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Realism
Realism
Realism
Realism
Realism
Realism
Realism
Realism
Realism
Realism
Realism
Realism
Realism
Realism
Realism
Realism
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Realism

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Realism and Education

Realism and Education

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  • 1. Realism Presented by: Meharunnisa.K
  • 2. Realism Physical World alone is Objective Knowledge acquired through senses only is real Universe is independent of ideas Things exist whether or not the human mind perceives them. Objects are characterized by their properties, such as: Size Weight Color Shape
  • 3. DEFENITIONS “The doctrine of Realism asserts that there is a real world of things behind and corresponding to the objects of our perceptions.” – J.S Ross “Realism means a belief or theory which looks upon the world as it seems to us to be a mere phenomenon.” – Swami Ram Tirth
  • 4. CHIEF EXPONENTS ARISTOTLE IRASMUS REBELLIAS MILTON LORD MONTAIGNE JOHN LOCKE MULCASTER FRANCIS BACON COMINIUS WHITEHEAD BERTRAND RUSSEL
  • 5. Forms of REALISM Humanistic Realism Social Realism Sense Realism Neo-realism
  • 6. FUNDAMENTALPRINCIPLES OF REALISM Phenomenal World is True Senses are the doors of Knowledge Opposition of Idealism Man is a Part of Material World Emphasis on Experiment and Observation Importance of Present Applied Life
  • 7. Principles of Education Based on science only Emphasizes on behaviour and experiment Child and his present life are the centres of education It opposes book learning Both the individual and the society are valued
  • 8. Realism and Aims of Education Preparing the Child for happy and successful life Preparing the child for a real life Developing the physical and mental powers of the child Developing and training of senses Acquainting the child with nature and social environment Imparting vocational education
  • 9. REALISM AND CURRICULAM Developed according to Utility and Needs Subjects concerning day to day activities Main subjects are – natural science, physical science, health culture, physical exercise, maths, geography, history, astronomy
  • 10. Method of Teaching Scientific and objective Method Informal Method Self experience and Research Experimental Method Heuristic Method Correlation Method
  • 11. Teacher Supreme – brings the child in touch with external realities of life Imparts scientific knowledge in an easy and effective way Gets testing results that can help prove that the students are learning the material
  • 12. Discipline Emphasizes a synthetic form of impressionistic and emancipatory discipline according to natural and social procedures School Socially well planned institution Mirror of the society
  • 13. Realism in the Classroom Focuses on the basics of reading, writing and arithmetic. Classroom environment is highly structured and organized. Utilization of standardized testing. Education should be fun and interesting for the student. Education should prepare students for life in the real world.
  • 14. Advantages of Realism Practical and Utilitarian Related to needs of individual and demand of society Revolutionary changes in Method of Teaching Importance to Science Impressionistic and Emancipatory Discipline Changed the Organizational Pattern of Schools
  • 15. Disadvantages of Realism Great stress upon physical world. Realism accepts real needs and real feelings only. It doesn’t believe in imagination and sentiments. Realism emphasizes on scientific subjects and neglects art and literature. This creates imbalanced curriculum. Doesn’t give any importance to ideals and values. Fails to answer illusion and faulty knowledge.
  • 16. Thank You

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