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Video Audio Lab
 

Video Audio Lab

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    Video Audio Lab Video Audio Lab Document Transcript

    • Lampiran B4.1 KOLEJ KEMAHIRAN TINGGI MARA REMBAU, NEGERI SEMBILAN DIPLOMA IN DIGITAL MEDIA DESIGN JOB SHEETCOURSE/CLASS: DIPLOMA IN DIGITAL MEDIA DESIGNSESSION: JAN - JUNE 2012 SEMESTER : 3 DDM3243 DIGITAL VIDEO ANDCODE/SUBJECT: SHEET NO : 1 AUDIONO. OF 20 WEEK : 1STUDENTS:LECTURER : AHMAD KAMSOL BIN MAT YUSOPTOPIC : 1.0 STARTING SOUND FORGE 1.1 Getting to know Sound Forge workspace 1.2 About the tools panel in Sound Forge 1.3 Transport Bar 1.4 Opening Existing FileSUB-TOPIC : 1.5 Playing The Sound 1.6 Creating a New Window 1.7 Copying Data to a New File 1.8 Saving File In the end of completing the topic, student should be able to:LEARNINGOUTCOME : 1. Apply Digital Audio Practice in creating an audio file 2. Modify and edit digital audio file 1. ComputerTOOLS / 2. SONY Sound ForgeEQUIPMENTS / 3. WhiteboardMATERIALS : 4. Projector Page 1 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.1 1. Lab sheetDRAWING & 2. PictureDATA To start the class, student should open the Sound ForgeINSTUCTION : software application and follow the instruction from the lecturer beside reset the default preferences.PROCEDURESTEPS KEY POINT Now that you have a basic understanding of sound, let’s1. Explain to look at the functionality provided by an audio editing student about program. There are several software that can be used to the Audio edit and manipulate sound, for example Acid, Sound Edit, editing Creative Wave Studio, Gold Wave Digital Audio Editor, software Audio Editor Gold and Sony Sound Forge. In this chapter, you will be introduced to Sony Sound Forge.2. Open Sound Forge Workspace LESSON 1: STARTING SOUND FORGE  Sound Forge is used to record and manipulate the sound.  When start using the Sound Forge, an interface as below will appear. Page 2 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.1 LESSON 2 ABOUT THE TOOLS PANEL IN SOUND FORGE  The important parts of the Sound Forge are labeled in the diagram below:3. Introducing to Sound Forge Workspace Menu Bar  Display the menu headings for the available function. Standard Toolbar  Provide quick access to some of the most common tasks in Sound Forge Page 3 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.1Transport Bar Provide quick access to basic audio transport functions.Status Bar Help and processing information appears on the left side. The boxes on the right side display the playback sample rate, bit depth, channel configuration (mono/stereo), length of the active data window, and total free storage space. With the exception of the free storage space box, you can edit these boxes by double clicking or right-clicking them. When no data windows are open, only the free storage space box contains a value.Workspace This is the area located behind the data windows. Audio selections dragged to the workspace automatically become new data windows.Play Meters Displays the level of the output audio signal. These meters can be toggled on/off by choosing Play Meters from the View menu. Right-clicking the play meters displays a shortcut menu that allows you to precisely configure the appearance of the meters. Page 4 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.1The Data Window Data windows are the windows which contain sound data files. These windows contain a number of sub windows and controls, which can be used in editing and viewing your sound data.The important parts of the Data Window are labeled for you in thediagram and the following list briefly describes each part.1. Title Bar Displays the file name. If title information is included in the summary of a file, it appears here instead of the file name. Double-click to maximize and restore the window. Page 5 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.12. Time Ruler Displays the current location in the data window as well as ruler tags. Right –click to display the time ruler shortcut menu. Drag to scroll the data window.3. Edit Tool Selector Toggles through the Edit, Magnify, and Pencil tools. Right-click to display a shortcut menu that allows you to display or hide data window elements.4. Level Ruler Displays the amplitude of the waveform. Right-click to display the level ruler shortcut menu. Drag to shift the view up/down when zoomed in vertically.5. Waveform Display Displays a graphical representation of an audio file. The horizontal axis represents time, and the vertical axis represents amplitude. Right-click within this display to open the waveform display shortcut menu.6. Level Zoom In/Out Changes the zoom resolution for the level (vertical) axis.7. Playbar Contains audio transport buttons, including Go to Start, Go to End, Stop, and Play Normal. Also contains Play Plug-In Chainer, Play as Cutlist, and Play as Sample. (These three only available in the full version of Sound Forge)8. Position Scroll Bar Scrolls forward/backward through an audio file to display sections of the file not visible in the current area of the waveform display.9. Selection Status Boxes Displays the beginning, end, and length of a selection. If no selection exists, only the cursor position displays. Double-click the leftmost box to display the Go To dialog. Double-click either of the other two boxes to display the Set Selection dialog. Right-click to display the status format shortcut menu. Page 6 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.110. Maximize Width Resizes the data window to maximize its size within the workspace.11. Time Zoom In/Out Changes the zoom resolution for the time (horizontal) axis.12. Time Zoom Resolution Specifies the number of samples of data represented by each horizontal point on the screen. This determines the length of time displayed in the data window. Smaller resolution values display less time.13. Ruler Tags Indicates the position of region end points, loop end points, and markers. Right-click a tag to display the ruler tag shortcut menu. Drag to edit a tag’s position. Double-click anywhere within a region to select it.14. Overview Bar Allows for quick navigation and playback of any part of an audio file. The overview bar also indicates the portion of the waveform currently depicted in the waveform display, as well as the selected region. Click to move the cursor. Double-click to center the cursor in the waveform display. Right-click to start or pause playback. Drag to activate the audio event locator. Page 7 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.1 LESSON 3 TRANSPORT BAR  The Transport bar also displays by default and contains basic audio transport buttons. Button Name FunctionIntroducing to Record Records data to a new orTransport Bar existing data.Button Loop playback Toggles Loop Playback mode on and off. Play All Plays the entire file from beginning to end, regardless of cursor position, selection, or playlist. Plays the file in current Play playback mode (Play Normal, Play Plug-In Chainer, Play as Cutlist, or Play as Sample). Pauses playback and Pause maintains the cursor at its current position. Page 8 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.1 Stop Stops playback and returns the cursor to its prior position. Go to Moves the cursor to the Start Beginning of the file. Rewind Moves the cursor backward in the current file. Fast-Forward Moves the cursor forward in the current file. Go To End Moves the cursor to the end of the file.Page 9 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.1 LESSON 4 OPENING AN EXISTING FILE  To open an existing sound file, does the following steps: 1. Choose the menu File. 2. Click on Open.Explain How ToOpen Audio Filein Sound Forge 3. The Open dialog box will appear. Page 10 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.14. You can use the List Files of Type to select different types of data files. If Sound Forge recognizes the type of a file when it is highlighted in the Files list box, it will display its information in the bottom half of the dialog.5. Choose the file Voiceover.pca. This file is located in the directory where you installed Sound Forge.6. Click the Open button or double click the file name. Page 11 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.1 7. Now, you will see the Data Window containing Voiceover.pca. 8. This file is a recording of someone saying "Wow, sound editing just gets easier and easier.”Using the Open Dialog Box The Open dialog contains several features that allow you to locate audio files Page 12 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.11. Files of type The Files of type drop-down list specifies the file format that Sound Forge displays in the system. Sound Forge supports a variety of file formats.2. Recent The Recent drop-down list contains recently accessed folders.3. Auto play Selecting the Auto play check box configures Sound Forge to automatically preview files as you select them in the Open dialog.4. File information display If Sound Forge recognizes the format of the selected file, information regarding its format, length, and attributes displays in the lower pane of the Open dialog.Below describes each of these values:File typeIndicates the type of the selected file.FormatIndicates the format of the selected file.AudioIndicates the sample rate, bit depth, and channels value of theselected file.LengthIndicates the length of audio. The length is expressed inhours:minutes:seconds, with seconds shown to three decimalplaces.VideoIndicates the frame size and frame rate of video (when present).LengthIndicates the length of video (when present). The length isexpressed in hours:minutes:seconds, with seconds shown to threedecimal places.Unity noteIf the selected file is a sample, this is the MIDI note that triggers asampler to play the sound file at its original pitch. Page 13 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.1 Loop (s) Display information about loops that have been defined in the selected file. SMPTE Display the SMPTE offset for the selected file if an offset has been defined. Rgns/Play/ACID Indicates whether the file contains Regions List, playlist, or ACID properties information. Comments Displays any comments included in the file. You can enter comments for a file by choosing Properties from the File menu and entering information in the Comments box on the Summary tab. LESSON 5 PLAYING THE SOUND  Once you have opened a file, you can hear it by clicking on the Play All button on the Transport bar.  While the file is playing, a pointer will move along the Data Window showing the current position.Explain How toPlay an Audio FileFormat in SoundForge Page 14 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.1Playing In Loop Playback Mode In Loop Playback mode, Sound Forge plays the audio in a continuous loop. Click the Loop Playback button on the transport bar to turn Loop Playback mode on and off.Playing A SelectionYou can play specific portions of audio data by creating selectionsin the waveform display. 1. Drag the mouse within the data window. Notice that the waveform is selected as the mouse is dragged. 2. Click the Play button Only the selection plays. Page 15 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.1 LESSON 6 CREATING A NEW WINDOW 1. Click the File Menu. 2. Click the New Command from the File Menu.Creating NewWindow in SoundForge 3. Sound Forge displays the New Window Dialog Box. 4. In New Window dialog set the new data format in the dialog. 5. Set the sample rate 44100 (it is the quality of CD). 6. Set the bit-depth to 16-bit. 7. Set the channels to Stereo (to hear in two speaker). 8. Click the OK Button. Page 16 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.1 LESSON 7 COPYING DATA TO A NEW FILE 1. Click on “Wow, sound editing…” title bar to activate the window. 2. Select the word “Wow” from a data window.Copying Data toA New File Page 17 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.13. Click the Copy command from the Edit Menu. This command will copy the sound data for “Wow” on to the Clipboard.4. Activate the New data window by clicking on its title bar. Page 18 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.15. Click the Paste command.6. “Wow” data will appear in the new data window.7. Press the Play All button to hear the new file sounds with just the word “Wow”. Page 19 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.1 LESSON 8 SAVING A FILE 1. Now, you need to save this file. 2. Click the File Menu. 3. Click the Save As Command from the File Menu.Explain How toSave an AudioFile in Sound 4. Sound Forge displays the Save As Dialog Box.Forge Page 20 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.15. Type a file name into the File Name field in the Save As dialog.6. Select the OK button.Using the Save as Dialog BoxThe Save As dialog allows you to save an audio file with a newname, in an alternate format, or with new attributes.1. Save as type  The Save as type drop-down list allows you to choose any format supported by Sound Forge.2. Recent  The Recent drop-down list allows you to access frequently used folders.3. Template  The Template drop-down list provides a list of standard templates for saving your files. Page 21 of 22
    • Lampiran B4.1 4. Description  The Description box displays the attributes of the selected template. 5. Save metadata with file  Select the Save metadata with file check box to save marker, region, playlist, sampler, loop, and summary information with the file.  If the file type selected in the Save as type drop-down list doesn’t support metadata, Sound Forge prompts you to save the metadata in an external file with an .sfl extension. 6. Stretch video to fill output frame (do not letterbox)  This option applies to file types that contain a video stream. 7. Fast video resizing  This option applies to file types that contain a video stream.  The important parts of the Sound Forge main screen are menu bar, standard toolbar, transport bar, workspace, playCONCLUSIONS: meters (docked) and status bar. 1. Using Adobe SoundBooth CS4 (2008), Adobe SystemsREFERENCES: Incorporated, 345 Park Avenue, San Jose, California 95110, USAChecked by :Signature :Name :Designation :Date : Page 22 of 22