OVERVIEW• HARASSMENT• SEXUAL HARASSMENT MEANING• FORMS OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT• TYPES OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT• CAUSES OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT• EFFECTS OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT• PREVENTION OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT• JUDICIAL APPROACH
HARASSMENTHARASSMENT MEANS :• A FEELING OF INTENSE ANNOYANCE.• BEHAVIOR OF OFFENSIVE NATURE.• BEHAVIOR INTENDED TO DISTURB ORUPSET REPEATATIVELY.
SEXUAL HARASSMENTIT REFERS TOCOMMENTS,GESTURES, ORPHYSICAL CONTACTOF SEXUAL NATURETHAT AREDELIBERATE,REPEATED ANDUNWELCOMED.
SEXUAL HARASSMENT ATWORKPLACE• “UNWELCOME VERBAL, VISUAL, ORPHYSICAL CONDUCT OF A SEXUALNATURE THAT IS SEVERE AND AFFECTSWORKING CONDITIONS OR CREATES AHOSTILE WORK ENVIRONMENT.”• INITIALLY COINED IN MID 1970’S BY AGROUP OF WORKING WOMEN CALLED“WORKING WOMEN UNITED”.
• BOTH VICTIM AND THE HARASSERCAN BE EITHER WOMEN OR MEN.• BUT MOST VICTIMS ARE WOMEN.
FORMS OF SEXUALHARASSMENT• PHYSICAL• VERBAL• VISUAL
PHYSICAL FORM• Touching• unwanted massages• patting, caressing, or fondling• impeding or blocking movement• standing closer than appropriate ornecessary for the work being done,touching or rubbing oneself sexuallyaround or in view of another person, orassault.
VERBAL FORM• targeting a person with sexual comments,jokes• verbal abuse of a sexual nature• making sexual comments about a personsclothing, body, or looks• sexually degrading words used to describe anindividual• turning work or academic discussions intosexual discussions• asking personal questions about sexual life
VISUAL FORM• looking at someone insexually suggestive manner• making suggestive gestures• displaying pornography, sexuallysuggestive pictures, cartoons, posters• having sexually suggestive software ona work or academic computer
TYPES OF SEXUAL HARASSMENTAT WORKPLACE• Quid Pro Quo Latin “This forThat”• Hostile Environment
QUID PRO QUOTHIS FOR THATQuid pro quo occurs when a person inauthority such as a manager, supervisor orfaculty member makes an unwelcome sexualadvance or request for a sexual favor to anemployee or student and submission to orrejection of the advance is a condition ofemployment or academic standing.
HOSTILE ENVIRONMENTHostile environment harassmentconsists of unwelcome sexualmisconduct that substantially interfereswith work or academic performance orcreates a hostile working or learningenvironment.
CAUSES OF SEXUALHARASSMENT• SEX DISCRIMINATION• SOCIALISATION• POWER GAME• AGGRESSION• MORAL VALUES, DIVORCE ANDCULTURAL DIFFERENCES
EFFECTS OF SEXUALHARASSMENT:• Victim no longer feels like a member ofthe team• Work loses its appeal• Mistakes in work performance• Poor attitude evident to others• Sometimes the victim wants towithdraw, even from friends• Growing desire to quit
HOW TO PREVENT SEXUALHARASSMENT ATWORKPLACE• ADOPT A CLEAR SEXUALHARASSMENT POLICY• TRAIN EMPLOYEES• TRAIN SUPERVISORS ANDMANAGERS• MONITER YOUR WORKPLACE• TAKE ALL COMPLAINTS SERIOUSLY
JUDICIAL APPROACH• THE S.C HAS HELD SEXUALHARASSMENT TO BE VIOLATIVE OFTHE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT TOEQUALITY, RIGHT TO LIFE ANDLIBERTY AND ALSO THE RIGHT TOPRACTICE ANY PROFESSION.
• IN 1997, THE HONOURABLE S.C HASPASSED A LANDMARK JUDGEMENTIN THE CASE OF VISHAKA V. STATEOF RAJASTHAN LAYED GUIDELINESTO BE FOLLOWED WHILE DEALINGWITH COMPLAINTS AND SEXUALHARASSMENT.
YES• PROTECTION OF WOMEN, AGAINSTSEXUAL HARASSMENT ATWORKPLACE BILL WASINTRODUCED IN PARLIAMENT IN2010 AND WAS PASSED ON 3RDSEPT2012 BY LOK SABHA AND 26THFEB2013 BY RAJYA SABHA ANDBECAME A LAW ON 25THAPRIL 2013.
CONCLUSION• People have different perceptions of what constitutessexual harassment but behavior is more likely to beseen as harassment if there is a power differencebetween the person being harassed and theharasser. Women are sometimes reluctant to labeltheir own experiences as sexual harassmentbecause they do not think they are serious enough;this obviously has implications for research whichseeks to clarify the prevalence of the problem. Butsexual harassment does have a negative impact bothin the short and long term.