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Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung
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Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular - Samsung

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Howard Benn …

Howard Benn
Head of Standards and Industrial Affairs
Samsung R&D Institute UK
Jan 2014

Published in: Technology, Business
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  • 1. Vision and Key Features for 5th Generation (5G) Cellular Jan 2014 Howard Benn Head of Standards and Industrial Affairs Samsung R&D Institute UK
  • 2. Intro to Samsung in the UK Samsung Electronics has made the UK it’s base for European 5G research SRUK - Established in 1991 in the UK, ~170 staff - Based in Staines upon Thames - Branches in Finland (newly established), Netherlands Founding member of the 5GIC - UK-government backed centre for collaborative R&D in 5G, led by University of Surrey’s Communications Research Centre (Flagship Project) Prof. Rahim Tafazolli - GBP 15 million UK government funding - GBP 20 million funding from industry - Samsung is a founding member Hub for European research - Samsung member of Net!Works - Actively contributing to the Horizon 2020 program through the 5G PPP 2 m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 3. 3 m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 © 5G Vision
  • 4. 5G Service Vision Wearable/Flexible Mobile Device Mobile Cloud UHD Video Streaming Smart Map/Navigation Real-Time Interactive Game 4 Ubiquitous Health Care m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 5. 5 3 1 n a J li t n u e ci v r e s ETL rof ”nalp atad detimilnu“ edivorp ton did srotarepO : etoN m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 © 0 9.0 1.1 G3 ETL 3.1G B y 5.1 t e / M 7.1 o n t h 9.1 1.2 3.2 P e t 02 a b y t 04 e / m 06 o n t h 08 Total Korean mobile data Average data usage per subscriber 0 1 / 0 6 / 2 0 1 3 0 1 / 0 4 / 2 0 1 3 0 1 / 0 2 / 2 0 1 3 0 1 / 1 2 / 2 0 1 2 0 1 / 1 0 / 2 0 1 2 0 1 / 0 8 / 2 0 1 2 0 1 / 0 6 / 2 0 1 2 0 1 / 0 4 / 2 0 1 2 0 1 / 0 2 / 2 0 1 2 0 1 / 1 2 / 2 0 1 1 ETL 964,399,32 150,649,53 299,341,45 sbuS 0 01 Mi 02 oill n s enohptramS 3. 4 4 4. 6 6 e g at n e cr e P r e bi r c s b u S E T L r e bi r c s b u S e n o h p t r a m S r e bi r c s b u S eli b o M 03 04 Korean smartphone growth Mobile Traffic Explosion in Korean Market (July 2013)
  • 6. 5G Key Performance Targets Providing Gigabit Experience to Users Anywhere 5G Performances Peak Data Rate > 50 Gbps 4G BS Locations QoE )2 spbG Cell Edge 8 1‘ 6 G ssppbbG )1 spbG 1 )2 0 1‘ spb M 57 7 0‘ 0 0‘ 41 spbK 483 )1spbM spbG spbG )2 Theoretical Peak Data Rate 50 50 ) )11 05 1 1) More than x50 over 4G Anywhere 1 Gbps Year 2) Data Rate of First Commercial Products 5G Latency < 1 msec BS Locations QoE s m 01 A Tenth of 4G Latency Uniform Experience Regardless of Location sm 1 Latency 6 m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 7. Technical Limit of Current LTE-Adv Fundamental restriction to increase performance of current IMT - Limit in expanding bandwidth: Carrier aggregation degrades system performance - Limit in increasing the number of antenna Multiple simultaneous Rx/Tx Chains at MS Switch loss (1dB per switch) Power amplifier & antenna inefficiency Impact of the number of antenna in current mobile form-factor 1.56 bps/Hz 6.27 bps/Hz (2 Antenna) (32Antenna) 9.43 bps/Hz (64 Antenna) 2 1.51 0.029 32Hx1V, (0.5λ) 1 6.27 0.252 64Hx1V, (0.5λ) 3GPP TR 36.912 v.10.0.0 Figure 11.3.2-1 Edge throughput (bps/Hz) 2Hx1V, (0.5λ) TX Structure for Inter-band CA UE Rx Avg. throughput (bps/Hz) 1 9.43 0.446 BS antenna (H x V) ※ Practical limitation in the implementation of MIMO - Isolation distance: 5 cm @ 3GHz - Size for 32 Antenna (1 dimension): 170 cm @ 3GHz 7 Challenges of Carrier Aggregation ※ m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 8. 8 m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 © 5G Key Enabling Technologies
  • 9. 5G Key Enabling Technologies (1/2) Disruptive Technologies for Significant Performance Enhancement mmWave System Tech. • Fixed 1 Gbps • Mobile 100 Mbps • Fixed >50 Gbps • Mobile 5 Gbps Adv. Small Cell Previous virtual cell No cell boundary Frequency band 4G frequencies New higher frequencies Adv. Coding & Modulation Updated user-centric virtual cell Device-to-Device (D2D) Non-orthogonal Multiple Access Time/Frequency/Space Orthogonal Multiple Access Filter-bank Multi-carrier Enhancing areal spectral efficiency 9 Time/Frequency/Space m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 10. 5G Key Enabling Technologies (1/2) Disruptive Technologies for Significant Performance Enhancement mmWave System Tech. • Fixed 1 Gbps • Mobile 100 Mbps • Fixed >50 Gbps • Mobile 5 Gbps Adv. Small Cell Previous virtual cell No cell boundary Frequency band 4G frequencies New higher frequencies Adv. Coding & Modulation Updated user-centric virtual cell Device-to-Device (D2D) Non-orthogonal Multiple Access Time/Frequency/Space Orthogonal Multiple Access Filter-bank Multi-carrier Enhancing areal spectral efficiency 01 Time/Frequency/Space m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 11. 5G Key Enabling Technologies (2/2) Disruptive Technologies for Significant Performance Enhancement Enhanced Flat NW IWK/Integration w/ Wi-Fi Adv. MIMO/BF Interference Management Half-wavelength Large scale Multi-antenna Interference alignment 11 . m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 12. 21 m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 © mmWave Channel Propagation & Measurements
  • 13. Spectrum Candidates Candidates for Large Chunks of Contiguous Spectrum - 13.4~14 GHz, 18.1~18.6 GHz, 27~29.5 GHz, 38~39.5 GHz, etc. Higher Frequency Candidates MS FS FSS MS FS FSS MS FS FSS 27.5 29.5 31.3 26.5 13.4 14 18.1 18.6 33.8 29.5 31.3 27 29.5 . 41 40.2 38 42.5 42.5 39.5 Current Usage US: LMDS, FSS EU: Fixed P-P link , FSS earth sta. China: Mobile, FSS Korea : Marine time use FSS (Fixed Satellite Service) P-P (Point to Point) 40 33.4 Current Usage EESS (Earth Exploration-Satellite Service) MS (Mobile Service) FS (Fixed Service) 38.6 US: Fixed P-P system EU: Fixed P-P link Korea : None MOBILE Primary No MOBILE RL (RadioLocation service), LMDS (Local Multipoint Distribution Services) 31 ITU EESS FSS RL m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 14. Friis’ Equation in Free Space (or why my TV aerial is big) Measurement of Path-loss Same Size of Rx Aperture Captures Same Rx Power Regardless of Frequency Distance [m] Path-loss (dB) Distance (m) 60 mm Patch Antenna @ 3 GHz 60 mm 60 mm Array Antenna @ 30 GHz 60 mm 41 . m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 15. Precipitation Loss (what happens if it rains really hard) Rain Attenuation at 28GHz is Approx. 4 dB at 200 m even in 110 mm/hr Intensity Precipitation Loss 100-year recurrence 1-hour rain intensity is approx. 110 mm/hr (Seoul, Korea) 100-year recurrence 1-hour rain intensity is approx. 70 ~ 127 mm/hr (US Eastern) 100 Year Recurrence 1-hour Rain Intensity (US Eastern) New York : 69.85 mm/hr Washington : 76.2 mm/hr Florida : 127 mm/hr [Attenuation due to Rain] [Ref.] http://www.nws.noaa.gov/ohd/hdsc/On-line_reports/ [Ref.] M. Marcus and B. Pattan. Millimeter wave propagation: spectrum management implications. IEEE Microwave Magazine, June 2005. 51 m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 16. Does it go through trees Loss in Dense Foliage Is Non-Negligible, But Other Paths Are Expected in Urban Environments Foliage Loss 28 GHz shows additional 3.3 dB loss for 2 m foliage and 8.6 dB for 10 m foliage compared to 2.8GHz - In urban environments, other reflection paths are highly expected from surroundings Empirical relationship for loss : L foliage = 0.2 f 0.3 D 0.6 dB where f : frequency in MHz, D : depth of foliage transverse in meters (D < 400 m) [Ref.] M. Marcus and B. Pattan. Millimeter wave propagation: spectrum management implications. IEEE Microwave Magazine, June 2005. 61 . m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 17. Chassis / Hand / Power Absorption Effect of Chassis/Hand/Head Could Be Compensated with Beamsteering Array High Frequency Beamforming Reduces Power Penetration/Absorption through Skin Chassis / Hand-held Effect Chassis/hand impact on gain and pattern Power Absorption Low penetration and absorption due to high frequency beamforming 1.9 GHz Omni-Antenna w/o head Various antenna locations and BF patterns can overcome these effects w/ head 28 GHz Beamforming ① Endfire Beamforming ② ② ① ② g / W m 1 1. 2 = X A M , 6 1 0. 0 = e g a r e v A , m m 3 = h t p e d n oi t a r t e n e P ② g / W m 0 9 = X A M , 5 1. 0 = e g a r e v A , m m 3 = h t p e d n oi t a r t e n e P ① Broadside Beamforming ① 71 Package g / W m 1 = X A M , 9 2. 0 = e g a r e v A , m m 5 4 ~ 0 4 = h t p e d n oi t a r t e n e P Bare PCB m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 18. Channel Measurement – Sub-Urban Similar Path-loss Exponent & Smaller Delay Spread Measured (w.r.t current cellular bands) Measurements were made by using horn-type antennas at 28 GHz and 38 GHz in 2011 Samsung Campus, Korea UT Austin Campus, US LOS 2.22 4.0 11.4 Path Loss Exponent Median RMS Delay Spread [ns] 99% NLOS 3.69 34.2 168.7 Tx (10o) Rx (60o) 28 GHz Path Loss Exponent Median RMS Delay Spread [ns] 99% XT , ni t s u A t a s a x e T f o y ti s r e vi n U - LOS 2.21 1.9 13.7 NLOS 3.18 15.5 166 Rx (49o) Tx (7.8o) [ReceivedforPower] Received power 10->60 37.6 GHz [Received Power] 0 LOS n=2.22, s=4.18dB NLOS-best n=3.69, s=3.58dB NLOS-all n=4.20, s=7.38dB -10 Received power [dBm] -20 -30 -40 -50 -60 -70 5 1 2 10 10 Distance [m] 81 * Reference : Prof. Ted Rappaport, UT Austin, 2011 m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 19. Channel Measurement – Dense Urban Slightly Higher But Comparable Path Loss Measured in New York City in 2012 Reference : Prof. Ted Rappaport, NYU, 2012 - T. S. Rappaport et.al. “Millimeter Wave Mobile Communications for 5G Cellular: It Will Work!”, IEEE Access Journal, May 2013 Tx (10o) Path Loss Exponent Delay Spread [ns] LOS NLOS 1.68 4.58 Expected to be larger than the previous, But to be still smaller than current bands [New York, Manhattan – NY University] Rx (10o) 28GHz [Path Loss] 91 New York, Manhattan, US • m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 20. 02 m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 © mmWave BF Prototype & Test Results
  • 21. mmWave BF Prototype Overview World’s First mmWave Mobile Technology - millimeter-wave frequency bands for outdoor cellular mmWave BF Prototype Base Station 27.925 GHz Bandwidth 500 MHz Max. Tx Power 37 dBm Beam width (Half Power) Adaptive array transceiver technology operating in the Carrier Frequency 10o Mobile Station 66 mm Downlink Tx 44 mm 8x8 (=64) Antenna Elements 51 mm Array Antenna 66 mm Uplink Tx Array Antenna RF + Array Antenna RF + Array Antenna Baseband Modem 12 Baseband Modem DM (Diagnostic Monitor ) m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 22. Test Results of mmWave BF Prototype Performance Tests of mmWave OFDM Prototype - OFDM system parameters designed for mmWave bands - Indoor & outdoor measurements performed for data rates and transmission ranges System Parameters & Test Results PARAMETER VALUE Carrier Frequency 27.925 GHz Bandwidth 500 MHz Duplexing TDD Array Antenna Size LDPC Data Rates REMARKS 1,056Mbps 528Mbps 10o Channel Coding Supported VALUE 8x8 (64 elements) 8x4 (32 elements) Beam-width (Half Power) PARAMETER Max Tx Range 264Mbps Up to 2km @ LoS >10 dB Tx power headroom Full-HD 4K UHD QPSK / 16QAM UHD & Full-HD Video Streaming Measurements with DM 22 Modulation m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 23. Test Results – Range Outdoor Line-of-Sight (LoS) Range Test - Error free communications possible at 1.7 km LoS with > 10dB Tx power headroom - Pencil BF both at transmitter and receiver supporting long range communications LoS Range Support wide-range LoS coverage Suwon Campus, Korea - 1710m LOS 측정 자료로 수정 예정 Station Base 16-QAM (528Mbps) : BLER 10-6 QPSK (264Mbps) : Error Free 1.7 km Mobile Station QPSK : Quadrature Phase Shift Keying QAM : Quadrature Amplitude 32 BLER : Block Error Rate Modulation m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 24. Test Results – Mobility Outdoor Non-Line-of-Sight (NLoS) Mobility Tests - Adaptive Joint Beamforming & Tracking Supports 8 km/h Mobility even in NLOS Mobility Support in NLoS Mobility support up to 8 km/h at outdoor NLoS environments 16-QAM (528Mbps) : BLER 0~0.5% QPSK (264Mbps) : Error Free Base Station Mobile Station ] t s e T y tili b o M g ni r u d n e e r c S M D [ 42 m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©
  • 25. Test Results – Building Penetration Outdoor-to-Indoor Penetration Tests - Most Signals Successfully Received at Indoor MS from Outdoor BS - Outdoor-to-indoor penetration made through tinted glasses and doors Outdoor to Indoor #2 Outdoor to Indoor #1 ht Signal measured inside office on 7 FL of R2 - QPSK : BLER 0.0005~0.6% (Target : < BLER 10%) Signal measured inside the lobby at R4 - QPSK : BLER 0.0005~0.3% (Target : < BLER 10%) R4 MS MS R2 160 m BS R2 52 R1 BS m a e T h c r a e s e R s n o i t a ci n u m m o C D & R C M D g n u s m a S 3 1 0 2 ©

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