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Knowledge and belief

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  • 1. What is the difference between knowledge and belief? ROSE AUNAETITRAKUL EMILIO SOLOMON ZAINAB YAQUB
  • 2. What is knowledge? “Justified true belief” Ways of Knowing (WoK)  Emotion  Reason  Perception  Language Plato’s Theory of Knowledge  K= JTB  J= Justifiable  T= Truth  B= Belief
  • 3. What is truth? Distinguishes knowledge from belief Objective requirement for knowledge “If you believe something is true, does not make it true.”
  • 4. Second-Hand Knowledge Cultural Tradition School The internet Expert Opinion The news media
  • 5. Limitations of Knowledge Certainty  Example: The belief-knowledge continuum Commonsense  Example: The mental map Relativism  Example: Culture
  • 6. What is belief? Subjective requirement for knowledge Belief-Knowledge Continuum
  • 7. Kinds of Belief A vague belief  Example: Eating fish helps you concentrate A well-supported belief  Example: I believe that my teacher gave me too much homework because it took me five hours to finish it all. A belief that is beyond reasonable doubt  Example: On September 11, 2001, the World Trade Center collapsed.
  • 8. How is belief justified? “Someone told me” “I saw it” “I worked it out” “It’s intuitively obvious”
  • 9. Limitations of Belief The role of judgment  Example: “The real world” The danger of gullibility  Example: Yahoo! Articles, eHow.com, Stanley Milgram Experiment The danger of skepticism  Example: Science/Theories