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Once upon a time
Once upon a time
Once upon a time
Once upon a time
Once upon a time
Once upon a time
Once upon a time
Once upon a time
Once upon a time
Once upon a time
Once upon a time
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Once upon a time

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  • 1. “ Once Upon A Time” by Gabriel Okara
  • 2. Once Upon A Time by Gabriel Okara <ul><li>Gabriel Okara is a Nigerian writer. He was born in Nigeria, in April 1921. </li></ul><ul><li>Okara may be described as highly original and uninfluenced by other poets. </li></ul><ul><li>He has been extremely successful in capturing the moods, sights and sounds of Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>His poems show great sensitivity, perceptive judgements and a tremendous energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Okara also shows a concern regarding what happens when the ancient culture of Africa is faced with modern western culture, for example in his poem, &apos;Once Upon a Time&apos;. </li></ul>
  • 3. Questions <ul><li>Read through then try to answer these questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What is the theme of the poem? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the poet talking to? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is the title/opening line effective? </li></ul><ul><li>If this poem is about growing old and the ways in which we adapt to adulthood, which other poems in the anthology might you compare it to? </li></ul><ul><li>Keywords: muting, conforming </li></ul>
  • 4. Themes <ul><li>About how people change over the years and become false and untrustworthy </li></ul><ul><li>About the influence of the white western world on African nations – how countries like Nigeria were more honest before being developed by the west. </li></ul>
  • 5. Mood &amp; Tone <ul><li>This is a sombre, emotional poem with a strong moral message. </li></ul><ul><li>Does it end on a positive or depressing note? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it inspire you or does it leave you cold? </li></ul>
  • 6. Techniques <ul><li>Repetition – ‘them’/’they’ – who are these people? What effect does this repetition have on the reader? </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Speech – underline examples of this. Why is this an effective technique? </li></ul>
  • 7. Quotes <ul><li>What do the following quotes mean to you? </li></ul><ul><li>“ but now they only laugh with their teeth” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Now they shake hands without hearts </li></ul><ul><li>while their left hands search </li></ul><ul><li>my empty pockets.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I find doors shut on me” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I have learned to wear many faces </li></ul><ul><li>like dresses” </li></ul>
  • 8. Quotes <ul><li>What do the following quotes mean? </li></ul><ul><li>“ I have also learned to say, &amp;quot;Goodbye&amp;quot;, </li></ul><ul><li>when I mean &amp;quot;Good-riddance“” </li></ul><ul><li>“ unlearn all these muting things” </li></ul><ul><li>“ my laugh in the mirror </li></ul><ul><li>shows only my teeth like a snake&apos;s bare fangs!” </li></ul>
  • 9. How does Gabriel Okara create a sense of regret in the poem ‘Once Upon A Time’? <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Who wrote poem </li></ul><ul><li>Basic info on what poem is about </li></ul><ul><li>Summarise what the essay is about </li></ul>
  • 10. How does Gabriel Okara create a sense of regret in the poem ‘Once Upon A Time’? <ul><li>First Paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the content of the poem </li></ul><ul><li>Say what it is about and use quotes </li></ul><ul><li>Comment on the mood or tone of the poem, again, using quotes </li></ul>
  • 11. How does Gabriel Okara create a sense of regret in the poem ‘Once Upon A Time’? <ul><li>Second paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Basic info on what poem is about </li></ul><ul><li>Summarise what the essay is about </li></ul>

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