Hajj presentation TTL


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Hajj presentation TTL

  1. 1. A Presentation By Students of Towards the Light Batch 3 (2010-2013) Alhuda Karachi
  2. 2. Hajj Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam which has been made obligatory on every Muslim.
  3. 3. Allah says in the Qur’an: َِ‫و ّ َِ علَى النّ ّ ِ ح ِ البَيتِّ منِّ اسِ َطا ِ إلَي ِ س ً ِ ِ ومن كَِر‬ ‫ت ع ّ ه َبيل ۚ َ َ َف‬ ‫اس ّ ج‬ ّ ّ َ َ ‫َ لِل‬ َ َِ‫فَإّنَِ َِ غن ِ عنِّ العٰ لَمين‬ ‫الِل َ ّى‬ َ “ And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House - for whoever is able to find thereto a way. But whoever disbelieves - then indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds.” (Surah Ale-Imran:97)
  4. 4. ّ َِ‫وأَذ ّن فى النّ ّ ِ بالح ِ يَأتوكَِ ر ًِ وَِع ِٰ كُ ِ ضام ِ يَأتين‬ ‫ّر‬ ‫ّ جال َلى ل‬ ‫َ ّ ّ اس ّ َ ج‬ ّّ ‫ّ ل ج َميق‬ ِ ‫من ك ُ ِ ف َ ِ ع‬ ّ ّ “And proclaim to mankind the Hajj (pilgrimage). They will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, they will come from every deep and distant (wide) mountain highway (to perform Hajj).” (Surah Al-Hajj:27)
  5. 5. The Messenger of Allah (‫ )صلي ُِ علي ِ وسلم‬said: ‫للا ه‬ ّ “Islam is built upon five [pillars]: the testimony that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammed is the Messenger of Allah; establishing regular prayer (salaah); paying the zakaah; Hajj (pilgrimage) and fasting Ramadan.” (Agreed upon; narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 8)
  6. 6. Abu Huraira ُ ِ ‫)رضى ِ ُ عن‬said that the Prophet, ( ُ ِ ‫صلي‬ ‫للا ه‬ ‫للا‬ ‫ ,)علي ِ وسلم‬was asked, "What action is the best?" He replied, ‫ه‬ ّ "Belief in Allah and His Messenger." He was asked, "Then what?" and replied, "Jihad in the way of Allah." He was asked, "And then what?" He replied, "An accepted Hajj." [Agreed upon] Abu Huraira ُ ِ ‫رضى ِ ُ عن‬said, "I heard the Messenger of ‫للا ه‬ Allah, (‫ ,)صلي ِ ُ علي ِ وسلم‬say, 'Whoever goes on Hajj for ‫للا ه‬ ّ Allah alone and does not have sexual intercourse or commit any outrage will return as he was on the day his mother bore him.'" [Agreed upon]
  7. 7. Faraid (Obligations) of Hajj There are three faraid (obligations) of Hajj, without which the Hajj remains incomplete. 1. To assume Ihraam: That is to form Niyyah (intention) to perform Hajj and to recite Talbiyah (Labbaik in full). 2. Wuquuf at Arafaat: To stay at Arafat anytime, even if it be for a moment, from after Zawaal (the moment after mid-day) of the 9th Dhul Hijjah to the dawn of the 10th Dhul Hijjah. This is the Rukn ( an indispensable part) of Hajj. To begin Wuquuf immediately after Zawaal is a Sunnah. 3. Tawaaf e Ziyarah: It may be performed any time from the morning of the 10th Dhul Hijjah till the sunset of the 12th Dhul Hijjah after ritual shaving.
  8. 8. Wajibaat of Hajj There are six wajibaat of Hajj: 1. Wuquuf at Muzdalifah: That is Qiyaam (to stay) at the appointed time during the halt at Muzdalifah 2. Sa’ee (traversing seven times) between Safaa and Marwah: It is Makruh (reprehensible) to delay Sa’ee till after the days prescribed for Qurbani but no Jazaa will be due 3. Ramyul Jamar: Pelting at Jamaraat 4. To offer a sacrifice: It is due only on a Qarin or a Mutamatti. 5. Have the head shaved or hair cut short 6. Tawaaf alWada (FarewellTawaaf)
  9. 9. Forbidden acts in the state of Ihraam  Once the Ihraam is put on, neither the body nor the Ihraam sheets should be scented  When one dies in the state of Ihraam, no scent should be applied to him, nor his head placed inside the shroud.  A Muhrim woman shall not put a veil over her face during Hajj. However if the need arises to conceal the face, she may use a sheet of cloth and even if that touches her face there is no harm.  Wearing of gloves is not permitted for a Muhrim woman.
  10. 10. Forbidden acts in the state of Ihraam  To go hunting a land-based animal or slaughtering is prohibited to a person in Ihraam.  While in Ihraam one can not even offer any assistance to a person engaged in hunting.  If one who is not in Ihraam, has killed a game for himself and later offers it to a Muhrim, he can partake of that animal food, but if that game was meant for Muhrim only, then it is not lawful for the Muhrim to eat that food. ( refer to Saheeh Muslim,The Book of Hajj, chapter,“Land hunting is forbidden for Muhrim”)
  11. 11. Forbidden acts in the state of Ihraam  To have sexual relations with spouse in the state of Ihraam is forbidden. Breach of it renders the Hajj invalid.  A person in Ihraam should abstain from an act or talk which is sexually stimulating and should not commit any brawl or wrangling.  A person when he is in Ihraam can neither marry nor can he conduct the marriage of another. Nor can he even send a proposal for marriage. Reference: Chap. 15 Forbidden acts in the state of Ihram, The book of Hajj and Umrah, compiled by Muhammad Iqbal Kailani
  12. 12. 3 Types of Hajj  Depending on where the pilgrim lives, whether he intends to performUmrah before Hajj or whether one wants to offer an animal sacrifice, Hajj can be classified into three categories:  Hajj e Ifrad  Hajj e Qiran  Hajj e Tamattu
  13. 13. Hajj e Tamattu
  14. 14. Hajj e Tamattu  The word tamattu is from the word ‘matta’ which means ‘to reap profit’  Hajj e Tamattu’ involves performing Umrah and then Hajj, with one Ihraam for each. This form of Hajj is considered the best of three forms of Hajj. It is the one that the Prophet Muhammad ( ِ ‫صلي ِ ُ علي‬ ‫للا ه‬ ّ ‫ )وسلم‬urged his followers to perform and is the one adopted by most pilgrims from overseas.
  15. 15. Steps for Hajj-e-Tammatu            Ihraam · Performing the Umrah ,Tawaaf and Sa’ee · Ihram for Hajj e Tamattu' · Going to Mina from Makkah · Going to Arafaat from Mina · Going to Muzdalifah from Arafaat · Proceeding to Mina from Muzdalifah · Tawaaf ul Ifadha in the Holy City of Makkah · Returning to Mina from Makkah · Farewell Tawaaf in the Holy City of Makkah · Departing for home
  16. 16. Men’s Ihraam  Ihram for men consists of two pieces of unsewn cloth.  One of the pieces: Izaar is used to cover the body from just above the navel to the knees.  Rida is draped around the shoulders to cover the upper body.  Idtiba (leaving the right shoulder exposed) is only practiced in Tawaaf-eQuddum. Note: While praying Salah men should cover both shoulders.
  17. 17. Women’s Ihraam  Women are not supposed to wear any special clothing.  Women are supposed to wear clothing that conceals the shape and covers their bodies.  A Muhrim woman shall not put a veil over her face. However, if the need arises to conceal the face, she may use a sheet of cloth and even if that touches her face there is no harm.
  18. 18. Women’s Ihraam  Narrated Abdullah Bin Umar ُ ِ ‫ :رضى ِ ُ عن‬The Messenger of ‫للا ه‬ Allah (‫ )صلي ُِ علي ِ وسلم‬has said, “A woman in Ihraa should ‫للا ه‬ ّ neither cover her face nor use any hand-covering.” (Tirmidhi)  Narrated Ayesha (‫ :)رضى ِ ُ عنهما‬We were enroute Hajj and in ‫للا‬ Ihraam alone with the Messenger of Allah ( ِ ‫صلي ِ ُ علي‬ ‫للا ه‬ ّ ‫ .)وسلم‬Several caravans used to pass by: when they came too close facing us, we would lower down the piece of cloth over our face and would pull it aside after they had gone past. (Transmitted by Ahmad, Abu Dawood and Ibn-e-Maja) – Muntaq ul Akhbar Vol 1, H No 2441
  19. 19. Miqaat  There are five places some distance from the Holy City of Makkah which pilgrims must not cross before they are in a state of Ihraam if they intend to enter al Masjid al Haram for Umrah or Hajj.These points or stations are called Miqaat.
  20. 20.  Narrated Ibn Abbas (ُ ِ ‫ :)رضى ِ ُ عن‬Allah's Apostle ( ُ ِ ‫صلي‬ ‫للا ه‬ ‫للا‬ ‫ )علي ِ وسلم‬made Dhu-l Hulayfa as the Miqaat for the people of ‫ه‬ ّ Madinah; Al-Juhfa for the people of Sham; Qarn al-Manaazil for the people of Najd; and Yalamlam for the people of Yemen; and these Mawaqeet are for the people at those very places, and besides them for those who come through those places with the intention of performing Hajj and 'Umrah; and whoever is living within these boundaries can assume lhraam from the place he starts, and the people of Makkah can assume Ihraam from Makkah. [Bukhari & Muslim]
  21. 21. MAWAQEET Dhu'l-Hulayfah: This miqaat is about 9 kilometers from Madinah and about 450 kilometers from Makkah. Dhu'l-Hulayfah is the miqaat for those who live in Madinah and for those who approach Makkah from that direction. Juhfah: This miqaat is about 190 kilometers to the northwest of Makkah. This is the miqaat for the people who come from the direction of Syria. Qarn al-Manaazil: This miqaat is a hilly place about 90 kilometers to the east of Makkah. This is the miqaat for the people of Nejd or for those coming from that direction. Dhat Irq: This miqaat is about 85 kilometers towards the northeast side of Makkah. This is the miqaat for the people of Iran, Iraq and for those coming from that direction. Yalamlam: This miqaat is a hilly area about 50 kilometers to the southeast of Makkah. This is the miqaat for the people of Yemen and others coming from that direction. It is the miqaat for many of the pilgrims from China, Japan, India, Pakistan who come by ship
  22. 22. Mina
  23. 23. Arafaat
  24. 24. Muzdalifah
  25. 25. HAJJ-E-QIRAN
  26. 26. Method 1. To put on Ihraam (two sheets) from Miqaat with one intention for both Hajj and Umrah Assuming Ihraam for both Hajj and Umrah together, the intention for both is expressed as: Narrated by Anas (ُ ِ ‫ )رضى ِ ُ عن‬I have heard Allah’s Messenger ‫للا ه‬ (‫ )صلي هللا عليه وسلم‬reciting Talbiya: ‫لبيك عمرة والحج‬ I am here for Hajj and Umrah (Muslim)
  27. 27.  Ihraam for Hajj-e- Qiran : Wearing Ihraam for both Umrah and Hajj without coming out of the Ihraam  Hajj-e- Qiran – types and number of Tawaaf:  Three Tawaaf Tawaaf-e-Umrah Tawaaf-e- Ziyarah Tawaaf-e-Wada
  28. 28.  It is a tradition to take bath before assuming Ihraam Narrated by Zaid bin Thabit ( ُ ِ ‫رضى ِ ُ عن‬The Prophet ‫للا ه‬ (‫ )صلي هللا عليه وسلم‬took steps to take bath for the purpose of wearing Ihraam (Tirmidhi)  Before putting on Ihram body may be scented. It is a tradition. Narrated Ayesha (‫ “ :)رضى ِ ُ عنهما‬I used to apply the ‫للا‬ best of perfumes to the body of the Messenger of Allah ‫ صلي هللا عليه وسلم‬before He assumed Ihraam” (Muslim)
  29. 29.  Perform Umrah on reaching Makkah, but neither to shave the head or shorten the hair, nor to untie the Ihraam after it. Instead, to remain in Ihraam and wait for the Hajj days.  To reach Mina before the Zuhr prayer on the 8th of Zil-Hijj, uttering Talbiyah; to offer three prayers of Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha (qasr with congregation) and to offer Fajr prayer on 9th of Zil-Hijj.
  30. 30. Talbiyah  Talbiyah should be made in a loud voice  And the one saying the talbiyyah is ORDERED to raise his voice with it, as the Prophet ‫ صلي هللا عليه وسلم‬said: Jibreel came to me and asked me to tell my companions to raise their voices with Ihlal (i.e.Talbiyah). [Ahmed andTirmidhi]  And he said: "the best Hajj is shouting out. Therefore the companions of the Prophet ‫ صلي هللا عليه وسلم‬when they entered into ihraam, by the time they reached `Ar-Rauhaa' their voices had tired out.  Making Talbiyah in a low voice is against the Sunnah of the Prophet ‫ .صلي هللا عليه وسلم‬It should be recited aloud.
  31. 31.  Repeating the Talbiyah after a "guide" is also against the Sunnah. The Companions of the Prophet ‫ صلي هللا عليه وسلم‬used to recite it individually  The majority of scholars say that a woman should make Talbiyah in a low voice.
  32. 32. Mina
  33. 33.    Leave for Arafaat from Mina after sunrise on the 9th of Zil-Hijj, reciting Takbir, Talbiyah Fasting is prohibited on the day of Arafaat. (for pilgrims) Before entering the plain of Arafaat, preferably to halt in the valley of Nimra, listen to the sermon of the Imam of Hajj at noon time and then offer two rakat each Zuhr and Asr prayers shortening and combining them under one Azaan and two Iqamah in congregation (There is no harm if somebody cannot enter the valley of Nimra due to overcrowding and enters straight in the plain of Arafaat.)
  34. 34. Arafaat Jabl-e-Rahmat
  35. 35. Arafaat Jabl-e-Rahmat  After the prayers one is to enter the plain of Arafaat near the foot of the mountain of Rahmat or wherever one finds place.  Stand with face towards Kaabah hands raised, meditating, remembering Allah ( ‫ , )سبحانه وتعالى‬asking for mercy and forgiveness.
  36. 36. Pilgrims at Arafaat
  37. 37. • After sunset without praying Maghrib depart for Muzdalifah with dignity and reciting Talbiyah.
  38. 38.  After reaching Muzdalifah, a pilgrim is supposed to offer Maghrib and Isha shortening and combining the two prayers with one Azaan and two Iqamah.  To sleep well at Muzdalifa and to advance a bit the Fajr prayer on the 10th of Zil-Hijja.  After Fajr prayer, one should supplicate earnestly till the sunlight has spread sufficiently.
  39. 39.  Before the sun rises fully, one should leave for Mina solemnly reciting Talbiyah. To walk quickly through the valley of ‘Muhhsar’ on the way.  After reaching Mina, you have to throw seven pebbles at the Big Jamarah only and before that you cease to recite Talbiyah.  After throwing pebbles at the Big Jamarah, one should give sacrifice and partake its meat.
  40. 40. Jamaraat-ul-Aqba
  41. 41.  For those who perform Hajj-e-Qiran, sacrifice is compulsory.  A person who cannot offer sacrifice, should keep fasts for ten days.  For a person who puts on Ihram for Hajj-e-Qiran, it is traditional to take the animal of sacrifice with him.  For the Qarin (one who performs Hajj-e-Qiran) there are three tawaaf i.e. one for Umrah, second for Hajj, and third for Wada  For the Qarin, there are two Sa’ees ( the run between Safaa and Marwa) i.e. one for Umrah and the other for Hajj.
  42. 42. Hajj-e-Ifraad
  43. 43.  The mufrid then leaves for mina before zuhr prayer.  Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha are offered in mina then the next day after fajr the mufrid leaves for Arafaat.  Zuhr and Asr are prayed in Arafaat. Maghrib is delayed and after sunset the mufrid proceeds to Muzdalifah.  The night in Muzdalifah is spent while picking up 49 pebbles for the stoning of Shaitan.
  44. 44.  After staying overnight in Muzdalifah, the mufrid reads his Fajr prayer and leaves for Mina.  In mina Jamaraat (stoning of Shaitan) is done.  Next the Men may shave their hair while the women cut a lock of their hair. Now the Ihraam will be removed.
  45. 45.  After the removal of Ihraam the mufrid goes to Masjid Al Haraam. He makes tawaaf (circumambulation of the Kaabah seven times), This is Tawaf-e-Ifaada, one of the obligations of Hajj.  After praying two final rakats nafl at the Maqam-e-Ibrahim (station of Ibrahim), now the Hajj-e-ifraad is complete.
  46. 46. Spirit of Hajj  Taqwa-Allah consciousness  Reminder of our death.  Humility  Character molded  Patience
  47. 47. Reference The book of Hajj and Umrah, compiled by Muhammad Iqbal Kailani