Zaid Ali Alsagoff
How Do We Educate…                                             OER http://edudemic.com/2012/11/the-20-biggest-education-fa...
OER AGENDA             UnderstandingCreating                        Finding                Licensing           Reusing & R...
1. Discovering OER A. OER B. MOOC C. Creative Commons D. Finding OER E. MIT Case Study2. Creating OER A. Strategies B.   T...
1    DISCOVERING        OER?
“Education is the most powerful weaponwhich you can use to change the world.”            - Nelson Mandela             http...
Open Education"...is the simple and powerful idea that the  world’s knowledge is a public good and      that technology in...
Why Open Education Matters!          http://vimeo.com/43401199
1A         OPEN     EDUCATIONAL      RESOURCES
Open Educational Resources (OER)  “Open Educational Resources (OER) arematerials used to support education that may be fre...
OER?                                                                                                           4Rs:       ...
Types of OER?Accreditation     Open Courseware (OCW)     Assessment Learning Repositories  Podcasts        Music          ...
What has enabled OER?• Change in                                                            • Affordances  philosophy     ...
Benefits of OER?1. Freedom of access.2. Freedom from proprietary systems and corporations.3. Saves time and effort for con...
Challenges of OER?1.   Quality varies.2.   Varying degrees of time commitment.3.   Teachers sometimes not rewarded by the ...
OER Funding Models Endowment                                           ConversionInstitutional                            ...
OER Commons  http://www.oercommons.org/
Open CourseWare (OCW)    “OpenCourseWare, or OCW, is a term    applied to course materials created by    universities and ...
Difference between OCW and OER? OCW                                                                              OPEN CON...
260+                                                          Universities and                                            ...
MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW)          http://ocw.mit.edu/
Alfaisal University                                 The purpose of                                   this site is to      ...
OpenLearn (The Open University)           http://www.open.edu/openlearn/
Open Yale Courses      http://oyc.yale.edu/
Saudi Arabia?http://ocw.kfupm.edu.sa/               http://ocw.kku.edu.sa/      http://elc.edu.sa/portal/                 ...
Iran?http://farabi.ac.ir/ocw/
Pakistan?  http://ocw.vu.edu.pk/
Indonesia?http://ocw.ui.ac.id/                                       http://ocw.usu.ac.id/                       http://oc...
Malaysia?
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)               http://ocw.utm.my/
Open University Malaysia (OUM)      http://oer.oum.edu.my/                               http://www.youtube.com/user/OUMpo...
University of Malaya (UM)         https://ocw.um.edu.my/
Wawasan Open University (WOU)        OER Training Toolkit               http://www.oerasia.org/oer-workshop
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)      http://cdae.usm.my/index.php/resources/publication/bulletin/49-oer-launch-usm
Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI)                http://oerthinking.upsi.edu.my/
Web 2.0 OERGreat resources to gently introduce the concepts and potentials of   Social media and Web 2.0 tools for educato...
More Malaysian OER Diamonds?         https://pinterest.com/zaidlearn/oer-malaysia/
All Open CourseWare (OCW)?               World OCW KINGS?                    No.        Country                           ...
Open Textbooks (e-books)   An open textbook is an openly-licensed textbook offered online by its author(s) or   through a ...
Project Gutenberg     http://www.gutenberg.org/
Flat World Knowledge      http://www.flatworldknowledge.com/
College Open Textbooks       http://collegeopentextbooks.org/
Wikibooks  http://en.wikibooks.org/
More Free E-books?20 Best Websites To Download Free EBooks            http://www.hongkiat.com/blog/20-best-websites-to-dow...
Learning RepositoriesInformational  Overload!       I can      take it!
iTunes Uhttp://www.apple.com/education/itunes-u/
EDU - YouTube  http://www.youtube.com/education
MERLOT http://www.merlot.org/
Khan Academy   http://www.khanacademy.org/
Tools Used to Create the Videos?Salman Khan uses a PC with:        Camtasia Recorder        SmoothDraw3 (Free)        W...
Open.Michigan    http://open.umich.edu/
GCF LearnFree.org     http://www.gcflearnfree.org/
Connexions   http://cnx.org/
Wikiversity  http://en.wikiversity.org/
P2PUhttp://p2pu.org/
University of the People         http://www.uopeople.org/
OER University  http://wikieducator.org/OER_university
Internet Archive     http://archive.org/
OER Africa  http://www.oerafrica.org/
http://www.wolframalpha.com/
More OER?http://www.slideshare.net/zaid/101-open-educational-resources-presentation
Even More OER?http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2008/06/university-learning-ocw-oer-free.html
Actually…            The         WWWItself is (mostly) an Awesome       reusable Learning           Repository!
1B     MOOC
Educational Delivery Models  http://www.educause.edu/ero/article/online-educational-delivery-models-descriptive-view
Primary Modelshttp://www.educause.edu/ero/article/online-educational-delivery-models-descriptive-view
MOOOOOOC!http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/07/the-single-most-important-experiment-in-higher-education/2599...
What is a MOOC?MassiveOpenOnlineCourseA type of online course aimed at large-scale participation and open access via the w...
Types of MOOCs?cMOOC                                                                    xMOOC http://www.aiqus.com/questio...
Instructional Design Approaches          Approaches                                    Examples  1.    Crowd-sourced      ...
cMOOC?                                                         Based on CONNECTIVISM                                      ...
xMOOC?                                                Next Class?                                               February 2...
More Importantly…23,000 students passed       (253 got perfect scores) 410 online students outperformed the top  Stanfor...
edXhttps://www.edx.org/
http://youtu.be/IlNU60ZKj3I
MIT + Harvard = edX                                                     2012                                              ...
But, Please REMEMBER…“The campus environment offers opportunities  and experiences that cannot be replicated  online…EdX i...
Coursera                        https://www.coursera.org/* Updated 01/03/2013
Futurelearn  http://futurelearn.com/
UdemyJoin thousands of passionate instructors who are building their brand,             and making money, by teaching on U...
http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2012/06/15/earning-college-credit-moocs-through-prior-learning-assessment
http://www.hybridpedagogy.com/Journal/files/MOOC_MOOC.html
Infographic: http://www.onlinecolleges.net/2013/02/18/the-dark-side-of-moocs/
Infographic: http://www.onlinecolleges.net/2013/02/18/the-dark-side-of-moocs/
Infographic: http://www.onlinecolleges.net/2013/02/18/the-dark-side-of-moocs/
MOOCs Completion Rates?   http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324339204578173421673664106.html
Grade for MOOC’s = “F”“…MOOC’s are a failure, both asan educational product and as a       business model.”           - Ca...
Four Barriers That MOOCs MustOvercome To Build a Sustainable Model                                                        ...
More About MOOC?195 posts about MOOCs   http://www.internettime.com/2013/02/195-posts-about-moocs/
My CCK11 (MOOC) Talk!http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2011/01/cck11-connectivism-connective-knowledge.html                   ...
BIG Challenges Ahead! Finding your NICHE among multiple educational  delivery models. The NEW LEGITIMACY of Online Educa...
1C     CREATIVE     COMMONS
Image: http://tinyurl.com/8y3p8nm
Arabic & English Versions: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P1j0OA9N4hs&feature=share&list=PL376F87A2B2F79BE8
Video: http://creativecommons.org/videos/creative-commons-kiwi
Creative Commons A simple, standardized  way to grant copyright  permissions to your  creative work. Easy-to-use, standa...
http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Spectrumofrights_Comic1
Creative Commons (CC)                                               http://creativecommons.org/licenses/Image source: http...
Creative Commons in a Nutshell!Most FreeLeast Free     CC Comparison Table: http://scottfisk.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/0...
Which CC licenses = OER?
Open Educational Resources Licensing Continuum                                                     Image: http://paulgstac...
CC License Selection Tool        http://creativecommons.org/choose/
Simplify Correct Attribution?                                       Addon           http://openattribute.com/
If license used incorrectly will I be sued? “Short answer: possibly! Long answer: You should do your best to understand ...
OER Risk Management Calculator       http://www.web2rights.com/OERIPRSupport/risk-management-calculator/
1D     FINDING       OER
OER World Map http://oerworldmap.oerknowledgecloud.org/
2 Great Starting Points!http://www.oercommons.org/advanced-search   x                                                http:...
Other Good OER Search Engines?       http://ocwfinder.com/                 http://xpert.nottingham.ac.uk/         http://w...
Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)                 http://www.doaj.org/
http://visual.ly/how-search-openly-licensed-educational-resources
CC Search CC Search empowers you to search acrossdifferent repositories and platforms for OER.               http://search...
Did You Know?  http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/
Compfight = Super Fast Flickr Search Tool!An image search engine tailored to efficiently locate images for blogs,         ...
Einztein http://einztein.com/
iBerryhttp://iberry.com/
Use Social Bookmarking Tools…                                     To Find or                                    Curate OER...
Create Your Own Customized OER Search!                                                        With Google Custom          ...
Ultimate Tip!                                               Get your                                                      ...
1E      MIT      CASE     STUDY
http://ocw.mit.edu/
Video About MIT OCW (2007)          http://youtu.be/tbQ-FeoEvTI
What is MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW)?MIT OpenCourseWare is a free publication of MIT coursematerials that reflects almost all ...
MIT OCW Stats            2000+ courses published.            146 million visits by 104 million visitors.            1 m...
MIT OCW AudienceMIT OCW audience is divided among:            Source (accessed 19/04/2012): http://ocw.mit.edu/about/site-...
MIT OCW Uses MIT OpenCourseWare is being used for a wide range of purposes. 80% rate OCWs  impact as extremely  positive ...
MIT OCW Development An average of 100 hours effort to produce one  course. MIT faculty devote 5-10 hours for each course...
MIT OCW Cost   The total annual cost is about                                           $3.5 million.   Cost per Non-vid...
Revenue Cost http://ocw.mit.edu/donate/why-donate/
MIT OCW Future Projected that OCW reserves will run out in FY2014 without  significant changes in their current funding m...
More Case Studies?                                                                   http://wiki.creativecommons.org/OER_C...
2    CREATING      OER
Image: http://tinyurl.com/7p4l6ha
2A     STRATEGIES
Infographic: http://rack.2.mshcdn.com/media/ZgkyMDEyLzEyLzA4L2RkL0NDaW5mb2dyYXBoLmpJei5qcGc/f9f19a65/65e/CC-infographic.jpg
Infographic: http://rack.2.mshcdn.com/media/ZgkyMDEyLzEyLzA4L2RkL0NDaW5mb2dyYXBoLmpJei5qcGc/f9f19a65/65e/CC-infographic.jpg
https://open.umich.edu/wiki/DScribe
When Creating OER We Need to Consider… Usability Durability Accessibility Effectiveness        http://www.slideshare.n...
Do you have an OER (Development) Policy? OER Guidelines: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002136/213605E.pdf         ...
OER Policy Development Toolkit                                                                  Designed to help you      ...
LOCAL EXAMPLE?   Source (Slide 13): http://bit.ly/WjKsXQ
4 Main Policy Issues! Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and  Copyright Human Resource (HR) Information and Communicati...
Assemble an OER TeamSource (Slide 23): http://www.ocwconsortium.org/en/community/documents/doc_download/34-making-the-case...
Creating OER and Combining Licenses              http://youtu.be/Hkz4q2yuQU8
When IP isn’t clear…Source (Slide 20): http://www.ocwconsortium.org/en/community/documents/doc_download/36-making-the-case...
Framework Guiding                                                                       Selection and Use                 ...
Sharing, Remixing & Repurposing OERSource: https://openeducationalresources.pbworks.com/w/page/25228307/OER%20Myths
OER Development Life CycleThe OER LIFE CYCLE begins with a desire or need to learn or teach something. The following seque...
OER Evaluation Tool?To help you determine the aspects of quality of OERs, Achieve has developedeight rubrics in collaborat...
2B     TOOLS
DON’T Limit Yourself…  to just Your LMS andMicrosoft office for OER       development!
Open Tapestry  Open Tapestry is all about discovering, adapting, and sharing learning resources, whetheryoure a teacher, a...
TED-EdUse engaging videos on TED-Ed to create customized lessons. You can use, tweak, or completely redo any      lesson f...
WikiEducator   http://wikieducator.org/
Explore Alternatives!Edmodo: http://www.edmodo.com/   Schoology: http://www.schoology.com/
Explore Wikis!http://www.wetpaint.com/                http://www.wikispaces.com/      http://pbwiki.com/                ht...
Use Blogs to Create OER!https://www.blogger.com/   http://wordpress.com/ https://www.tumblr.com/      https://posterous.com/
Upload PowerPoint Slides & Create          Slidecasts!                                                         Offers user...
Use Prezi to Zoomify!        http://prezi.com/
Create Your Own E-books! https://sites.google.com/site/richardbyrnepdsite/ebooks-and-audiobooks/create-your-own-ebooks
Create Online Crossword Puzzles!            http://www.eclipsecrossword.com/
Create Screencasts!  http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2008/10/8-free-screencasting-tools-for-tony.html
Record Webinars/Online Talks!     http://www.skype.com/   http://www.wiziq.com/
Create Cartoons, Movies & Animations!                             http://www.xtranormal.com/     http://goanimate.com/    ...
Use Content Authoring Tools!  http://courselab.com/   http://www.exelearning.org/
Use iPad to Create OER On-The-Fly!    ShowMe                                    Educreations                              ...
Use Social Media to Amplify Learning!                                                             “Social media is        ...
URL: http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2008/04/free-learning-tool-for-every-learning.html
Commonly used Commercial e-Learning       Tools for OER development? Scenario/Role-Based Simulation                       ...
3     MOVING    FORWARD
Why not Become an Open Scholar?                                                                                       Stia...
Emphasize on the ‘E’ and ‘O’ in OEROpen (Learning & Teaching)                          Qualities of Open        Practices ...
Individual Strategy? Choose your License  Be clear about your license choice and about what  it covers. Use Open Content...
University Strategy?     http://edtechfrontier.com/tag/connexions/
National Strategy?1.    Foster awareness and use of OER.2.    Facilitate enabling environments for use of ICT.3.    Reinfo...
Learn More From Great OER Resources!      http://bit.ly/8IIjZ   http://tinyurl.com/3rlzdc7                  http://bit.ly/...
And More…     http://bit.ly/YP4w2I   http://tinyurl.com/3w4x83y                  http://bit.ly/nZYglb   http://bit.ly/u9Hu...
Fantastic   5
LEARN from the Fantastic 5 Gurus?Stephen DownesHome: http://www.downes.ca/Presentations: http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/...
You Are Not Alone, Please Join Us!                  http://www.facebook.com/groups/t4t2011/         https://plus.google.co...
Finally, You Might Want To…                                             Have a                                           Z...
Zaid Ali Alsagoff              E-Learning ManagerE-mail : zaid.alsagoff@gmail.comBlog : http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/Twit...
The OER Workshop at OUM!
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The OER Workshop at OUM!

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The presentation slides for the 2-day OER workshop at OUM (5-6 March, 2013). It explores OER and how we can find, reuse, remix, create and share them. It provides a lot of excellent resources and tips, too.

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The OER Workshop at OUM!

  1. 1. Zaid Ali Alsagoff
  2. 2. How Do We Educate… OER http://edudemic.com/2012/11/the-20-biggest-education-facts-you-should-know/
  3. 3. OER AGENDA UnderstandingCreating Finding Licensing Reusing & Remixing
  4. 4. 1. Discovering OER A. OER B. MOOC C. Creative Commons D. Finding OER E. MIT Case Study2. Creating OER A. Strategies B. Tools3. Moving Forward
  5. 5. 1 DISCOVERING OER?
  6. 6. “Education is the most powerful weaponwhich you can use to change the world.” - Nelson Mandela http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Talk:Nelson_Mandela
  7. 7. Open Education"...is the simple and powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide anextraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge." http://wiki.creativecommons.org/What_is_OER%3F
  8. 8. Why Open Education Matters! http://vimeo.com/43401199
  9. 9. 1A OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
  10. 10. Open Educational Resources (OER) “Open Educational Resources (OER) arematerials used to support education that may be freely accessed, reused, modified and shared by anyone.” - Stephen Downes More OER definitions: http://wikieducator.org/Educators_care/Defining_OER
  11. 11. OER? 4Rs: Reuse Revise Remix RedistributeOER Diagram: http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/speaking-in-lolcats-what-literacy-means-in-teh-digital-era 4Rs: http://www.opencontent.org/definition/
  12. 12. Types of OER?Accreditation Open Courseware (OCW) Assessment Learning Repositories Podcasts Music Games Open Textbooks Credits Videos Images Open Journals Libraries
  13. 13. What has enabled OER?• Change in • Affordances philosophy of the Internet SOCIAL TECHNICAL FINANCIAL LEGAL• A range of • Alternative financial copyright models LicensingSource (slide 6): http://www.slideshare.net/mpaskevi/introduction-to-open-educational-resources
  14. 14. Benefits of OER?1. Freedom of access.2. Freedom from proprietary systems and corporations.3. Saves time and effort for content development.4. Co-creation empowers more collaboration and creativity.5. Sharing development costs among institutions.6. Contributes to the local and global community.7. Accessibility of resources previously unavailable to specific groups of people.8. Lowers costs to students. Adapted from: http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=397777&section=1.2
  15. 15. Challenges of OER?1. Quality varies.2. Varying degrees of time commitment.3. Teachers sometimes not rewarded by the system for their efforts.4. May not meet accessibility requirements for persons with disabilities.5. Need to check accuracy before use.6. May need a high degree of customization (or localization).7. Technical requirements vary and some require you to use a particular software.8. Requires varying degrees of continual financial support.9. Licensing and obtaining copyright clearance can be difficult.10. Some institutions may be concerned about ‘giving it away’. Adapted from: http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=397777&section=1.2
  16. 16. OER Funding Models Endowment ConversionInstitutional Government Donations Membership Contributor Sponsorship Source: www.downes.ca/post/33401
  17. 17. OER Commons http://www.oercommons.org/
  18. 18. Open CourseWare (OCW) “OpenCourseWare, or OCW, is a term applied to course materials created by universities and shared freely with the world via the internet.” The movement started in 1999 when the University of Tübingen in Germany published videos of lectures online. The OCW movement only took off, however, with the launch of MIT OpenCourseWare at MIT in October 2002. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenCourseWare
  19. 19. Difference between OCW and OER? OCW OPEN CONTENT Focuses on sharing open content that is developed specifically for a course. OER Includes any educational OCW OER content that is shared under an open license, whether or not it is a part of a course. OCW is a subset of OER. Adapted from (Slide 10): http://www.slideshare.net/epuckettrodgers/openmichigan-at-um-flint
  20. 20. 260+ Universities and associated organizations worldwide13,000+Courses in 20 languages http://www.ocwconsortium.org/
  21. 21. MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW) http://ocw.mit.edu/
  22. 22. Alfaisal University The purpose of this site is to provide a mirror site for the MIT OCW course materials. http://ocw.alfaisal.edu/
  23. 23. OpenLearn (The Open University) http://www.open.edu/openlearn/
  24. 24. Open Yale Courses http://oyc.yale.edu/
  25. 25. Saudi Arabia?http://ocw.kfupm.edu.sa/ http://ocw.kku.edu.sa/ http://elc.edu.sa/portal/ http://www.qumed.org/elearn/
  26. 26. Iran?http://farabi.ac.ir/ocw/
  27. 27. Pakistan? http://ocw.vu.edu.pk/
  28. 28. Indonesia?http://ocw.ui.ac.id/ http://ocw.usu.ac.id/ http://ocw.gunadarma.ac.id/course
  29. 29. Malaysia?
  30. 30. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) http://ocw.utm.my/
  31. 31. Open University Malaysia (OUM) http://oer.oum.edu.my/ http://www.youtube.com/user/OUMportal
  32. 32. University of Malaya (UM) https://ocw.um.edu.my/
  33. 33. Wawasan Open University (WOU) OER Training Toolkit http://www.oerasia.org/oer-workshop
  34. 34. Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) http://cdae.usm.my/index.php/resources/publication/bulletin/49-oer-launch-usm
  35. 35. Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI) http://oerthinking.upsi.edu.my/
  36. 36. Web 2.0 OERGreat resources to gently introduce the concepts and potentials of Social media and Web 2.0 tools for educators and learners. Mobile Module eBooks Prof. Mohamed Amin Embi http://www.scoop.it/t/web-2-0-learning-teaching
  37. 37. More Malaysian OER Diamonds? https://pinterest.com/zaidlearn/oer-malaysia/
  38. 38. All Open CourseWare (OCW)? World OCW KINGS? No. Country OCW 1. Spain 27 Of 2. USA 25Course! 3. Taiwan 19 4. Japan 18 5. South Korea 7 ALL OCW http://ocwconsortium.org/en/courses/ocwsites/ocwsites/country * Updated 09/11/2012
  39. 39. Open Textbooks (e-books) An open textbook is an openly-licensed textbook offered online by its author(s) or through a non-profit or commercial open-licensed publisher.  Minimum baseline rights allow users to:  Use the textbook without compensating the author;  Copy the textbook, with appropriate credit to the author;  Distribute the textbook non-commercially; and  Shift the textbook into another format (such as digital or print).  Many authors also grant rights such as to:  Add, remove or alter content in the textbook, often on the condition that derivative works must have the same license;  Copy and distribute the textbook without giving credit to the author; and  Use the textbook commercially. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_textbookImage: http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4383230458/
  40. 40. Project Gutenberg http://www.gutenberg.org/
  41. 41. Flat World Knowledge http://www.flatworldknowledge.com/
  42. 42. College Open Textbooks http://collegeopentextbooks.org/
  43. 43. Wikibooks http://en.wikibooks.org/
  44. 44. More Free E-books?20 Best Websites To Download Free EBooks http://www.hongkiat.com/blog/20-best-websites-to-download-free-e-books/
  45. 45. Learning RepositoriesInformational Overload! I can take it!
  46. 46. iTunes Uhttp://www.apple.com/education/itunes-u/
  47. 47. EDU - YouTube http://www.youtube.com/education
  48. 48. MERLOT http://www.merlot.org/
  49. 49. Khan Academy http://www.khanacademy.org/
  50. 50. Tools Used to Create the Videos?Salman Khan uses a PC with:  Camtasia Recorder  SmoothDraw3 (Free)  Wacom Bamboo TabletPrior to that, he used:  ScreenVideoRecorder  Microsoft Paint (Free)*Mac users: In lieu of SmoothDraw, Autodesk Sketchbook Express works (free with a Wacom) Article: http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2008/12/salman-khan-uses-microsoft-paint-to.html
  51. 51. Open.Michigan http://open.umich.edu/
  52. 52. GCF LearnFree.org http://www.gcflearnfree.org/
  53. 53. Connexions http://cnx.org/
  54. 54. Wikiversity http://en.wikiversity.org/
  55. 55. P2PUhttp://p2pu.org/
  56. 56. University of the People http://www.uopeople.org/
  57. 57. OER University http://wikieducator.org/OER_university
  58. 58. Internet Archive http://archive.org/
  59. 59. OER Africa http://www.oerafrica.org/
  60. 60. http://www.wolframalpha.com/
  61. 61. More OER?http://www.slideshare.net/zaid/101-open-educational-resources-presentation
  62. 62. Even More OER?http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2008/06/university-learning-ocw-oer-free.html
  63. 63. Actually… The WWWItself is (mostly) an Awesome reusable Learning Repository!
  64. 64. 1B MOOC
  65. 65. Educational Delivery Models http://www.educause.edu/ero/article/online-educational-delivery-models-descriptive-view
  66. 66. Primary Modelshttp://www.educause.edu/ero/article/online-educational-delivery-models-descriptive-view
  67. 67. MOOOOOOC!http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/07/the-single-most-important-experiment-in-higher-education/259953/
  68. 68. What is a MOOC?MassiveOpenOnlineCourseA type of online course aimed at large-scale participation and open access via the web. http://www.slideshare.net/gsiemens/moocs-educause
  69. 69. Types of MOOCs?cMOOC xMOOC http://www.aiqus.com/questions/41231/making-sense-of-moocs-20-page-report-by-distinguished-he-distance-learning-educator
  70. 70. Instructional Design Approaches Approaches Examples 1. Crowd-sourced Peer-review, group collaboration, blogs interaction & (assignments), wikis , Twitter, feedback Facebook, RSS feeds (aggregation) & other Social Media/Web 2.0 tools. 2. Automated Online assessments: quizzes, auto- feedback corrected simulations, exams, etc.cMOOCs rely on approach 1, while xMOOCs rely more on approach 2 to empower large participation and open access learning. Adapted from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massive_open_online_course
  71. 71. cMOOC? Based on CONNECTIVISM 1. Aggregation Newsletter/RSS feeds 2. Remixing Social knowledge creation & sensemaking 3. Re-purposing (1 + 2) For personal learning 4. Feeding forward (3) To participants and the rest of the world. PARTICIPATION & EXPLORATION is more important than answering correctly!MOOC Image: http://gbl55.wordpress.com/2011/03/08/cck11-man-this-mooc-is-something-else/ Connectivist design principles: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massive_open_online_course
  72. 72. xMOOC? Next Class? February 20th 2012“Founded by three roboticists who believed much of the educational value of their university classes could be offered online for very low cost. A few weeks later, over 160,000students in more than 190 countries enrolled in their first class, "Introduction to Artificial Intelligence." http://www.udacity.com/
  73. 73. More Importantly…23,000 students passed (253 got perfect scores) 410 online students outperformed the top Stanford student! Students were teaching students (Q&A voting system). Students themselves translated the class for free from English into 44 languages.More: http://www.masternewmedia.org/future-education-breaking-connection-learning-assessment/ More: http://edition.cnn.com/2012/07/05/opinion/bennett-udacity-education/
  74. 74. edXhttps://www.edx.org/
  75. 75. http://youtu.be/IlNU60ZKj3I
  76. 76. MIT + Harvard = edX 2012 MIT and Harvard have invested $60 million ($30 million each) to launch the collaboration.Anant AgarwalPresident, edX http://www.edxonline.org/
  77. 77. But, Please REMEMBER…“The campus environment offers opportunities and experiences that cannot be replicated online…EdX is designed to improve, NOT REPLACE, the campus experience.” - Susan Hockfield (MIT President)
  78. 78. Coursera https://www.coursera.org/* Updated 01/03/2013
  79. 79. Futurelearn http://futurelearn.com/
  80. 80. UdemyJoin thousands of passionate instructors who are building their brand, and making money, by teaching on Udemy. http://www.udemy.com/
  81. 81. http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2012/06/15/earning-college-credit-moocs-through-prior-learning-assessment
  82. 82. http://www.hybridpedagogy.com/Journal/files/MOOC_MOOC.html
  83. 83. Infographic: http://www.onlinecolleges.net/2013/02/18/the-dark-side-of-moocs/
  84. 84. Infographic: http://www.onlinecolleges.net/2013/02/18/the-dark-side-of-moocs/
  85. 85. Infographic: http://www.onlinecolleges.net/2013/02/18/the-dark-side-of-moocs/
  86. 86. MOOCs Completion Rates? http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324339204578173421673664106.html
  87. 87. Grade for MOOC’s = “F”“…MOOC’s are a failure, both asan educational product and as a business model.” - Carol Edwards https://landing.athabascau.ca/file/view/148565/moocs-learning-points
  88. 88. Four Barriers That MOOCs MustOvercome To Build a Sustainable Model - Phil Hill http://mfeldstein.com/four-barriers-that-moocs-must-overcome-to-become-sustainable-model/
  89. 89. More About MOOC?195 posts about MOOCs http://www.internettime.com/2013/02/195-posts-about-moocs/
  90. 90. My CCK11 (MOOC) Talk!http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2011/01/cck11-connectivism-connective-knowledge.html http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2011/03/my-cck11-talk-sharing-to-connect.html
  91. 91. BIG Challenges Ahead! Finding your NICHE among multiple educational delivery models. The NEW LEGITIMACY of Online Education will lead to new pressures. Online Education SHOULD LOWER, not raise, student costs. Online Education will INCREASE COMPETITION. Adapted from: http://www.educause.edu/ero/article/online-educational-delivery-models-descriptive-view
  92. 92. 1C CREATIVE COMMONS
  93. 93. Image: http://tinyurl.com/8y3p8nm
  94. 94. Arabic & English Versions: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P1j0OA9N4hs&feature=share&list=PL376F87A2B2F79BE8
  95. 95. Video: http://creativecommons.org/videos/creative-commons-kiwi
  96. 96. Creative Commons A simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions to your creative work. Easy-to-use, standardized licenses and public domain tools that allow creators to publish their works on more flexible terms than standard copyright. “Some rights reserved” Image: http://wikieducator.org/File:Oer_educators_handbook_license_title.jpg OER image: http://wikieducator.org/File:Oer_educators_diagram_.jpg
  97. 97. http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Spectrumofrights_Comic1
  98. 98. Creative Commons (CC) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/Image source: http://www.masternewmedia.org/
  99. 99. Creative Commons in a Nutshell!Most FreeLeast Free CC Comparison Table: http://scottfisk.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/creative-commons-license-types-pros-cons1.gif
  100. 100. Which CC licenses = OER?
  101. 101. Open Educational Resources Licensing Continuum Image: http://paulgstacey.files.wordpress.com/2010/10/openlicensingcontinuum.jpgArticle: http://edtechfrontier.com/tag/connexions/
  102. 102. CC License Selection Tool http://creativecommons.org/choose/
  103. 103. Simplify Correct Attribution? Addon http://openattribute.com/
  104. 104. If license used incorrectly will I be sued? “Short answer: possibly! Long answer: You should do your best to understand the terms of the license under which you use an OER. Most common ways to VIOLATE:  Making commercial or for-profit use of an OER whose license includes the Non-commerical (NC) clause  Making derivative works from an OER whose license includes the No- Derivatives (ND) clause  Failing to share derivatives of an OER, whose license includes the Share-Alike (SA) clause, under the same license. “ http://wikieducator.org/OER_Handbook/educator_version_one/License/License_compatibility
  105. 105. OER Risk Management Calculator http://www.web2rights.com/OERIPRSupport/risk-management-calculator/
  106. 106. 1D FINDING OER
  107. 107. OER World Map http://oerworldmap.oerknowledgecloud.org/
  108. 108. 2 Great Starting Points!http://www.oercommons.org/advanced-search x http://ocwconsortium.org/en/courses/search
  109. 109. Other Good OER Search Engines? http://ocwfinder.com/ http://xpert.nottingham.ac.uk/ http://www.oerrecommender.org/ http://www.temoa.info/ http://tinyurl.com/oj65tl http://tinyurl.com/cu69cnu http://tinyurl.com/d5f87oz http://www.jorum.ac.uk/ http://tinyurl.com/4onfsehttp://wiki.creativecommons.org/DiscoverEd http://www.folksemantic.com/ http://www.free.ed.gov/index.cfm
  110. 110. Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) http://www.doaj.org/
  111. 111. http://visual.ly/how-search-openly-licensed-educational-resources
  112. 112. CC Search CC Search empowers you to search acrossdifferent repositories and platforms for OER. http://search.creativecommons.org/
  113. 113. Did You Know? http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/
  114. 114. Compfight = Super Fast Flickr Search Tool!An image search engine tailored to efficiently locate images for blogs, comps, inspiration, and research. http://compfight.com/
  115. 115. Einztein http://einztein.com/
  116. 116. iBerryhttp://iberry.com/
  117. 117. Use Social Bookmarking Tools… To Find or Curate OER! Social Curation Tools: http://tiny.cc/5245h
  118. 118. Create Your Own Customized OER Search! With Google Custom Search, you can harness the power of Google to create a customized OER search experience. http://www.google.com/cse/ Article: http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2008/01/google-custom-search-for-openfree.html
  119. 119. Ultimate Tip! Get your students to do it! “Some Gurus’ out there have probably searched, compiled (vetted), andpublished discipline/topic specific resource lists online, which you are looking for…Find the GOLD MINES!” -Zaid Ali AlsagoffWhere?  Blog posts  Wiki sites  Web 2.0 sites  OCW/OER resource pages  Online course sites  Personal sites  Institutional sites  Etc. http://www.slideshare.net/zaid
  120. 120. 1E MIT CASE STUDY
  121. 121. http://ocw.mit.edu/
  122. 122. Video About MIT OCW (2007) http://youtu.be/tbQ-FeoEvTI
  123. 123. What is MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW)?MIT OpenCourseWare is a free publication of MIT coursematerials that reflects almost all the undergraduate and graduatesubjects taught at MIT.IMPORTANTLY OCW is NOT an MIT education. OCW DOES NOT grant degrees or certificates. OCW DOES NOT provide access to MIT faculty. Materials MAY NOT reflect entire content of the course. Source: http://ocw.mit.edu/about/
  124. 124. MIT OCW Stats  2000+ courses published.  146 million visits by 104 million visitors.  1 million visits each month (Translations: 500,000 more).  Translations receive 500,000 more. http://ocw.mit.edu/about/site-statistics/* Updated 09/11/2012
  125. 125. MIT OCW AudienceMIT OCW audience is divided among: Source (accessed 19/04/2012): http://ocw.mit.edu/about/site-statistics/
  126. 126. MIT OCW Uses MIT OpenCourseWare is being used for a wide range of purposes. 80% rate OCWs impact as extremely positive or positive. 91% expect that level of future impact. 96% of educators say the site has/will help improve courses. 96% of visitors would recommend the site.Source (accessed 19/04/2012): http://ocw.mit.edu/about/site-statistics/
  127. 127. MIT OCW Development An average of 100 hours effort to produce one course. MIT faculty devote 5-10 hours for each course. 12 publication staff work directly with the faculty. 2 intellectual property staff. 4 production staff support the publication team. 5 outreach and administrative staff manage communications, media relations, outreach, program evaluation, and OCWs sustainability. http://ocw.mit.edu/donate/why-donate/
  128. 128. MIT OCW Cost  The total annual cost is about $3.5 million.  Cost per Non-video-based course: $10,000–$15,000  Cost per Video-based course: $30,000  For each course MIT OCW publish, they must:  Compile course materials from faculty;  Ensure proper licensing for open sharing;  Format materials for global distribution;  Sustain technical infrastructure (software/hardware network); and  Provide and support local mirror sites in bandwidth constrained regions.Article: http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/cdm/singleitem/collection/IR/id/1021 MIT site: http://ocw.mit.edu/donate/why-donate/
  129. 129. Revenue Cost http://ocw.mit.edu/donate/why-donate/
  130. 130. MIT OCW Future Projected that OCW reserves will run out in FY2014 without significant changes in their current funding model. Challenge is to offset the loss of grant funds with substantial increases in revenues such as:  Donations  Endowments  Corporate sponsorships, and;  Alternative sources of revenue. Sorry, Just invested $1.5 Million in Khan Academy! http://ocw.mit.edu/donate/why-donate/
  131. 131. More Case Studies? http://wiki.creativecommons.org/OER_Case_StudiesImage source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4371000818/
  132. 132. 2 CREATING OER
  133. 133. Image: http://tinyurl.com/7p4l6ha
  134. 134. 2A STRATEGIES
  135. 135. Infographic: http://rack.2.mshcdn.com/media/ZgkyMDEyLzEyLzA4L2RkL0NDaW5mb2dyYXBoLmpJei5qcGc/f9f19a65/65e/CC-infographic.jpg
  136. 136. Infographic: http://rack.2.mshcdn.com/media/ZgkyMDEyLzEyLzA4L2RkL0NDaW5mb2dyYXBoLmpJei5qcGc/f9f19a65/65e/CC-infographic.jpg
  137. 137. https://open.umich.edu/wiki/DScribe
  138. 138. When Creating OER We Need to Consider… Usability Durability Accessibility Effectiveness http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/speaking-in-lolcats-what-literacy-means-in-teh-digital-era
  139. 139. Do you have an OER (Development) Policy? OER Guidelines: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002136/213605E.pdf Collection of institutions with OER policy: http://wikieducator.org/Exemplary_Collection_of_institutions_with_OER_policy
  140. 140. OER Policy Development Toolkit Designed to help you review your own institutional policy environment and where necessary institute policy changes that will facilitate collaboration and the development and sharing of OER. http://www.oerafrica.org/understandingoer/ResourcesonOER/ResourceDetails/tabid/1424/mctl/Details/id/39083/Default.aspx
  141. 141. LOCAL EXAMPLE? Source (Slide 13): http://bit.ly/WjKsXQ
  142. 142. 4 Main Policy Issues! Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and Copyright Human Resource (HR) Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Materials Development and Quality Assurance Source (Page 4): http://www.oerafrica.org/understandingoer/ResourcesonOER/ResourceDetails/tabid/1424/mctl/Details/id/39083/Default.aspx
  143. 143. Assemble an OER TeamSource (Slide 23): http://www.ocwconsortium.org/en/community/documents/doc_download/34-making-the-case-to-the-mid-level-administration
  144. 144. Creating OER and Combining Licenses http://youtu.be/Hkz4q2yuQU8
  145. 145. When IP isn’t clear…Source (Slide 20): http://www.ocwconsortium.org/en/community/documents/doc_download/36-making-the-case-to-the-information-technology-team
  146. 146. Framework Guiding Selection and Use of OERs and Non- OERs Prof. Dr. John Arul PhillipsSource (Page 178): http://www.col.org/PublicationDocuments/pub_PS_OER_web.pdf
  147. 147. Sharing, Remixing & Repurposing OERSource: https://openeducationalresources.pbworks.com/w/page/25228307/OER%20Myths
  148. 148. OER Development Life CycleThe OER LIFE CYCLE begins with a desire or need to learn or teach something. The following sequence ofsteps illustrates a typical development process: No Steps Description 1. Find Search and find OERs using variety of OER search engines and look for existing resource lists made available online by experts. 2. Create With a collection of resources at your disposal, start fusing them together to form a learning resource. When creating OERs take into account usability, durability, accessibility and effectiveness, especially regarding format (output). 3. Localize Making a resource more useful to a particular situation (contextualizing). This may involve minor corrections and improvements, remixing components, localization and even complete rework for use in diverse contexts. 4. Remix Remixing is the act of taking two (or more) OER materials and merging them to form a new OER. 5. License Select the appropriate Creative Commons license for your OER project. 6. Use This covers the actual use of OER for your context. 7. Share Once an OER is finished, make it available for the open education community to re-use and begin the life cycle again. Before finding and remixing OERs, set the course/module/topic aims and objectives (and course outline if possible). It might change as you develop, but it is good to have a starting destination (or map). Adapted from : http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=397777&section=3.2 & http://wikieducator.org/OER_Handbook/educator/OER_Lifecycle
  149. 149. OER Evaluation Tool?To help you determine the aspects of quality of OERs, Achieve has developedeight rubrics in collaboration with leaders from the OER community:1. Degree of Alignment to Standards2. Quality of Explanation of the Subject Matter3. Utility of Materials Designed to Support Teaching Simplify4. Quality of Assessment your OWN!5. Quality of Technological Interactivity6. Quality of Instructional Tasks and Practice Exercises7. Opportunities for Deeper Learning8. Assurance of Accessibility http://www.achieve.org/oer-rubrics
  150. 150. 2B TOOLS
  151. 151. DON’T Limit Yourself… to just Your LMS andMicrosoft office for OER development!
  152. 152. Open Tapestry Open Tapestry is all about discovering, adapting, and sharing learning resources, whetheryoure a teacher, an instructor, a professor, a corporate trainer, a learner, or just a curious mind. http://www.opentapestry.com/
  153. 153. TED-EdUse engaging videos on TED-Ed to create customized lessons. You can use, tweak, or completely redo any lesson featured on TED-Ed, or create lessons from scratch based on any video from YouTube. http://ed.ted.com/
  154. 154. WikiEducator http://wikieducator.org/
  155. 155. Explore Alternatives!Edmodo: http://www.edmodo.com/ Schoology: http://www.schoology.com/
  156. 156. Explore Wikis!http://www.wetpaint.com/ http://www.wikispaces.com/ http://pbwiki.com/ http://sites.google.com/ http://docs.google.com/
  157. 157. Use Blogs to Create OER!https://www.blogger.com/ http://wordpress.com/ https://www.tumblr.com/ https://posterous.com/
  158. 158. Upload PowerPoint Slides & Create Slidecasts! Offers users the ability to upload and share publicly or privately PowerPoint presentations, Word documents and Adobe PDF Portfolios. http://www.slideshare.net/ http://www.slideshare.net/zaid/10-secrets-to-great-teaching
  159. 159. Use Prezi to Zoomify! http://prezi.com/
  160. 160. Create Your Own E-books! https://sites.google.com/site/richardbyrnepdsite/ebooks-and-audiobooks/create-your-own-ebooks
  161. 161. Create Online Crossword Puzzles! http://www.eclipsecrossword.com/
  162. 162. Create Screencasts! http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2008/10/8-free-screencasting-tools-for-tony.html
  163. 163. Record Webinars/Online Talks! http://www.skype.com/ http://www.wiziq.com/
  164. 164. Create Cartoons, Movies & Animations! http://www.xtranormal.com/ http://goanimate.com/ http://www.toondoo.com/
  165. 165. Use Content Authoring Tools! http://courselab.com/ http://www.exelearning.org/
  166. 166. Use iPad to Create OER On-The-Fly! ShowMe Educreations ScreenChompExplain Everything Teach Doodlecast Pro RECORDABLE WHITEBOARDS! Slide (51): http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2013/01/the-ipad-for-learning-teaching-workshop.html
  167. 167. Use Social Media to Amplify Learning! “Social media is not something you talk about it’s something you do!” - Jane Hart Source: http://c4lpt.co.uk/smartworkersguide/
  168. 168. URL: http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2008/04/free-learning-tool-for-every-learning.html
  169. 169. Commonly used Commercial e-Learning Tools for OER development? Scenario/Role-Based Simulation e-Lectures/Interactive Coursewarehttp://www.articulate.com/products/storyline-overview.php http://www.articulate.com/products/studio.php Screen Recording/e-Lectures Simulation http://www.techsmith.com/camtasia.html http://www.adobe.com/products/captivate.html
  170. 170. 3 MOVING FORWARD
  171. 171. Why not Become an Open Scholar? Stian Håklev http://www.slideshare.net/houshuang/what-it-means-to-be-an-open-scholar-and-the-future-of-scholarly-publishing
  172. 172. Emphasize on the ‘E’ and ‘O’ in OEROpen (Learning & Teaching) Qualities of Open Practices (Learning) Content http://bit.ly/LXQx55
  173. 173. Individual Strategy? Choose your License Be clear about your license choice and about what it covers. Use Open Content! Promote open content by using open content and remixing others’ work. Cite your sources! Include license info and link to license on website. Make it adaptable!  Make your content available in multiple file formats (pdf, .ppt, .odt, .doc, etc).  Ensure that users can download your content, not simply access. Source (slide 39): http://www.slideshare.net/epuckettrodgers/openmichigan-at-um-flint
  174. 174. University Strategy? http://edtechfrontier.com/tag/connexions/
  175. 175. National Strategy?1. Foster awareness and use of OER.2. Facilitate enabling environments for use of ICT.3. Reinforce the development of strategies and policies on OER.4. Promote the understanding and use of open licensing frameworks.5. Support capacity building for the sustainable development of quality learning materials.6. Foster strategic alliances for OER.7. Encourage the development and adaptation of OER in a variety of languages and cultural contexts.8. Encourage research on OER.9. Facilitate finding, retrieving and sharing of OER.10. Encourage the open licensing of educational materials produced with public funds. 2012 Paris OER Declaration: http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/Events/Paris%20OER%20Declaration_01.pdf
  176. 176. Learn More From Great OER Resources! http://bit.ly/8IIjZ http://tinyurl.com/3rlzdc7 http://bit.ly/MwJil6 http://bit.ly/atJDd3My OER Collection: http://delicious.com/zaidlearn/OER
  177. 177. And More… http://bit.ly/YP4w2I http://tinyurl.com/3w4x83y http://bit.ly/nZYglb http://bit.ly/u9HultMy OER Collection: http://delicious.com/zaidlearn/OER
  178. 178. Fantastic 5
  179. 179. LEARN from the Fantastic 5 Gurus?Stephen DownesHome: http://www.downes.ca/Presentations: http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/presentationsGeorge SiemensHome: http://www.elearnspace.org/blog/Presentations: http://www.slideshare.net/gsiemensDavid WileyHome: http://davidwiley.org/Presentations: http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent/presentationsStian HåklevHome: http://reganmian.net/blog/Presentations: http://www.slideshare.net/houshuang/presentationsCurt BonkHome: http://php.indiana.edu/~cjbonk/Presentations: http://www.trainingshare.com/workshop.php
  180. 180. You Are Not Alone, Please Join Us! http://www.facebook.com/groups/t4t2011/ https://plus.google.com/communities/114670961210826937534
  181. 181. Finally, You Might Want To… Have a ZaidLearn! http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/
  182. 182. Zaid Ali Alsagoff E-Learning ManagerE-mail : zaid.alsagoff@gmail.comBlog : http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/Twitter: http://twitter.com/zaidlearnIMU : http://imu.edu.myDID : +603-2731 7327Ext. : 3115
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