Population growth & economics development in pakistan

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Population growth & economics development in pakistan

  1. 1. Population Growth & Economics Development in Pakistan Submitted by: AQIB AHMAD TAHIR ZOHAIB SALEEM
  2. 2. What is Population & main Determines of Population Outline Major Issue of Population Growth in Pakistan Facts & Figures about Population Growth in Pakistan Demographic Transition The Hidden Momentum model of Population growth in Pakistan How can we reduce the Population Growth Conclusion
  3. 3. Population in Pakistan • A population is a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species , who live in the same area, and have the capability of interbreeding. • The consequence of population growth on economics development attracted the attention of world. • Adam Smith wrote in wealth of nation “ The annual Labor of every nation is the fund which originally supply it with all the necessaries & convenience of life”
  4. 4. Some Issue of Population Growth in Pakistan • Are Pakistan is improving the living standard of people with the population growth? • How Pakistan would deal with the rapid increase of the labor force? • How Population Growth will effect the poverty rate of Pakistan? • How Pakistan would provide the job facilities of young generation? • How Pakistan would deal the health & education facilities of a large population.
  5. 5. Main Determine of Population Growth in Pakistan Health Education Marriage Age Status of Women Cost of Children Urbanization Labor force status
  6. 6. Facts & Figures about Pakistan Total Population 187 million Urban Population 69.87 Million Rural Population 114.48 Million Population Rate 2.00 Percent TFR 3.3 Crude Birth Rate 26.80 Per Thousand Crude Death Rate 7.00 Per Thousand
  7. 7. Population Data in Pakistan 2011 2012 2013 Total Population (Million) 177.1 180.71 184.35 Urban Population (Million) 65.3 67.55 69.87 Rural Population (Million) 111.8 113.16 114.48 TFR 3.5 3.4 3.3 Crude Birth Rate (per thousand) 27.50 27.20 26.80 Crude Death Rate (per thousand) 7.30 7.20 7.00 Population Growth Rate 2.05 2.03 2.00 Male 65.8 66.1 66.50 Female 63.9 64.3 64.6 Life Expectancy Year
  8. 8. Urban Population (Million) Ttotal Population (Million) 2013 2013 Ttotal Population (Million) 2012 Urban Population (Million) 2012 2011 2011 170 175 180 62 185 64 66 Urban Population (Million) 68 70 (TFR) 2013 2013 Urban Population (Million) 2012 TFR 2012 2011 2011 62 64 66 68 70 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5
  9. 9. (CBR) (CDR) 2013 2013 2012 Crude Birth Rate (Per Thousand) 2012 Crude Death Rate (Per Thousand) 2011 2011 26 26.5 27 6.8 27.5 7 (Population Rate) 7.2 7.4 (Life Expectancy Rate) 2013 2013 Population Rate 2012 Female 2012 Male 2011 2011 1.96 1.98 2 2.02 2.04 2.06 62 63 64 65 66 67 Life Expectancy Rate
  10. 10. Population by age group in million Age Group 1998 2011 2012 2013 2015 2020 2025 2030 00-04 19.59 22.02 22.22 22.4 22.76 23.28 22.44 20.35 05-009 20.72 20.04 20.63 20.87 21.33 22.35 22.95 22.18 10-014 17.14 19.94 19.73 19.56 20.07 21.24 22.28 22.88 15-19 13.73 20.27 20.57 20.78 20.12 20.01 21.19 22.24 20-24 18.88 17.72 18.22 18.72 19.8 20.05 19.95 21.14 25-29 9.76 15.25 15.7 16.16 17.13 19.71 19.98 19.89 30-34 8.24 12.95 13.4 13.85 14.72 17.04 19.62 19.91 35-39 6.32 10.83 11.19 11.77 12.4 14.61 16.94 19.53 40-44 5.89 8.9 9.34 9.69 10.36 12.27 14.49 16.81 45-49 4.68 7.32 7.58 7.85 8.49 10.2 12.01 14.31 50-54 4.26 6.01 6.22 6.64 6.88 8.26 9.95 11.84 55-59 2.86 4.83 4.99 5.16 5.53 6.57 7.93 9.6 60-64 2.72 3.78 3.9 4.03 4.31 5.13 6.14 7.45 65+ 4.64 6.81 7.4 7.24 7.82 9.39 11.39 13.93 132.43 177.03 180.71 184.35 191.72 210.12 227.26 242.06 Total
  11. 11. Population comparison between 1998 & 2030 Population in 1998 Population in 2030 00-04 05-009 10-014 15-19 20-24 00-04 05-009 10-014 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65+ 50-54 55-59 60-64 65+ 2% 2% 3% 6% 14% 3% 8% 3% 3% 4% 9% 4% 5% 5% 15% 6% 10% 6% 7% 9% 7% 12% 8% 9% 8% 14% 10% 8%
  12. 12. Causes of Population Growth in Pakistan They are some causes of population growth in Pakistan  Fertility and Mortality Trends  Rate of population increase  Birth rates, death rates , Total fertility rates  Age Structure and dependency burdens
  13. 13. Demographic Transition • One of the most important social changes in the history of humankind is the so called “Demographic Transition” • The demographic transition is a process of change from a situation with high mortality and fertility (and constant population), to a situation with low mortality and fertility
  14. 14. Demographic Transition Stages & Pakistan Position High Birth Rate Stage 1 High Death Rate High Birth Rate Stage 2 Low Death Rate Low Birth Rate Stage 3 Low Death Rate
  15. 15. Stages Of Demographic Transition Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Birth rate Natural increase Death rate Time Stage 4
  16. 16. The Hidden Momentum of Population Growth • High Birth rate can not be altered overnight • Age structure of Pakistan
  17. 17. How Pakistan can reduce the Population Growth Increase the education system Reduce the FTR Family planning program Raised the social economics status of women Increase the job opportunity Raising Women education More female non agriculture wages employment Reduction in infant mortality Expanded school opportunity
  18. 18. Conclusion
  19. 19. Conclusion Population of Pakistan is increasing with the passage of time Population Growth is increasing different problem in Pakistan Population is also causing a slow economics development Population can not be control in Pakistan without 1-Unemployment 2-Low living standard 3-Low education standard 4-Increasing the labor force 1-Education 2-Living standard 3-Job opportunity 4-FTR 5-Women status

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