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Niosh[1]

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  • 1. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia 1 OSH AT WORKPLACE OSH AWARENESS TALK SERIES Presented by Mr. Raemy Md. Zein Ergonomics Division, NIOSH raemy@niosh.com.my 03-87692241
  • 2. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 2 OF 74 Case of collapsed flyover… Who’s fault is this? Who’s neck is on the line? THURSDAY 14 JULY, 2005
  • 3. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 3 OF 74 ShouldEngineersbeblamed too?…
  • 4. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 4 OF 74 What is engineers’ role? …
  • 5. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 5 OF 74 PRESENTATION CONTENT 1. INTRODUCTION TO NIOSH BACKGROUND; 2. RELATED OSH LEGISLATION; 3. OSH RISK MANAGEMENT; 4. Q&A SESSION; 5. CONCLUSION.
  • 6. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia 6 1.NIOSH BACKGROUND
  • 7. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 7 OF 74 NIOSH BACKGROUND National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH): Under the Malaysian Companies Act 1965; Established as a Company Limited by Guarantee; Under Human Resource Ministry. Established in 1992 to enhance OSH in Malaysia, mainly through: 1. Training and curriculum development; 2. Consultation; 3. Research and Development; and 4. Information dissemination.
  • 8. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 8 OF 74 ORGANISATION CHART
  • 9. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 9 OF 74 Terengganu Branch Sabah Branch NIOSH ORGANISATIONNIOSH ORGANISATION EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR Ir. HJ. AMIR B HJ. YAHYA CHAIRMAN TAN SRI DATO’ LEE LAM THYE
  • 10. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 10 OF 74 NIOSH PROFILE • NIOSH HQ and main campus in B B Bangi, SELANGOR • 5 Branches: – Seberang Jaya, PENANG – Johor Bahru, JOHORE – Bintulu, SARAWAK – Kemaman, TERENGGANU – Kota Kinabalu, SABAH • 1 Site office: – Kuching, SARAWAK
  • 11. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia 11 2.RELATED OSH LEGISLATION
  • 12. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 12 OF 74 FMA 1967 (ACT 127)
  • 13. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 13 OF 74 FMA 1967 CONTROL ON MACHINES, WORKERS AND PLACE OF WORK: • MACHINERY REQUIRING CERTIFICATE OF FITNESS (FROM DOSH): – STEAM BOILERS – HOISTING EQUIPMENT – LIFTING EQUIPMENT – PRESSURE VESSELS
  • 14. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 14 OF 74 FMA 1967 • CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY FOR WORKERS: – DRIVERS: BOILER, STEAM ENGINE, INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE – ENGINEER: BOILER, STEAM ENGINE, INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE •CLASSIFICATION: FIRST OR SECOND GRADE ENGINEER, VISITING ENGINEER, OPERATOR – CRANE OPERATORS (MOBILE, TOWER) – SCAFFOLDER • PLACES OF WORK: MONITORING AND MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE
  • 15. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 15 OF 74 OSHA 1994 (ACT 514)
  • 16. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 16 OF 74 THE SCOPE OF OSHA 1994 ALL “PERSONS AT WORK” EXCEPT: THE ARMED FORCES (ARMY, NAVY AND AIR FORCE) WORKERS WORKING ON BOARD MERCHANT SHIPS
  • 17. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 17 OF 74 INDUSTRY INCLUDED ARE: • MANUFACTURING • MINING AND QUARRYING • CONSTRUCTION • AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHING • UTILITIES: ELECTRICITY, GAS, WATER AND SANITARY SERVICES • TRANSPORT, STORAGE AND COMMUNICATION • WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADES • HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS • FINANCE, INSURANCE, REAL ESTATE AND BUSINESS SERVICES • PUBLIC SERVICES AND STATUTORY AUTHORITIES OSHA 1994 – FIRST SCHEDULE
  • 18. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 18 OF 74 OBJECTIVES OF OSHA 1. To secure the safety and health of persons at work 2. To protect persons at a place of work other than employees 3. To promote an appropriate and suitable environment for persons at work 4. To enable previous legislation to be replaced by regulations and approved industry codes of practice operating in combination with the OSH Act 1994
  • 19. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 19 OF 74 PHILOSOPHY PHILOSOPHY THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR DOING SOMETHING ABOUT SAFETY AND HEALTH LIES WITH THOSE WHO CREATE THE RISKS AND THOSE WHO WORK WITH IT THE ACT EMPHASIZES ON: – SELF-REGULATION; – CONSULTATION; – WORKERS / EMPLOYERS COOPERATION; AND – PARTICIPATION
  • 20. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 20 OF 74 GUIDING PRINCIPLE GUIDING PRINCIPLE CERTAIN PARTS OF THE ACT ARE NOT ABSOLUTE IN NATURE, FOR EXAMPLE IN SECTION 15, DUTIES OF EMPLOYER, THE GUIDING PRINCIPLE IS “SO FAR AS IS PRACTICABLE…….” OTHER TERM USED – “AS LOW AS REASONABLY PRACTICABLE (ALARP)” – “AS LOW AS REASONABLY ACHIEVABLE (ALARA)”
  • 21. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 21 OF 74 GENERAL DUTIES OF EMPLOYEES (SECTION 24) •Reasonable care for safety and health of himself and others •Co-operate with employer and others •Wear and use PPE •Comply with instructions on OSH
  • 22. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 22 OF 74 DUTIES OF EMPLOYERS & SELF EMPLOYED PERSONS (Section 15) “So far as is practicable…….” •Provide and maintain safe plant and systems of works •Make arrangements for the safe use, operation, handling, storage and transportation of substance and plant
  • 23. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 23 OF 74 DUTIES OF EMPLOYERS & SELF EMPLOYED PERSONS (Section 15) • PROVIDE INFORMATION, INSTRUCTION, TRAINING, AND SUPERVISION – DUTIES OF EMPLOYER INFORMATION INSTRUCTION TRAINING SUPERVISION
  • 24. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 24 OF 74 DUTIES OF EMPLOYERS & SELF EMPLOYED PERSONS • Employer not to charge PPE on employees. (Section 26) • Employer / trade union not to discriminate (dismiss, injure or alter position) (Section 27) • To report accidents, dangerous occurrences, occupational poisonings and diseases (Section 32)
  • 25. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 25 OF 74 GENERAL DUTIES OF DESIGNERS, MANUFACTURERS AND SUPPLIERS So far as is practicable:- • To ensure plant / substance is designed and constructed to be safe and without risk to health when properly used • Arrange for carrying out testing and examination • Adequate information • For designers and manufacturers:- – arrange for research to eliminate or minimize hazards – Safe erection and installation
  • 26. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 26 OF 74 OSH REGULATIONS UNDER OSHA 1994 1. OSH (EMPLOYERS SAFETY AND HEALTH GENERAL POLICY STATEMENTS) (EXCEPTION) REGULATIONS 1995 2. OSH (CONTROL OF INDUSTRIAL MAJOR ACCIDENT HAZARDS) REGULATIONS 1996 3. OSH (SAFETY AND HEALTH COMMITTEE) REGULATIONS 1996 4. OSH (CLASSIFICATION, PACKAGING AND LABELLING OF HAZARDOUS’ CHEMICALS) REGULATIONS 1997 5. OSH (SAFETY AND HEALTH OFFICER) REGULATIONS 1997 6. OSH (USE AND STANDARDS OF EXPOSURE OF CHEMICALS HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH) REGULATIONS 2000 7. OSH (NOTIFICATION OF ACCIDENT, DANGEROUS OCCURRENCE, OCCUPATIONAL POISONING AND OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE) REGULATIONS 2004
  • 27. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 27 OF 74 GUIDELINES & CODES OF PRACTICE 1. Codes of Practice on Safe Working in a Confined Space 2. Codes of Practice on Prevention and Management of HIV / AIDS at Work Place 3. Code of Practice on Indoor Air Quality 1. Guidelines on First-Aids Facilities In the Workplace 2. Guidelines on Occupational Safety and Health In the Office 3. Guidelines on Occupational Safety & Health in Tunnel Construction 4. Assessment of the Health Risk Arising From the Use of Hazardous Chemicals in the Workplace 5. Guidelines for Classification of Hazardous Chemicals 6. Guidelines for Labeling of Hazardous Chemicals 7. Guidelines for Formulation Chemical Safety Data Sheet 8. Guidelines for the Preparation of a Chemical Register 9. Guidelines for the Registration of Assessors, Hygiene Technicians and Occupational Health Doctors
  • 28. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 28 OF 74 CONSEQUENCES OF NON-COMPLIANCE OF OSHA 1994 TO THE EMPLOYER (SECTION 15): •Penalty: RM 50,000 / 2 years jail or both TO THE EMPLOYEE (SECTION 24): •Penalty: RM1,000 / 3 months jail or both
  • 29. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 29 OF 74 ICEBERG THEORY – ACCIDENT COST DIRECT COST INDIRECT COST
  • 30. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 30 OF 74 C onfined Spaces Toxic waste Unsafe Acts Dust Electricity Rubbish Unsafe Conditions Unguarded Machinery Chemicals Tigers and Snakes at the Workplace... TigersTigers andand SnakesSnakes atat thethe WorkplaceWorkplace...... Noise
  • 31. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 31 OF 74 ACCIDENTS AT WORKPLACES
  • 32. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 32 OF 74
  • 33. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 33 OF 74
  • 34. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 34 OF 74
  • 35. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 35 OF 74
  • 36. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 36 OF 74
  • 37. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 37 OF 74
  • 38. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 38 OF 74
  • 39. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 39 OF 74
  • 40. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 40 OF 74
  • 41. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 41 OF 74
  • 42. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 42 OF 74
  • 43. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 43 OF 74
  • 44. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 44 OF 74
  • 45. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 45 OF 74
  • 46. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 46 OF 74
  • 47. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 47 OF 74
  • 48. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 48 OF 74 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION PURPOSE: • To establish the causes of the accidents • To establish proper control measures so that future accident can be prevented • To records all facts about the accident for various reasons (compensation, claims etc.) • To analyse trend and cost for long term planning
  • 49. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 49 OF 74 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION WHO SHOULD INVESTIGATE (UNDER THE ACT): •SUPERVISOR, •SAFETY & HEALTH OFFICER, •SAFETY & HEALTH COMMITTEE MEMBERS, •SPECIAL TEAM.
  • 50. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 50 OF 74 SAFETY INSPECTION OSH (SAFETY AND HEALTH COMMITTEE) REGULATIONS 1996 STIPULATED THAT SAFETY INSPECTION MUST BE CARRIED OUT AT THE PLACE OF WORK •WHO SHOULD DO IT: SAFETY COMMITTEE MEMBERS, SHO, SPECIAL INSPECTING TEAM •HOW: USE CHECKLIST SPECIFICALLY PREPARED FOR THE INSPECTION PURPOSE •FREQUENCY: AT LEAST ONCE IN THREE MONTHS •REPORT: MUST BE PREPARED AND SUBMITTED TO THE MANAGEMENT
  • 51. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 51 OF 74 DEFINITION OF… • Hazard: A source or a situation with a potential for harm in terms of – human injury or ill health, – damage to property, – damage to the environment or – a combination of these. (Source: MS1722 Part 1:2005) • Danger: Relative exposure to hazard eg high voltage, very toxicity, very dangerous etc
  • 52. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 52 OF 74 DEFINITION OF … • Risk: A combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event within specified period or in specified circumstances and the severity of injury or damage to the health of people, property, environment or any combination of these caused by the event.
  • 53. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 53 OF 74 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF OSH RISK MANAGEMENT 1. Integrate Risk Management as part of planning at all levels of business 2. Accept all risks (prioritize) 3. Make risk control decisions appropriately (depending on level of risk) 4. Accept risks when benefits outweigh costs 5. Manage the risk
  • 54. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 54 OF 74 BASIC COMPONENTS OF OSH RISK MANAGEMENT • Hazard Identification; • Risk Assessment; • Risk Control; and • Review.
  • 55. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 55 OF 74 SOURCES OF HAZARDS Man Unsafe acts Machinery Installation, layout and design of equipment Materials Substances such as chemicals and gases use in the workplace Method The way people carry out their work Media Workplace condition i.e. air quality, ventilation, lighting, noise, vibration etc.
  • 56. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 56 OF 74 CLASSIFICATION AND POTENTIAL SOURCES OF HAZARDS… Hazards Example of Potential Sources of Hazards Mechanical Pinch points, sharp points and edges, overload or force a tool beyond its capabilities and grinding wheel without guard Electrical Electrical cord insulation damaged, electrical face plate or cover broken or missing and fan cord insulation pulled loose Biological Exposed to airborne and blood borne viruses, bacteria and fungus
  • 57. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 57 OF 74 Hazards Example of Potential Sources of Hazards Chemical Exposed to carcinogens chemicals, sensitizers and corrosive chemicals. Ergonomics Repeated exposure to unnatural postures and unnatural movement, wrong design of workstation, tools and task. Psychosocial Stress, sexual harassment and violent at work. CLASSIFICATION AND POTENTIAL SOURCES OF HAZARDS…
  • 58. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 58 OF 74 MECHANICAL HAZARDS…
  • 59. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 59 OF 74 ELECTRICAL HAZARDS…
  • 60. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 60 OF 74 BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS…
  • 61. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 61 OF 74 CHEMICAL HAZARDS…
  • 62. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 62 OF 74 ERGONOMICS HAZARDS…
  • 63. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 63 OF 74 •Outstation PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARDS… •Drug abuse •Stress •Shift Work •Interpersonal relationship •Violence at work
  • 64. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 64 OF 74 SPOT THE HAZARDS • Your subtopic goes here
  • 65. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia 65 SPOT THE HAZARDS
  • 66. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 66 OF 74 • Risk Assessment: The process of evaluating the risk to safety and health arising from hazards at work. WHAT IS…
  • 67. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 67 OF 74 • Risk control is the process used to identify all practicable measures for eliminating or reducing the likelihood of injury, illness or disease in the workplace, to implement the measures and to continually review the measures in order to ensure their effectiveness. WHAT IS…
  • 68. 9/15/2008 Owned By NIOSH Malaysia SLIDE 68 OF 74