A Presentation By
Students of Towards the Light
Batch 3 (2010-2013)
Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam which
has been made obligatory on every
Allah says in the Qur’an:
َِو ّ َِ علَى النّ ّ ِ ح ِ البَيتِّ منِّ اسِ َطا ِ إلَي ِ س ً ِ ِ ومن كَِر
ت ع ّ ه َبيل ۚ َ َ َف
اس ّ ج
َ َ لِل
َِفَإّنَِ َِ غن ِ عنِّ العٰ لَمين
الِل َ ّى
“ And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage
to the House - for whoever is able to find thereto
a way. But whoever disbelieves - then indeed,
Allah is free from need of the worlds.”
َِوأَذ ّن فى النّ ّ ِ بالح ِ يَأتوكَِ ر ًِ وَِع ِٰ كُ ِ ضام ِ يَأتين
ّ جال َلى ل
َ ّ ّ اس ّ َ ج
ّ ل ج َميق
ِ من ك ُ ِ ف َ ِ ع
“And proclaim to mankind the Hajj
(pilgrimage). They will come to you on foot
and on every lean camel, they will come from
every deep and distant (wide) mountain
highway (to perform Hajj).”
The Messenger of Allah ( )صلي ُِ علي ِ وسلمsaid:
“Islam is built upon five [pillars]: the testimony that
there is no god but Allah and that Muhammed is the
Messenger of Allah; establishing regular prayer
(salaah); paying the zakaah; Hajj (pilgrimage) and
(Agreed upon; narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 8)
Abu Huraira ُ ِ )رضى ِ ُ عنsaid that the Prophet, ( ُ ِ صلي
,)علي ِ وسلمwas asked, "What action is the best?" He replied,
"Belief in Allah and His Messenger." He was asked, "Then
what?" and replied, "Jihad in the way of Allah." He was
asked, "And then what?" He replied, "An accepted Hajj."
Abu Huraira ُ ِ رضى ِ ُ عنsaid, "I heard the Messenger of
Allah, ( ,)صلي ِ ُ علي ِ وسلمsay, 'Whoever goes on Hajj for
Allah alone and does not have sexual intercourse or commit
any outrage will return as he was on the day his mother bore
him.'" [Agreed upon]
Faraid (Obligations) of Hajj
There are three faraid (obligations) of Hajj, without which the Hajj
1. To assume Ihraam: That is to form Niyyah (intention) to perform Hajj
and to recite Talbiyah (Labbaik in full).
2. Wuquuf at Arafaat: To stay at Arafat anytime, even if it be for a
moment, from after Zawaal (the moment after mid-day) of the 9th
Dhul Hijjah to the dawn of the 10th Dhul Hijjah. This is the Rukn ( an
indispensable part) of Hajj. To begin Wuquuf immediately after Zawaal is
3. Tawaaf e Ziyarah: It may be performed any time from the morning of
the 10th Dhul Hijjah till the sunset of the 12th Dhul Hijjah after
Wajibaat of Hajj
There are six wajibaat of Hajj:
1. Wuquuf at Muzdalifah: That is Qiyaam (to stay) at the appointed
time during the halt at Muzdalifah
2. Sa’ee (traversing seven times) between Safaa and Marwah: It is
Makruh (reprehensible) to delay Sa’ee till after the days
prescribed for Qurbani but no Jazaa will be due
3. Ramyul Jamar: Pelting at Jamaraat
4. To offer a sacrifice: It is due only on a Qarin or a Mutamatti.
5. Have the head shaved or hair cut short
6. Tawaaf alWada (FarewellTawaaf)
Forbidden acts in the state of Ihraam
Once the Ihraam is put on, neither the body nor the Ihraam
sheets should be scented
When one dies in the state of Ihraam, no scent should be applied
to him, nor his head placed inside the shroud.
A Muhrim woman shall not put a veil over her face during Hajj.
However if the need arises to conceal the face, she may use a
sheet of cloth and even if that touches her face there is no harm.
Wearing of gloves is not permitted for a Muhrim woman.
Forbidden acts in the state of Ihraam
To go hunting a land-based animal or slaughtering is prohibited
to a person in Ihraam.
While in Ihraam one can not even offer any assistance to a
person engaged in hunting.
If one who is not in Ihraam, has killed a game for himself and
later offers it to a Muhrim, he can partake of that animal food,
but if that game was meant for Muhrim only, then it is not lawful
for the Muhrim to eat that food. ( refer to Saheeh Muslim,The Book of Hajj,
chapter,“Land hunting is forbidden for Muhrim”)
Forbidden acts in the state of Ihraam
To have sexual relations with spouse in the state of Ihraam is
forbidden. Breach of it renders the Hajj invalid.
A person in Ihraam should abstain from an act or talk which is
sexually stimulating and should not commit any brawl or
A person when he is in Ihraam can neither marry nor can he
conduct the marriage of another. Nor can he even send a
proposal for marriage.
Reference: Chap. 15 Forbidden acts in the state of Ihram, The book of
Hajj and Umrah, compiled by Muhammad Iqbal Kailani
3 Types of Hajj
Depending on where the pilgrim lives, whether he intends
to performUmrah before Hajj or whether one wants to offer
an animal sacrifice, Hajj can be classified into three
Hajj e Ifrad
Hajj e Qiran
Hajj e Tamattu
Hajj e Tamattu
The word tamattu is from the word ‘matta’ which means ‘to
Hajj e Tamattu’ involves performing Umrah and then Hajj,
with one Ihraam for each.
This form of Hajj is considered the best of three forms of Hajj.
It is the one that the Prophet Muhammad ( ِ صلي ِ ُ علي
)وسلمurged his followers to perform and is the one adopted
by most pilgrims from overseas.
Steps for Hajj-e-Tammatu
· Performing the Umrah ,Tawaaf and Sa’ee
· Ihram for Hajj e Tamattu'
· Going to Mina from Makkah
· Going to Arafaat from Mina
· Going to Muzdalifah from Arafaat
· Proceeding to Mina from Muzdalifah
· Tawaaf ul Ifadha in the Holy City of Makkah
· Returning to Mina from Makkah
· Farewell Tawaaf in the Holy City of Makkah
· Departing for home
Ihram for men consists of two pieces of
One of the pieces: Izaar is used to cover
the body from just above the navel to the
Rida is draped around the shoulders to
cover the upper body.
Idtiba (leaving the right shoulder
exposed) is only practiced in Tawaaf-eQuddum. Note: While praying Salah
men should cover both shoulders.
Women are not supposed to wear any
Women are supposed to wear clothing
that conceals the shape and covers their
A Muhrim woman shall not put a veil
over her face. However, if the need arises
to conceal the face, she may use a sheet
of cloth and even if that touches her face
there is no harm.
Narrated Abdullah Bin Umar ُ ِ :رضى ِ ُ عنThe Messenger of
Allah ( )صلي ُِ علي ِ وسلمhas said, “A woman in Ihraa should
neither cover her face nor use any hand-covering.” (Tirmidhi)
Narrated Ayesha ( :)رضى ِ ُ عنهماWe were enroute Hajj and in
Ihraam alone with the Messenger of Allah ( ِ صلي ِ ُ علي
.)وسلمSeveral caravans used to pass by: when they came
too close facing us, we would lower down the piece of
cloth over our face and would pull it aside after they had
gone past. (Transmitted by Ahmad, Abu Dawood and
Ibn-e-Maja) – Muntaq ul Akhbar Vol 1, H No 2441
There are five places some distance from the Holy City of
Makkah which pilgrims must not cross before they are in a
state of Ihraam if they intend to enter al Masjid al Haram for
Umrah or Hajj.These points or stations are called Miqaat.
Narrated Ibn Abbas (ُ ِ :)رضى ِ ُ عنAllah's Apostle ( ُ ِ صلي
)علي ِ وسلمmade Dhu-l Hulayfa as the Miqaat for the people of
Madinah; Al-Juhfa for the people of Sham; Qarn al-Manaazil
for the people of Najd; and Yalamlam for the people of
Yemen; and these Mawaqeet are for the people at those very
places, and besides them for those who come through those
places with the intention of performing Hajj and 'Umrah; and
whoever is living within these boundaries can assume lhraam
from the place he starts, and the people of Makkah can
assume Ihraam from Makkah. [Bukhari & Muslim]
Dhu'l-Hulayfah: This miqaat is about 9
kilometers from Madinah and about 450
kilometers from Makkah. Dhu'l-Hulayfah is
the miqaat for those who live in Madinah and
for those who approach Makkah from that
Juhfah: This miqaat is about 190 kilometers
to the northwest of Makkah. This is the
miqaat for the people who come from the
direction of Syria.
Qarn al-Manaazil: This miqaat is a hilly
place about 90 kilometers to the east of
Makkah. This is the miqaat for the people of
Nejd or for those coming from that direction.
Dhat Irq: This miqaat is about 85 kilometers
towards the northeast side of Makkah. This is
the miqaat for the people of Iran, Iraq and for
those coming from that direction.
Yalamlam: This miqaat is a hilly area about 50
kilometers to the southeast of Makkah. This is the miqaat
for the people of Yemen and others coming from that
direction. It is the miqaat for many of the pilgrims from
China, Japan, India, Pakistan who come by ship
1. To put on Ihraam (two sheets) from Miqaat with one intention
for both Hajj and Umrah
Assuming Ihraam for both Hajj and Umrah together, the
intention for both is expressed as:
Narrated by Anas (ُ ِ )رضى ِ ُ عنI have heard Allah’s Messenger
( )صلي هللا عليه وسلمreciting Talbiya:
لبيك عمرة والحج
I am here for Hajj and Umrah (Muslim)
Ihraam for Hajj-e- Qiran :
Wearing Ihraam for both Umrah and Hajj without
coming out of the Ihraam
Hajj-e- Qiran – types and number of Tawaaf:
It is a tradition to take bath before assuming Ihraam
Narrated by Zaid bin Thabit ( ُ ِ رضى ِ ُ عنThe Prophet
( )صلي هللا عليه وسلمtook steps to take bath for the
purpose of wearing Ihraam (Tirmidhi)
Before putting on Ihram body may be scented. It is a
Narrated Ayesha ( “ :)رضى ِ ُ عنهماI used to apply the
best of perfumes to the body of the Messenger of Allah
صلي هللا عليه وسلمbefore He assumed Ihraam” (Muslim)
Perform Umrah on reaching Makkah, but neither to shave
the head or shorten the hair, nor to untie the Ihraam after
it. Instead, to remain in Ihraam and wait for the Hajj days.
To reach Mina before the Zuhr prayer on the 8th of Zil-Hijj,
uttering Talbiyah; to offer three prayers of Zuhr, Asr,
Maghrib and Isha (qasr with congregation) and to offer Fajr
prayer on 9th of Zil-Hijj.
Talbiyah should be made in a loud voice
And the one saying the talbiyyah is ORDERED to raise his voice
with it, as the Prophet صلي هللا عليه وسلمsaid: Jibreel came to me
and asked me to tell my companions to raise their voices with
Ihlal (i.e.Talbiyah). [Ahmed andTirmidhi]
And he said: "the best Hajj is shouting out. Therefore the
companions of the Prophet صلي هللا عليه وسلمwhen they entered
into ihraam, by the time they reached `Ar-Rauhaa' their voices had
Making Talbiyah in a low voice is against the Sunnah of the
Prophet .صلي هللا عليه وسلمIt should be recited aloud.
Repeating the Talbiyah after a "guide" is also against the
Sunnah. The Companions of the Prophet صلي هللا عليه وسلمused
to recite it individually
The majority of scholars say that a woman should make
Talbiyah in a low voice.
Leave for Arafaat from Mina after sunrise on the 9th of Zil-Hijj,
reciting Takbir, Talbiyah
Fasting is prohibited on the day of Arafaat. (for pilgrims)
Before entering the plain of Arafaat, preferably to halt in the
valley of Nimra, listen to the sermon of the Imam of Hajj at
noon time and then offer two rakat each Zuhr and Asr prayers
shortening and combining them under one Azaan and two
Iqamah in congregation
(There is no harm if somebody cannot enter the valley of
Nimra due to overcrowding and enters straight in the plain of
After the prayers one is to enter the plain of Arafaat near the
foot of the mountain of Rahmat or wherever one finds place.
Stand with face towards Kaabah hands raised, meditating,
remembering Allah ( , )سبحانه وتعالىasking for mercy and
• After sunset
with dignity and
After reaching Muzdalifah, a pilgrim is supposed to offer
Maghrib and Isha shortening and combining the two prayers
with one Azaan and two Iqamah.
To sleep well at Muzdalifa and to advance a bit the Fajr prayer
on the 10th of Zil-Hijja.
After Fajr prayer, one should supplicate earnestly till the
sunlight has spread sufficiently.
Before the sun rises fully, one should leave for Mina solemnly
reciting Talbiyah. To walk quickly through the valley of
‘Muhhsar’ on the way.
After reaching Mina, you have to throw seven pebbles at the
Big Jamarah only and before that you cease to recite Talbiyah.
After throwing pebbles at the Big Jamarah, one should give
sacrifice and partake its meat.
For those who perform Hajj-e-Qiran, sacrifice is compulsory.
A person who cannot offer sacrifice, should keep fasts for ten
For a person who puts on Ihram for Hajj-e-Qiran, it is
traditional to take the animal of sacrifice with him.
For the Qarin (one who performs Hajj-e-Qiran) there are
three tawaaf i.e. one for Umrah, second for Hajj, and third
For the Qarin, there are two Sa’ees ( the run between Safaa
and Marwa) i.e. one for Umrah and the other for Hajj.
The mufrid then leaves for mina before zuhr prayer.
Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha are offered in mina then the next day
after fajr the mufrid leaves for Arafaat.
Zuhr and Asr are prayed in Arafaat. Maghrib is delayed and after
sunset the mufrid proceeds to Muzdalifah.
The night in Muzdalifah is spent while picking up 49 pebbles for
the stoning of Shaitan.
After staying overnight in Muzdalifah, the mufrid reads his Fajr
prayer and leaves for Mina.
In mina Jamaraat (stoning of Shaitan) is done.
Next the Men may shave their hair while the women cut a lock of
their hair. Now the Ihraam will be removed.
After the removal of Ihraam the mufrid goes to Masjid Al Haraam.
He makes tawaaf (circumambulation of the Kaabah seven times),
This is Tawaf-e-Ifaada, one of the obligations of Hajj.
After praying two final rakats nafl at the Maqam-e-Ibrahim (station
of Ibrahim), now the Hajj-e-ifraad is complete.
Spirit of Hajj
Reminder of our death.
The book of Hajj and Umrah, compiled by Muhammad Iqbal Kailani
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