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The presentation slides for my talk on Open Educational Resources (OER) at MEIPTA's (Malaysian Public Universities e-Learning Council) 16th Roundtable Meeting at UTeM (in Malacca) on the 18th …

The presentation slides for my talk on Open Educational Resources (OER) at MEIPTA's (Malaysian Public Universities e-Learning Council) 16th Roundtable Meeting at UTeM (in Malacca) on the 18th September, 2012. It explores OER and how we can find, reuse, remix, create and share them. It provides a lot of excellent resources and tips, too. It also shares two BIG IDEAS on how to create awareness and inspire OER development in Malaysia.

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  • 1. Zaid Ali Alsagoff
  • 2. “Nearly one-third of the world’s population (29.3%) is under 15. Today there are 158 million people enrolled in tertiary education. Projections suggest that that participation will peak at 263 million in 2025. Accommodating the additional 105 million students would require more than four major universities (30,000 students) to open every week for the next fifteen years. “ - Sir John DanielSource (Slide 16): ISCED levels 5 & 6 UNESCO Institute of Statistics figures2 British Council and IDP Australia projections
  • 3. “What do you think the odds are the world will build four major universities(30,000 students) to open everyweek for the next fifteen years?” - Sir John Daniel
  • 4. More Importantly, How Do We Educate… OER
  • 5. UnderstandingCreating Finding Licensing Reusing & Remixing
  • 6. Contents1. OER?2. Copyright & OER3. Finding OER4. Creating & Sharing OER5. Moving Forward
  • 7. “Education is the most powerful weaponwhich you can use to change the world.” - Nelson Mandela Source:
  • 8. Open Education" the simple and powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide anextraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge."
  • 9. Why Open Education Matters!
  • 10. Open Educational Resources (OER) “Open Educational Resources (OER) arematerials used to support education that may be freely accessed, reused, modified and shared by anyone.” - Stephen Downes More OER definitions:
  • 11. OER? 4Rs: Reuse Revise Remix RedistributeOER Diagram: 4Rs:
  • 12. Types of OER?Accreditation Open Courseware (OCW) Assessment Learning Repositories Podcasts Music Games Open Textbooks Credits Videos Images Open Journals Libraries
  • 13. What has enabled OER?• Change in • Affordances philosophy of the Internet SOCIAL TECHNICAL FINANCIAL LEGAL• A range of • Alternative financial copyright models Licensing Source (slide 6):
  • 14. Benefits of OER?1. Freedom of access; both for yourself and others.2. Freedom from proprietary systems and corporations.3. Contributes to the local and global community.4. Encourages pedagogical innovations (beyond the textbook).5. Sharing development costs of learning resources among institutions.6. Co-creation empowers more collaboration, creativity and critical thinking.7. Accessibility of resources previously unavailable to specific groups of people.8. Saves time and effort through the reusing and remixing of resources.9. Potentially beneficial to developing nations.10. Lowers costs to students. Adapted from:
  • 15. Challenges of OER?1. Quality varies.2. Varying degrees of time commitment.3. Teachers sometimes not rewarded by the system for their efforts.4. May not meet accessibility requirements for persons with disabilities.5. Need to check accuracy before use.6. May need a high degree of customization (or localization).7. Technical requirements vary and some require you to use a particular software.8. Requires varying degrees of continual financial support.9. Licensing and obtaining copyright clearance can be difficult.10. Some institutions may be concerned about ‘giving it away’. Adapted from:
  • 16. OER Funding Models Endowment ConversionInstitutional Government Donations Membership Sponsorship Source:
  • 17. OER Commons
  • 18. Open CourseWare (OCW) “OpenCourseWare, or OCW, is a term applied to course materials created by universities and shared freely with the world via the internet.”  The movement started in 1999 when the University of Tübingen in Germany published videos of lectures online.  The OCW movement only took off, however, with the launch of MIT OpenCourseWare at MIT in October 2002.Source:
  • 19. Difference between OCW and OER? OCW Focuses on sharing open content that is developed specifically for a course. OER Includes any educational OCW OER content that is shared under an open license, whether or not it is a part of a course. OCW is a subset of OER. Adapted from (Slide 10):
  • 20. OpenCourseWare Consortium 250+ Universities and associated organizations worldwide 13,000+ Courses in 20 languages Mission: To advance formal and informal learningthrough the worldwide sharing and use of free, open,high-quality education materials organized as courses.
  • 21. MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW)
  • 22. Open Yale Courses
  • 23. JHSPH OpenCourseWare (OCW)
  • 24. OpenLearn (The Open University)
  • 25. USQ OpenCourseWare
  • 26. SJTU Open Courseware
  • 27. Saudi Arabia?
  • 28. Pakistan?
  • 29. Iran?
  • 30. Indonesia?
  • 31. Malaysia Vs. Singapore 2 0
  • 32. All Open CourseWare (OCW)? No. Country OCW 1. Spain 27 2. USA 24 3. Taiwan 19 4. Japan 18 5. South Korea 7* Updated 20/08/2012
  • 33. Open Textbooks (e-books) An open textbook is an openly-licensed textbook offered online by its author(s) or through a non-profit or commercial open-licensed publisher.  Minimum baseline rights allow users to:  Use the textbook without compensating the author;  Copy the textbook, with appropriate credit to the author;  Distribute the textbook non-commercially; and  Shift the textbook into another format (such as digital or print).  Many authors also grant rights such as to:  Add, remove or alter content in the textbook, often on the condition that derivative works must have the same license;  Copy and distribute the textbook without giving credit to the author; and  Use the textbook commercially.Source:
  • 34. Project Gutenberg
  • 35. OpenStax College
  • 36. Open Textbook Catalog
  • 37. Flat World Knowledge
  • 38. College Open Textbooks
  • 39. Community College Consortium of OER
  • 40. CK-12 FlexBooks
  • 41. Wikibooks
  • 42.
  • 43. More Free E-books?
  • 44. Learning RepositoriesInformational Overload! I can take it!
  • 45. iTunes U
  • 46. EDU - YouTube
  • 47. MERLOT
  • 48. Khan Academy
  • 49. Salman Khan talk at TED 2011
  • 50. Open.Michigan
  • 51. Knowmia
  • 52. TED-EdUse engaging videos on TED-Ed to create customized lessons. You can use, tweak, or completely redo any lesson featured on TED-Ed, or create lessons from scratch based on any video from YouTube.
  • 53. Academic Earth
  • 54. GCF
  • 55. CMU OpenLearningInitiative
  • 56.
  • 57. Connexions
  • 58. WikiEducator
  • 59. Wikiversity
  • 60. P2PU
  • 61. University of the People
  • 62. OER University
  • 63. Extreme Learning
  • 64. Online College Classes
  • 65. Siyavula
  • 66. Curriki
  • 67. Internet Archive
  • 68. OER Africa
  • 69. MEDtube
  • 70. Continually Improving Quora Accumulating Knowledge Organized People Targeted Reusable Quora is a continually improving collection of questions and answers created, edited, and organized by everyone who uses it.
  • 71.
  • 72. Actually…!
  • 73. More OER?
  • 74. Even More OER?
  • 75. MOOCMOOC Guide:
  • 76. Fiction or Future Reality?One teacher facilitating a course with more than one MILLION STUDENTS... WOW!
  • 77. MOOOOOOC!
  • 78. What is a MOOC?Massive (maybe)Open (sort of)Online (yep)Course (sort of)
  • 79. Three Kinds of MOOCs - Lisa M. Lane
  • 80. MOOC Example? Next Class? February 20th 2012“Founded by three roboticists who believed much of the educational value of their university classes could be offered online for very low cost. A few weeks later, over 160,000students in more than 190 countries enrolled in their first class, "Introduction to Artificial Intelligence."
  • 81. More Importantly… 23,000 students passed the online course (253 got perfect scores). Professor Thrun has taught more students the subject than all of the rest of the computer science professors in the world. The 23,000 who passed the course represent more students than most faculty will teach in their career. Out of the 200 Stanford students attending the traditional course, only 41 were in class at the end of the course. The other 159 opted for the online asynchronous presentation. 410 online students outperformed the top Stanford student! Students are teaching students (Q&A ranking system). Students themselves translated the class for free from English into 44 languages. The on-campus passing rate was the highest ever. More: More:
  • 82. edX
  • 83. EdX: The Future of Online Education is Now“MIT & Harvard edXs goal is to educate one billion people around the world…Planet scale access from one shared platform!”
  • 84. MIT + Harvard = edX MIT and Harvard have invested $60 million ($30 million each) to launch the collaboration.Anant AgarwalPresident, edX
  • 85. But, Please REMEMBER…“The campus environment offers opportunities andexperiences that cannot be replicated online…EdX is designed to improve, NOT REPLACE, the campus experience.” Susan Hockfield (MIT President)
  • 86. UdemyJoin thousands of passionate instructors who are building their brand, and making money, by teaching on Udemy.
  • 87. Coursera
  • 88. What are We Learning from Online Education? - Daphne Koller
  • 89. Four Barriers That MOOCs MustOvercome To Build a Sustainable Model - Phil Hill
  • 90.
  • 91. Grade for MOOC’s = “F”“…MOOC’s are a failure, both asan educational product and as a business model.” - Carol Edwards
  • 92. My CCK11 (MOOC) Talk!
  • 93. Image:
  • 94. Image:
  • 95. Video:
  • 96. Creative Commons A simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions to your creative work. Easy-to-use, standardized licenses and public domain tools that allow creators to publish their works on more flexible terms than standard copyright. “Some rights reserved” Image: OER image:
  • 97.
  • 98. Creative Commons (CC) source:
  • 99. Creative Commons in a Nutshell!CC Comparison Table:
  • 100. Which CC licenses = OER?
  • 101. Open Educational Resources Licensing Continuum Image:
  • 102. CC License Selection Tool
  • 103. Simplify Correct Attribution? Addon
  • 104. If license used incorrectly will I be sued? “Short answer: possibly! Long answer: You should do your best to understand the terms of the license under which you use an OER. Most common ways to VIOLATE:  Making commercial or for-profit use of an OER whose license includes the Non-commerical (NC) clause  Making derivative works from an OER whose license includes the No- Derivatives (ND) clause  Failing to share derivatives of an OER, whose license includes the Share-Alike (SA) clause, under the same license. “
  • 105. OER Risk Management Calculator
  • 106. Where to Start? RDN ICONEX Harvey Project MERLOT UT OCW SciQ JHSPH OCW eGranary Digital Library MIT OCW Wikipedia CLOE ARIADNE Fathom Archive W3SchoolsGutenberg Project PEOI WOW! DLORN Stanford on iTunes CAREO CORE SOFIA OAISTER e-LeeConnexions USU OCW Tufts OCW OLI OOPS Open Yale Courses WebJunction Lydia Global Repository
  • 107. 2 Great Starting Points! x
  • 108. CC Search CC Search empowers you to search acrossdifferent repositories and platforms for OER.
  • 109. Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • 110. Did You Know?
  • 111. Compfight = Super Fast Flickr Search Tool!An image search engine tailored to efficiently locate images for blogs, comps, inspiration, and research.
  • 112. Other Good OER Search Engines?
  • 113. Einztein
  • 114. iBerry
  • 115. Use Social Bookmarking Tools… To Curate OER! Social Curation Tools:
  • 116.
  • 117. A content sharing service that allows members to "pin" images, videos and other objects to their pinboard.
  • 118.!Create your topic-centric media by collecting gems among relevant streams. Publish it to your favorite social media or to your blog.
  • 119. Create Your Own Customized OER Search! With Google Custom Search, you can harness the power of Google to create a customized OER search experience. Article:
  • 120. Ultimate Tip! “Some Gurus’ out there have probably searched, compiled (vetted), andpublished discipline/topic specific resource lists online, which you are looking for…Find the GOLD MINES!” -Zaid Ali AlsagoffWhere?  Blog posts  Wiki sites  Web 2.0 sites  OCW/OER resource pages  Online course sites  Personal sites  Institutional sites  Etc.
  • 121. Image:
  • 122. Do you have an OER Development Policy? OER Guidelines: Collection of institutions with OER policy:
  • 123. When Creating OER We Need to Consider… Usability Durability Accessibility Effectiveness
  • 124. Sharing, Remixing & Repurposing OERSource:
  • 125. Creating OER and Combining Licenses
  • 126. OER Development Cycle?The OER LIFE CYCLE begins with a desire or need to learn or teach something. The following sequence ofsteps illustrates a typical development process: No Steps Description 1. Find Search and find OERs using variety of OER search engines and look for existing resource lists made available online by experts. 2. Create With a collection of resources at your disposal, start fusing them together to form a learning resource. When creating OERs take into account usability, durability, accessibility and effectiveness, especially regarding format (output). 3. Localize Making a resource more useful to a particular situation (contextualizing). This may involve minor corrections and improvements, remixing components, localization and even complete rework for use in diverse contexts. 4. Remix Remixing is the act of taking two (or more) OER materials and merging them to form a new OER. 5. License Select the appropriate Creative Commons license for your OER project. 6. Use This covers the actual use of OER for your context. 7. Share Once an OER is finished, make it available for the open education community to re-use and begin the life cycle again. Before finding and remixing OERs, set the course/module/topic aims and objectives (and course outline if possible). It might change as you develop, but it is good to have a starting destination (or map). Adapted from : &
  • 127. OER Evaluation Tools?To help you determine the aspects of quality of OERs, Achievehas developed eight rubrics in collaboration with leaders fromthe OER community:1. Degree of Alignment to Standards2. Quality of Explanation of the Subject Matter3. Utility of Materials Designed to Support Teaching4. Quality of Assessment5. Quality of Technological Interactivity6. Quality of Instructional Tasks and Practice Exercises7. Opportunities for Deeper Learning8. Assurance of Accessibility
  • 128. DON’T Limit Yourself…
  • 129. Explore Alternatives!Edmodo: Schoology:
  • 130. Explore Wikis!
  • 131. Use Blogs to Create OER!
  • 132. Upload PowerPoint Slides & Create Slidecasts! Offers users the ability to upload and share publicly or privately PowerPoint presentations, Word documents and Adobe PDF Portfolios.
  • 133. Use Prezi to Zoomify!
  • 134. Create Your Own E-books!
  • 135. Create Online Crossword Puzzles!
  • 136. Create Screencasts!URL:
  • 137. Record Webinars/Online Talks!
  • 138. Create Cartoons, Movies & Animations!
  • 139. Use Content Authoring Tools!
  • 140. Use your iPad to Create OER On-The-Fly!
  • 141. Use Social Media to Amplify Learning! Jane Hart “Social media is not something you talk about it’s something you do!” Source:
  • 142. URL:
  • 143. Just in Time Training To You (JiT2U) Great resources to gently introduce the concepts and potentials of Social media and Web 2.0 tools for educators and learners.
  • 144. Why not Become an Open Scholar? Stian Håklev
  • 145. Emphasize on the ‘E’ and ‘O’ in OEROpen (Learning & Teaching) Qualities of Open Practices (Learning) Content
  • 146. Individual Strategy? Choose your License Be clear about your license choice and about what it covers. Use Open Content! Promote open content by using open content and remixing others’ work. Cite your sources! Include license info and link to license on website. Make it adaptable!  Make your content available in multiple file formats (pdf, .ppt, .odt, .doc, etc).  Ensure that users can download your content, not simply access. Source (slide 39):
  • 147. University Strategy?
  • 148. National Strategy?1. Foster awareness and use of OER.2. Facilitate enabling environments for use of ICT.3. Reinforce the development of strategies and policies on OER.4. Promote the understanding and use of open licensing frameworks.5. Support capacity building for the sustainable development of quality learning materials.6. Foster strategic alliances for OER.7. Encourage the development and adaptation of OER in a variety of languages and cultural contexts.8. Encourage research on OER.9. Facilitate finding, retrieving and sharing of OER.10. Encourage the open licensing of educational materials produced with public funds.2012 Paris OER Declaration:
  • 149. BIGIDEAS
  • 150. OER AWARENESS? A local MOOC exploring OER! 1
  • 152. Learn More From Great OER Resources! OER Collection:
  • 153. LEARN from the Fantastic 5 Gurus?Stephen DownesHome: SiemensHome: WileyHome: HåklevHome: BonkHome:
  • 154. Mission:"To Rid the World of Bad Learning & Teaching!"
  • 155. ‘IMU Learning Series’ is about connecting inspiring and exceptional educators around the world to… JOIN THE LEARNING ADVENTURE!
  • 156. You Are Not Alone, Please Join Us!
  • 157. Finally, You Might Want To… Have a ZaidLearn!
  • 158. Zaid Ali Alsagoff E-Learning ManagerE-mail : zaid.alsagoff@gmail.comBlog : : : +603-2731 7327Ext. : 3115