ARTICLE 2 SECTION 7-28

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  • The 1965 Philippine Sea A-4 crash was a Broken Arrow incident in which a United States Navy Douglas A-4E Skyhawk attack aircraft carrying a nuclear weapon fell into the sea from the aircraft carrierUSS Ticonderoga
  • ARTICLE 2 SECTION 7-28

    1. 1. Prepared by: Raizza P. Corpuz MIDTERM POLITICS AND GOVERNANCE WITH CONSTITUTION (LECTURE 4) RPC©
    2. 2. INTRODUCTION “Ours is a government of laws and not of men” ( Villavicencio v. Lukban, 39 Phil 778) RPC 2014 ©
    3. 3. State Policies RPC 2014 ©
    4. 4. SECTION 7. The State shall pursue an independent foreign policy. In its relations with other states the paramount consideration shall be national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and the right to self- determination. Foreign Policy • Basic direction underlying the conduct by a State of its affairs vis-a vis those of other States. • It is a set of guidelines followed by a government of a country. 1. Formulation and conduct of foreign policy  The president is the chief architect of Philippine foreign policy. RPC 2014 ©
    5. 5. Section 7. 2. An instrument of domestic foreign policy  Its importance in the survival and progress of a country cannot be over-emphasized.  Sole weapon of a State for the promotion of national interest in international affairs. 3. Pursuit in an independent foreign policy  Simply means one that is not subordinate. 4. Basic Foreign policy objective  To establish friendly relation with all countries of the world 5. Paramount consideration  Must be a policy of flexibility and pragmatism guided only by the welfare of our people and the security of our Republic.  Shall be national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and the right to self determination. RPC 2014 ©
    6. 6. SECTION 8. The Philippines, consistent with the national interest, adopts and pursues a policy of freedom from nuclear weapons in its territory. Freedom from Nuclear Weapons • It is a prohibition from: Making Storing Manufacturing Dumping Of nuclear weapons, devices, or parts thereof in our country. RPC 2014 ©
    7. 7. Section 8. Exceptions • The use of nuclear for: Medicine Agriculture And other beneficial purposes • If the national interest so requires The storing of nuclear weapons in our territory RPC 2014 ©
    8. 8. SECTION 9. The State shall promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living, and an improved quality of life for all. Just and Dynamic Social Order • This is accomplished through policies that: Provide sufficient social services (in the field of health, education, housing, etc). Promote full employment. A rising standard of living. Improve quality of life for all RPC 2014 ©
    9. 9. SECTION 10. The State shall promote social justice in all phases of national development. The State must give preferential attention to the welfare of the less fortunate members of the community • the poor • Uneducated • Underprivileged • disabled RPC 2014 ©
    10. 10. SECTION 11. The State values the dignity of every human person and guarantees full respect for human rights. Human Rights Belief in inherent dignity of every human person basis of human right  A human person is a being not a thing. • In a democratic state, the individual enjoys certain rights which cannot be modified or taken away by the lawmaking body. RPC 2014 ©
    11. 11. SECTION 12. The State recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall protect and strengthen the family as a basic autonomous social institution. It shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception. The natural and primary right and duty of parents in the rearing of the youth for civic efficiency and the development of moral character shall receive the support of the Government. Right of human life of the unborn from conception and of the mother • Once conceived, a child has the right to be born and the right to live. RPC 2014 ©
    12. 12. Section 12. • Mandates the protection of the unborn from the possibility of abortion being legalized. • The State should also protect the health of the mother Rearing of the youth for civic efficiency and development of moral character • A duty of both parents and government  Proper education and good upbringing of the children can help to the welfare of the society and the common good. The government should share the responsibility of the parents to train their children to be worthy citizens by supporting and encouraging them in order to prepare them for the future. RPC 2014 ©
    13. 13. Section 12. • Right of State to interfere with education of the children The parents and the government have the duty in giving adequate education to the children • Power of State to regulate all schools The State has the power to require the age children of proper age to attend school, the teachers shall be of a good moral character and teach the children certain points to good citizenship. • The State and parental obligations RPC 2014 ©
    14. 14. Section 12. It is the duty of the State to see whether the parents fulfill their obligations in the education of their child • Duty of State to encourage educational institutions Support and encourage private and parochial schools as long as they meet the secular educational requirements RPC 2014 ©
    15. 15. SECTION 13. The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation-building and shall promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual, and social well-being. It shall inculcate in the youth patriotism and nationalism, and encourage their involvement in public and civic affairs. Role of the Youth in Nation Building • Youth are better educated, more well-informed. • The constitution recognizes the importance of the youth. RPC 2014 ©
    16. 16. Section 13. C W T S L T S ROTC RPC 2014 ©
    17. 17. SECTION14. The State recognizes the role of women in nation-building, and shall ensure the fundamentalequality beforethe law of women and men. Role of women in nation building • Our women have proven their capabilities in different fields in business, professions, arts, education and in public service even internationally. • In the past and even today, women involve themselves in worthy causes or activities involving national concerns RPC 2014 ©
    18. 18. Section 14. • The State should formulate strategies to expand women’s participation in non-household and productive activities, and make them as the direct contributors to the country’s economic growth. • It is the duty of the State to ensure equality before the law in all aspects of national life by rectifying or ending all practices and systems that are disadvantageous to women or discriminate against them. RPC 2014 ©
    19. 19. SECTION15. The State shall protect and promote the rightto health of the people and instillhealth consciousness among them. Health • is the state physical, social and mental well-being rather than merely than merely the absence of physical diseases These constitution gives the right to the people to health  DOH  Health Center RPC 2014 ©
    20. 20. SECTION 16. The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature. Right to Balanced and Healthful Ecology • The need for a program to address the ecological problems of: Pollution Waste disposal Forest denudation Flood drought Dying river beds Destruction of waterways Protect human life RPC 2014 ©
    21. 21. SECTION17. The State shall give priorityto education, science and technology,arts, culture, and sports to foster patriotismand nationalism, accelerate social progress,and promotetotal human liberationand development. • The States prioritizes the following through their different programs like the: DepEd DOST PSC RPC 2014 ©
    22. 22. SECTION18. The State affirms labor as a primary social economic force. It shall protect the rights of workers and promote their welfare. • Human labor is not only treated as land, tools, or machinery. It mandates the State to provide living wage and full participation to workers in decision-making processes which affect their rights and benefits. RPC 2014 ©
    23. 23. SECTION 19. The State shall develop a self-reliant and independent national economy effectively controlled by Filipinos. • States the constitutional guidelines in the development of the economy:  Economic self-reliance  Independent national economy And effective Filipino control of the economy RPC 2014 ©
    24. 24. SECTION 20. The State recognizes the indispensable role of the private sector, encourages private enterprise, and provides incentives to needed investments. Role of private sectors in the economy • The Constitution does not favor an economy where the State directly competes with private business. • The business of government is governance and NOT money- making. RPC 2014 ©
    25. 25. SECTION 21. The State shall promote comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform. • Covers all phases of rural development: Economic Social Political Cultural Industrial RPC 2014 ©
    26. 26. SECTION 22. The State recognizes and promotes the rights of indigenous cultural communities within the framework of national unity and development. • Recognizes the existence and the rights of the indigenous cultural communities. • Directs the State to promote the rights of indigenous cultural communities by considering their customs, traditions, beliefs, and interests. • Implementing state policies with full respect to their culture, dignity, uniqueness and human rights. RPC 2014 ©
    27. 27. SECTION23. The State shall encouragenon-governmental,community- based, or sectoral organizationsthat promote the welfareof the nation. • The state is required to encourage these organizations because recent events have shown that, under responsible leadership, they can be active contributors to the political, social, and economic growth of the country – promote the welfare of the nation. RPC 2014 ©
    28. 28. SECTION 24. The State recognizes the vital role of communication and information in nation-building. • Means of communications such as: Motion pictures Television Radio Newspapers Magazines Nation-Building • The people are enlightened on certain public issues. • They can also serve as useful tools to promote unity among the Filipinos. RPC 2014 ©
    29. 29. SECTION 25. The State shall ensure the autonomy of local governments. • Local affairs can best be regulated by the people in the locality. RPC 2014 ©
    30. 30. SECTION 26. The State shall guarantee equal access to opportunities for public service, and prohibit political dynasties as may be defined by law. • This does not allow the existence of political dynasties or the practice of keeping political power within the control of select families. • Emphasizes the duty of the government to uphold democratic elections and appointments. RPC 2014 ©
    31. 31. RPC 2014 ©
    32. 32. LETS SCRUTINIZE: RPC 2014 ©
    33. 33. RPC 2014 ©
    34. 34. SECTION 27. The State shall maintain honesty and integrity in the public service and take positive and effective measures against graft and corruption. Honesty and integrity in public service  Undermines the quality of life for people especially in poor qualities. • The constitution seeks to minimize and find completely to eliminate graft and corruption, a way to attack problem. RPC 2014 ©
    35. 35. SECTION 27. RPC 2014 ©
    36. 36. SECTION 28. The Subject to reasonable conditions prescribed by law, the State adopts and implements a policy of full public disclosure of all its transactions involvingpublic interests. • Section 7 of the Bill of Rights Guarantees the people’s right to know any transaction entered into by the government.  Limited to things which involves public concerns . • The policy covers matters involving public interest especially those concerning the utilization of public funds and property. RPC 2014 ©
    37. 37. RPC 2014 ©
    38. 38. REFERENCES Images from GOOGLE IMAGE Lecture c/o Dr. Domingo, LL.B DLSU-D Political Law, Isagani Cruz Philippine Constitution De Leon, 1997 Chan Robles Virtual Law Library Law Phil Project RPC 2014 ©
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