist Romanticism's symbolism. These posters served to strengthen the emotional attachment the people have for their leader and his ideology.
  47. 47. The Various Ideologies of Romanticism "lapse of consciousness" and are captivated by an emotional and psychological trance. It is possible only stubbornly for a communist to remain firmly 49 devoted to his ideology, knowing that its ideals will never be implemented. This blind commitment to ideology is demonstrated in vaunts such as: "I don't care if it's wrong, I don't care if we are successful or not, I am a communist and I will be until I die." Certainly, a rational person would not behave in such a way. This blind dedication is like the kind of madness seen in the obsessive desire of a man for a woman who has deceived and humiliated him, but who, despite it all, refuses to stop loving her. It has been demonstrated then, that communism is simply an element of the weapon of romanticism used by Satan to rob human beings of their reason, and to alienate them from faith in God. Despite its claim to be a rational philosophy and ideology, communism is rife with ideas that run contrary to simple reason and science. At least a century has now passed during which communists have continued to doggedly defend their ideology, making it clear that their devotion to the cause is a romantic one. The psychology of the people gathered in the large communist rallies in Red China and Soviet Russia, was actually no different from that of the people in Hitler's Germany. The force that drew them unconsciously into partisanship was their subliminal romanticism.
  48. 48. Whenever they commit an indecent act, they say, "We found our fathers doing it and God commanded us to do it too." Say: "God does not command indecency. Do you say things about God you do not know?" (Qur'an, 7:28)
  49. 49. Romanticism in the Name of Religion ather than a fully developed ideology itself, romanticism is R rather an influence which permeates various other ideologies, proffering them with an emotional quality that allows them to rob people of their rationality. As it has penetrated such entirely 51 irreligious and perverse ideologies as fascism and communism, it also at times makes its influence felt under the guise of religion. Before broaching this topic, there is an important point that must first be understood. A movement that claims for itself the name of religion may not necessarily be truly religious. On the contrary, in the past, there have been many individuals, groups and ideas which, while operating in the name of God and religion, have intended to do damage to religion and to its followers. God provides us with examples of such instances in the Qu'ran. For example, a criminal was plotting to kill one of God's prophets, the prophet Salih. While devising his plan, he and those with him made an oath in the name of God: They said, "Let us make an oath to one another by God that we will fall on him and his family in the night and then say to his protector, 'We did not witness the destruction of his family and we are telling the truth.'" (Qur'an: 27:49) Those pagans who opposed the prophets often accused them of "fabricating lies against God," pointing to the fact that they thought of themselves as religious and God-fearing. (Qur'an, 42:24) For example, Pharaoh, who was perverse to the point of claiming himself to be a god, said this about Moses: ...Let me kill Moses and let him call upon his Lord! I am afraid that he may change your religion and bring about corruption in the land. (Qur'an, 40:26) This shows that it is possible to think perversely and to carry out perverse acts under the name and guise of religion, and romanticism is at the top of the list of those perversities that are thought to be religious but, in fact, is not related to religion at all. To understand how romanticism is confused with religion, it is necessary to fully understand the idea of "sincerity." Sincerity is doing
  50. 50. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN something in order to gain the approval of God only. If the act is truly done with sincerity, it is counted as worship in the sight of God. For example, praying, fasting, giving alms, working in the cause of God, 52 and all other acts of service, are to be regarded as acts of worship, only if they are undertaken to gain the approval of God. Worship performed without the intention of gaining God's approval is invalid according to God's command in the Qu'ran: "So woe to those who pray, and are forgetful of their prayer, those who show off" (Qur'an, 107, 4-6) This is also clear in the words of the Prophet Mohammed, who said, "God accepts those deeds which were performed purely for His sake and which were meant to seek His pleasure."12 It is in this manner that romanticism distorts religion. It directs religion towards a purpose other than gaining the approval of God; it represents religion as an emotional experience, in which people may satisfy their emotional needs, not to be practised for the pleasure of God. Romanticism under the guise of religion was the cause of the mass suicides of many cult- members in the U.S.A. David Koresh (above left) was responsible for the death of 80 of his followers in 1993. Under the leadership of Jim Jones (above) a total of 900 of his cult members committed suicide in 1978.
  51. 51. Romanticism in the Name of Religion 53 Under the influence of emotionalism people become members of perverted cults and completely lose touch with reason and true religion. Herff Applewhite (above) told his followers that someone called "Do" was going to come and take them away in a UFO. They believed him and committed suicide as a group. By obfuscating this subtle but very important distinction, romanticism leads people to a completely false understanding of religion, the end-result being mysticism. When people cease to understand religion as submission to God, and begin to regard it as a means for "psychological exhilaration," then a number of mystical practices are sought, submerging them even deeper in this false approach. When we compare romanticised religion with the religion that God has revealed to us in the Qu'ran, we can recognise a number of great difference: 1. In the Qu'ran, God commands human beings to use their minds, to think, to consider what God has created and, in this way, to come to faith. However, the romantic approach to religion excludes reason; it doesn't lead people to use their minds, on the contrary, it encourages them not to think at all. 2. According to the romantic notions about religion, it is often deemed commendable for a person to abuse themselves and cause themselves pain. For example, there are Christians who think they are drawing closer to Jesus by having themselves crucified. In certain Oriental religions, such as Buddhism, starving oneself, sleeping in an
  52. 52. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN In superstitious religions, it is common for people to immolate 54 themselves, injuring their bodies in the name of faith. This is a result of a romantic understanding of religion. uncomfortable place, and other forms of "self immolation," are supposed to make one holy. However, in the Qu'ran, there is absolutely no such idea as that a person should cause himself pain. This verse from the Qu'ran expresses this warped romantic understanding succinctly: "God does not wrong people in any way; rather it is people who wrong themselves." (Qur'an, 10:44) In short, according to the romantic approach, religion is something that encourages one's tendencies to idolize individuals, to be unreflective, nostalgic, self-effacing and self-destructive. It is a counterfeit system, comprised of beliefs and practices totally alien to true religion. Instead of learning what God wants from them, and living their lives accordingly, people prefer to continue the approach to religion, the behaviour and stereotypical ways of thinking inherited from their ancestors. They do not lead their lives according to a rational assessment of the conditions surrounding them, but hold on to the same old traditional patterns of thought and behaviour. This is a perversity against which God warns strongly in many verses of the Qu'ran. Here are a few examples: When they are told, "Come to what God has sent down and to the
  53. 53. Romanticism in the Name of Religion Messenger," they say, "What we found our fathers doing is enough for us." What! Even if their fathers did not know anything and were not guided! (Qur'an, 5:104) 55 Whenever they commit an indecent act, they say, "We found our fathers doing it and God commanded us to do it too." Say: "God does not command indecency. Do you say things about God you do not know?" (Qur'an, 7:28) When they are told: "Follow what God has sent down," they say, "No, we will follow what we found our fathers doing." What! Even if Satan is calling them to the punishment of the Blazing Fire? (Qur'an, 31:21) Conclusion If a person wants to be able to practise the kind of religion that God wants him to practice, he must first escape the mire of romanticism. As He has commanded in the following verse: "That is because God is the Real…" (Qur'an, 22:62), God is the Real, and to understand this it is necessary to be a "realist." Those who are captivated by romantic ideals, on the other hand, are influenced either by perverse ideologies, such as romantic nationalism or communism, or lose touch with the notions of wisdom and sincerity through a romantic interpretation of religion, or are affected by the kind of romantic idea of love that we shall examine in the next chapters of this book. Even if those individuals affected by this way of thinking were to start practicing religion, they lack the mental stability to persevere, because of the faltering spiritual condition that romanticism leads them to have. There are numerous individuals who begin to practice religion inspired by a few romantic notions, but who quickly give it up and return to a life without religion. However, God gives this command to human beings: He is Lord of the heavens and the earth and everything in between them, so worship Him and persevere in His worship. Do you know of any other with His Name? (Qur'an, 19:65)
  54. 54. … A Light has come to you from God and a Clear Book. By it, God guides those who follow what pleases Him to the ways of Peace. He will bring them from the darkness to the light by His permission, and guide them to a straight path. (Qur'an, 5:15-16)
  55. 55. The True Wisdom That Comes From Faith n what is to follow in this book, we will examine the effects of I romanticism in our daily lives. Before venturing into this topic, however, we must explain in more detail the meaning of the idea of "wisdom" we have mentioned so often up to this point in the book. 57 The important difference between a wise person and an intelligent person is often missed. This is a critical error. The word "intelligence" is generally used in our society to refer to the quality of mere mental acuity, and is very different from wisdom. Wisdom is the quality of a believer who has the ability to recognise the subtle signs of God in everything that He has created, allowing him to understand the world around him. But, any attempt to consider these things, that relies only on the brain's ability to calculate cause and effect, is bound to end in a mechanistic and narrow perception of reality. Intelligence is a quality of a believer who has a firm faith in God, and who lives his life in accordance with the teaching found in the verses of the Qu'ran. Intelligence is a physical characteristic possessed by all individuals in varying degrees, but wisdom is a quality that belongs only to believers. Those who do not have faith also are not possessed of the "virtue" of wisdom. Wisdom allows a believer to properly employ his mental abilities, judgement, and logic, thus making the best use of his virtues. An individual without wisdom, no matter how intelligent he may be, is bound at some point to veer into faulty thinking or into bad judgement. If we examine unbelieving philosophers throughout the course of history, we will recognise that they have put forward different and sometimes even diametrically opposed views on the very same subject. Despite the fact that they were people of high intelligence, they had no faith; and because they had no faith, they also were not sufficiently wise and were therefore incapable of arriving at the truth. Some of them, indeed, drew humanity into numberless errors. We can find several such examples in recent history: Many philosophers, ideologues, and statesmen, such as Marx, Engels, Lenin, Trotsky, despite the fact that they were very intelligent, caused disaster
  56. 56. ROMANTICISM: A WEAPON OF SATAN to fall upon millions of people, because they were unable to use their minds effectively. Wisdom, however, assures peace, well-being, and happiness, and shows the way to attain them. 58 Intelligence makes it possible for us, among other things, to think, form perceptions, focus our attention, and engage in practical activities. But, in addition to all these, a wise person also possesses a deep understanding unattainable by mere intelligence, and by means of which he is able to distinguish between truth and falsehood. Therefore, a wise person possesses insight far superior to that of an intelligent person. The source of wisdom, as we said before, is a deep-seated faith and fear of God. Those who fear God, heed His commandments and proscriptions, become naturally possessed of this superior insight as a blessing from God. But, though this virtue is easily acquired, very few are endowed of wisdom. This condition, that God makes known in the Qu'ran, saying, "Most of them do not use their reason." (Qur'an, 5:103), arises from the fact that most people do not have the proper faith, having left no room for the Qu'ran in their lives. The wisdom that God has granted to those who fear Him, You who believe! If and who live their lives in you have fear of God, conformity with the Qu'ran, He will give you a renders the devout believer criterion (by which to superior to the unbeliever in judge between right many ways. The basic and wrong) and erase components of this wisdom are your bad actions the believer's knowledge that from you and forgive God controls all things all the you. God's favour is time, his consciousness of the indeed immense. fact that everything in its every (Qur'an, 8:29) detail comes into being according to the fate which God has predetermined, and his
  57. 57. The True Wisdom That Comes From Faith awareness that he is with God at every moment. In addition, wisdom makes it possible for the believer to adapt himself easily to changing conditions and situations. 59 The keenness of the believers' insight and understanding, their attentiveness and awareness, their superior analytical ability, good morals, strong character, and their wisdom in word and action, are all natural products of their wisdom. (for detailed information see True Wisdom According to the Qur'an by Harun Yahya) Consider if the extraordinary characteristics we have described as belonging to an individual were to belong to society as a whole. Think of the benefits incurring to a society formed of individuals who use their minds in every thing they say, in every action they take, in every decision they make, and in every problem they undertake to solve; think of the kind of environment that would exist in a society formed of wise individuals... Indeed, we all need people of wisdom around to ensure our comfort, health, security, and peace of mind. Furthermore, the existence of wise individuals is indispensable in order to prevent chaos, confusion and anarchy, and to discover solutions to the problems from which these things arise. Taking these matters into consideration, it is clear that the key to every problem is the recognition of a need tempered with wisdom. Undoubtedly, wisdom is the most important quality a person can have. With it, he brings benefit to others more than anyone else, because, by the morality that faith instils, there is no greater aim for him than to gain the approval of God. Throughout his life, such a person displays the qualities of the true believer as described in the Qu'ran: he protects the oppressed, he cares for the homeless, the lonely, and the needy, he feels responsibility for the fair application of justice and will not tolerate anyone going hungry. His wisdom allows him to apply what he has learned from the Qu'ran in his own life, and to develop a conscientious sense of social responsibility. We all seek such people, who use their minds to find solutions to problems, to apply the appropriate measures, in giving advice and

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