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Possessive case - special rules
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Possessive case - special rules

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Special rules on possessive case (genitive)

Special rules on possessive case (genitive)

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  • 1. POSSESSIVE CASE
  • 2. Personal names ending in “s” can make the possessive with an apostrophe without an extra ”s” . We can say either Charles ’s wife was at the party with him. (more common) or Charles ’ wife was at the party with him. (less common)
  • 3. Commonly the possessive is made with apostrophe without an extra “s”. Socrates ’ speeches Hercules ’ labors Venus ’ beauty
  • 4. The possessive is formed with ‘s (singular ) or es’ (plural): The boss ’ s office is full of work to do. The boss es ’ offices are on the third floor.
  • 5. When there are more than one possessor that own the same belonging , we add ‘s after the last possessor: John, Lucas and Carol ’s mother is here to talk to you. (The woman has 3 children: John, Lucas and Carol and is their mother.)
  • 6. If there are more than one possessor , but each one owns a different belonging , we add ‘s after each possessor: Robert ’s and Luca ’s cars are parked over there. (Robert has one car and Lucas has another)
  • 7. Which is more common?
    • a) Hans’s mother
    • b) Hans’ mother
  • 8. Which is more common?
    • Hans ’s mother
    • More common with ‘s
  • 9. Which is more common?
    • a) Venus’s life
    • b) Venus’ life
  • 10. Which is more common?
    • b) Venus ’ life
    • ( classical name)
  • 11. Who do they belong to?
    • Carol and Alice ’s brothers are here.
    • Carol ’s and Alice’ s brothers are here.
  • 12. Who do they belong to?
    • Carol and Alice ’s brothers are here.
    • (They are probably sisters and have 2 or more brothers, who are here.)
  • 13. Carol ’s and Alice ’s brothers are here. (Carol has a brother and Alice has a brother as well. Both of them are here.)
  • 14.