Designing Effective Presentations


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Presentation slides from a 1-day workshop at Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) on 28 August, 2014. Full details:

In this workshop, we will explore how to design effective and engaging presentations for learning, teaching and research. In the process, you will learn some sizzling PowerPoint tricks, ‘Gagne’s 9 Events of instruction’ for more effective presentation flow, discover other cool presentation tools, and how to engage, gamify and assess students during face-to-face learning sessions using various interactive web tools. It will be hands-on from start to finish, and you will be challenged individually and in groups to design unforgettable presentations that stick beyond the classroom or lecture hall.

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Designing Effective Presentations

  1. Zaid Alsagoff
  2. What ANNOYSAbout PowerPoint Presentations? Results of the 2013 Annoying PowerPoint survey: The speaker read the slides to us 72.0% Text so small I couldn’t read it 50.6% Full sentences instead of bullet points 48.4% Overly complex diagrams 30.8% Poor color choice 25.8% No clear purpose 22.1% No flow of ideas 21.0%
  5. Curt Bonk Source: 21stCentury is the LEARNING CENTURY!
  6. READY? Curt Bonk Curt Bonk’s website:
  7. Source: Juggling has been shown to increase both GREY and WHITE matter in the brain! Did You Know? Empowers us to: FOCUS BETTER THINK FASTER IMPROVED COORDINATION ENHANCED PERIPHERAL VISION AWAKEN THE KID IN US!
  8. How does our BRAIN LEARN? ATTENTION-We don't pay attention to boring things. WIRING-Every brain is wired differently. GENDER-Male and female brains are different. MEMORY -Repeat to remember. SENSORY INTEGRATION -Stimulate more of the senses. VISION-Vision trumps all other senses. STRESS-Stressed brains don't learn the same way. SLEEP-Sleep well, think well. EXERCISE-Exercise boosts brain power. EXPLORATION-We are powerful and natural explorers. Summary: Dr. John Medina
  9. Brain-Targeted Teaching: Brain Rules: Explore Brain-Designed Learning… Minute Rule…to Stimulate the Brain and Maximize the Students’ Potential. 10
  10. The Learning retention percentages are fake: Students to Learn! Averageretention rate5% 10% 20% 30% 50% 75% LectureReadingAudiovisualDemonstrationDiscussion GroupPractice by DoingTEACHING OTHERS90%
  11. Blended *F2F: Face-to-Face Find the Right Blend! Online F2F Video: Clayton Christensen Institute (Source):
  12. Android iPAD Web 2.0Bloom’s Digital Taxonomies! Google M O R E
  13. Gamify Students’ Learning Experiences!
  15. 2ZOOM
  17. Why Lecture? Lively Educative Creative Thought (provoking) Understandable Relevant Enjoyable MISSION? Inspire Influence Inform
  18. Lecture’s Mission? Skills Attitude Behaviour Knowledge CHANGE Why Lecture? LEARNERS
  19. Who are they? What do they know or can do? What are their existing opinions? Are they motivated to learn? Why should they learn this? CHANGEWho are the Learners? Skills Attitude Behaviour KnowledgeLEARNERS
  20. CHANGE Skills Attitude Behaviour KnowledgeLEARNERS LECTURE PAPER REPORT PITCH STORYHow to Design… Let’s Explore!
  21. 3DESIGN
  22. Instructional Design (ID) A logical flow of content and learning activities with strategies to enhance the students’ understanding and learning experiences. FOCUS on the right thing! ID
  23. Gain Attention Inform Learning Outcomes Stimulate Recall of Prior Learning Present New Content Provide Guidance Provide Learning Activities Assess Learning Provide Feedback Enhance Retention and Transfer This will help you… Last class we learned how to… Allow me to demonstrate Now you try it… Try it like this… Let’s test your skills now Let’s do it “in the field” Gagne’s 9 Events of Instruction Source (Gagne’s 9 Events of Instruction starting at slide 9):
  24. Gain Attention Ahh! QuestionStoryFactDefinitionQuoteAnalogyHumorPersonal experienceDemonstration 1Vide Clip
  25. Video: Attention! What are you THINKINGabout? Example: Improve your English!
  26. Inform Learning Outcomes At the end of this topic, you will be able to: Clarify what students need to learn in the form of Learning Outcomes (LO). Write LO that form the basis of the assessment. Construct LO using measurable action verbs. Present LO in at least 2 creative ways. WHATEVER! 2
  27. Creative Ways? Visualize and then voice out your Learning Outcomes! Action Verbs31 Write2 Assessment-Based4 Creative Ways Video:
  28. Creative Ways? How to writeLearning Outcomes (LO)? How to make LO assessment-based? How to use action verbs to construct measurable LO? How to present LO in at least 2 creative ways? Write learning outcomes in the form of questions! Video:
  29. Use Measureable Action Verbs!
  30. Use Measureable Action Verbs!
  31. Recall Prior Knowledge Associating new information with prior knowledge can facilitate the learning process. 3
  33. Present New Content Selective Perception-Chunk and organize content meaningfully. 4
  34. Chunk It helps you present information in a way that makes it EASIERfor your audience/learners to UNDERSTANDand REMEMBER. WHY? Chunk? CHOP IT!
  35. 1 2 3
  36. Provide Learning Guidance Semantic Encoding - Examples, case studies, stories, graphical representations, mnemonics, mind maps, acronyms, and analogies. 5
  37. Mnemonics SODA: Medical Mnemonics: Mnemonics are learning memory techniques that help learners recall larger pieces of information, especially in the form of lists like characteristics, steps, stages, parts, phases, etc.
  38. Mind Maps Mind Map Guidelines: Mind Maps in Medicine: Mind maps help learners comprehend, see the big picture, create new ideas, and build connections. iMindMap: Mind Mapping Tools:
  39. Infuse Creativity & STORIFY Learning! “BULLETSstick for exams, STORIESstick for life.” –Zaid Ali Alsagoff!
  40. Activities & Feedback 7 6 ?
  41. Video Project Simulation Field Trips Articulate Reasoning Guest Speaker Problem Solving LEARNING ACTIVITIES Discussion Debates Panel of Experts Lab Experiments Peer Review Group Work Role Play Interviews Scaffolding Drill & Practice Drawing/Art /Sculpture Ice Breakers Online Teaching Activity Index: Think-Pair- Share One-Minute Paper Entrance/ Exit Tickets Concept Mapping Quiz Reports Portfolios
  42. Source:
  43. Assessment 8 Miller’s Pyramid:
  44. Use a Variety of Methods to Assess More… Peer-Assessment Learning Analytics Rubrics E-Portfolio AUTHENTIC Learning & Empower PERSONALIZED Learning!
  45. Enhance Retention & Transfer Summarize/Conclude Provide additional resources Links (URL) to: –Online Discussion –Assignment/Project –Quizzes –Simulation/Games –Etc. 9
  46. Gagne’s 9 Event of Instructions Presentation Events ofInstruction Learning Activities Introduction 1.Gain attention •Present a dilemma,analogy, video 2.Inform learning outcomes •List clear learning outcomes creatively 3.Stimulate recall prior knowledge •Explain how prior knowledge relates to new topic •Initiate discussion •Pre-tests Content 4.Present newcontent •Explanation, example,simulation 5.Provide guidance •Guidelines, checklists, mnemonics, group discussion Assessment 6.Provide learning activities 7.Provide feedback 8.Assess learning •Check your understanding •Self/Peer/FacilitatorAssessment •Practical, e-Portfolio,quiz Summary 9.Enhance retention and transfer •Summarize/Conclude the topic •Provide additionalresources
  47. Additional Resources 1.How to Create Effective PowerPoint Lectures 2.Instructional Design Tips & Tricks 3.5 Ways Your E-learning Courses Can Create Understanding 4.How to Make Your E-Learning Course Meaningful Text or Graphic Links!
  48. 4TOOLS
  50. PowerPoint
  51. Preparing Slides Use Slide Master to change the overall design and layout of the presentation. Why & how to create a slide master? 2 1
  52. Contrast Background & Text Colors Use contrastingbackground and text colors for improved readability. ContrastContrast
  53. Can you read this? Can you read this? Can you read this? Can you read this? Can you read this? Can you read this? Can you read this? Can you read this? Can you read this? Can you read this? Bad Contrast Vs. Good Contrast
  54. Use sans-serif font and use the same font through out the course. Increase Readability Example: Verdana Impact Arial CalibriFont Type
  55. Avoid Busy Templates! Avoid distracting, busy templates! Avoid distracting, busy templates! Audience will tend to focus on background picture, rather than what you are saying
  56. Design and Tailor Visuals using… Shapes Smart Art Crop Remove Background Artistic Effects Etc.
  57. Looking for Free Images? CC Search: CC Search empowers you to search across different repositories and platforms for free multimedia. The Ultimate Directory Of Free Image Sources:
  58. Tools to Spice Up Your Presentation? Other Cool Presentation Tools!
  60. Use Interactive Web Tools to Spice Up… Face-to-Face (F2F) Learning! Student Response Systems (SRS) that empower teachers to engage their students via smartphones, laptops, and tablets.
  61. Poll Everywhere
  62. Padlet Tips on how to use Padlet for learning and teaching: It works like an online sheet of paper where people can put any content (e.g. images, videos, documents, text) anywhere on the page, together with anyone, from any device (No login required).
  63. Kahoot
  64. Socrative
  65. More Tools?
  66. 5WOW
  67. The 4 Ps of Giving a Good Presentation! Adapted from: POSITIVE PREPARE PRACTICE PERFORM  Why worry?  Nothing to Lose!  Stay calm!  Don’t Fear!  Brave people do mistakes!  Have fun!  Think positive!  You can do it!  Start early  Take notes!  Don’t design yet!  Explore, Explore…  Challenge your ideas!  Know your audience  Mind map your ideas  Now design!  Practice, Practice..  Rehearse: - on your own - while being recorded, and - with an audience.  Practice until you feel right!  Memorize key points (Not scripts)  Let it flow!  Adapt your voice: - Volume - Pace - Tone  Stay relaxed  Face the participants  Stay in control  Engage participants  Storify & converse  Use interactive tools  Interruption is fun!  Don't apologize! Celebrate Questions & Feedback!
  68. How to make an… Book: Extraordinary Presentation? Tell the TRUTH With a STORY With PICTURES Heart Understanding Mind
  69. 6Simplified
  70. Designing Effective Presentations Simplified! Great Design Engaging Flow Lively Voice Learning Activities Content Assessment Learning Outcomes Tools
  71. Have a ZaidLearn! Finally, You Might Want To…
  72. Zaid Ali AlsagoffE-Learning Manager Blog: Slides: Twitter: IMU: DID:+603-27317327 Ext.:3115